• 1. IJPSLIRFEB 20171

      TJPRC Journals
      There is no society in the world where corruption has not reared its ugly head. In Sierra Leone, there have been series of military coups and even a ten year civil war and corruption was cited as a reason for these occurrences. Two Anti-Corruption Acts have been enacted but despite the passing of the acts in 2011, Sierra Leone was ranked 134th out of 182 ‘Most Corrupt Countries’ by Transparency International Index. The objectives of the study were: to assess the perception of the public service employees and the public on the efforts made at curbing corruption in the public service. The study was conducted in the Western Area of Sierra Leone and Interview Guides were given to stakeholders including public officials and members of the public on the research objective. Secondary data was obtained from a Justice Development Programme study which analyzed the level of perception of corruption as perceived by the public. The findings of the study were that the majority of stakeholders still perceive corruption as high among public officials. Reasons attributed for a high perception of corruption were: the low salaries being paid to public officials; the lack of special courts and judges on anti-corruption cases and the non-independence of the Commission. Recommendations included: appointing an independent committee to appoint Commissioners of the Anti-Corruption Commission to ensure that it operates completely independent and giving higher salaries to public officials commensurate with the salaries received by the staff of the Anti-Corruption Commission. Fighting against corruption in the public service is not an easy battle and all stakeholders must come on board to make sure that it is a success story.
    • 1. The International Dimension of the SWIFT Affair

      Köppel, Johannes (Graduate Institute Publications, 2011-05-24)
      1.1 About SWIFT In 1973, a consortium of international banks founded SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication) with the goal to transfer standardized messages between different actors in the financial sector. SWIFT has since developed into the pivotal electronic postal service for the financial industry. The worldwide SWIFT network nowadays carries 14 million messages per day, or 3.5 billion messages per year. Half of the traffic consists of traditional payment messa...
    • 1.133 Masters of Engineering Concepts of Engineering Practice, Fall 2003

      Adams, E. Eric (2009-06-22)
      Core requirement for the M.Eng. program designed to teach students about the roles of today's professional engineer and expose them to team-building skills through lectures, team workshops, and seminars. Topics include: written and oral communication, job placement skills, trends in the engineering and construction industry, risk analysis and risk management, managing public information, proposal preparation, project evaluation, project management, liability, professional ethics, and negotiation. Draws on relevant large-scale projects to illustrate each component of the subject. Grading is based on both individual and team exercises involving written and oral presentations. From the course home page: Course Description 1.133 is a core requirement for the Master of Engineering (M. Eng.) program. It features lectures presented by a variety of industry and academic speakers. The course is designed to teach students about the roles of today's professional engineer and to expose them to team-building skills through lectures, team workshops, and seminars. Topics include: written and oral communications, job placement skills, trends in the engineering and construction industry, proposal preparation, project evaluation, project management, professional ethics, and negotiation. The course draws on relevent large scale projects to illustrate each component of the subject. Course lectures are integrated with a weekly seminar series and the MEng group project subjects which are mentioned herein.
    • 10 Years of Experience in Carbon Finance : Insights from Working with the Kyoto Mechanisms

      World Bank (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2010-05-01)
      Under the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the industrialized countries adopted quantified emission reductions obligations. Marking the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) the world's first global carbon fund, this report seeks to take stock of the World Bank's experience of working with the Kyoto Protocol's project-based mechanisms over the past decade. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as the much larger system in terms of projects, emission reductions and host countries, is the basis for much of the report's discussion. Joint Implementation (JI) is also discussed. Policy-makers and negotiators are working on advancing the policy framework and the regulatory structures to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHGs) at greater scale. Furthering the use of market instruments should incorporate the lessons of the past into future designs, making full use of the experience and learning that has been gained. This will mean building upon the successes of the current CDM and JI regulatory frameworks, addressing weaknesses, and abandoning what is not working. This publication seeks to make a constructive contribution to this debate, in full respect of the ongoing international climate change negotiations, by providing insights and recommendations from a practitioner's experience and perspective.
    • 10 Years of Experience in Carbon
 Finance : Insights from Working with the Kyoto Mechanisms

      World Bank (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012-03-19)
      Under the Kyoto Protocol to the United
 Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the
 industrialized countries adopted quantified emission
 reductions obligations. Marking the 10th anniversary of the
 establishment of the World Bank Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
 the world's first global carbon fund, this report seeks
 to take stock of the World Bank's experience of working
 with the Kyoto Protocol's project-based mechanisms over
 the past decade. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as
 the much larger system in terms of projects, emission
 reductions and host countries, is the basis for much of the
 report's discussion. Joint Implementation (JI) is also
 discussed. Policy-makers and negotiators are working on
 advancing the policy framework and the regulatory structures
 to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHGs) at greater scale.
 Furthering the use of market instruments should incorporate
 the lessons of the past into future designs, making full use
 of the experience and learning that has been gained. This
 will mean building upon the successes of the current CDM and
 JI regulatory frameworks, addressing weaknesses, and
 abandoning what is not working. This publication seeks to
 make a constructive contribution to this debate, in full
 respect of the ongoing international climate change
 negotiations, by providing insights and recommendations from
 a practitioner's experience and perspective.
    • 2. The Implications of the SWIFT Affair for Switzerland

      Köppel, Johannes (Graduate Institute Publications, 2011-05-27)
      2.1 The origins of Swiss banking secrecy In order to fully understand the impact of the SWIFT surveillance affair on Switzerland, an assessment of the origins and development of Swiss banking secrecy is necessary. Switzerland’s worldwide reputation as a rich country of bankers is often displayed as being related to one single passage in Swiss law, the famous Article 47 of the Swiss Federal Banking Act that was introduced on 8 November 1934. Article 47 obliges banks to keep customer data secr...
    • 2003 تقديم التقرير العالمي للفساد لعام

      Eigen, Peter (Transparency International, 2003)
      التقرير رسالة تتضمنه ما وهذا للاختباء، امكنة عن دائماً المفسدون يبحث الفوري للحصول الضرورية التكنولوجيا وبمساعدة ،2003 لعام للفساد العالمي بمحاسبة يقومون الشعب وعامة الاعلام وسائل فان المعلومات، على والدقيق . والسياسة الاعمال رجال للجنة تابعة قومية منظمات تقوم المعلومات، تدفق تأمين في وللمساعدة المانيا في المعلومات على الإطّلاع حرية الى تدعو بحملات الدولية الشفافية المنظمات هذه اشراف وتحت . اخرى آثيرة ودول وباناما والمكسيك ولبنان عامة من اوسع جمهور الى بالاضافة المدني، المجتمع من اخرى ومنظمات والبرازيل التشيلي فمن . الشفافية قضية لدعم خطوات الحكومات تتخذ الشعب، يتضمن العامة الحكومية المعلومات نشر فإن والهند، الجنوبية آوريا الى امام المجال وفسح العامة المعلومات على للإطّلاع للانترنت اوسع استخداماً . والخصخصة العامة المناقصات في المزايدة عمليات المعلومات تقديم آان فمهما تكفي، لا المعلومات على الإطّلاع حرية لكن دون من والتزايد النمو في سيستمر الفساد فان ومحترف، دقيق بشكل يتم التحريات دون ومن المدني والمجتمع الاعلام وسائل قبل من الحذر توخي بشكل الفساد اعمال عن والكاشفين الصحافة رجال بها يقوم التي الجريئة . خاص النامية البلدان في حيوي ومؤيديها الشفافية الى الداعين وجود ان الكتاب هذا في الاقليمية التقارير يتناول الذي القسم ان . السواء على والمتقدمة شرآة فضيحة إن حيث الشمالية، واميرآا الغربية اوروبا من نقدية بمقالات يبدأ فالفضائح . العمل بمصداقية آثيراً واضرّت العالمية الشرآات قطاع صدمت " انرون " بين تتم التي التواطؤ عمليات إدراك في زادت " انرون " شرآة فضيحة تبعت التي ومديريها المصارف واصحاب والمحامين الضرائب ومستشاري الحسابات مدققي منفعة اجل من الحسابات ارقام تغيير على بالعمل الشرآات، في عملائهم مع اياها اولاهم التي الثقة بذلك خائنين الشرآات، هذه لمديري الأمد قصيرة . عام بشكل والشعب والموظفون المساهمون مبادرات قبل من الأخلاقي غير العمل لهذا التصدي يمكن ما، حد الى مؤتمر أثناء في والانمائي الاقتصادي التعاون منظمة بها قامت التي آتلك دولية المنظمة ترآز بينما .1997 عام المنعقد الاجانب المسؤولين رشوة مكافحة يعالج بالرشوة، المتهمين الاجانب المسؤولين تجريم على رئيسي بشكل الشرآات ومراقبة والتدقيق الحسابات موضوع المنظمة في والعاملون المؤتمر للضغط المذآورة المنظمة للشفافية الدولية اللجنة حثت لقد . سنين عدة منذ الآن وحتى الحقول، هذه في العمل لتحسين فيها المشارآة الاعضاء الدول على حالات في الاّ المؤتمر اشراف تحت التدقيق يتم لم اذ آافياً، اثراً المؤتمر يبرز لم في السياسة رجال لدى الرشوة لمكافحة فعلية نية هناك ليس انه آما قليلة، للمنظمة التابع المراقبة جهاز فان ذلك، الى بالاضافة . الاعضاء الدول معظم الأعضاء، الدول قبل من بالقوة والفرض الفعلي التنفيذ من للتأآد صمم والذي سيفشل . العمل برنامج عن متخلف وهو الوسائل الى آثيراً يفتقر الجهاز هذا لكي الحكومات على والانمائي الاقتصادي التعاون منظمة تضغط لم اذا المؤتمر . الاجنبية الرشوة حالات تقاض
    • [2003 معلومات حيازةتقرير ساد العالمي حيازة المعلومات

      Pope, Jeremy (Transparency International, 2003)
      "تقريباً. فالوصول الى المعلومات ما يزال حقل ألغام في جميع انحاء العالم. وآما قال "ماديسون" المعرفة قوة بحد ذاتها، والذين يمتلكونها لديهم القوة لممارسة الحكم. وهذا المفهوم مثير للنقاش والجدل في عدد آبير من البلدان الصناعية ولكنه يشكل تحدياً اآبر في البلدان التي آانت ترزح تحت سيطرة الاستعمار حيث آانت الاجهزة مشغولة بالتكتم وبالسرية. وحتى المعلومات البسيطة آانت موضوعة تحت حماية دقيقة. وآان رجال الحكم مسؤولين امام عواصم بعيدة وليس امام شعوبهم. ولم يكن هناك ولو مقدار قليل من الثقة. عندما استعادت هذه البلاد استقلالها ورثت الحكم فيها اجهزة ادارية وموظفون رسميون شغفوا بالسرية. وهذا الامر ينطبق على البلدان التي انتقل فيها الحكم من شكل الى آخر في اوروبا الوسطى والشرقية وغيرها من الدول التي انتقلت من حكم الدآتاتورية والنظام الاقطاعي. وتكاثر الفساد والقمع والاساءة الى حقوق الانسان محتمياً بالسرية. اما الثقة فكانت معدومة، وهذا المناخ لا يزال قائماً في عدد آبير من البلدان آما اثبتت الاحداث التي حصلت مؤخراً، من آازاخستان الى زيمبابوي. ففي آازاخستان قامت السلطات بضرب الصحافيين الذين تكلموا بصراحة. اما في زيمبابوي .( فنظام موجابي سحق آل محاولة لحيازة المعلومات وقمع الصحافة الحرة ( 1 هناك اهتمام مطرد في الدول الصناعية الرئيسية بشأن السرية، ونرى المشهد المضحك في السويد حيث اتهمتها الوآالة الاوروبية بخرق قانون المجموعة الاوروبية .( لانها نشرت مستندات ووثائق الوآالة وفق قانون يتمتع به السويديون منذ 250 سنة ( 2 وحتى اقتراحات لحيازة معلومات متواضعة احدثت الكثير من الجدل والاخذ والرد في اوساط البرلمان الاوروبي ( 3). في هذه الاثناء وفي الولايات المتحدة التي تعتبر رائدة بقضايا حرية سن قوانين المعلومات، سعى البيت الابيض الى منع الشعب من معرفة ما يجري في اجتماعاته مع مسؤولي شرآة "انرون" ومع موظفين رسميين لصناعة الطاقة. وهذا نموذج يوضح حقيقة ان الصراع للحصول على المعلومات هو اولاً واخيراً صراع للوصول الى الصدقية. وفي قمة جوهانسبرغ حول التنمية الشاملة والدائمة حصل نزاع حول ما اذا آان للدول النامية الحق في حيازة المعلومات التي تمكنها من ان تحمّل شرآات عالمية مسؤولية تلوث البيئة والحاق الاذى بالصحة العامة في تلك البلاد."(pg 1)
    • 2005 legislative investments in education accountability

      South Carolina Education Oversight Committee (South Carolina State Library, 2011-11-22)
      During the 2005 legislative session, the General Assembly continued funding for technical assistance, professional development and recognitions for schools achieving at high levels. The General Assembly also supported improvements in the teaching of reading and increased the base student cost funding.
    • 2011 North Sulawesi Public Expenditure Analysis

      World Bank (World Bank, Jakarta, 2017-05-22)
      North Sulawesi province is one of the
 most developed provinces in eastern Indonesia. Far-reaching
 development has taken place over the past ten years.
 Presently, North Sulawesi province has the second highest
 Human Development Index score in Indonesia, and its poverty
 rate is low in comparison with other provinces. Over the
 past decade, per capita gross regional domestic product
 (GRDP) has doubled and sub-national government spending has
 increased significantly. Nevertheless, there remain various
 development challenges to address as well as various
 potential resources and opportunities to pursue. North
 Sulawesi's performance in regional financial management
 has been relatively good, but discrepancies remain in the
 performance and capacity of different work units within each
 regional government and also between different regional
 governments in the province. To address challenges, take
 opportunities, and increase development performance,
 sub-national governments in North Sulawesi, particularly the
 provincial government, need to better utilize their fiscal
 resources. Clearer vision, mission, indicators and
 development targets must be accompanied by greater efforts
 to prepare a more directed budget, and to formulate higher
 quality programs and activities more consistent with
 planning targets. This report is an effort to assist North
 Sulawesi's sub-national governments to improve their
 regional financial management performance, to improve the
 quality of planning and budgeting, and finally to contribute
 to local development performance. The report results from
 strong cooperation between sub-national governments in North
 Sulawesi province, the Economics Faculty of Sam Ratulangi
 University, which was supported by CIDA, the Australian
 Agency for International Development (AusAID) and the World
 Bank. North Sulawesi Province BAPPEDA (Head of the Regional
 Development Planning Agency) played an important role in
 facilitating the preparation of this report. It is expected
 that this report will benefit North Sulawesi's
 sub-national governments, sub-national governments elsewhere
 in Indonesia and the central government by serving as a
 reference for efforts to improve sub-national financial
 management performance and the regional development process.
 Finally, this report can contribute to better and more
 effective sub-national financial management and governance.
 Overall, North Sulawesi's strategic sectors (health,
 education, infrastructure and agriculture) are performing
 better than in other provinces in eastern Indonesia.
    • 2015 GRI Index

      World Bank (Washington, DC, 2015-10-07)
      This 2015 index of sustainability indicators has been prepared in accordance with the internationally recognized standard for sustainability reporting Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines and complies with the ‘core option.’ The GRI Index provides an overview of sustainability considerations within the World Bank’s lending and analytical services as well as its day-to-day operations and management of staff. The World Bank aims to be comprehensive in its reporting and thus the Index includes indicators from GRIs financial sector supplement. The GRI Index covers activities from fiscal 2015, July 1, 2014, through June 30, 2015.
    • 2015 Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability of Colombia’s Public Financial Management Systems

      World Bank (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-10-14)
      The objective of the 2015 Colombia
 Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA)
 assessment is to have an updated diagnosis of the
 performance of the public financial management (PFM) system
 in the country so as to (i) determine the progress made with
 the reforms implemented in recent years by the Government of
 Colombia (GoC), (ii) understand the impacts of these
 reforms, (iii) establish the tools and next steps necessary
 to consolidate the progress made, and (iv) promote long-term
 economic stability and sustainability. The scope of the PEFA
 Colombia 2015 exercise covers the Central Government and the
 assessment analysis period are the last three completed
 fiscal years (2012, 2013, and 2014), at the time of the
 assessment (December 2015). The field mission took place in
 Bogota between November 12 and December 18, 2015, and this
 report was prepared between January 4 and August 17, 2016,
 incorporating comments from the Government of Colombia and
 guest reviewers.
    • 2015 Sustainability Review

      World Bank (Washington, DC, 2015-10)
      The 2015 Sustainability Review provides insights into activities undertaken to manage environmental, social, and economic impacts in the World Bank’s internal business operations. The content and data in this document relate to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA), together the World Bank.
    • 2018_07_27 (Headlines, Josh Hoxie, Junaid Ahmad)

      Sonali Kolhatkar and Anna Buss (2018-07-26)
      On our show today, first headlines. Then, as Pakistan’s election results trickle in former cricket star-turned anti-corruption activist Imran Khan declares victory as the nation’s next Prime Minister. We’ll turn to Junaid Ahmed, assistant professor at the University of Lahore for more. Then, Josh Hoxie of the Institute for Policy Studies connects the dots between the increased federal deficit spurred by Trump’s tax cuts, and the administration’s attacks on Medicare.
    • 25th Annual Conference on Legal Issues for Financial Institutions

      Office of Continuing Legal Education at the University of Kentucky College of Law (UKnowledge, 2005-04-01)
      Materials from the 25th Annual Conference on Legal Issues for Financial Institutions held by UK/CLE in April of 2005.
    • 26. Lindauer Bauseminar 2000: Trends, Chancen, Strategien

      26. Lindauer Bauseminar 2000: Trends, Chancen, Strategien, Lindau (Germany), 26-28 Jan 2000; Luithardt, R. (eds.); Huppenbauer, G.; Biberach an der Riss Fachhochschule (Germany); Bauakademie Biberach, Biberach an der Riss (Germany); Deutsche Bahn AG, Muenchen (Germany); Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) - Gesellschaft Bautechnik, Duesseldorf (Germany) (2000)
      Available from TIB Hannover: RO 2569(103) / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische Informationsbibliothek
    • 2nd Circuit: First Amendment Supports Demand for Union Fee Accountability

      Achille,, Roger S., J.D. (ScholarsArchive@JWU, 2009-10-23)
    • "The Responsibility to Lie and the Obligation to Report

      Paeth, Scott (SelectedWorks, 2013-01-01)
      This article is an examination of the moral complexity of the act of whistleblowing in the context of corporate corruption. Whistleblowing may be a morally admirable act underataken by morally ambiguous agents, but can only be fully understood in context. Using German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s essay “What Does It Mean to Tell the Truth?” This essay will examine how the kind of deception sometimes necessary in whistleblowing cases can be testimony to a larger and more profound truth.
    • "Whistle . . . And You've Got an Audience"

      Leiter, Amanda C. (FLASH: The Fordham Law Archive of Scholarship and History, 2009-01-01)
      One of the questions for discussion today is whether public rights litigation is an effective means of social change. This Article does not attempt an answer but begins to explore a set of issues central to any answer: the extent, types, uses, and potential shortcomings of government whistleblowing. There is considerable sociological and legal literature on government whistleblowing, but little of it addresses the issue from the angle relevant to maximizing the efficacy of public rights litigation. This Article begins to fill that gap. Part I discusses the importance of whistleblowers in the vindication and enforcement of public rights. Part II suggests eight traits that increase a government whistleblower’s utility to public rights litigators, such as access to information, insight, willingness to disclose, and relative honesty. Part III proceeds on the assumption that the effectiveness of public rights litigation depends in part on litigators’ use of the highest utility whistleblowers. This Part also suggests several concrete issues one could explore empirically to assess litigators’ present use of such whistleblowers; the discussion concludes with a somewhat more in-depth examination of one such issue: the legal landscape confronting federal government whistleblowers. Part IV offers very preliminary empirical evidence that the predictions of Parts II and III accord with reality. The Article concludes with a summary of outstanding questions about the importance of government whistleblowing to effective public rights litigation, and an outline of a possible approach to investigating these questions.