Now showing items 2434-2453 of 11024

    • Daily Lives and Corruption

      Hardoon, Deborah; Heinrich, Finn (Transparency International, 2011-12-22)
      Between 2010 and 2011, more than 7500 people were interviewed in six South Asian countries – Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka – on their views of corruption levels in their countries and their governments’ efforts to fight corruption. This report examines the frequency of reports of bribery in different sectors and institutions, the reasons respondents paid bribes during the last year and also investigates public willingness to engage in the fight against corruption.
    • Damage Control and the Whistleblower

      Curtin, Leah L. (2015-05-05)
    • Darfur - Dimensions of Challenge for Development : Background Volume

      World Bank (Washington, DC, 2013-02-28)
      This background volume is not about the recent conflict, nor the humanitarian situation in Darfur today. Rather, it adopts a longer term perspective in an attempt to understand the range of underlying structural obstacles to growth and prosperity in the region. The World Bank, in collaboration with a range of stakeholders, has investigated the nature and extent of the underlying structural obstacles to the region's development. This background volume presents the results of the work of several teams, drawing on primary and secondary sources and field work undertaken in the latter half of 2006. The aim is to help re-establish a knowledge base across multiple dimensions, to inform future development planning oriented toward broad-based growth and attainment of the millennium development goals. The report provides a diagnosis of existing constraints: the basic thesis is that redressing marginalization is central to effectively overcome the challenges to peace and prosperity in the region, and thus in the Sudan overall. The immense challenges facing Darfur reflect not only the immediate conflict, but a series of major structural factors that can be traced back over decades. Of foremast importance is the failure of national policies and development projects to promote broad-based development and good governance. Geographic and demographic factors, in particular increasing desertification, periodic droughts and rapid population growth - have exemplified the, challenges, but the underlying failure of institutions to function in ways that are accountable to the people, and conducive to pro-poor development, plays a critical explanatory role.
    • Das Unternehmen als Arrangement von horizontalen und vertikalen Dilemmastrukturen: Zur Ordonomik der Corporate Governance in und durch Unternehmen

      Hielscher, Stefan (Halle, Saale: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Lehrstuhl für Wirtschaftsethik, 2011)
      Dieser Artikel entwickelt einen ordonomischen Beitrag zur Corporate Governance in und durch Unternehmen. Den Ausgangspunkt markiert die unternehmensethische Überlegung, dass sich die gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für unternehmerische Wertschöpfung auf Märkten in einem grundlegenden Wandel befinden und dass die Betriebswirtschaftslehre darauf mit forcierten Theoriebildungsanstrengungen reagieren sollte. Die These der Ordonomik lautet, dass die Betriebswirtschaftslehre diesen inter-disziplinären Impuls der Unternehmensethik konstruktiv aufgreifen kann, indem sie die Corporate Governance von einem engen Verständnis auf ein weites Verständnis um-stellt. Aus ordonomischer Sicht kann diese Umstellung besonders gut gelingen, wenn man das Unternehmen nicht als Nexus-of-Contracts, sondern als einen korporativen Akteur rekonstruiert, der mit Hilfe eines differenzierten Managements vertikaler und horizontaler Dilemmastrukturen die prinzipiell brisanten Wertschöpfungsbeziehungen zu den wichtigen Kooperationspartnern des Unternehmens etabliert und aufrecht erhält. Auf diese Weise kann die Corporate Governance aus ihrer engen Fixierung auf den Schutz der Eigenkapitalgeber gelöst werden und neue Phänomene – und das bedeutet auch: Anspruchsgruppen wie Mitarbeiter, NGOs usw. – zusätzlich in den Blick nehmen, die im Zuge der Globalisierung und der wissensbasierten Produktion zunehmend Bedeutung gewinnen.
    • Data Management Plans

      johann.vanwyk@up.ac.za; Van Wyk, Johann; Van der Walt, Isak; Van Wyk, Johann; Van der Walt, Isak (2017-12-12)
      The presentation gives a description of what a data management plan is, and why it is necessary to create a data management plan, It further describes the distictive elements that should be part of such a plan, and also lists some valuable tools and resources that can be used
    • Data protection, scientific research, and the role of information

      University of Aberdeen.Law (Research Theme); University of Aberdeen.Law; Ducato, Rossana (2020-07-08)
      Rossana Ducato is supported by the Innoviris research grant 2016-BB2B-9. The Author wishes to thank Fabrizio Esposito for the useful comments on an earlier version of this paper. The usual disclaimer about the maternity of the mistakes applies.
    • DB 14 Case Studies : Understanding Regulations for Small and Medium-Size Enterprises

      World Bank (Washington, DC, 2014-01-30)
      The Doing Business (DB) project measures the number of procedures, time and cost for a small and medium-size limited liability company to start up and formally operate. This DB 2014 report addresses issues such as minimum capital requirements, and the role of risk-based inspections in construction, and their relevance, functions, challenges and implementation. Case studies from Trinidad and Tobago, Malaysia, Singapore, Colombia and Azerbaijan, and Korea are discussed in detail, elaborating on the issues faced, the solutions or outcomes, and benefits.
    • DBS: Journey To Integrated Reporting

      Hwang, Soo Chiat; Khoo, Teng Aun; Wong, Adina (Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University, 2015-04-01)
      In 2011, Mikkel Larsen, Managing Director, Head of Tax & Accounting Policy, Group Finance at DBS Bank had first mooted the idea of DBS adopting an integrated reporting approach, as he was convinced that this was a more holistic way of reporting on the bank’s business strategy and activities, linking each one of them clearly to the financial and non-financial impact it would have on its stakeholders. Once he had senior management buy-in, an internal committee was formed to embrace the integrated report (IR) and decide on the key questions of what to report, and how to report it. The result of this effort was the 2012 annual report. In 2012, when DBS adopted the integrated reporting approach, it was the first listed company in Southeast Asia to do so. The report had been well-received and garnered considerable attention from the external parties such as research analysts and the media. Based on feedback from DBS’s stakeholders, DBS incorporated changes that would make the 2013 IR more user-friendly and meaningful for its stakeholders. Larsen was, in May 2014, looking over the 2013 report, recognising that there was always room for improvement. For instance, in preparation for the following years’ annual reports, further enhancements, could include defining ‘materiality’, increasing stakeholder outreach, and reporting ‘outcomes’ as compared to ‘outputs’.
    • Dclaration of the 12th international anti-corruption conference

      12th International Anti-Corruption Conference (Transparency International, 2006-11-18)
      The central issue of the 12th International Anti-Corruption Conference1 was respect for the law. Special emphasis was placed on education, because children must understand and respect core humanitarian values if the long-term fight against corruption is to be won. The conference issued a declaration in support of the engagement of young people in the fight against corruption. The 12th IACC built on the accomplishments of the 11th IACC in Seoul, Korea, in May 2003. This year’s meeting reaffirmed that leaders of faith-based institutions across the world must promote the cause of anti-corruption, consistent with the Seoul declaration that: “We renew our commitment to a global international order that protects the weak and vulnerable; that builds confidence among nations; that provides for sustainable development, particularly for the poor; and that serves as a dependable infrastructure for international commerce.” A consistent theme of this year’s IACC’s plenary sessions and workshops was the need to enhance the role of civil society as a partner with the public and private sectors in the implementation of programs to reduce corruption.
    • De l'opacité à la transparence : les limites de l'indice de perceptions de la corruption de Transparency International

      Morselli, Carlo; Louis, Guillaume (2016-09-21)
      Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.
    • De l'opacité à la transparence : les limites de l'indice de perceptions de la corruption de transparency international

      Louis, Guillaume (2007)
      L’Indice de perceptions de la corruption (IPC) de Transparency International a été réalisé afin de pallier les difficultés rencontrées dans la mesure de la corruption et permettre, ce faisant, de procéder à une analyse comparative des niveaux de corruption. Dans cet article, l’objectif principal de l’auteur est de discuter des limites que présente cet instrument de mesure. Les difficultés rencontrées dans la définition de la corruption se reportent en toute logique, sur un indice qui a en charge de la mesurer. Cela, d’autant plus qu’il se fonde sur les perceptions d’individus. Les imprécisions de la définition retenue par les enquêtes qui servent de base à l’IPC conduisent les individus interrogés à interpréter largement la notion de corruption. Bien que l’IPC demeure un instrument incontournable dans la mesure de la corruption, lorsqu’il est utilisé avec suffisamment de précautions, il faut garder à l’esprit qu’il fournit une vision limitée aux formes et types de corruption les plus aisément identifiables. La mise en visibilité des pratiques de corruption moins trans-parentes constitue ainsi un enjeu essentiel dans la compréhension de la corruption.
    • De la autoridad sobre los contratos públicos a la autoridad anticorrupción: un cambio de sistema

      Gabriella M. Racca (2018)
      Se examinan los cambios en el sistema de la contratación pública italiana a partir de la supresión de la Autoridad para la Vigilancia de los contratos públicos y de la introducción de la Autoridad Anticorrupción. La prevención y lucha anticorrupción supone cambios organizativos y funcionales de la Administración pública dirigidos a garantizar la integridad y competencia mediante estrategias de recalificación del gasto, capaces de favorecer la innovación en los contratos públicos. En tal contexto se profundiza el rol de la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción desde su introducción hasta las disposiciones contenidas en la ley para la actuación de las directivas europeas de 2014, dirigidas a desarrollar capacidades que conduzcan a una recalificación de la “función de compra” y de los instrumentos de tutela encaminados a asegurar la integridad y la calidad de las prestaciones a cargo del Estado.
    • De la autoridad sobre los contratos públicos a la autoridad anticorrupción: un cambio de sistema

      Gabriella M. Raca (Universidad Externado de Colombia, 2017-12-01)
      Se examinan los cambios en el sistema de la contratación pública italiana a partir de la supresión de la Autoridad para la Vigilancia de los contratos públicos y de la introducción de la Autoridad Anticorrupción. La prevención y lucha anticorrupción supone cambios organizativos y funcionales de la Administración pública dirigidos a garantizar la integridad y competencia mediante estrategias de recalificación del gasto, capaces de favorecer la innovación en los contratos públicos. En tal contexto se profundiza el rol de la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción desde su introducción hasta las disposiciones contenidas en la ley para la actuación de las directivas europeas de 2014, dirigidas a desarrollar capacidades que conduzcan a una recalificación de la “función de compra” y de los instrumentos de tutela encaminados a asegurar la integridad y la calidad de las prestaciones a cargo del Estado.
    • De la autoridad sobre los contratos públicos a la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción: : un cambio de sistema

      Racca, Gabriella M. (2018)
      This paper examines changes occurred within the Italian public procurement system since the deletion of the oversight authority and its replacement with an anti-corruption agency. Prevention and fighting of corruption involve organizational and functional amendments with the purpose of assuring the transparency and competition in the public procurement sector. In this context, the anticorruption authority’s role in the recent implementation of EU directives of 2014 on public contracts is questioned, with regards to the development of technical and oversight capacities for maintaining a quality standard in the State’s assignments
    • De la autoridad sobre los contratos públicos a la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción: un cambio de sistema

      Racca, Gabriella M. (2018)
      This paper examines changes occurred within the Italian public procurement system since the deletion of the oversight authority and its replacement with an anti-corruption agency. Prevention and fighting of corruption involve organizational and functional amendments with the purpose of assuring the transparency and competition in the public procurement sector. In this context, the anticorruption authority’s role in the recent implementation of EU directives of 2014 on public contracts is questioned, with regards to the development of technical and oversight capacities for maintaining a quality standard in the State’s assignments
    • De la autoridad sobre los contratos públicos a la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción: un cambio de sistema

      Racca, Gabriella M. (DIALNET OAI Articles, 2018)
      Se examinan los cambios en el sistema de la contratación pública italiana a partir de la supresión de la Autoridad para la Vigilancia de los contratos públicos y de la introducción de la Autoridad Anticorrupción. La prevención y lucha anticorrupción supone cambios organizativos y funcionales de la Administración pública dirigidos a garantizar la integridad y competencia mediante estrategias de recalificación del gasto, capaces de favorecer la innovación en los contratos públicos. En tal contexto se profundiza el rol de la Autoridad Nacional Anticorrupción desde su introducción hasta las disposiciones contenidas en la ley para la actuación de las directivas europeas de 2014, dirigidas a desarrollar capacidades que conduzcan a una recalificación de la “función de compra” y de los instrumentos de tutela encaminados a asegurar la integridad y la calidad de las prestaciones a cargo del Estado
    • De Minimis Risk: A Proposal for a New Category of Research Risk

      Rhodes, Rosamond, et al.; Schwab, Abraham (Opus: Research & Creativity at IPFW, 2011-11-01)
      In this article the authors reflect on regulations which have been developed to protect research subjects and data in research which uses human subjects. They suggest that regulations related to informed consent and privacy protection are burdensome in research which uses human subjects. They argue that a new category of research risk must be established which informs research subjects of the level of risk that they will be exposed to by participating in the research.