Megaprojetos de hidrelétricas brasileiras: um olhar sobre responsabilidade social corporativa
Author(s)Albuquerque, Marco André Fernandes
KeywordsResponsabilidade social corporativa
Corporate social responsibility
Administração de empresas
Responsabilidade social da empresa
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractIn a world where the issue regarding the necessity to protect the environment, and where the socially responsible movement is booming, this work came through as a result of the curiosity to understand the binomial economic development versus sustainable development. Aiming to understand how was this relationship evolution in great Brazilian hydroelectric projects. In this context, events surveys during the construction of the Itaipu Dam served as a comparative basis for what is being experienced today in the construction of the Santo Antônio Dam. The fact is that projects of this magnitude will cause impacts and externalities, but understanding how they are being treated is something that can guide the progress of these projects management. Therefore issues such as the preservation of fauna and flora, resettlement and local development, were put on the agenda to verify how today, even with the advance of technology and external pressures on the sustainability issue, the externalities of those projects are still same. The theories presented in Corporate Social Responsibility, sustainable and economic development, in addition to social movements structuring, will serve as basis for understanding the presented issues. It was identified that the sacrifice of a few for the enjoyment of others continues to be one of the main issues to be resolved, and in this we can include the land issue. As well as the non-integration between stakeholders and shareholders to achieve alignment on the best way to enjoy and interact with the environment in which the project will be inserted, the political exclusion of stakeholders on the decision-making process of hydropower projects to be implemented, are also identified.
Em um mundo onde a questão da necessidade de se preservar o meio ambiente e de movimentos socialmente responsáveis em alta, este trabalho surgiu da curiosidade de se buscar entender o binômio do desenvolvimento econômico versus o desenvolvimento sustentável, visando compreender como se deu a evolução desta relação em grandes projetos hidrelétricos brasileiros. Neste contexto, os levantamentos de acontecimentos à época da construção de Itaipu serviram de base comparativa para o que hoje está sendo vivenciado pela hidrelétrica de Santo Antônio. É fato que projetos desse porte vão causar impactos e externalidades, porém como, hoje estão sendo tratadas, é algo que pode nortear o andamento futuro de sua gestão. Por isso, questões como a preservação da fauna e flora, reassentamento e desenvolvimento local, foram colocadas na pauta para verificação de como, ainda hoje, mesmo com o avanço da tecnologia e com pressões externas a respeito da questão sustentável, as externalidades desses projetos são as mesmas. As luzes das teorias apresentadas de Responsabilidade Social Corporativa, desenvolvimento sustentável e econômico, além da estruturação dos movimentos sociais, servirão de base para entender as questões apresentadas. Identificou-se que o sacrifício de poucos para usufruto de muitos continua a ser uma das principais questões a ser resolvida, e neste, inclui-se a questão da terra, assim como a não integração entre stakeholders e shareholders para se conseguir em alinhamento a melhor forma de se aproveitar e interagir com o meio em que será inserido o empreendimento, a exclusão política dos stakeholders do processo decisório sobre os projetos hidrelétricos a serem implementados.
ALBUQUERQUE, Marco André Fernandes. Megaprojetos de hidrelétricas brasileiras: um olhar sobre responsabilidade social corporativa. Dissertação (Mestrado em Gestão Empresarial) - FGV - Fundação Getúlio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro, 2013.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Social Protection in Low Income Countries and Fragile Situations : Challenges and Future DirectionsOvadiya, Mirey; Zampaglione, Giuseppe; Das, Maitreyi; Andrews, Colin; Elder, John (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-05-28)Demand for social protection is growing in low income countries and fragile situations. In recent years, the success of social protection (SP) interventions in middle income countries (MICs) like Brazil and Mexico, along with the series of food, fuel, and financial crises, has prompted policymakers in low income countries (LICs) and fragile situations (FSs) to examine the possibility of introducing such programs in their own countries. Flagship programs in countries as diverse as Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, and Rwanda have shown the adaptability of social protection interventions to the LIC context. Yet, despite growing levels of support for these initiatives, many challenges remain. In LICs and FSs, governments are confronted with a nexus of mutually reinforcing deficits that increase the need for SP programs and simultaneously reduce their ability to successfully respond. Governments face hard choices about the type, affordability, and sustainability of SP interventions. The paper reviews how these factors affect SP programs in these countries and identifies ways to address the deficits. It supports the establishment of resilient SP systems to address specific needs and vulnerabilities and to respond flexibly to both slow and sudden onset crises. To achieve this, both innovation and pragmatism are required in three strategic areas: (i) building the basic blocks of SP systems (e.g., targeting, payments, and monitoring and evaluation); (ii) ensuring financial sustainability; and (iii) promoting good governance and transparency. These issues suggest the possibility of a different trajectory in the development of social protection in LICs than in MICs. The implications for World Bank support include the need to focus on increasing knowledge and operational effectiveness of SP programs, fostering institutional links between multiple SP programs, and using community capacity and technological innovations to overcome bottlenecks in operations.
Managing Risk, Promoting GrowthWorld Bank (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02-08)A growing body of evidence demonstrates
that individuals and households experience a range of
positive outcomes from social protection. Social protection
increases productivity and growth. Countries can realize
significant benefits by creating an integrated social
protection system. Social protection is affordable in
low-income countries despite tight budgets. While overall
spending on social protection in Africa remains low by
international standards, experience suggests that social
protection programs can achieve national coverage at the
cost of only 1 to 2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
While this is only a portion of the financing required to
operate a social protection system, it draws attention to
what countries can achieve in the short-term. Indeed, one
way in which existing social protection spending can be made
significantly more efficient would be by reallocating
existing financing for inefficient subsidies and ad hoc
emergency food aid to predictable safety nets. At the same
time, pursuing reforms to social security systems will
ensure their fiscal sustainability, while expanding
coverage. Notably, the costs of not protecting poor families
are very high, are borne disproportionately by women and
children, and undermine the productivity of future
generations. The Strategy will be implemented by leveraging
partnerships, knowledge, and the World Bank's financing
instruments. The World Bank will continue to invest in
analytical work to fill knowledge gaps and promote an
evidence-based dialogue for social protection systems in
Africa and further innovation. It will work with governments
to build country-owned national social protection systems
with the aim of reducing fragmentation in the sector. The
Bank also will pay particular attention to institutional
development and capacity building by using its lending to
increase the coverage of successful social protection
interventions. Throughout this work, the Bank will work in
coordination with governments, development partners, the
private sector, academics, civil society, and beneficiaries.