Cyber: Prefix used to form many words relating to the use of the Internet. “Cyber ethics aims to provide orientation on what is right and wrong, good and bad, related to the cyber space” (Stückelberger, C. / Duggal, P. (Eds.), Cyber Ethics 4.0 : Serving Humanity with Values, Geneva: Globethics.net, 2018). The Globethics.net cyber ethics collection aims at gathering all most important sources on this matter. The content in the library is available in multiple languages and is mainly harvested from a wide variety of open access repositories. A limited set of manually submitted documents complete this collection, adding a plus value of carefully selected content.

Recent Submissions

  • Evaluation of the Implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation in Health Clinics

    Isabel Maria Lopes; Pedro Oliveira (IADITI, 2018-11-01)
    The new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was approved on April 27 2016. The GDPR 2016/679 aims to ensure the coherence of natural persons’ protection within the European Union (EU), comprising very important innovative rules that will be applied across the EU and will directly affect every Member State. Furthermore, it aims to overcome the existing fragmented regulations and to modernise the principles of privacy in the EU. This regulation will come into force in May 2018, bringing along several challenges for citizens, companies and other private and public organisations. The protection of personal data is a fundamental right. The GDPR considers a ‘special category of personal data’, which includes data regarding health, since this is sensitive data and is therefore subject to special conditions regarding treatment and access by third parties. This premise provides the focus of this research work, where the implementation of the GDPR in health clinics in Portugal is analysed. The results are discussed in light of the data collected in the survey and possible future works are identified.
  • GDPR Compliance in SMEs: There is much to be done

    Maria da Conceição Freitas; Miguel Mira da Silva (IADITI, 2018-11-01)
    The obligatory adaptation of Organizations to the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR), will imply a set of legal, technological and functional changes, with a direct impact on the daily life of Organizations as a result of their increased responsibility with data protection subjects that has been reinforced by the new legislation. On the other hand, the transfer of responsibilities from the national authorities to the Organizations obliges them to prove, at all times, full compliance with the legislation. Organizations are subject to heavy fines when a non-compliance is detected. This new reality is a challenge for any Organization, and in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which have fewer human and financial resources to carry out the necessary measures to comply with legislation. In order to know how SMEs are preparing themselves, we have conducted face-to-face interviews with ten industrial SMEs. The main conclusion is that, given these companies' lack of awareness of their obligations and duties in relation to Personal Data Protection, it is urgent to define a methodology to be able to comply with GDPR.
  • Implementation of ISO 27001 Standards as GDPR Compliance Facilitator

    Isabel Maria Lopes; Teresa Guarda; Pedro Oliveira (IADITI, 2019-08-01)
    Personal Data Protection has been among the most discussed topics lately and a reason for great concern among organizations. The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the most important change in data privacy regulation in 20 years. The regulation will fundamentally reshape the way in which data is handled across every sector. The organizations had two years to implement it. As referred by many authors, the implementation of the regulation has not been an easy task for companies. The question we aim to answer in this study is how far the implementation of ISO 27001 standards might represent a facilitating factor to organizations for an easier compliance with the regulation. In order to answer this question, several websites (mostly of consulting companies) were analyzed, and the aspects considered as facilitating are listed in this paper.
  • Robots vs Algorithmes.

    Médialab (Sciences Po) (Médialab); Sciences Po (Sciences Po); Crépel, Maxime; Cardon, Dominique (HAL CCSDLa Découverte, 2022-05-23)
    International audience
  • S1 File -

    Daniel J. Erchick (12850717); Madhu Gupta (1840054); Madeleine Blunt (12850720); Adarsh Bansal (12850723); Molly Sauer (11943996); Amelia Gerste (12850726); Taylor A. Holroyd (11554091); Brian Wahl (6942455); Mathuram Santosham (174287); Rupali J. Limaye (11944008) (2022-06-09)
    (DOCX)
  • ICT device and purpose.

    Thérèse Bernier (12837101); Amika Shah (12837104); Lori E. Ross (7456295); Carmen H. Logie (10521073); Emily Seto (9376913) (2022-06-08)
    ICT device and purpose.
  • Participant recommendations for ICTs for OHS risk mitigation.

    Thérèse Bernier (12837101); Amika Shah (12837104); Lori E. Ross (7456295); Carmen H. Logie (10521073); Emily Seto (9376913) (2022-06-08)
    Participant recommendations for ICTs for OHS risk mitigation.
  • Demographic profile.

    Thérèse Bernier (12837101); Amika Shah (12837104); Lori E. Ross (7456295); Carmen H. Logie (10521073); Emily Seto (9376913) (2022-06-08)
    Demographic profile.
  • Graphene-Based Soft Actuator with Dynamic Spectrum Modulation for a Smart Thermal Surface

    Ziqi Li (7154915); Andrew Balilonda (12837602); Su Yang (167763); Xiaoming Tao (1783699); Wei Chen (23863) (2022-06-08)
    Two-dimensional structures enable ion activation and actuation. These structures also enable ions to intercalate, shifting the energy level and altering the optical absorption. In this study, a dual-function, graphene-based smart surface with actuation and spectrum regulation was developed. This surface was composed of a graphene working electrode, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis­(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)­imide electrolyte, and a Au counter electrode. The smart surface could vary its thickness by 17.4% and regulate multiple wavelengths, including ultraviolet, visible, near-, and mid-infrared. Within a 2.2–3.3 V electric field, linear emissivity regulation was established, and the highest emissivity modulation depth approached 0.41. By investigating electromechanical, electrochemical, in situ structural, and electrical features, three stages of ion movement under electrical voltage, including dispersion, intercalation into graphene layers, and double layer capacitance, were observed. The ion intercalation process was associated with Fermi level shifting and dynamic spectrum turning of graphene, whereas the production of double layer capacitance was associated with the maximum modulation depth. Such soft actuators with dynamic spectrum tunability may render smart thermal surfaces feasible for other application scenarios, for example, thermal camouflage robotics, optical communication, and radiative cooling.
  • Regression results for eastern, middle and western China.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Regression results for eastern, middle and western China.
  • Results of instrumental variable estimate.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Results of instrumental variable estimate.
  • Results of lag one phases test.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Results of lag one phases test.
  • Benchmark regression results.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Benchmark regression results.
  • Robustness test results.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Robustness test results.
  • Descriptive statistics of variables.

    Dongmei Wang (282313); Guangqin Li (1774975) (2022-06-08)
    Descriptive statistics of variables.
  • Risk level predicted by the risk assessment program and Attack Rate (AR) according to poultry farm type.

    Hachung Yoon (12822338); Ilseob Lee (121520); Hyeonjeong Kang (5141006); Kyung-Sook Kim (12822341); Eunesub Lee (12822344) (2022-06-07)
    Risk level predicted by the risk assessment program and Attack Rate (AR) according to poultry farm type.
  • Number of visits by livestock vehicles on the epidemiologically linked farms and Attack Rate (AR) by vehicle type.

    Hachung Yoon (12822338); Ilseob Lee (121520); Hyeonjeong Kang (5141006); Kyung-Sook Kim (12822341); Eunesub Lee (12822344) (2022-06-07)
    Number of visits by livestock vehicles on the epidemiologically linked farms and Attack Rate (AR) by vehicle type.
  • Farm type identicality between HPAI outbreak farms and epidemiologically linked farm, and the Attack Rates (AR) on epidemiologically linked farms.

    Hachung Yoon (12822338); Ilseob Lee (121520); Hyeonjeong Kang (5141006); Kyung-Sook Kim (12822341); Eunesub Lee (12822344) (2022-06-07)
    Farm type identicality between HPAI outbreak farms and epidemiologically linked farm, and the Attack Rates (AR) on epidemiologically linked farms.
  • Risk level and Attack Rate (AR) according to farm type identicality between outbreak farm and epidemiologically linked farms.

    Hachung Yoon (12822338); Ilseob Lee (121520); Hyeonjeong Kang (5141006); Kyung-Sook Kim (12822341); Eunesub Lee (12822344) (2022-06-07)
    Risk level and Attack Rate (AR) according to farm type identicality between outbreak farm and epidemiologically linked farms.
  • Effects of control strategies on gait in robot-assisted post-stroke lower limb rehabilitation: a systematic review

    Silvia Campagnini; Piergiuseppe Liuzzi; Andrea Mannini; Robert Riener; Maria Chiara Carrozza (BMC, 2022-06-01)
    Abstract Background Stroke related motor function deficits affect patients' likelihood of returning to professional activities, limit their participation in society and functionality in daily living. Hence, robot-aided gait rehabilitation needs to be fruitful and effective from a motor learning perspective. For this reason, optimal human–robot interaction strategies are necessary to foster neuroplastic shaping during therapy. Therefore, we performed a systematic search on the effects of different control algorithms on quantitative objective gait parameters of post-acute stroke patients. Methods We conducted a systematic search on four electronic databases using the Population Intervention Comparison and Outcome format. The heterogeneity of performance assessment, study designs and patients’ numerosity prevented the possibility to conduct a rigorous meta-analysis, thus, the results were presented through narrative synthesis. Results A total of 31 studies (out of 1036) met the inclusion criteria, without applying any temporal constraints. No controller preference with respect to gait parameters improvements was found. However, preferred solutions were encountered in the implementation of force control strategies mostly on rigid devices in therapeutic scenarios. Conversely, soft devices, which were all position-controlled, were found to be more commonly used in assistive scenarios. The effect of different controllers on gait could not be evaluated since conspicuous heterogeneity was found for both performance metrics and study designs. Conclusions Overall, due to the impossibility of performing a meta-analysis, this systematic review calls for an outcome standardisation in the evaluation of robot-aided gait rehabilitation. This could allow for the comparison of adaptive and human-dependent controllers with conventional ones, identifying the most suitable control strategies for specific pathologic gait patterns. This latter aspect could bolster individualized and personalized choices of control strategies during the therapeutic or assistive path.

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