Elections and Ethics
This thematic collection of Globethics.net is offering a rich ethical overview on legal, political, social, financial and ethical aspects related to elections, its preparation, conflict resolutions and post-election processes. It has an initial focus on francophone Africa. Since 2018, it has been further enlarged to become a comprehensive collection on elections and ethics worldwide.
Land, indigenisation and empowerment : narratives that made a difference in Zimbabwe's 2013 electionsThe 2013 harmonised elections held in Zimbabwe after the termination of
the SADC- facilitated Government of National Unity elicited unprecedented
comment following another resounding ‘win’ by the Zimbabwe African
National Union-Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF). This article reflects on the
election and argues that while competitive authoritarianism contributed
significantly to the party’s ‘landslide victory’, it is slipshod to ignore the
centrality to its electoral success of Zanu-PF’s populist stance with respect
to land, indigenisation and empowerment. The article also examines the
significance of hate speech as a negative campaign strategy employed by
Zanu-PF to portray the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic
Change (MDC) in the most negative light. It concludes that the election
was reduced to ‘fantasies of salvation’ by President Robert Mugabe as a
charismatic leader, primarily because the electorate was seduced into viewing
Zanu-PF as the most credible party to pull the country out of the economic
quagmire through its land, indigenisation, empowerment, ‘pro-poor’ and
anti-Western policies. These policies resonated well with the growing
numbers of wage-less youthful voters,1 who constitute more than 60% of
the country’s population.
Skunk in an Onion Patch Buchanan Threatens Dole If He Doesn't Shut Up-and America If He DoesRegardless of his finish in the primaries, Mr. Buchanan is determined to be heard from at the Republican National Convention in late summer. Mr. [Bob Dole] would like his endorsement for the votes it would provide, but cannot be serious about hoping "that Pat Buchanan would find it in his heart as a good Republican to join forces and close ranks." Can good Republicans be outright bigots? Does Mr. Dole have a political death wish? What's in Mr. Buchanan's heart is the cause. "We'll go forward," he vowed on national television, "fighting for the cause." But the purity of the cause is forever tainted by the essential Buchanan: a mean-spirited racist, an articulate hatemonger, a political pundit who relishes his reputation for pulling few punches when attacking blacks, liberals, Jews and Israel. A master of ad hominem attack invites the same in return. Bob Dole must challenge [Patrick J. Buchanan], and ultimately hold him accountable, for all that he has said and written. It won't be easy. Mr. Dole must not allow himself to be out-Scriptured by Mr. Buchanan, who professes to be motivated by the Bible.
[News Script: Negro reads Bible as jurors selected]Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about jury selection in the trial of Flaudell Fite, a Dallas man accused of raping a Garland teenager.
[News Script: Deen]Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about a visit to Texas State College for Women in Denton by former Fort Worth Mayor Edgar Deen and his wife, Edith. The college is recognizing Mrs. Deen for the national publication of her book, a history of Biblical women.
Publieke pastorale leiers 2 : roeping, werwing, keuring, opleiding, ordeningIn the first article it was attempted to provide insight into the corporate nature of being called to ministry. The article also tried to discern what the specifics of the ministry of the public pastoral leader were. Equally important what I call in this article the teleological core of theological education. I want to build upon the concepts established in the first article. I explore the contributions of a number of well-known scholars who devoted much of their research to this field: Schner, Farley, Wood, Hough and Cobb, Heitink, Van der Ven and others. The ultimate issue is that there is some consensus about the telos of theological education. It is phrased differently and the different dimensions are indeed complementary. Concepts like 'vision and discernment', 'critical reflection' 'reflective practitioner', 'hermeneutical-communicative competence' and others are being discussed as it relate to the core research problem as described in article number 1. In this article I also explore the implications of the departure points for the praxis of recruiting, screening and training of future public pastoral leaders. The article points towards necessary changes that need to take place to get the local church involved in recruitment and screening - taking it serious that 'we' are all in the ministry. It also describes how a few churches are managing the process. In doing this, the place of the denominational community of churches is also emphasized and described.
Deeltydse predikante in die Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk van AfrikaSpine cut of Journal binding and pages scanned on flatbed EPSON Expression 10000 XL; 400dpi; text/lineart - black and white - stored to Tiff
Derivation: Abbyy Fine Reader v.9 work with PNG-format (black and white); Photoshop CS3; Adobe Acrobat v.9
Web display format PDF
Laat ander die praatwerk doenStories of the calling of female ministers in the Dutch
Reformed Church played out over a period of approximately
107 years. The folk mother discourse, which
silenced women’s voices in public, developed in the
Afrikaner community during this period.
It is evident that female ministers in the Dutch Reformed
Church have generally not participated actively in the
debate on the admission of women to specific offices.
Most of the contributors to this study experience some discomfort
with matters of gender and feminism. As in the folk
mother discourse, they leave the talking to others.
In this article the development of the folk mother discourse
is examined and female ministers are asked to examine
their experiences in this regard. The central question is:
What can the church do to help women take coresponsibility
in the gender debate.
AGENDA: A Low-Carbon Energy Blueprint for the American WestThe future of the planet may depend upon our ability to increase energy supplies even as we reduce carbon emissions. This conference will address how a low-carbon energy program might evolve with a particular focus on the American West. It will focus on the future of energy in the West--on a “managed transition” to a different energy mix, on the need to nest this effort in a framework that acknowledges interconnections, and on identifying the most salient opportunities to consider the legal, political, financial, and technical challenges.
Theological perspectives on the concept of 'Yahweh's people' in Ezra and Nehemiah during the early post-exilic period (539-350 BC) - part IIThis article is divided into two major parts; each is published
separately. Part I dealt with the conflict between the golah (exile)
community and the am ha’arets (people of the land) regarding the
exclusive religious, political and social reforms of Ezra and
Nehemiah. The author argued that the conception of ‘Yahweh’s
people’ lay behind the tension between the two above-named
groups. Consequently, two theological perspectives emerged in
Ezra and Nehemiah on the concept of ‘Yahweh’s people’ and other
nations. One is exclusive, the other is inclusive. What follows here
is Part II. This part demonstrates that the Abrahamic and the
Mosaic covenants provide a framework through which every other
person could embrace Yahweh, the God of Israel as his/her God.
Therefore, Yahweh cannot be confined to a single group of people,
race or nation as presupposed by the leaders of the early postexilic
Jewish community in Ezra and Nehemiah.
Judging Judicial ElectionsMelinda Gann Hall’s new book Attacking Judges: How Campaign Advertising Influences State Supreme Court Elections suggests what seems impossible to many of us—a powerful defense of today’s partisan judicial elections. As judicial races hit new levels of campaign spending and television advertising, there has been a flood of criticism about the increasing partisanship, negativity, and role of money. In view of the “corrosive effect of money on judicial election campaigns” and “attack advertising,” the American Bar Association (ABA) recommends against judicial elections, which are currently used to select roughly 90 percent of state judges. Justice O’Connor, who has championed judicial-election reform since her retirement from the Supreme Court, warns that “there are many who think of judges as politicians in robes” and agrees “[i]n many states, that’s what they are.” Melinda Gann Hall, a political scientist and authority on judicial behavior, sets out in her book to challenge some of these claims.
Australia&#039;s electoral management bodies: degrees of independenceAustralia is at the forefront of professional and independent electoral administration, especially when assessed in international comparative studies. However, while there is often debate about the levels of fairness provided by the various electoral systems in use throughout Australia, less scrutiny has been applied to the electoral management bodies charged with administering these systems. Although there are many similarities in the way electoral administration has developed in Australia’s nine jurisdictions (one federal, six state and two territory), there are also significant differences in their structure and operation. Since the 1980s, a major shift has occurred – away from electoral ‘offices’ which were contained within government departments – to independent statutory commissions. While these changes are generally hailed as improving the independence of electoral administration, the degree to which these commissions are able to operate independently of political influence can vary significantly. This paper provides insight into the degrees of independence the eight commissions (and one remaining office) actually provide, with an emphasis on appointments, budgeting, and relationships between commissioners, ministers and parliaments. The paper draws on personal interviews with current commissioners, and relevant members of parliament, as well as analysis of legislative reforms and the use of parliamentary oversight committees.
[News Script: Judge takes oath, has no courtroom]Script from the WBAP-TV station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story about the swearing-in of new Tarrant County District Judge Harold Craik, who will preside over the newly-created 153rd District Court.
Towards a fairer Australia: ACOSS 2007 Election StatementAs Australians prepare to vote in 2007, they face important choices over the future fairness of their country. Australia’s headline figures of economic growth and low official unemployment stand in stark contrast to the daily reality of two million Australians who live in poverty. Despite economic prosperity, one in ten Australians struggle to pay for the bare basics such as housing, food, utilities and health care and often cannot access other essentials such as work, education, aged care, child care, counselling and legal services. The social and economic cost of this disadvantage can be seen in 'poverty postcodes', typically on the outer edges of metropolitan cities and in rural areas, where many people are unemployed, have minimal levels of education, live on low incomes and often have disabilities and illness.
Submission on Specific Aspects of the Elected PresidencyThis submission, to which minor redactions have been made, was prepared in response to a call for public feedback (archived here) by the Constitutional Commission to study and make recommendations on specific aspects of the Elected Presidency chaired by the Honourable Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon.
Democratic and electoral shifts in Queensland: back to first past the post votingFree and fair elections are the basic building blocks of democracy. Over time the Queensland electoral system has been subject to the vagaries of political manipulation in three main ways: zonal malapportionment, boundary manipulation (gerrymandering) and changes to the methods of counting valid votes. John Wanna focuses on the last device -- changes to the methods of counting made to suit the interests of the governing political parties.
The UN Goldstone Report and retraction: An empirical investigationThe Goldstone Report is unique among United Nations reports in having been eventually repudiated by its principal author. The Report criminalized self-defense against state-sponsored or state-perpetrated terror. We use voting on the two UN General Assembly resolutions relating to the Goldstone Report to study whether support for the Goldstone principle of criminalization of self-defense against terror was influenced by countries' political institutions. Our results, using different measures of political institutions, reveal systematic differences in voting by democracies and autocracies: as an example, based on the Chief-in-Executive measure of political institutions, a country with the highest democracy score was some 55 percentage points less likely to vote in favor of the second of the two UN Goldstone resolutions and some 55 percentage points more likely to abstain than a country with the highest autocratic score. The differences between democracies and autocracies in willingness to initiate symmetric warfare are therefore also reflected in differences in sensitivities to loss of life and harm in asymmetric warfare, through broad support by democracies, but not by autocracies, for legitimacy of self-defense against state-supported or stateperpetrated terror.
A Tale of Two Elephants: Overcoming the Postelection Crisis in KenyaThe article discusses the postelection crisis in Kenya which has caused suffering to innocent civilians in the area. It states that the chaos was caused by the negligence of both the opposing parties of incumbent candidate Mwai Kibaki and his rival Raila Odinga. The author claimed that Kenyan people would continue to suffer and the nation will continue to be troubled because of the selfishness of both leaders over power.