Now showing items 7710-7729 of 11024

    • Q&A Does Machiavelli’s The Prince Have Relevant Lessons for Modern High-Tech Managers and Leaders?

      Hamilton, Clovia (2017)
      Can a 16th-century political treatise provide any guidance on today’s competitive environment? There are two camps among scholars regarding the relevancy of Niccolò Machiavelli’s book The Prince (Machiavelli,1992) to modern day management and leadership. Some scholars argue that the book has never been or is no longer relevant to business management and leadership (Agbude, 2014; Fournel, 2014; Jackson, 2013; Tillyris, 2015). Some contend that it is indeed relevant (Konno, 2014; O’Sullivan, 2014; Rojek, 2014; Ruggiero, 2015; Soll, 2014; Thomas, 2014). The Prince is indeed still relevant. In particular, it is widely accepted that leaders and managers are more effective if they have influence. However, Machiavelli has been wrongly associated primarily with the advocacy of vile tactics of manipulation. The Prince has an over-arching emphasis on the importance of a leader’s or manager’s acquisition and sustenance of influence. A number of modern day examples of how Machiavellian lessons are and can be applied today in the high-tech arena follows.
    • QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on

      Scherrer, JR; Baujard, V; Appel, RD; Nater, T; Boyer, C (Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 1999-09-19)
      [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/1999/suppl1/e99/ ] Introduction: The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from the others. The HONcode does not intend to rate or assess the quality of information provided by a Web site. This article gives a general presentation of the HONcode and its status in 1999, three years after it was launched. Methods: It defines a set of voluntary rules designed to help a Web developer site practice responsible and to make sure a reader always knows the source and the purpose of the information he or she is reading. These guidelines encourage the authority, complimentarity, confidentiality, proper attribution, justifiability and validity of the medical advice and information provided. Furthermore, sites that subscribe to the HONcode commit themselves to providing transparent information on site sponsorship and clearly separating advertising and editorial content. Results: In 1998, the number of external links to the HONcode principles page grew by about 250% (e.g., from 2 to 5) . The rate of increase from January through April, 1999, suggests 300% this year. The growth in the number of links to the HONcode matches that of links to of the entire Web site, and is slightly higher than growth in links to HON's MedHunt search engine. Statistical analysis shows that approximately 50% of Web sites linked to the HONcode principles have a commercial domain name, 16% are from European countries, 15% are from non-profit organisations, and 7% are educational sites. Discussion: This evolution shows a real need of guidelines for the developers of medical and health Web sites and their users. This conclusion is reinforced by the result of an international survey which HON conducted on the Internet in March and April 1999. The HONcode's scope of application is currently limited to publishing policy and ethical aspects. The HONcode does not address issues of quality and the relevance of the health and medical content of a Web page -- and this is a crucial issue for the further healthy development of the Internet in the medical domain. One way to assess and provide reliable medical and health content could be to review medical and health-related Web content by peers. Building on the system adopted by the scientific community decades ago for the paper medium, this Electronic peer review method could cover content as well as ethical and publishing aspects while retaining use of the HONcode display icon on registered sites as an additional reference.
    • QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on

      Boyer, C; Baujard, V; Nater, T; Scherrer, JR; Appel, RD (Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada, 2005-12-22)
      [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/1999/suppl1/e99/ ] Introduction: The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from the others. The HONcode does not intend to rate or assess the quality of information provided by a Web site. This article gives a general presentation of the HONcode and its status in 1999, three years after it was launched. Methods: It defines a set of voluntary rules designed to help a Web developer site practice responsible and to make sure a reader always knows the source and the purpose of the information he or she is reading. These guidelines encourage the authority, complimentarity, confidentiality, proper attribution, justifiability and validity of the medical advice and information provided. Furthermore, sites that subscribe to the HONcode commit themselves to providing transparent information on site sponsorship and clearly separating advertising and editorial content. Results: In 1998, the number of external links to the HONcode principles page grew by about 250% (e.g., from 2 to 5) . The rate of increase from January through April, 1999, suggests 300% this year. The growth in the number of links to the HONcode matches that of links to of the entire Web site, and is slightly higher than growth in links to HON's MedHunt search engine. Statistical analysis shows that approximately 50% of Web sites linked to the HONcode principles have a commercial domain name, 16% are from European countries, 15% are from non-profit organisations, and 7% are educational sites. Discussion: This evolution shows a real need of guidelines for the developers of medical and health Web sites and their users. This conclusion is reinforced by the result of an international survey which HON conducted on the Internet in March and April 1999. The HONcode's scope of application is currently limited to publishing policy and ethical aspects. The HONcode does not address issues of quality and the relevance of the health and medical content of a Web page -- and this is a crucial issue for the further healthy development of the Internet in the medical domain. One way to assess and provide reliable medical and health content could be to review medical and health-related Web content by peers. Building on the system adopted by the scientific community decades ago for the paper medium, this Electronic peer review method could cover content as well as ethical and publishing aspects while retaining use of the HONcode display icon on registered sites as an additional reference.
    • Qualidade & finalidade: características da bioética brasileira

      Dora Porto
      Resumo Este trabalho remete aos 25 anos de publicação da Revista Bioética. Além de traçar em linhas gerais a situação atual do periódico, pretende discutir os critérios atualmente adotados para mensurar a qualidade das publicações científicas, considerando a especificidade deste campo de estudo e pesquisa e, particularmente, as vertentes teóricas voltadas ao contexto brasileiro. Como campo transdisciplinar, a bioética perpassa várias áreas do conhecimento, abrangendo ciências biomédicas, direito, filosofia e ciências sociais no intuito de responder aos conflitos e impasses relacionados à vida e à saúde. Em decorrência, a consolidação da bioética no país deve ser encarada como processo paulatino, que abrange tanto a formação profissional lato e stricto sensu quanto sua inserção como disciplina transversal nas graduações da saúde e direito, bem como nas áreas afins que possam se beneficiar com a reflexão bioética.
    • Qualitaet und Ethik

      Russ-Mohl, Stephan (Freie Universitaet Berlin, FB Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Institut fuer Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft WE 03, Berlin (Germany)); Kaiser-Rumstadt, Martina (2000)
      Available from Univ.- u. Forschungsbibl. Erfurt, Gotha(547)-AP17600H474 / FIZ - Fachinformationszzentrum Karlsruhe / TIB - Technische Informationsbibliothek
    • Qualitative characteristics of informationin integrated reporting

      Viktor Sergeevich Plotnikov; Olesya Vladimirovna Plotnikova (Government of Russian Federation, Financial University, 2019-01-01)
      Subject. The subject of this research is limited to identifying the qualitative characteristics of the International Concept of Integrated Reporting. These characteristics should comply with the with the qualitative characteristics of information described in the Conceptual Integrated Reporting Framework but are based on the basic principles of integrated reporting and define its content. Purpose. The purpose of the study is to prove the necessity to harmonize the requirements to the integrated reporting information. This information is defined in the International Standard of Integrated Reporting as basic principles. Meanwhile qualitative characteristics of information are of more dynamic nature and thus allow for consequent improvement of the information in question as the business accounting model which will form the content of integrated reporting is developed. Methodology. The methodology of the study of the qualitative characteristics of integrated reporting is based on the theory of Positive Economics, the theory of economic art, the theory of capital and the concept of sustainable development, which predetermine the information support of the processes of value creation when particular kinds of capitals of an organization are transformed in short, medium and long term periods. Results. In contrast to the qualitative characteristics of information set out in the Conceptual framework for financial reporting the article, when considering the qualitative characteristics of information in integrated reporting, focuses on the fact that the models of business accounting and integrated reporting are targeted on recording the results of the value creation over the time processes when particular kinds of capitals of an organization are transformed. This will require the new approaches to assessing the information, which should define the contents of an integrated report. The article attempts to convert the leading principles of integrated reporting into qualitative characteristics of information which may serve as a basis for making business accounting models of value creation and generating the integrated report. Conclusions. Qualitative characteristics of information in integrated reporting are more dynamic than the basic principles, which can and must be constantly refined and improved in the process of creating a model of business accounting and forming integrated reports on its basis.
    • Qualitative Forschung im psychologischen Feld: Was ist eine gute Publikation?

      Ilg, Stefan; Boothe, Brigitte (DEU, 2010-07-09)
      Die vorliegende Studie präsentiert eine empirisch-explorative Untersuchung zu Gütekriterien qualitativer Forschung insbesondere aus dem Gebiet der Psychologie, zu deren Relevanz und Verbindlichkeit in der Publikationspraxis. Als Ausgangspunkt diente ein Katalog für Publikationsstandards von ELLIOTT, FISCHER und RENNIE (1999). Mit der Analyse von 68 Artikeln ließ sich aufzeigen, dass in Publikationen qualitativer Forschungsprojekte der Darstellung der Methodik häufig große Aufmerksamkeit galt, ebenso ethischen Fragen. Die Diskussion der Befunde wurde jedoch oft monoperspektivisch geführt und nur selten wurden methodische und projektspezifische Entscheidungen sowie Probleme und Grenzen der Designs erörtert. Die Anzahl erfüllter Kriterien erwies sich als abhängig vom Umfang der betreffenden Publikation: je länger die Publikation, desto größer die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass eine hohe Anzahl an Qualitätskriterien erfüllt wurde. Ein Zusammenhang zwischen der Anzahl erfüllter Kriterien und der Publikationsform (Periodika vs. Herausgeber/innenband) ließ sich – mit einer Ausnahme – nicht feststellen: Artikel, die in fachspezifischen Zeitschriften publiziert wurden, wiesen meist keine höheren Standards der Wissenschaftlichkeit auf als Beiträge in Sammelbänden. Das methodische Vorgehen und die Befunde der eigenen Untersuchung werden einer kritischen Prüfung unterzogen; die Grenzen und die Möglichkeiten von Folgeuntersuchungen werden aufgezeigt.
    • Quality and ethics

      Kaiser-Rumstadt, Martina; Russ-Mohl, Stephan (Freie Universitaet Berlin, FB Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Institut fuer Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft WE 03, Berlin (Germany)) (2000)
      Unter den heutigen journalistischen Produktionsbedingungen ist die Qualitaet eines publizistischen Produktes nicht mehr einem Einzelnen zuzuordnen. Um Produktqualitaet, Ansehen und Glaubwuerdigkeit im Journalismus zu sichern, sollten bestimmte Standards der Professionalitaet und ethische Grundsaetze fuer die redaktionelle Arbeit festgelegt werden. Am Beispiel der Anti-Amigo-Initiative, an der neun Chefredakteure grosser Regionalzeitungen 1993 ueber Verguenstigungen im Journalismus diskutierten, wird der Stand der Ethikdebatte in Deutschland nachgezeichnet. Trotz des Problembewusstseins, das sich durch die Initiative entwickelt hat, gibt es kaum schriftlich fixierte Ethik-Kodizes bei den Medienunternehmen. Dagegen ergab eine Umfrage in den USA, dass 1992 44 Prozent der Zeitungsredaktionen und 49 Prozent der Fernsehstationen ueber schriftlich fixierte Verhaltensstandards verfuegten. (DY)
    • Quality Assurance and Food Safety: Trainer's Reference

      Animal Sciences; Pater, Susan; Marchello, Dr. John; Peterson, Bob; English, James; Kock, Tim; Fish, Dean; Cuneo, Dr. Peder (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2004-02)
      Originally developed in Iowa and adapted for Arizona. Arizona Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Member Manual; Arizona Youth Livestock Quality Assurance Activity Guide.
    • Quality Assurance and Food Safety: Trainer's Reference

      Animal Sciences; Pater, Susan; Cuneo, Dr. Peder; English, James; Fish, Dean; Kock, Tim; Marchello, Dr. John; Peterson, Bob (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2011-10-19)
      73 pp.
    • Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project

      USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (United States); HORHOTA, M.J. (FH (United States), 2000-12-21)
      The Waste Management Project (WMP) is committed to excellence in our work and to delivering quality products and services to our customers, protecting our employees and the public and to being good stewards of the environment. We will continually strive to understand customer requirements, perform services, and activities that meet or exceed customer expectations, and be cost-effective in our performance. The WMP maintains an environment that fosters continuous improvement in our processes, performance, safety and quality. The achievement of quality will require the total commitment of all WMP employees to our ethic that Quality, Health and Safety, and Regulatory Compliance must come before profits. The successful implementation of this policy and ethic requires a formal, documented management quality system to ensure quality standards are established and achieved in all activities. The following principles are the foundation of our quality system. Senior management will take full ownership of the quality system and will create an environment that ensures quality objectives are met, standards are clearly established, and performance is measured and evaluated. Line management will be responsible for quality system implementation. Each organization will adhere to all quality system requirements that apply to their function. Every employee will be responsible for their work quality, to work safely and for complying with the policies, procedures and instructions applicable to their activities. Quality will be addressed and verified during all phases of our work scope from proposal development through closeout including contracts or projects. Continuous quality improvement will be an ongoing process. Our quality ethic and these quality principles constantly guide our actions. We will meet our own quality expectations and exceed those of our customers with vigilance, commitment, teamwork, and persistence.
    • Quality assurance through communication From quality management to quality culture; empirical reports from industry, the service sector and the media industry

      Held, Barbara (Freie Universitaet Berlin, FB Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, Institut fuer Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft WE 03, Berlin (Germany)); Russ-Mohl, Stephan (Institut fuer Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft WE 03, Berlin (Germany)) (eds.); F.A.Z.-Institut fuer Management-, Markt- und Medieninformationen GmbH, Frankfurt am Main (Germany) (2000)
      Zentrales Thema des Bandes ist die Bedeutung von 'Qualitaetskultur' und Qualitaetsmanagement als kommunikative Herausforderung. Im ersten Teil werden Qualitaetskriterien und Managementerfahrungen aus unterschiedlichen Bereichen (Industrie, Dienstleistungsbetriebe, karitative und non-profit Bereiche) eroertert. Im zweiten Teil liegt der Schwerpunkt auf Qualitaetsmanagement in der Medienindustrie (u.a. Journalismus, Oeffentlichkeitsarbeit, Markt- und Medienforschung). Die Beitrage zu Qualitaetssicherung, Qualitaetskriterien und Managementmethoden spiegeln den aktuellen Diskussionsstand in der Medien- und Kommunikationsindustrie wider. (DY). Inhaltsverzeichnis: Barbara Held, Stephan Russ-Mohl: Einfuehrung (24-30); Joachim Herrmann, Claudia Kostka, Alexander Bellabarba: Von der Qualitaetskontrolle zum Qualitaetsmanagement (31-40); Gerd F. Kamiske, Bettina Hahne: Auf dem Weg zur 'Qualitaetskultur' (41-62); Christoph Schneider: Wissenschaft (63-76); Karin Moelling: Gutachtersysteme (77-81); Hans-Konrad Selbmann: Medizinische Versorgung (82-100); Guenther Jonitz: Gesundheit (101-104); Georg Vorbrugg: Jurisprudenz (105-118); Matthias Prinz: Der Anwalt als Manager (119-121); Manfred Mayer: Autoindustrie - DaimlerChrysler (122-130); Wolfgang Muetzel: Pharmaindustrie -Schering (131-142); Werner Jochem: Systemgastronomie - Whitbread (143-153); Udo Schmaelzle: Kirche und karitativer Bereich (154-167); Christoph Walter: Stiftungen (168-179); Barbara Held, Stephan Russ-Mohl: Einfuehrung (180-187); Ulrich Saxer: Zur Journalismus-Qualitaetsdiskussion (188-215); Kurt W. Zimmermann: Qualitaets- versus Kostenmanagement (216-220); Vinzenz Wyss: Qualitaetsmanagement in der Redaktion: Vorbereitung mit Hilfe der Wissenschaft (221-232); Esther Girsberger: Qualitaetsmanagement in der Redaktion: Umsetzung (233-236); Gerd Appenzeller: Ein skeptischer Kommentar (237-242); Martina Kaiser-Rumstadt, Stephan Russ-Mohl: Qualitaet und Ethik (243-261); Roland M. Ausing: Qualitaetsmanagement von aussen - der Beitrag einer Unternehmensberatung (262-276); Barbara Baerns: Qualitaetsmerkmale und Evaluation in der Oeffentlichkeitsarbeit (277-290); Eberhard Posner, Marlene Posner-Landsch: Unternehmenskommunikation (291-301); Norbert Schnorbach: Kampagnenmanagement (301-309); Peter Ph. Mohler: Umfrageforschung (310-322); Wolfgang R. Langenbucher: Medienforschung (323-334); Roger Blum: Effektivierung von Selbstkontrollorganen (335-345); Manfred Mai: Medienpolitik (346-360); Barbara Held, Stephan Russ-Mohl: Qualitaet durch Kommunikation (361-376)
    • Quality Control and Continuous Education: Providing Tools for Contractors to Make Ethical Decisions

      McDonald, Julie E (Purdue University, 2010-04-13)
      Quality Control is a developing field in the building construction industry and successful quality control management relies on the ethical decision-making abilities of the inspectors. Research has identified a connection between personality types and the rationale for decision-making based on their type. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, a commonly used personality inventory, identifies personality preferences and how people relate to their environment and situations. In relation to construction projects, poor decision-making and clashing personality types in the field result in unsafe work and low quality of the final product. Companies like DPR Construction Inc., which have a goal of zero defects (Dolezalek, 2003), rely on training and education to develop personnel. When training and education aren’t enough, evaluating personality clashes in the organization can clarify how and why negative results and poor decision-making are occurring. Research by Culp (2001), Giritli (August 2008), Kuprenas (February 20, 2000), and Futrell (1985), examine personality types in management personnel, career fields, and overall desired outcomes for recruiting successful individuals to a firm. Their findings contribute to the idea that one personality preference over another will be successful in the construction industry and contribute to producing quality work can be attributed to the individual’s sound ethical decision-making abilities. Research has shown a lack of publicly available training programs specific to quality control in the industry as compared with safety programs. Quality control is also not given the same attention at the collegiate level as safety nor does it have the same comparable regulating organizations as safety. In addition to few training programs, training that does exist on the jobsite level is conducted by superintendents who, despite their years of solid field experience, do not have a complete focus on quality since they are also responsible for safety and scheduling among other activities. In addition to the need for formalized quality control training programs as an option to increase efficiency and quality on the jobsite, there is a cost savings element that contractors can realize through continuous education. Despite an upfront cost of training, training can help reduce the number of repetitive punchlist items and strengthen the skills of the inspectors while providing them with tools to efficiently do their job. Through further training and continuous education, personality weaknesses may become strengths and personal skills developed to aid quality control personnel in better practical decision-making. Regardless of the size of the organization, those which apply formal quality control training can realize lifetime cost savings and improved productivity on their projects with the use of this packaged training program which provides presentation materials and a start-up guide to help implement a quality control program within their organization.