Senųjų lietuviškų knygų rinkinys Suomijos nacionalinėje bibliotekoje Helsinkyje
Finnish National Library
Lithuanian National Bibliography
Of Lithuanian old books
The 19th century
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AbstractEven though Lithuanian publications of Helsinki University Library (now – Finnish National Library) are recorded in bibliographical publications and are known to organisers of Lithuanian retrospective biography series A “Books in Lithuanian Language”, nevertheless these publications have not attracted a special attention of book researchers yet. Having analysed the catalogue of Lithuanian books, it became clear that according to the date of publication, the majority of publications (about 200) are press publications published after the press ban, i.e. after 1904 to 1917. The other part of the archive consists of Lithuanian books published before the press ban, i.e. these are books classified by Lithuanian book scientists according to the old periodization, and which usually can be referred to as monuments of books. All other old books of the collection are Lithuanian publications of 1816–1864. In the 19th and the beginning of the 20th c., a collection of Lithuanian books significant for their scope and content formed in the library of Helsinki university. The collection of old Lithuanian books is attributed to bigger collections, which can be found outside Lithuania. A more closer look at this collection reveals that it requires further research, since the publications, which are included into the category of rare publications, are significant, as well as the majority of publications are unique due to their perfect physical condition.
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Krikščionių ortodoksų (stačiatikių) giedojimo "lietuviškumo" apraiškosMoisejeva, Margarita (2016)The phenomenon of the Christian Orthodox chanting development in Lithuania has not been researched separately by Lithuanian nor foreign academics. Historical moments of this chanting, as well as contemporary chanting in Lithuania, are not researched systematically. Through applying comparative, historical, analytical, descriptive and musical analyses methods, the Orthodox chanting is explored through the Lithuanian perspective. The aim is to understand whether this chanting, while existing in the framework of ethnic minority religion, had an opportunity to develop on its own and to acquire unique and distinctive features. As the researched object is a rarity in not only the Orthodox religion, but also in Lithuania state, the peculiar Lithuanian manifestations are perceived fairly widely and in different aspects, e.g. describing orthodox Saints of Lithuanian descent, tropars and condacs dedicated to them, chanting books released in Lithuania, Vilnios and Lithuanian Orthodox hymns, Lithuanian Orthodox parish, Orthodox chanting in the Lithuanian language, etc. It is rather difficult to discuss the unique Orthodox chanting tradition in Lithuania, as there is not enough data nor research on this chanting development in the territory of Lithuanian. Nevertheless, the existing results of research allow to assume that certain Lithuanian manifestations are present in the Orthodox chanting.
Antilenkiškos nuotaikos Kaune bei jų atspindžiai krikščionių demokratų spaudojeIvanovas, Bernaras (2007)Lithuanian Christian Democrats had their own attitude towards the problem of anti-Polish views in Lithuania in the 1930's. In comparison with the Lithuanian Nationalists party and its leader A. Smetona, the position of Christian Democrats was rather different, especially in the field of political and cultural relations. Lithuanian Christian Democrats had a more constructive attitude - they tried to evaluate objectively the national situation setting aside the nationalist ideas. That is they were more positively oriented towards the Lithuanian Poles, strongly discriminated by the Lithuanian Nationalists government. As a result, Nationalists criticised severely Lithuanian Christian Democrats and even tried to show them as an "enemy" of the state. Such unconstructive position of the government led the Lithuanian society to a strong ethno-social confrontation and dissolution.
Lietuvių periodinė spauda: raidos istorija ir dabartisUrbonas, Vytas (2012)Article describes the history of Lithuanian periodical press, highlights the most important features and trends of its development during a difficult and long, almost two centuries-long period. It gives five main developmental stages of Lithuanian periodicals arising from the objective historical, political, social, cultural and other factors. This is emergence of the first Lithuanian periodicals abroad and spread in Lithuania under illegal conditions (up to 1904), formation of Lithuanian periodicals after the press ban (1904–1918), the rapid growth in the number of publications and differentiation and specialization in Independent Lithuania (1918–1940), a complex development of Lithuanian periodicals during occupation and annexation periods (1940–1989), and intensive development of periodicals in Lithuania having restored its freedom and independence (since 1990). The first periodical in Vilnius, Lithuania, was published in 1760. It was a Polish newspaper “Kurier Litewski”. Lithuanian periodicals owing to unfavorable historical and political conditions appeared much later and not in Lithuania, which since 1795 belonged to the Russian Empire, and outside it – in Prussian-ruled Lithuania Minor. There, in 1823, was first published the magazine-type periodical “Nusidavimai Dievo karalystėje” (Events in the kingdom of God), and from 1832 to 1921 as its follow-up was published a monthly magazine “Nusidavimai apie evangelijos praplatinimą tarp žydų ir pagonių” (Events concerning the Gospel spread among the Jews and the Pagans). In1849, Klaipėda and Kaliningrad saw the first Lithuanian newspapers “Lietuvininkų prietelis” (Lithuanians’ friend) and “Keleivis” (The passenger). But all of them were published in gothic lettering and intended for local Lithuanians of Lithuania Minor.