Commentary on “workforce development:perspectives from people with learning disabilities”
KeywordsAdult social care
Profound intellectual and multiple disabilities
Phychiatric Mental Health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Psychiatry and Mental health
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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore links between the staff values and skills identified by Davies and Matuska and other literature. The commentary aims to place these values and skills in the context of established approaches to working with people with learning disabilities, to explore their impact on recruitment and to outline limitations on their applications. Design/methodology/approach: The commentary explores the implications of Davies and Matuska’s findings, relating these to previous research and policy literature. Findings: The commentary argues that it is important to stress the complexity of working with people with learning disabilities and the qualities of workers required. In addition, the importance of values-based recruitment (VBR) is also supported. Finally, the commentary points to the importance of creative ways of overcoming the limitations presented by current austerity policies. Originality/value: The commentary links characteristics and skills of staff valued by people with learning disabilities with person-centred care and VBR.
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Factors associated with intended staff turnover and job search behaviour in services for people with intellectual disabilityHatton, C.; Emerson, E.; Rivers, M.; Mason, H.; Swarbrick, R.; Mason, L.; Kiernan, C.; Reeves, D.; Alborz, A. (2001)Staff turnover is a major problem in services for people with intellectual disability (ID). Therefore, understanding the reasons for staff turnover is vital for organizations seeking to improve their performance. The present study investigates the factors directly and indirectly associated with an intention to leave an organization and actual job search behaviour amongst staff in services for people with ID. As part of a large-scale survey of staff in services for people with ID, information was collected from 450 staff concerning intended turnover, job search behaviour and a wide range of factors potentially associated with these outcomes. Path analyses revealed that work satisfaction, job strain, younger staff age and easier subjective labour conditions were directly associated with intended turnover. The same factors, with the exception of younger staff age, were also directly associated with job search behaviour. Factors indirectly associated with these outcomes included wishful thinking, alienative commitment to the organization, lack of staff support, role ambiguity, working longer contracted hours, having a low-status job, a lack of influence over decisions at work and less orientation to working in community settings with people with ID. The models of staff turnover empirically derived in the present study confirm and extend previous research in this area. The implications for organizations are discussed.
Between 'porte-parole' and 'porte-mémoire': Assia Djebar's cinematic voice in the MaghrebSalhi, Zahia Smail (2012)This article studies the roles of women as guardians of cultural heritage and national identity, which they preserve and transmit to the younger generations. While their role as 'porte-mémoire' has been recognized as key to preserving national identity, their story as warriors is sacrificed. This study argues that this sacrifice was made in order to uphold male honour as the guardians and defenders of the nation, and to hide the story of rape in colonial prisons, which signifies a direct assault on male honour. Assia Djebar's novels and films position her as the woman who can now write about those who could not, as the 'porte-parole' who worked to eternalize the story that orality failed to transmit. The analysis of La Nouba des femmes du mont Chenoua (1978) shows how Djebar creates a space for voices to be heard, as she defeats the eternal silence which threatens the existence of her women compatriots. © 2012 Intellect Ltd.
Communicating Food Risks in an Era of Growing Public Distrust:Three Case StudiesLofstedt, Ragnar (2013-02-03)The communication and regulation of risk has changed significantly over the past 30 years in Europe and to a noticeable but lesser extent in the United States. In Europe, this is partly due to a series of regulatory mishaps, ranging from mad cow disease in the United Kingdom to contamination of the blood supply in France. In the United States, general public confidence in the American government has been gradually declining for more than three decades, driven by a mix of cultural and political conflicts like negative political advertising, a corrosive news media, and cuts in regulatory budgets. While the former approach is based on an objective assessment of the risk, the latter is driven more by the perception of the risk, consumer sentiment, political will, and sectoral advocacy. In this article, the author examines three U.S.-based food case studies (acrylamide, bisphenol A, and artificial food colorings) where regulations at the local and state levels are increasingly being based on perceived risk advocacy rather than on the most effective response to the risk, be it to food safety or public health, as defined by regulatory interpretation of existing data. In the final section, the author puts forward a series of recommendations for how U.S.-based regulators can best handle those situations where the perceived risk is markedly different from the fact-based risk, such as strengthening the communication departments of food regulatory agencies, training officials in risk communication, and working more proactively with neutral third-party experts.