Ghana : Country Procurement Assessment Report, Volume 3. Annexes 1-7
STANDARD BIDDING DOCUMENTS
TRANSPARENCY PROCUREMENT EFFICIENCY
OVERSIGHT OF PAYMENT SYSTEMS
PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT SYSTEM
BIDDING DOCUMENT CONTENT
RECORDING & REGISTRATION
PROCUREMENT ROLE OF BORROWER
LABOR STANDARDS ENFORCEMENT
MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC PROCUREMENT LAW
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION
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AbstractThis report highlights a broad array of poor procedures and practices throughout the tendering and contract management process, which have been the cause of many of Ghana's public procurement problems, and where most of the leakages in public procurement funding occur and substantial savings could be realized. Most of the procedural anomalies are now being corrected by the Public Procurement Act (PPA), which includes the new regulations for the procurement of goods, works, and consulting services to be applied by all Procurement Entities. The provisions for standard tender documents and standard request for consulting proposals being completed, will detail the general principles embedded in the PPA, including evaluation and selection criteria. Standard contract documents, also being completed, will streamline current problems with contracting and payment procedures, labor standards, and dispute resolution. Good procurement manuals and training should leave no room for lack of understanding by procurement staff. The positive results on the ground depend largely on how well the new policies are put into practice and the extent to which this is done without political interference to the contrary. The application of the PPA and the Standard Tender and Contract Documents will not be successful without a broad training and "refresher" program and encouragement of officials in charge of procurement. Oversight and review functions are critical to exercising good procurement fiduciary management and Ghana is taking the necessary measures to strengthen it. Some recommendations include improving procurement planning and budgeting; value for money; contract management; stores management, record keeping, ensuring use of modern labor standards in works contracts, securing as soon as possible the necessary external financing for training, developing clear procedures for the prior and post review of procurement activities, putting in place an effective sanctions system; having competent experts do procurement audits separately, providing for capacity building, enforcing the code of conduct for civil servants and ethics codes, and involving the private sector and the media by making it aware of the various means in the national laws by which it can contribute to preserving transparency and accountability.
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Republic of Armenia : Country Procurement Assessment ReportWorld Bank (World Bank, 2009-06-29)This assessment reviews the current status of public procurement in Armenia and makes recommendations for further improvements. It also provides an update of the Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) carried out in May 2004. The report includes an action plan to assist the Government of Armenia (GoA) in moving the procurement reform agenda forward. The assessment was carried out jointly with the counterpart team appointed by the Minister of Finance. The major procurement legislation and other procurement-related laws and decrees, and documents were analyzed and interviews were conducted with procuring entities, suppliers, contractors, consulting firms, civil society, and government officials. The benchmarking report provides a reference point for the GoA to monitor and measure improvements in the public procurement system, and to formulate a capacity development plan to move towards a sound procurement system that leads to economy and efficiency in public expenditure. Donors can use these results to develop strategies for assisting in procurement capacity building and to mitigate risks in their individual operations. In order to further broaden the perspective on the public procurement functions in Armenia and also to focus on certain specific areas of concern, case studies have been carried out on public procurement in health and transport sectors. In light of the GoA interest in introducing Electronic Government Procurement (e-GP), the team has also prepared a special study on the subject, using the readiness assessment guide of the multilateral development banks' e-GP working group. Case studies have also been prepared on anti-corruption measures, and public-private partnership, given the importance of these topics to public procurement.
Moldova : Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR)World Bank (World Bank, 2010-06-21)Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe. It is landlocked, bounded by Ukraine on the east and Romania on the west. Like many other former Soviet Republics, Moldova has experienced economic difficulties. Since its economy was highly dependent on the rest of the Soviet Union for energy and raw materials, the breakdown in trade following the breakup of the Soviet Union had severe impacts, exacerbated by drought and civil conflict. Moldova has made progress in economic reform since independence. The Government liberalized most prices, phased out subsidies, and privatized housing, government enterprises, agricultural state land, and other state-owned assets. However, as of early 2010, Moldova's economy has been in recession. The main sources of growth in previous years, remittances, imports, and foreign investment, were undermined by the global crisis, resulting in weaker domestic and external demand, fiscal imbalances, limited financial intermediation, and an increase in the level of poverty.
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