KeywordsDELEGATION OF POWERS
HEAD OF STATE
EVALUATION OF PROPOSALS
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT
AWARD OF CONTRACTS
SENIOR GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
CORRUPTION IN POLITICS
LOCAL PUBLIC GOODS
PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT
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AbstractThis report examines the evolution of the public procurement regime in Bangladesh, the development of the legal and regulatory framework, the volume and handling of public procurement, overviews the system's procedures and practices, pinpoints areas needing remediation, and makes recommendations for modification. The strategic approach the report recommends is one of gradual improvement to the existing procurement regime by a set of actions that it assesses as feasible and practical. These actions are prioritized from the point of view of the impact they will have on the present regime. Delays are the singe most important problem that can be solved easily, and hence, given the first priority. The quality of procurement is the next, but results will appear slowly. The procurement law is deferred until action on the urgently needed reforms is completed. The report suggests converting the agreed recommendations to a detailed action plan identifying the required resources, sources of funding, specific time frame for each action, the type of technical assistance to be supplied by the World Bank and other international financial institutions, and encouraging donor coordination.
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Peru : Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR), UpdateWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2012-06-21)Since the 2001 CPAR, Peru has made considerable progress in setting in motion the right conditions to improve public procurement. The primary regulator for procurement, the High Council for Government Procurement (CONSUCODE), has been strengthened; the development of the e-government procurement system has begun; significant training initiatives are underway; and important amendments have been made to the procurement law and its regulations. In addition, a very good Integrated Financial Management System has been implemented in all public sector entities. These initial achievements in procurement reform have complemented a deepening democratization process and Peru's impressive macroeconomic performance over the last few years. Several institutions play important roles, defined by law, in public sector procurement. However, there is no unifying vision of the system's objectives and priorities. Consequently, the initial reforms implemented by the Government were not framed within a comprehensive policy that includes a consistent strategy on how to move forward with the reform program and establishes clear leadership. Recommended short term actions include bringing all key institutions to an agreement for a detailed reform strategy with clearly defined leadership and objectives; emphasizing prevention over control and consolidating the supervisory role of the CONSUCODE; adopting a set of tools in the short-term to facilitate implementation of the reform; carrying out in-depth market studies, reviewing the Government supply processes, and implementing cost reduction strategies; and accelerating the development of e-government procurement. Mid-term actions include further streamlining the regulatory framework; and engaging civil society in a more constructive fashion. Suggested long-term actions include significantly strengthening human resource infrastructure and the procurement capacity of local governments.
Philippines Country Procurement Assessment Report 2012Asian Development Bank (Manila, 2014-01-29)Proper public procurement practices directly reflect good governance. Transparent and effective procurement practices minimize expenditure and create opportunity. Procurement is an enormous component in the process by which governments build infrastructure, such as schools and hospitals. It involves the management of significant amounts of money and is therefore often the cause for allegations of corruption and government inefficiency. The difference between getting public procurement right and doing it wrong has the potential to be either highly rewarding, or highly damaging. In some nations, reforms implemented to improve the efficiency of public procurement have resulted in savings of 1% of a country's gross domestic product. One can see why public procurement is so significant to the development of a country and its people. Citizens have the right to expect their government to spend these funds for the good of the people. In the past, corruption, inefficiency, ignorance, and disorganization have resulted in billions of pesos worth of losses. It is with the importance of these issues in mind that this report is produced to report on the state of procurement in the Philippines today. A 2012 CPAR action plan integrating all the existing and proposed initiatives and recommendations to address the areas for improvement in the Public Procurement System is presented at the end of this report. The action plan provides the road map and agenda for procurement reforms to be undertaken by the government, together with its development partners during 2013-2016. Some of the priorities focus on strengthening monitoring and enforcement and procurement capacity, and improving procurement processes and practices, i.e., (i) implementation of the professionalization program, (ii) implementation of the Agency Procurement Compliance and Performance Indicator, or APCPI and development of mechanisms to enforce compliance, (iii) review and possible revision of the IRR to provide procedures for international competitive bidding, (iv) establishment of an independent complaints or protest review body and development of its governing rules and procedures, and (v) development and implementation of a framework to sustain and ensure CSO participation in procurement monitoring. The Philippine development forum sub-working Group on Procurement will continue to monitor the implementation of the action plan, ensure the availability of funding support and address issues that may arise during implementation.
Republic of Armenia : Country Procurement Assessment ReportWorld Bank (World Bank, 2009-06-29)This assessment reviews the current status of public procurement in Armenia and makes recommendations for further improvements. It also provides an update of the Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) carried out in May 2004. The report includes an action plan to assist the Government of Armenia (GoA) in moving the procurement reform agenda forward. The assessment was carried out jointly with the counterpart team appointed by the Minister of Finance. The major procurement legislation and other procurement-related laws and decrees, and documents were analyzed and interviews were conducted with procuring entities, suppliers, contractors, consulting firms, civil society, and government officials. The benchmarking report provides a reference point for the GoA to monitor and measure improvements in the public procurement system, and to formulate a capacity development plan to move towards a sound procurement system that leads to economy and efficiency in public expenditure. Donors can use these results to develop strategies for assisting in procurement capacity building and to mitigate risks in their individual operations. In order to further broaden the perspective on the public procurement functions in Armenia and also to focus on certain specific areas of concern, case studies have been carried out on public procurement in health and transport sectors. In light of the GoA interest in introducing Electronic Government Procurement (e-GP), the team has also prepared a special study on the subject, using the readiness assessment guide of the multilateral development banks' e-GP working group. Case studies have also been prepared on anti-corruption measures, and public-private partnership, given the importance of these topics to public procurement.