Author(s)Abdülhamid II, Sultan of the Turks, 1842-1918, former owner.
880-05 Osman, Hâfız, 1642-1698, calligrapher.
KeywordsMuḥammad, Prophet, -632
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractExquisite hilye (written depiction of the Prophet) executed by the master who developed this graphic form of the hilye, Hafız Osman Efendi (d.1698). Decoration and mounting later, likely in at least two distinct stages (18th and 19th century).
Shelfmark: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, Special Collections Library, Isl. Ms. 238
Origin: As appears at close, calligraphy executed by ʻUthmān, known as Ḥāfiẓ Kalām al-Wahhāb (i.e. Hafız Osman Efendi) in 1099 [1687 or 8]. Decoration and earlier mounting likely 18th century. Most recent mounting and borders likely 19th century.
Former shelfmark: "546 T.D.M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" in pencil on reverse of uppermost panel ; "113" in pencil in border adjacent to illuminated headpiece.
Binding: The three pieced panels of the levha are mounted on boards backed with silk, edged and hinged together with red-brown leather, unfolding like a triptych but vertically ; some repairs to the edging in purple leather ; minor hinge repairs in Japanese paper.
Support: European laid paper, well-burnished, pieced and mounted on boards.
Decoration: Illuminated headpiece (ʻunwān / sarlawḥ) appears in a rectangular panel above the baş makam, consisting of a semi-circular piece (dome) filled with a depiction of al-Masjid al-Ḥarām at Mecca (kaʻbah visible) and set off by an outer border of swirling vegetal designs in white, lavender, mint green, pink, gold, etc. on a blue ground with heavy gold and black borders and surmounting vertical stalks (tīgh) ; the same vegetal designs fill the area around the göbek and the koltuklar ; a black and gold frame surrounds the uppermost rectangular panel, the baş makam, the square containing the göbek, hilâl (in gold), and names of the çiharyâr, the ayet and the etek ; bands of turquoise and gold surround the circles with names of the çiharyâr ; textual dividers in the form of illuminated rosettes accent the hilye text ; a heavy border in olive green with gold painted floral accents, itself set-off by white fillets and framed by black and gold bands, surrounds the entire levha.
Script: Exquisite specimen of Ottoman calligraphy ; basmalah (besmele), āyah (ayet) and names of the first four caliphs (çiharyâr) in thuluth (sülüs) ; hilye texts (of the göbek and etek) in naskh (nesih).
Layout: Baș makam with besmele (opening with "انه من سليمان وانه" in small cartouche above "بسم") ; göbek with 9 lines of text ; ayet in a single line ; etek with 4 lines of text.
Collation: Three 'panels' (likely once a single levha, now pieced) hinged together with red-brown leather, opening for display as a levha.
Colophon: "كتبه اضعف الكتاب عثمان المعروف بحافظ كلام الوهاب سنه تسع وتسعين والف"
Explicit: "يقول ناعته لم ار قبله ولا بعده مثله صلى الله عليه وسلم"
Incipit: "عن علي كان اذا وصف النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لم يكن بالطويل الممغط ولا بالقصير المتردد ..."
Title supplied by cataloguer.
Ms. (three panels hinged together).
Gruber, Christiane and Ashley Dimmig. Pearls of Wisdom : The Arts of Islam at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan : Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, 2014),
Schick, İrvin Cemil. "The Iconicity of Islamic calligraphy in Turkey." RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics, no. 53/54 (Spring - Autumn, 2008): 211-224.
Serin, Muhittin. “Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’ndeki Bazı Kütüphanelerde Bulunan İslam El Yazma Eserleri ve Michigan Üniversitesi II. Abdülhamid Koleksiyonu,” Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi 2, 4-5, (2000).
Derman, M. Uğur. Letters in gold : Ottoman calligraphy from the Sakıp Sabancı collection, Istanbul. (New York : Metropolitian Museum of Art : Distributed by H.N. Abrams, c1998),
Zakariya, Mohamed. "Islamic calligraphy: A technical overview." In Brocade of the pen: the art of Islamic writing. Carol Garrett Fisher, ed. (East Lansing, MI: Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 1991):
Brocade of the pen : the art of Islamic writing. Carol Garrett Fisher, ed. (East Lansing, MI: Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, 1991),
Exquisite hilye (written depiction of the Prophet) executed by the master who developed this graphic form of the hilye, Hafız Osman Efendi (d.1698). Decoration and mounting later, likely in at least two distinct stages (18th and 19th century).
Mode of access: Internet.
Acquired by purchase (funds donated by Horace Rackham).
Inscriptions in pencil "546 T.D.M. [i.e. Tammaro De Marinis]" in pencil on reverse of uppermost panel ; "113" in pencil in border adjacent to illuminated headpiece ; clean copy.
Date1687 or 1688].