Now showing items 9550-9569 of 12181

    • QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on

      Scherrer, JR; Baujard, V; Appel, RD; Nater, T; Boyer, C (Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 1999-09-19)
      [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/1999/suppl1/e99/ ] Introduction: The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from the others. The HONcode does not intend to rate or assess the quality of information provided by a Web site. This article gives a general presentation of the HONcode and its status in 1999, three years after it was launched. Methods: It defines a set of voluntary rules designed to help a Web developer site practice responsible and to make sure a reader always knows the source and the purpose of the information he or she is reading. These guidelines encourage the authority, complimentarity, confidentiality, proper attribution, justifiability and validity of the medical advice and information provided. Furthermore, sites that subscribe to the HONcode commit themselves to providing transparent information on site sponsorship and clearly separating advertising and editorial content. Results: In 1998, the number of external links to the HONcode principles page grew by about 250% (e.g., from 2 to 5) . The rate of increase from January through April, 1999, suggests 300% this year. The growth in the number of links to the HONcode matches that of links to of the entire Web site, and is slightly higher than growth in links to HON's MedHunt search engine. Statistical analysis shows that approximately 50% of Web sites linked to the HONcode principles have a commercial domain name, 16% are from European countries, 15% are from non-profit organisations, and 7% are educational sites. Discussion: This evolution shows a real need of guidelines for the developers of medical and health Web sites and their users. This conclusion is reinforced by the result of an international survey which HON conducted on the Internet in March and April 1999. The HONcode's scope of application is currently limited to publishing policy and ethical aspects. The HONcode does not address issues of quality and the relevance of the health and medical content of a Web page -- and this is a crucial issue for the further healthy development of the Internet in the medical domain. One way to assess and provide reliable medical and health content could be to review medical and health-related Web content by peers. Building on the system adopted by the scientific community decades ago for the paper medium, this Electronic peer review method could cover content as well as ethical and publishing aspects while retaining use of the HONcode display icon on registered sites as an additional reference.
    • QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on

      Boyer, C; Baujard, V; Nater, T; Scherrer, JR; Appel, RD (Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 2005-12-22)
      [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/1999/suppl1/e99/ ] Introduction: The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from the others. The HONcode does not intend to rate or assess the quality of information provided by a Web site. This article gives a general presentation of the HONcode and its status in 1999, three years after it was launched. Methods: It defines a set of voluntary rules designed to help a Web developer site practice responsible and to make sure a reader always knows the source and the purpose of the information he or she is reading. These guidelines encourage the authority, complimentarity, confidentiality, proper attribution, justifiability and validity of the medical advice and information provided. Furthermore, sites that subscribe to the HONcode commit themselves to providing transparent information on site sponsorship and clearly separating advertising and editorial content. Results: In 1998, the number of external links to the HONcode principles page grew by about 250% (e.g., from 2 to 5) . The rate of increase from January through April, 1999, suggests 300% this year. The growth in the number of links to the HONcode matches that of links to of the entire Web site, and is slightly higher than growth in links to HON's MedHunt search engine. Statistical analysis shows that approximately 50% of Web sites linked to the HONcode principles have a commercial domain name, 16% are from European countries, 15% are from non-profit organisations, and 7% are educational sites. Discussion: This evolution shows a real need of guidelines for the developers of medical and health Web sites and their users. This conclusion is reinforced by the result of an international survey which HON conducted on the Internet in March and April 1999. The HONcode's scope of application is currently limited to publishing policy and ethical aspects. The HONcode does not address issues of quality and the relevance of the health and medical content of a Web page -- and this is a crucial issue for the further healthy development of the Internet in the medical domain. One way to assess and provide reliable medical and health content could be to review medical and health-related Web content by peers. Building on the system adopted by the scientific community decades ago for the paper medium, this Electronic peer review method could cover content as well as ethical and publishing aspects while retaining use of the HONcode display icon on registered sites as an additional reference.
    • Qualche novità dalla pagina macchiata del codice Laur. Conv. Soppr. 627 di Longo

      Angelo Casanova, Gabriella Messeri, Rosario Pintaudi; Guida, Augusto (Edizioni Gonnelli, 2016)
      Un riesame della pagina macchiata da Courier del romanzo di Longo nel cod. Laur. Conv. soppr. 627 ha portato a nuove letture grazie anche all'uso della lampada di Wood e di tecniche di ripresa digitale sviluppate a suo tempo nel progetto internazionale 'Rinascimento virtuale' . E' stata ritrovata inoltre nella Biblioteca Forteguerriana una lettera con collazione della pagina macchiata inviata nel 1810 da F. Del Furia a S. Ciampi. L'esame di documenti inediti nell'archivio moderno della Laurenziana ha confermato, rispetto a dubbi avanzati di recente, l'esame del codice da parte dell'editore francese G. Dalmeyda.
    • Qualitative Baseline Study for PNPM Generasi and PKH

      Rahayu, Sri Kusumastuti; Toyamah, Nina; Hutagalung, Stella Aleida; Rosfadhila, Meuthia (The SMERU Institute, 2008-07)
      This study explores the qualitative data on why some Indonesians do not use basic maternal and child health services and why some Indonesians do not send their children to primary or junior high schools, which will serve as a baseline for future PNPM Generasi (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Generasi Sehat dan Cerdas) and PKH (Program Keluarga Harapan) evaluations. Based on results of FGDs, in-depth interviews, and direct observations conducted in West Java and NTT, the study finds that physical access limitations and isolation, economic access limitations, and the belief in the traditional custom are the main reasons why some community members do not use modern mother and child health services for pre- and postnatal monitoring or for delivery. Problems related to physical access and financial access are also the main reasons for attrition and why some parents do not send their children to junior high school.
    • Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Codes of Ethics of Companies in the Czech Republic Operating Nationally or Internationally

      Caha Zdeněk; Ruso Michaela; Procházková Michaela (EDP Sciences, 2021-01-01)
      Research background: Ethical conduct is considered a pillar of strength within the context of corporate social responsibility. The basic tool for achieving this is a code of ethics, which should form the basis for the ethical management of any company. Globalisation and internationalisation have brought with them the need to have a high-quality code of ethics in place, one that is balanced in terms of content. Purpose of the article: The aim of the research presented in this contribution is to determine, by means of qualitative comparative analysis, to what extent codes of ethics meet key preconditions for efficacy. Methods: The analysis was carried out on a sample set of 40 companies from various industrial sectors, and of various size, ownership structure and origin. All the companies were active in the Czech Republic at the time. The main preconditions for determining the efficacy of a code of ethics, and which therefore formed the basis for the qualitative comparative analysis, were set in advance. Findings & Value added: The results of the analysis revealed that significant differences exist between companies with national and international spheres of activity with regards to the content and form of their codes of ethics. As a consequence, the preconditions for efficacy were judged not to have been fully met. The primary reason for the differences was the level of importance managements and owners of companies assign to a code of ethics and the emphasis they place on adherence to the provisions set forth in them.
    • Qualitative Impact Study for PNPM Generasi and PKH on the Provision and the Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Services and Basic Education Services in the Provinces of West Java and East Nusa Tenggara

      Febriany, Vita; Toyamah, Nina; Sodo, Robert Justin; Budiyati, Sri (The SMERU Institute, 2011-01)
      This study aimed to examine the impact of PNPM Generasi and PKH on the provision and the utilization of maternal and child health (MCH) services and basic education services. The study was conducted in 24 villages in two provinces, West Java and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), which were divided into treatment and control areas. The qualitative panel method was used by comparing the results of the impact study with the baseline study conducted in 2007. Overall, the study found an increase in the provision and utilization in the sample areas, especially in PNPM Generasi treatment areas. PNPM Generasi contributed to the provision of services via building physical and supporting facilities of MCH and basic education as well as incentives for service providers. Contributions to improvement of utilization took the form of direct aid to households, including aid to cover childbirth expenses, supplementary feeding, scholarships, transport and dormitory allowances, and school equipment. On the other hand, PKH contribution to the improvement in service utilization was evident only in NTT Province. Improvements were indicated by the increase in mothers’ attendance at posyandu (integrated health service posts) and of students attendance in class. These increases were encouraged by the role of PKH facilitators in motivating the beneficiaries, the possible consequences of PKH fund deduction or fund withdrawal, and the relatively large proportion of beneficiaries in each village. However, a number of problems regarding the provision and the utilization of MCH and basic education services were still evident, especially in NTT. The problems included geographical and economic barriers, unavailability of service providers (of village midwives and teachers), and the villagers’ beliefs in traditional customs.
    • Quality assurance : a question of professional ethics, management or common sense?

      Bosshard, Walter; Kersken-Bradley, Marita; Schneider, Jörg (IABSE, 1986)
    • Quality management and e-commerce: the role of codes of conduct governing the use of technology

      Iles, Jennifer; Healy, Mike (2004-10)
      Discussion of the relationship between TQM and information and communications technology (ICT) normally focuses either on technological issues, or on the role of ICT in enabling the achievement of quality goals by means of business process re-engineering. Less attention has been paid to the effects that the increased utilisation of ICT is having on management style, and on the quality of relationships. This paper reports on research undertaken into the development, implementation and enforcement of codes of conduct designed to govern employees' use of ICT. A study of 125 London-based employers found that, although such codes had been introduced in nearly three-quarters of the organisations, the majority failed to address a key issue of concern to customers' privacy of personal data. Furthermore, the codes themselves were seen to have little influence on the behaviour of employees. The reasons for this are discussed within a TQM framework, and suggestions made as to how compliance might be improved in future.
    • Quality of code of ethics: an empirical analysis on the stakeholder employee

      Tatiana Mazza; Katia Furlotti
      Purpose - This paper aims to analyse the quality of Code of Ethics from the point of view of employees. In particular, the research aims to investigate which are the companies’ characteristics that influence the publication of a Code of Ethics and the Code of Ethics Quality from the employee perspective. Design/methodology/approach - The authors use Italian listed companies and perform a manual content analysis on their Code of Ethics based on keywords related to the stakeholder employees. The authors perform regression models to investigate the determinants, using financial reporting data and companies’ information (i.e. industry). Findings - The findings show that Code of Ethics are developed among large firms. A healthy and safe environment and a clear leadership are developed by firms with high grow rates. Equal employment opportunities and competent leadership are developed by firms with low financial distress. The need of effective communication for consensus seems more visible in Public Administration. Private sectors pay more attention to competent leadership, while firms in Trade take care on equal opportunities for employees. Originality/value - At present, much of the codes of ethics’ research are focussed on the content and the effectiveness of codes of ethics, on the reasons, on the benefits and limitations of this tool, but few studies investigate the quality of codes of ethics and, even fewer the specific stakeholder employees. This study aims to improve the debate related to the elements affecting quality in codes of ethics, with particular attention to the rules that guide the relationship between companies and their employees.
    • Quality Pastoral Relationships in Healthcare Settings: Guidelines for Codes of Ethics

      Peeters, Evelyn JH; 99627 (SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2020-03-01)
      "Pastoral caregiver-patient relationships" sections in ethical codes commonly provide a list of principles, proscriptions and prescriptions, with a focus on boundaries to safeguard the professional character of pastoral relationships and avert their harmful potential. The article promotes this code section's coherency and comprehensiveness by respectively (i) drawing a framework in the context of which ethical guidance can be orderly presented, and (ii) focusing on the inter-personal core of pastoral relationships and their healing potential.
    • Quality Work Life of Tea Workers

      Hussan, Juman
      Quality of work life is an concept that not only include work-based factor such as job satisfaction, satisfaction with enough wages and better relationship with work coworkers, but factors that broadly reflect life satisfaction and general feelings of the people. The main purpose of this study is to find out the tea worker’s quality work life by analyzing their demographic and work related information. The research was conducted by surveying 100 tea workers form Sylhet and Moulvibazar (Srimongol) that is the largest tea producing zone in Bangladesh. The Questionnaire was designed into two parts. First parts include demographic information such as age, education, gender and wage level. The second parts of the questionnaire comprises some factors which is related with quality work life such as food facilities, wage, health care facilities, accommodation facilities, education facilities etc. .To quantify those factor related gathered data a five point Likert scale is used by the researchers. The Researchers conducted various types of test those includes demographic analysis, descriptive analysis, hypothesis analysis (Z-test) and ANOVA test to draw up a better decision about quality work life of tea workers. Finally the researchers try to explore the problem that faced by the tea workers in workplace and provides some suggestion that can helps to improve the present condition.
    • • Queensland Health Code of Conduct • Workplace Ethics, Conduct and Behaviour- Policy Statement

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives (2012-05-06)
      To outline the responsibility all employees have in ensuring the workplace is free from sexual harassment. 2 APPLICATION This policy applies to all Queensland Health employees. 3 GUIDELINES Guidelines may be developed to facilitate implementation of this policy. The guidelines must be consistent with this policy. 4
    • Queensland legislates for a new code of ethics. by Dr Noel Preston

      Preston, Noel (February 1)
      tag=1 data=Queensland legislates for a new code of ethics. by Dr Noel Preston tag=2 data=Preston, Noel tag=3 data=Directions in Government, tag=4 data=9 tag=5 data=1 tag=6 data=February 1995 tag=7 data=17,18,25. tag=8 data=PUBLIC SERVICE%ETHICAL CONDUCT tag=10 data=Can public service behaviour be improved by a code of ethics? tag=11 data=1995/1/3 tag=12 data=95/0169 tag=13 data=CAB
    • Quelle déontologie pour les hauts fonctionnaires ?

      Sauvé, Jean‑Marc (2013)
      Résumé La déontologie doit être au cœur de l’action des fonctionnaires et, plus particulièrement, de ceux d’entre eux qui exercent les responsabilités les plus importantes. En France, les régimes répressifs n’étant ni suffisants, ni pleinement efficaces, il apparaît nécessaire de mettre en place une stratégie globale de prévention des conflits d’intérêts s’appuyant non seulement sur des instruments normatifs traditionnels mais aussi et surtout de droit souple. Elle implique notamment l’adoption d’une définition des conflits d’intérêts et d’une meilleure identification des situations critiques ou problématiques ainsi qu’une externalisation partielle des questions de déontologie. Sont ensuite présentées différentes illustrations d’exigences déontologiques applicables au fonctionnaire dans ses rapports avec le politique, la hiérarchie, les intérêts privés et l’espace public.
    • Quelle place pour les proches lors des décisions de fin de vie médicalisée ? - Arguments déontologistes et utilitaristes en éthique

      Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique et Santé (ADES) ; Aix-Marseille Université (AMU) - EFS ALPES MEDITERRANEE - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Feuillet-Liger B.; Le Coz, Pierre (HAL CCSDBruylant, 2013)
      International audience
    • Quelques cadres juridiques et déontologiques du point de vue français

      Développement et sociétés ; Institut de recherche pour le développement [IRD] - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (UP1) - IEDES; Jean-François Baré; Barette, J. (HAL CCSDKarthala, 1995)
      Résumé de l'ouvrage complet : Les connaissances de l'anthropologie actuelle peuvent-elles faire l'objet d'une application, c'est-à-dire d'un transfert d'information, opérationnel, vers des acteurs économiques et sociaux et des peuples ? À quelles conditions scientifiques et déontologiques ? L'anthropologie culturelle et sociale est-elle, au contraire. une connaissance paradoxale qui ne peut ni ne doit servir à rien ni à personne, sinon par la lecture, souvent difficile, de ses oeuvres ? Les études réunies ici ont été inspirées par ces difficiles questions, qu'elles tentent d'aborder de manière neuve, dans un contexte spécifique, celui de la France contemporaine et de sa communauté anthropologique, où la notion même d'application suscite généralement un réflexe de défiance, pourtant peu ou pas argumenté. D'où la nécessité d'aperçus comparatifs concernant d'autres pays, comme l'Angleterre et les États-Unis. D'où encore la nécessité d'une réflexion de base sur la notion même de science appliquée, la « tradition » anthropologique française et les enjeux intellectuels et déontologiques propres à différents domaines d'application existants : entreprise, minorités, aide au « développement », santé publique, recherche biomédicale.
    • Querela siue, Dialogus animæ & corporis damnati [electronic resource] : Quem aiunt S. Bernardum ex nocturna visione composuisse. Ex vetusto codice discripta. Per Guliel. Crash.

      Bernardus Claraevallensis,sanctus,1090-1153att; Fulbertus Carnotensis,960?-1028(viaf)41811055; Crashaw, William,1572-1626. (Londini : Ex officini [sic] Georgi Purslow, sumptibus Leonardi Becket,, 1616)
      "Manuale Catholicorum; siue, Enchiridion piarum precum & meditationum. Ex vetustissimis manuscrip. pergamenus [sic] descripta. Per Guliel. Crash" has separate dated title page; register is continuous. The Manuale has an additional title page: A manuall for true catholics ..