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AbstractThe World Bank is one of the world's premier international financial institutions. It provides low-interest loans, interest-free credits, and grants to developing countries for a wide array of purposes that include investments in education, health, public administration, infrastructure, financial and private sector development, agriculture, and environmental and natural resource management, with aggregate new lending commitments of approximately $60 billion and aggregate outstanding loans and credits of $230 billion in Fiscal Year 2010. With the financial support provided by the Bank, borrowers implement projects and programs, including the procurement of goods, works, and services necessary to carry out the project or program activities. The study begins by outlining the principal features of the Bank Group's sanctions process as it exists today (part two) and sketches some the key consideration underlying reform of the Bank's sanctions process (part three). It then describes how those considerations have influenced the historical evolution of the sanctions process (part four), with particular focus on the recent changes that the Bank has adopted to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, and procedural of that process (part five). Finally, it concludes by reflecting on some of the longer-term implications of the reform process to date (part six).
Copyright/LicenseCC BY 3.0 Unported
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Fighting Corruption in East Asia : Solutions from the Private SectorBerenbeim, Ronald E.; Arvis, Jean-Francois (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2003-08)The critical need for private sector involvement in the fight against corruption is now an accepted fact, particularly in East Asia, where there is a buoyant private sector and where corruption has often been equated with cronyism. Cutting off corruption's supply side is a vital step in limiting the economic damage inflicted by corrupt practices. Despite the importance of private sector efforts in this regard, little attention has been paid to company anticorruption programs and to trying to learn from company experience. This book, which is based on research cosponsored by the World Bank and the Conference Board, provides detailed documentation of the efforts of Western and Asian companies to develop good standards of business conduct in their East Asian operations. It provides evidence that a common set of principles for resisting corruption can be established notwithstanding the rich cultural diversity and ownership structure of firms based in that region.
Deterring Corruption and Improving Governance in Road Construction and MaintenanceWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2014-03-28)This sourcebook is part of a broader program on governance and corruption in the transport sector. The Sourcebook is meant as a resource to sector practitioners to assess the extent and risks of corruption in the sector and to improve governance in ways that reduce corruption. As this is an emerging field, the sourcebook is not intended to be a manual, nor a set of directives but rather to organize and illustrate approaches and tools which sector practitioners may find useful. This sourcebook is in seven sections. Section two provides an overview of governance and corruption, and the framework used to evaluate governance and corruption risks in transport. Section three describes a 'generic' transport sector structure and several tools for evaluating governance at the sector level. The next four sections describe how to detect corruption, and improve governance in: sector policy and planning (section four); capital works (section five); government engineering and construction units (section six); and public-private partnerships (section seven).
The Moral Compass of CompaniesSullivan, John D. (International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC, 2009-02-15)This publication targets private sector
stakeholders who want to reduce a company s risk and
vulnerability to corruption. It aims to provide guidance and
recommendations for integrating ethics programs into
corporate governance mechanisms to safeguard against
corruption. Anti-corruption attitudes have changed
significantly over the past two decades. Corruption is no
longer regarded as a subject to be avoided and is now widely
condemned for its damaging effect on countries, industries,
governments, and the livelihoods of individual citizens.
More importantly, the view of the private sector in the
corruption equation is changing. Companies are no longer
viewed only as facilitators of corruption - they are
increasingly recognized as victims and a valuable source of
working solutions, and anti-corruption efforts seen as
integral to good corporate governance, Predictable,
competitive, and fair economic environments free of
corruption are central to sustainable business, economic
growth and national development. It has been an easier task
to raise this awareness than to reduce the corrosive effects
of corruption, especially its worst manifestation of state
capture. And though the challenge defies simple solutions,
significant progress is being made. Today we have in place
numerous international conventions and global collective
action initiatives that set higher standards of transparency
and accountability in corporate and public governance. More
importantly, such standards are buttressed by a growing
convergence of ethical values that set the tone for
'doing the right thing' in both the public and