KeywordsURBAN DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
DISTRIBUTION OF RESPONSIBILITIES
CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
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AbstractThe objective of this paper is to review and analyze the best practices in developing and implementing city strategies, particularly in lower-income environments. It reviews available evidence to formulate the list of basic criteria that good strategies should meet, discusses three key questions that city strategies should address, and suggests how the widely applied LED and CDS approaches can be improved in the future.
TypePublications & Research :: Working Paper
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
City Development Strategy South Asia Region : Progress ReportWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2014-06-23)This report highlights the discussion,
processes, lessons learned in examining innovative options
for participation by all stakeholders in seeking new social
and economic contracts between civil society and urban
governments. The improvement in relationships is geared
towards providing better services for urban poor and
directly contributing to urban poverty alleviation. The
report attempts to capture the new wave of enthusiasm and
entrepreneurial inclination to city management that is more
transparent and responsive to citizens as 'customers'.
Toward an Urban Sector Strategy : Georgia's Evolving Urban System and its ChallengesWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2014-04-16)This review analyzes the profile, trends
and challenges of Georgia's changing urban landscape
since independence in 1991 and provides policy suggestions
to facilitate the economic transition of the country through
its cities. In its analysis and subsequent recommendations
on policy interventions, this report draws on a program of
diagnostics called the 'Urbanization Review' (UR).
The UR diagnostic is based on three main pillars of urban
development which have emerged as key areas of policy
engagement for successful cities. These are: a) planning,
charting a course for cities by setting the terms of
urbanization, especially policies for using urban land and
expanding basic infrastructure and public services; b)
connecting, physically linking people to jobs, and
businesses to markets; and c) financing, raising and
leveraging up-front capital to meet the increasing demand
for infrastructure and services. In moving forward, the
review recommends that Georgia focus on: a) developing a
national urban strategy that recognizes the contribution of
each city to the overall economy, i.e. a 'systems of
cities' approach that can assist in reducing regional
disparities; b) assisting cities to develop urban plans,
including local economic development plans, c) reforming
building and planning codes; and d) assisting cities in
improving their local governance and finances.
Republic of Togo : Urban and Peri-Urban Development and Policy NoteAmankwah-Ayeh, Kwabena (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-03-28)This review concludes that for Togo's urban and peri-urban areas to sustainably grow, issues of urban governance and development need to be approached in a comprehensive manner, driven by well -guided policies developed in partnership with the people to support Sub-National Government Authorities and Entities(SGAs) in carrying out their functions efficiently. To meet evolving challenges of urbanization and decentralization, the Government of Togo (GoT) must rationalize the roles of various levels of government and agencies and limit their numbers to limit duplication, strengthen the capacities of relevant sector institutions and coordinate institutional actions and investments. It is further recommended that GoT must (i) clarify the roles and functions of national, prefectural, and local governments while ensuring that coordination functions between them work well; (ii) separate urban policy and regulatory functions from implementation of urban projects by allocating implementation responsibilities to private operators or qualified state agencies under performance-based arrangements; (iii) ensure proper allocation of taxing responsibilities, develop and implement transfer of financial resources from the central government to the local governments on a transparent basis supported by simple and precise criteria; and (iv) strengthen the central government s role in policy, regulatory, coordination, oversight and supervision. Contractualization of relationships between different tiers of government and benchmarking of performance must be prominent among the guiding principles that should govern the delivery of responsibilities of GoT, SGAs and their agencies. Finally, this necessary, first step stock-taking review of Togo s urban and peri-urban sector has revealed knowledge & data gaps that need to be filled through further analysis and studies on (a) infrastructure services provision needs as well as capacity to implement, operate and maintain them, (b) improving the functioning of the urban land market and shelter-related issues, (c) strengthening municipal financing, (d) developing city and local economic development strategies (CDS & LED), and (e) socio-economic and technical approaches to financing of slum upgrading.