Connectivity of phases and growth mechanisms in peritectic alloys solidified at low speed: an X-ray tomography study of Cu-Sn
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AbstractThe variety of microstructures that form at low solidification speed in peritectic alloys, bands, and islands, or even coupled (or cooperative) growth of the primary α and peritectic β phases, have been previously explained by nucleation-growth mechanisms. In a recent investigation on Cu-Sn, a new growth mechanism was conjectured on the basis of two-dimensional (2-D) optical microscopy and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) observations made in longitudinal sections. In the present contribution, synchrotron-based tomographic microscopy has been used to confirm this mechanism: α and β phases totally interconnected in three dimensions and bands (or islands) can result from an overlay mechanism, rather than from a nucleation events sequence. When the lateral growth of a new layer is too fast, an instability can lead to the formation of a lamellar structure as for eutectic alloys.