• Skokie Caucus and Township Citizens Party Group Photograph, circa 1960<br />

      Casey Ryback (-)
      Photograph of the Skokie Caucus Party and Township Citizens Party slate during the 1960s. The Skokie Caucus Party was formed by Skokie citizens concerned about corruption in the Skokie Village government in the late 1950s. Skokie's current village manager system of governance is due to a referendum the Skokie Caucus Party was able to pass in the 1957 elections. The party still exists today and has elected the majority of village officials since its formation. Note that Al Smith, mayor of Skokie from 1965-1987 is on the Skokie Caucus Party slate. This photograph is part of the collection of the Skokie Historical Society.
    • A sermon, delivered at Dover, state of Newhampshire; before the Honorable General Court, at the annual election, June 7th, 1792. / By William Morison, Minister of a Presbyterian church, Londonderry.

      New Hampshire. General Court.; Morison, William, 1748-1818. (New-Hampshire: Exeter, :: Printed by Henry Ranlet, for the General Court of said state--and sold at his office,Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Library, --1792.)
      Evans 24563
    • A sermon, preached before His Honour Samuel Adams, Esq. lieutenant governor; the Honourable the Council, Senate, and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, May 28th, 1794. Being the day of general election. / By Samuel Deane, D.D. a Pastor of the First Church in Portland.

      Deane, Samuel, 1733-1814.; Massachusetts. General Court.; Massachusetts Historical Society. (Printed in Boston, :: at the State Press, by Adams and Larkin, printers to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.,Ann Arbor, MI :: Text Creation Partnership,, --1794.)
      31, [1], 6, [2] p. ; 23 cm. (8vo)
    • Parliament Membership during the Single-Party System in Turkey (1925-1945)

      Cemil Koçak (0000-00-00)
      The official legitimization of the single-party regime in Turkey lay with Parliament, which, as a representative of the people, controlled the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. However, the parliamentary period after 1925 was highlighted by a lack of freedom of speech, with scope for political discussion limited. This paper aims to establish the role of MPs during this period. At the head of the single-party system, the President was free to choose every party member for Parliament. This meant competition was very restricted, be it in the form of short-lived opposition parties or independent candidates. During the selection process, some social classes, for example high-ranking officer and bureaucrats were privileged. These two groups were the most common in Parliament. On the other hand, local ties were sometimes respected by the regime: rural notables with close relations with party headquarters were easily elected, and remained in Parliament. A MPs’ chance of re-election was significant if he performed his duty with loyalty to the party. The author underlines a stabilization of political personnel throughout this period.
    • Kurdish Nationalism and Identity in Turkey: A Conceptual Reinterpretation

      Güneş Murat Tezcür (0000-00-00)
      This article argues that the evolution of Kurdish nationalism in Turkey is more ambivalent and nuanced than is usually acknowledged. This claim is based on three interpretive approaches: 1) the primary actors in national politics are conceptualized as organizations, rather than as ethnic groups; 2) a boundary-making approach to ethnic identities is more promising than an insistence on an ethnic versus civic nationalism dichotomy; and 3) state-society relations are better understood in terms of a series of interactions among state actors and social actors than in terms of a global dichotomy of state and society. These three approaches may help develop answers to important questions regarding political identity in Turkey. First, why do so many Kurdish-speaking citizens fail to articulate their identity in the terms demanded by the Kurdish nationalist movement? Second, why are the electoral returns in those areas of Turkey with large numbers of Kurdish speakers not more closely correlated with the ethnic distribution of the population? Finally, why does the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) often act in ways that are inconsistent with its declared goals of defending and expanding the political and civil rights of the Kurds?
    • Introduction: Contextualizing and Interpreting the 15th Lok Sabha Elections

      Balveer Arora; Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal (0000-00-00)
    • India’s 2009 Elections: The Resilience of Regionalism and Ethnicity

      Gilles Vernier; Christophe Jaffrelot (0000-00-00)
      The 2009 Indian general elections saw the Congress Party-led United Progressive Alliance retain power, with a remarkable increase of seats in the National Assembly (Lok Sabha), leading to claims of a ‘re-nationalization’ of the party system as well as of the voting pattern. However, evidence from the results themselves show that, on the contrary, the process of fragmentation of the party system and the electorate is still progressing, Indian voters having opted for regional and local players more than they ever did before. The distorting effect of the majority electoral system (‘First Past The Post’) provides the central explanation for this apparent paradox. A close look at the electoral results also demonstrates the resilience of ‘ethnic voting’, despite the recurring discourse on the predominance of ‘economic voting’.
    • Electoral Politics in the Context of Separatism and Political Divergence: An Analysis of 2009 Parliamentary Elections in Jammu & Kashmir

      Rekha Chowdhary (0000-00-00)
      The paper analyses the 2009 Parliamentary elections in Jammu and Kashmir in the context of the conflict situation that has manifested itself during the last two decades. The separatist sentiment, the paper argues, remains ascendant, even when the mainstream politics (that had become totally irrelevant during the initial years of militancy and political upsurge) has been gradually gaining space. Rather than challenging the separatist politics, the mainstream politics is seeking to legitimise itself by acknowledging its own limitations and confining itself to the politics of ‘governance’ while leaving for the separatist politics the issue of ‘ultimate resolution of conflict’. However, in this process of legitimisation, mainstream politics have taken up many issues from the agenda of separatist politics. Consequently, despite the distinction between the two kinds of politics, there exists an overlap between them. The paper also focuses on the political divergence and the assertion of regional/religious identity politics. The Amarnath agitation which took place a few months before the Parliamentary elections became the basis of massive political mobilisation and reaffirmation of the popular separatist sentiment in Kashmir and religious cum regional identity politics in Jammu. As such, it forms an important reference point for the analysis. The paper also focuses on the 2008 Assembly election which immediately preceded the Parliamentary elections.
    • Studying Elections in India: Scientific and Political Debates

      Stéphanie Tawa Lama-Rewal (0000-00-00)
      Election studies (which are here defined as scholarly work focusing on the major phases of the electoral process, i.e. the campaign, the vote, the announcement of results and subsequent government formation) constitute a distinct sub-genre of studies on democracy, which focuses, so to speak, on the ‘mechanics’ more than on the ‘substance’ of representative democracy. This sub-genre, being relatively more visible than other studies of representative democracy, has specific implications, in the academic but also in the political arena, which are the focus of this critical review of the literature on Indian elections since the 1980s. The paper argues that election studies are really in between science and politics, and that it is important, therefore, to contextualize them.
    • Pre-electoral Coalitions, Party System and Electoral Geography: A Decade of General Elections in India (1999–2009)

      Bertrand Lefebvre; Cyril Robin (0000-00-00)
      Between 1999 and 2009, since no single party was in a position to lead a majority in the Lok Sabha, pre-electoral coalitions have become the only option for parties to exercise executive power at the Centre. Looking at the trajectory of two pre-electoral coalitions over ten years, namely the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance and the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, the paper attempts to contribute to the nascent research on pre-electoral coalitions. Much has been written on the importance of disproportionate electoral systems or the ideological distance between parties in the formation of governing coalitions. This paper explores the importance of different geographical bases of support in the composition and sustainability of Indian pre-electoral coalitions, election after election, and proposes preliminary elements for a dynamic theory of pre-electoral coalition formation.
    • Temporalités à l’épreuve de la parité

      Magali Della Sudda (0000-00-00)
      Cet article propose de mettre en lumière l’articulation des différents temps sociaux et des régimes de temporalité qui président à l’entrée en politique des élus hommes et femmes dans une ville moyenne française en 2001. Il interroge une éventuelle spécificité de genre dans la façon de percevoir le temps et de l’organiser chez les élu-e-s selon trois régimes de temporalités. L’« entrée en politique » est présentée comme une rupture ou une continuation selon les configurations : novice plutôt que profane, les élues disposent de savoir-faire acquis hors du champ politique qui sont convertis en ressource à cette occasion. L’appréhension du temps par les élus et les élues témoigne d’un effet du genre sur l’articulation des temps sociaux : tue chez les élus, elle est perçue comme problématique chez la majorité des élues. Mais le genre n’explique par tout, la situation dans le parcours de vie au moment de l’entrée en politique influe sur la façon de ressentir l’articulation des temps sociaux. Cette réflexion permet d’isoler les effets du genre mais aussi de l’âge dans ces trajectoires militantes en confrontant les parcours et les discours des élus des deux sexes.
    • La démocratie russe

      Jean-Robert Raviot (0000-00-00)
      This article analyses the functioning of the current Russian democracy. The author approaches several fundamental points: the organization of the elections, the political cleavages, the nature, sense and evolution of the votes as well as the profile of the candidates.
    • Warren G. Harding and Marie Edwards of Peru, Indiana at the Social Justice Day in Marion, Ohio

      Indiana Historical Society, 10-1-1920
      Presidential candidate Warren G. Harding greets Marie Edwards, treasurer of the League of Women Voters, at Social Justice Day in Marion, Ohio. Edwards helped plan the event where Harding called for equal wages and the creation of an eight-hour work day.
    • Warren G. Harding and Marie Edwards of Peru, Indiana at the Social Justice Day in Marion, Ohio

      Indiana Historical Society, 10-1-1920
      Presidential candidate Warren G. Harding greets Marie Edwards, treasurer of the League of Women Voters, at Social Justice Day in Marion, Ohio. Edwards helped plan the event where Harding called for equal wages and the creation of an eight-hour work day.
    • Hints on the parliamentary law of agency and of corrupt practices at elections for the House of Commons [electronic resource] /

      Hodgins, Thomas, 1828-1910 ([Toronto? : s.n.,, 189-?])
      "Printed for private circulation by the Ontario Reform Association."
    • Las elecciones desviadas de Panamá en 2004 [Panama deviant elections in 2004]

      Brown Araúz, Harry (Fundación Friedrich Ebert (FES), 200)
      "Este artículo analiza las elecciones presidencial y legislativa realizadas en Panamá el 2 de mayo de 2004. Se sostiene que aunque los factores coyunturales son determinantes para calificar estas elecciones como potencialmente desviadas, en los resultados también incidieron clara y decisivamente los efectos mecánicos que tiene el sistema electoral sobre el sistema de partidos. El análisis cuenta con cuatro secciones: la descripción de los resultados; la fragmentación del voto; la transferencia de votos y la volatilidad; y la competición y la competitividad."
    • Preaching and the election

      Jump, Phil (Baptist Ministers Fellowship, 326)
      "The forthcoming General Election will be unlike any in living memory. Since WW2, we have gone to the polls almost certain that one of two large political parties will form our government. But as the countdown to polling day 2015 continues, this remains an election that no-one can call. The resurgence of SNP and the Greens; the anticipated demise of the Liberal Democrats; the advent of UKIP as a serious contender—all combine with a swing between Labour and Conservative to leave a political landscape of significant uncertainty. Predictions suggest that, in many constituencies, the ‘new parties’ are unlikely to win seats, but will deflect votes away from the incumbent to allow the previous runners-up to be first past the post"
    • Isaacus Lingonensis

      AUGUSTINUS (s.). Sermones
    • Collectiones canonum

      FLORUS LUGDUNENSIS. De electionibus episcoporum