Global heating, wildlife extinction and pollution are among the most important ecological matter, they call for our urgent attention and deserve prominent documentation. The Globethics environmental ethics collection aims at gathering all most important sources on this matter. The content in the library is available in multiple languages and is mainly harvested from a wide variety of open access repositories. A limited set of manually submitted documents complete this collection, f.ex. documents published by the Earth Charter Initiative and Green Cross International.

Recent Submissions

  • Ética ambiental como caminho para a tomada de decisão relacionada a espécies invasoras

    Andriolo, Artur; Paixão, Rita Leal; Oliveira, Pedro A. R. de; Carvalho, Rodrigo Salles de (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF)Programa de Pós-graduação em EcologiaUFJFBrasilICB – Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, 2017-05-26)
    A presente Dissertação de Mestrado em Ecologia Aplicada ao Manejo e Conservação de Recursos Naturais tem por objetivo principal discutir as bases teóricas da ética ambiental relacionando-a à situação prática de conflito referente à presença de calitriquídeos (sagüis) introduzidos na área de Mata Atlântica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro reservada ao programa de conservação do mico-leão-dourado (outro calitriquídeo). Foi realizado um estudo extenso abordando o pressupostos dos princípios éticos e das correntes atuais da ética ambiental – antropocentrismo, sencientismo, biocentrismo e ecocentrismo – onde foram levantados seus aspectos característico e seus pontos convergentes e discrepantes. Os resultados deste estudo foram relacionados com uma pesquisa etnológica feita com os principais tomadores de decisão referente às opções de manejo dos sagüis, no sentido de revelar os possíveis pontos discordantes e facilitar um encaminhamento ético de questões valorativas originadas dentro
 do contexto da pesquisa científica. O contraste entre os valores morais encontrado nas respostas iluminados à luz das teorias abordadas mostra a importância de uma discussão aprofundada neste sentido e a relevância deste tipo de pesquisa dentro do contexto científico.
  • A dimensão ética na educação ambiental: uma análise da legislação brasileira

    Ruiz, Adriano Rodrigues; Arana, Alba Regina Azevedo; Carvalho, Alonso Bezerra de; Takada, Mário Yudi (Universidade do Oeste PaulistaMestrado em EducaçãoUNOESTEBrasil, 2017-06-05)
    Submitted by Jakeline Ortega (jakortega@unoeste.br) on 2017-06-05T22:43:38Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5) Mario Yudi Takada.pdf: 422990 bytes, checksum: eeae64af1b2b573ecd6e0be3a7dcad9e (MD5)
  • Rethinking environmental justice : capability building, public knowledge and the struggle against traffic-related air pollution

    Loopmans, Maarten; Smits, Linde; Kenis, Anneleen (2021)
    For more than a decade, a broad social movement has organised significant opposition to the expansion of the Antwerp ring road. By linking the very mobile, intangible and unplaceable problem of traffic-related air pollution to the highly local, concrete, immobile issue of the highway, they succeeded in creating the largest mobilization against air pollution ever in Belgium. A distributive justice discourse which portrayed Antwerp residents as being unfairly affected has played a crucial role in this endeavour. At the same time, the movement has struggled to involve and represent those who will be most affected by the ring road extension. Low income and ethnic minority residents living close to the ring road are strikingly absent from the movements’ ranks and tend to be silenced in its discourse. In this paper, we scrutinise this disparity between the social composition of the most affected areas and the social composition of the movement dealing with the issue, and reflect on the movement’s practices of knowledge production and dissemination from an environmental justice perspective. We highlight the need for expanding environmental justice beyond a merely distributive approach and argue that environmental justice movements need to see knowledge dissemination and public pedagogy as more than just a mobilizing strategy. Without pursuing equity in the distribution of networks, capabilities and knowledge, enhancing the possibilities of those who are most affected to develop their own strategies, environmental justice is difficult to realize.
  • The role of the media in staging air pollution : the controversy on extreme air pollution along Oxford Street and other debates on poor air quality in London

    Kenis, Anneleen; Barratt, Benjamin (2021)
    Mapping the media frames that have both triggered and articulated the mobilisation around air pollution in London in the period 1997–2017, this paper shows how especially those events that have been framed in agonistic terms have led to a rise of media engagement with the topic. From the controversy around Sahara dust as a so-called ‘natural’ explanation for smog episodes, to the staging of Oxford Street as the most polluted street of the world, from Sadiq Khan's decision to join ClientEarth in its court case against the UK government to the debate on a new runway for Heathrow, from the Volkswagen scandal to the Black Lives Matter blockade of London City Airport: the discursive construction of us/them divides has been crucial in sparking passion, contestation and debate. Empirically, the paper starts from a detailed study of 1594 newspaper articles that appeared on air pollution in five British newspapers, The Guardian, Financial Times, The Independent, The Daily Telegraph and The Times, between January 1997 and March 2017. Theoretically, it combines Chantal Mouffe’s political theory with Anabela Carvalho’s media theory, in particular her diachronic model of circuits of culture. On this basis, the paper distinguishes five critical discourse periods and shows how a number of critical discourse moments, exactly because of their agonising dimension, have been able to spike media attention and shift the terms of the debate. Starting from this observation, the paper argues that media processes should not only be understood in cyclic terms, but can also trigger non-linear iterative dynamics, leading to upward spirals characterised by thresholds and a gradually increasing level of interest overall, in this case raising the profile of London’s poor air.
  • Analysing the distribution and development of air pollutants across regions and socioeconomic groups in Finland

    Helsingin yliopisto, Maatalous-metsätieteellinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry; Helsingfors universitet, Agrikultur- och forstvetenskapliga fakulteten; Ahmala, Elina (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2024)
    Ilmansaasteilla on monia negatiivisia vaikutuksia esimerkiksi ihmisten terveyteen. Näiden vaikutusten vähentäminen eri toimenpiteillä on tärkeää. Ilmansaasteiden vähentäminen voi kuitenkin vaikuttaa siihen, kuka saasteista kärsii. Markkinapohjaiset toimet, kuten päästökauppa, ovat usein kustannustehokkaita, mutta herättävät huolta ympäristöoikeudenmukaisuudesta. Kun ilmansaasteita vähennetään halvimmista paikoista, on riskinä, että saasteet jakaantuvat epätasaisesti sosioekonomisten ryhmien kesken. On tärkeää tutkia, esiintyykö tällaista ympäristöepäoikeudenmukaisuutta Suomessa. Suomi on mielenkiintoinen tutkimuskohde, koska se eroaa muista maista, joissa vastaavaa tutkimusta on tehty aikaisemmin. Eroja ovat esimerkiksi väestöntiheys sekä suhteellisen pienet tuloerot. Tässä tutkielmassa analysoidaan miten ilmansaasteet jakaantuvat Suomessa sosioekonomisten tekijöiden mukaan ja ovatko ilmansaastetasot jakaantuneet epätasaisesti eri tuloryhmien kesken 2010-luvulla. 
 
 Ilmansaasteet, joita käsitellään tässä tutkimuksessa ovat hiilimonoksidi, rikkidioksidi ja typpidioksidi. Ilmansaastedata on NASA:n tuottamaa ja pääosin satelliittien avulla kerättyä. Tässä tutkimuksessa käytettyjä sosioekonomisia tekijöitä ovat kotitalouksien tulot, matalatuloiset kotitaloudet, kotitaloudet, joissa on lapsia, yhden vanhemman kotitaloudet, joissa on lapsia ja korkeakoulutetut. Sosioekonominen data on Tilastokeskuksen Paavo-tilastoaineistosta. Datan analysoimiseksi tehtiin kahden muuttujan ja useamman muuttujan regressioanalyysit pienimmän neliösumman menetelmällä.
 
 Tämän tutkielman päätulos on, että ilmanlaatu on Suomessa jokseenkin jakaantunut erilaisten sosioekonomisten ryhmien kesken. Korkeatuloiset kotitaloudet altistuvat enemmän ilmansaasteille kuin matalatuloiset kotitaloudet. Korkeatuloiset kotitaloudet altistuvat enemmän ilmansaasteille, koska kaupungeissa on korkeammat ilmansaastetasot ja korkeampituloisia kotitalouksia. Lisäksi myös, korkeakoulutetut ja yhden vanhemman kotitaloudet altistuvat suuremmalle määrälle saasteita kuin muut. Erilaiset ilmansaasteet ovat kehittyneet eri tavoilla 2010-luvulla. Kaikki ilmansaastepitoisuudet eivät ole vähentyneet 2010-luvulla. Matalatuloisten ilmanlaatu on parantunut erityisesti hiilimonoksidin osalta. Korkeatuloisten ja korkeakoulutettujen ilmanlaatu on parantunut rikkidioksidin ja typpidioksidin osalta. Tämä tutkimus edistää ilmansaasteiden jakaantumisen tutkimusta ja voi auttaa tehokkaampien ilmansaastepolitiikkatoimien kehittämisessä.
  • Environmental Justice of the European Green Deal : An Explanatory Critique of the Energy Transition

    Helsingin yliopisto, valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences; Helsingfors universitet, statsvetenskapliga fakulteten; Urvas, Anniina Sofia (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2023)
    The European Green Deal (EGD) is a response to multiple ecological problems caused by human activities, most notably climate change. Some of the main goals of the EGD is to reach net zero in emissions by 2050 and an economic growth decoupled from resource use. To do that, the EU is aiming to transform its energy system by moving away from fossil fuels to a renewable energy provision. Realising these goals would, however, translate into a drastic increase in raw material demand needed for renewable technologies. Extracting these materials is associated with severe socio-environmental effects. 
 This thesis uses Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis combined with the theory of environmental justice to carry out an explanatory critique of the European Green Deal from a global environmental justice perspective. The material consists of the main communication from the European Commission on the European Green Deal paired with EU publications on critical raw materials and the Just Transition Mechanism. The thesis critically assesses the justice implications of the European Green Deal, which to a large extent relies on a dramatic increase in extractivism outside of the Union, reproducing unequal power relations between regions in forms of ecologically unequal exchange, ecological debt and green sacrifice zones. 
 The analysis aims to study what elements of the EGD discourse contribute to this problem and make it discursively possible. The analysis finds out that the discursive understandings of ‘green’ economy, ‘clean’ energy, and a ‘just’ transition may conceal the sustained resource intensiveness of the economic system, the unequally distributed environmental justice issues related to the production of renewable technologies, and the lack of global perspective in the ‘justness’ of the transition to renewables. By pointing out how the European Green Deal discourse may reinforce the excessive increase in extractivism outside of the Union, the thesis underlines the role and responsibility of the EU in mining ventures outside of its borders and related negative consequences of the energy transition.
  • Whose Voices: Environmental Justice in the Plastics Treaty Negotiations

    Pattison, Anna (Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, 2024)
    Plastics pollution is a global planetary threat to both humans and the environment, leading to injustice throughout its lifecycle and disproportionately affecting the most vulnerable. The United Nations Environmental Assembly adopted Resolution 5/14 to create a legally binding instrument to end plastics pollution, known colloquially as the Plastics Treaty. The treaty is currently under negotiation, and the implicit understandings of justice that will be incorporated will significantly impact the outcome of the treaty. This thesis employs critical discourse analysis and key stakeholder interviews to examine the various justice narratives and framings of actors in the treaty through an environmental justice lens. Additionally, the role of power in shaping these narratives is examined from a critical and decolonial perspective. My research demonstrates the value of a critical approach in addressing power dynamics and normative concepts such as justice in social-ecological and sustainability research. This study identifies three distinct discourses, each offering different problematizations of plastics and justice framings. The analysis reveals competing definitions of just transition, a disconnect between the recognition of Indigenous Knowledge and the rights of Indigenous People, and underdeveloped gender and intersectional considerations. Furthermore, this thesis highlights the enduring influence of colonial dynamics on plastics pollution, potentially reinforcing waste colonial relations in the Plastics Treaty. Finally, this thesis contends that problematizing plastics as a human rights issue offers a valuable approach to address these shortcomings, thereby enhancing the treaty's potential for promoting justice by ensuring that the voices of those most affected are heard.
  • Çevre Etiği Perspektifinde Yeşil Ekonomi Değerlendirmesi

    ÖZDEMİR, Ümmügülsüm (ESAR- Eğitim ve Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2024-06-30)
    <p><span>Son yıllarda özellikle küresel bağlamda kaynakların sınırlılığı ve kullanımı, açlık, yoksulluk ve kötüye giden iklimsel süreçler gündeme en çok getirilen konulardır. Kahverengi ekonomiyle aynı minvalde yol alan, kapitalist sermaye ve üretim süreci; bahsi geçen gündem konularının en çok yaşandığı az gelişmiş ve beraberinde gelişmekte olan ülkelerde; kıtlık, yoksulluk, küresel ısınma ve bu etkenin doğurduğu tehditlerle yüzleşmiş bulunmaktadırlar. Çevre kirliliğinin tetikleyicileri arasında; yenilenemeyen enerjilere bağımlılık ve de nüfusun yüksek artışı kendini göstermektedir. </span></p> <p><span>Uzmanlar tarafından içinde bulunulan bu küresel sorunlara cevap arayışında kurtarıcı niteliği taşıyan yeşil ekonomi modeli geliştirilmiştir. Çevreyi, insanları ve yaşamı merkeze alan sürdürülebilir ilkesi esasını merkezine koyan bir modeldir yeşil ekonomi. Bu riskleri azaltma amacı güderken yeşil ekonomi; başta insanlık ve gelecek kuşaklar adına adil bir yaşam, eşitlik içinde bir düzen ve beraberinde ihtiyaçlara göre çizilecek bir yol izlemeyi ve orantısız zenginliklerin önüne geçmeyi amaçlamaktadır. </span></p> <p><span>Makalede, çevre etiği tanımı ve yaklaşımlarına kısaca değinildikten sonra, kahverengi ve yeşil ekonomi açıklanıp, karşılaştırması yapılarak, yeşil ekonomi süreci konferanslar bildiriler ve sosyal yaşama uyarlanması süreci ekseninde ele alınacaktır. Yeşil ekonomi yaklaşımının, politika ve planlarındaki yerine kısa bir bakış açısı sunulduktan sonra, yeşil ekonominin eleştirisi, avantaj ve dezavantajları açıklanacaktır. Son olarak, çevre etiği ekseninde ele alınan ve açıklanan bu yaklaşımlar bağlamında, yeşil ekonomi süreci değerlendirilerek, açıklanmaya çalışılacaktır. </span></p>
  • Exploring Forest-based CSR : A Critical Discourse Analysis of Finnish Forestry Companies’ Corporate Social Responsibility Discourse

    Helsingin yliopisto, valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences; Helsingfors universitet, statsvetenskapliga fakulteten; Kemppainen, Saara (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2024)
    The master’s thesis examines questions of forest-based corporate social responsibility discourses from environmental justice and critical corporate social responsibility (CSR) theoretical framework. The research setting is a qualitative case study. The research aims to examine three Finnish forestry companies’ social responsibility discourses. Mainly, what is included and excluded in the forest-based CSR discourse and whose concerns are heard? 
 
 The research data was collected from three Finnish forestry companies' annual sustainability reports using Fairclough's critical discourse analysis. The development of the corporate social responsibility agenda recreates powerful imaginaries of just transitioning to greener and carbon-neutral options. 
 
 The key findings suggest there are six forest-related CSR discourses: biodiversity, forest management, transformative action, resource efficiency and circularity, local engagement, and compliance. Based on the key findings, three main arguments are presented. First, the CSR discourses are built from a corporate point of view, based on western tradition. Second, the CSR discourse on forest-based action should consider the local communities more comprehensively. Third, the Finnish forestry companies’ CSR could benefit from a radical environmental justice frame.
 
 Building on the found discourses and analysis, the main argument is that the CSR discourse based on the extractive neoliberal value system limits environmental justice implementation due to conflicting worldviews. The implication of these results suggests that to achieve environmental justice claims, the CSR discourse should, with positive curiosity, widen the operationalized worldview, especially when cooperating with local communities. This research contributes to the existing critical approach to forestry in global development, CSR, and the environmental justice movement.
  • The role of emotions in ontological conflicts: a case of study of the territorial–ontological conflict between British Columbia, Coastal GasLink and the Wet’suwet’en

    Gálvez-Campos B.A. (Bristol University Press, 2024-07-01)
    Drawing on a methodological approach that involved visual ethnography and combined content and narrative analysis, my research aims to analyse the role that emotions play in the territorial–ontological conflict between British Columbia provincial government, Coastal GasLink and the Wet’suwet’en. Using high-quality online audiovisual material produced by the Wet’suwet’en – allowing a critical perspective throughout the article on the politics of self-representation – I was able to get into the conflict with a phenomenological approach, employing my senses to analyse body movements, tone of voice and language. Theoretically, I articulate a framework made up of Ingold’s phenomenology, Blaser’s ontological conflicts and Escobar’s studies of culture. Then, I build on the spiderweb, a metaphor developed by Ingold, to expand the scope of González-Hidalgo’s emotional political ecologies. The results show that Coastal GasLink, taking culture ‘as a symbolic structure’, proposes as a central mitigation strategy, through their environmental impact assessment, what I call ‘an ontological interruption’ of the Yintakh. Besides, I demonstrate that the processes of political inter-subjectivation sought at the Unist’ot’en Healing Centre help understand the worry, frustration and stress of the Wet’suwet’en facing the world-creating practices of Coastal GasLink. On the other hand, the Healing Centre also reveals how the affections for the other-than-human and their spiderweb (Yintakh or relational world) inform Wet’suwet’en resistance. Lastly, I unveil how Coastal GasLink and the Ministry of Aboriginal Rights, through practices of inclusion and gender equality, seek to blur radical cultural differences, delegitimise the Wet’suwet’en precolonial governance system, and create affections for the Western-modern world.
  • Energy efficiency: At whose expense? : A prospective study on the reception of the updated Energy Performance of Building Directives in Sweden

    Balika, Victoria (Jönköping University, HLK, Sustainable Societies (SUS), 2024)
    This thesis investigates the reception of the updated directive, Energy Performance of Building Directive, from the EU. The focus of the study is to analyse eight referral responses from chosen stakeholders and investigate their perspectives on the updated directive, negative and positive, any specific interests, are there any patterns that emerge in their responses and what are their concerns regarding the possible impact on society. The intention is to map the possible outcomes in society, focusing on social sustainability, including issues such as economic impact, social justice, and community impact.    The empirical material in this study is eight different referral responses on the updated version of the Energy Performance of Building Directive. The chosen methodical approach for this study is document analysis and thematic analysis. The findings are presented in four themes and later analysed and discussed through the lens of the chosen theoretical framework, which is environmental justice.    The findings show a large focus on accessibility to housing, resources and cost efficiency, excessive regulation and micromanagement, and the need for financial support and incentives. The stakeholders fear that the number of details in the Energy Performance of Building Directive will sub-optimise Sweden’s production. Even though the directive states that this initiative will protect the most vulnerable groups in society, the stakeholders fear it will aggravate the situation due to increased rents and economic burdens in general for the whole society.    This study concludes that such details should be discussed at the national level and it is important to include an environmental justice approach to avoid increasing the current inequalities and ensure that the needed transition will not be made at the expense of vulnerable segments of the population.
  • PFAS-Contaminated Pesticides Applied near Public Supply Wells Disproportionately Impact Communities of Color in California

    Libenson, Arianna; Karasaki, Seigi; Cushing, Lara J; Tran, Tien; Rempel, Jenny L; Morello-Frosch, Rachel; Pace, Clare E (eScholarship, University of California, 2024-06-14)
    Contaminated drinking water from widespread environmental pollutants such as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) poses a rising threat to public health. PFAS monitoring in groundwater is limited and fails to consider pesticides found to contain PFAS as a potential contamination source. Given previous findings on the disproportionate exposure of communities of Color to both pesticides and PFAS, we investigated disparities in PFAS-contaminated pesticide applications in California based on community-level sociodemographic characteristics. We utilized statewide pesticide application data from the California Department of Pesticide Regulation and recently reported concentrations of PFAS chemicals detected in eight pesticide products to calculate the areal density of PFAS applied within 1 km of individual community water systems' (CWSs) supply wells. Spatial regression analyses suggest that statewide, CWSs that serve a greater proportion of Latinx and non-Latinx People of Color residents experience a greater areal density of PFAS applied and greater likelihood of PFAS application near their public supply wells. These results highlight agroecosystems as potentially important sources of PFAS in drinking water and identify areas that may be at risk of PFAS contamination and warrant additional PFAS monitoring and remediation.
  • The human right to a safe, clean, healthy and sustainable environment

    Rocha, Armando Luís Silva; Botelho, Daniela Dutra da Rosa e (2024-07-12)
  • Community environmental education and the struggle for water

    Pelacani, Bárbara; Kassiadou, Anne; Camargo, Daniel Renaud; Sánchez, Celso; Stortti, Marcelo (Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, 2021-02-25)
    In this article, we propose to reflect on the environmental education that emerges from the conflict over the construction project of the Guapiaçu dam, in Cachoeiras de Macacu, Rio de Janeiro. To this end, we start from the perspective of community environmental education developed by the Environmental Education Study Group from the South, especially in the interaction with the Movement of Dam Affected People, for the pursuit of environmental justice. Thus, such meetings unveil the necropolitical bias of this “development” project, that clashes with farmers and with life in this territory. Therefore, we highlight the communityenvironmental education, interwoven from the encounter with the voices and the waters that flow through this environment, as a possible way to confront a necropedagogy that supports such necropolitics.
  • Transparencia y acceso a la información en el Acuerdo de Escazú: alcances y desafíos para la justicia ambiental en México

    Hernández Barrera, Yeshu (2024)
    The Escazu Agreement was adopted by Mexico in 2021. This treaty serves to implement the rights of access to information, public participation, and access to justice in environmental matters or environmental procedural rights. That is why this work approaches its analysis from the decisions of national and international courts to make effective the right of access to information in environmental matters; but also from the practical vision of environmental defense. In addition, concrete examples of requests for transparency and review appeals filed before the guarantor bodies are used. The purpose of this analysis is to clarify the scope of the right of access to infor-mation and the main correlative duties of environmental transparency, based on the Escazú Agreement, and to compare it with practice. Likewise, it is shown that the hu-man right in question is an instrumental right for people to have prior knowledge and understand the environmental risks and damages of state activities and omissions. For this reason, it is important to strengthen the guarantor bodies and eliminate the rules and practices that seek to hide environmental information, which in principle should be governed by the principles of maximum disclosure, non-regression, prevention, and precaution. The guiding thread of this research is to demonstrate, through concrete examples, the scope of environmental transparency so that people affected by projects or activities that damage the environment can access information and prepare legal actions to defend themselves. Likewise, the importance of the existence of transpar-ency bodies and the elimination of practices contrary to the Escazú Agreement that seek to hide information and the environmental principles enshrined in that treaty are also presented.
  • Residential segregation and summertime air temperature across 13 northeastern U.S. states: potential implications for energy burden

    Daniel Carrión; Johnathan Rush; Elena Colicino; Allan C Just (IOP Publishing, 2024-01-01)
    High ambient summertime temperatures are an increasing health concern with climate change. This is a particular concern for minoritized households in the United States, for which differential energy burden may compromise adaptive capacity to high temperatures. Our research question was: Do minoritized groups experience hotter summers than the area average, and do non-Hispanic white people experience cooler summers? Using a fine-scaled spatiotemporal air temperature model and U.S. census data, we examined local (within-county) differences in warm season cooling degree days (CDDs) by ethnoracial group as a proxy for local energy demand for space cooling across states of the northeast and mid-Atlantic U.S. in 2003–2019. Using state-specific regression models adjusted for year and county, we found that Black and Latino people consistently experienced more CDDs, non-Hispanic white people experienced fewer CDDs, and Asian populations showed mixed results. We also explored a concentration-based measure of residential segregation for each ethnoracial group as one possible pathway towards temperature disparities. We included the segregation measure as a smooth term in a regression model adjusted for county and year. The results were nonlinear, but higher concentrations of white people were associated with lower annual CDDs and higher concentrations of Latino people were associated with higher annual CDDs than the county average. Concentrations for Black and Asian people were nonmonotonic, sometimes with bowed associations. These findings suggest that present-day residential segregation, as modeled by spatially smoothed ethnoracial subgroup concentrations, may contribute to summertime air temperature disparities and influence adaptive capacity. We hope these findings can support place-based interventions, including targeting of energy insecurity relief programs.
  • Reconnecting What? A Social Equity Critique of the Reconnecting Communities Program

    Murphy, Joshua; Brandes, Uwe S.; Wright, Megan (Georgetown University, 2024-07-03)
    The federal Reconnecting Communities Program (RCP) was released in 2021 as part of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA). This legislation is a rare admission by the Federal government of the disproportionate negative impacts of interstate highway development.1 This paper utilizes historical and current Census data, data provided by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the National Historical Geospatial Information System (NHGIS) to measure impacts of highway removal on two case studies: Atlanta, Georgia, and Austin, Texas. This research finds that the RCP, in its current state, is ineffective as a method of mitigating the divisive impacts of highways due to jurisdictional issues, the lack of population at selected project sites, and large discrepancies in funding. This paper argues that the RCP is unlikely to realize its intention to “reconnect” communities, and that the program perpetuates a long history of short-sighted solutions to social equity problems at the federal level.
  • Amazon rainforest fires and Indigenous Peoples in European news media : Thematic analysis of news articles

    Helsingin yliopisto, Humanistinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts; Helsingfors universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten; Sigvart, Salla (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2024)
    Tässä maisterintutkielmassa tarkastellaan eurooppalaista uutisointia Amazonin sademetsäpaloista elokuussa 2019 sekä sitä, miten alkuperäiskansat on siihen sisällytetty. Ilmastotutkimuksesta ja ympäristöoikeudenmukaisuudesta ammentaen tutkimuksessa käytetään temaattista analyysia keskeisten narratiivien tunnistamiseksi. 
 
 Tutkimuskysymykset ovat: Miten eurooppalaiset uutislähteet kirjoittivat Amazonin metsäpaloista elokuussa 2019? Miten Amazonin alkuperäiskansojen näkökulma ja ääni on sisällytetty ja miten se heijastuu uutisoinnissa? Mitä teemoja uutisoinnista nousee esiin ja miten alkuperäiskansat ovat mukana? Tutkielma lähestyy näitä kysymyksiä 29 eurooppalaisen uutisartikkelin temaattisella analyysillä. Aineiston artikkelit on julkaistu elokuun 2019 aikana.
 
 Tutkielmassa argumentoidaan, että alkuperäiskansojen näkökulman ja tietämyksen mukaan ottaminen laajentaisi ymmärrystä elokuun 2019 metsäpaloja pidemmälle. Lisäksi tutkielmassa tarkastellaan, miten kansallinen ja kansainvälinen politiikka vaikutti uutisointiin sekä millaisia erilaisia kysymyksiä Amazonin sademetsän ja sen resurssien omistajuudesta ilmeni. Tarkastelemalla ekologisia ja ihmisoikeuksia koskevia sentimenttejä tutkielmassa kurkistetaan median edustuksen ja tietoisuuden lisäämisen rooliin ympäristökriisissä.
  • Mapping Environmental Justice in Access to Urban Green Spaces : A Spatial Exploration among Various Demographic Groups in Stockholm Region

    Xiong, Siqi (KTH, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, 2024)
    In this research, I explored the spatial relationships between urban green spaces (UGSs) accessibility and the demographic characteristics of the 26 municipalities across Stockholm Region (SR). I selected seven demographic variables for this research: age, gender, employment, income, education, country of birth and household status. I collected spatial and demographic data from available open-access online sources. I defined a threshold of 300 m, as the maximum acceptable distance between each residential building and the nearest UGS and used UGS per capita and inequity rate of access to UGS as two metrics for measuring environmental justice in terms of access to UGS. Using a network analysis, hotspot analysis, and correlation analysis, I mapped the spatial distribution of inequities in terms of access to UGSs; identified and characterized the hotspots and coldspots of inequity in terms of access to UGSs; and examined possible relationships between UGSs and the demographic characteristics of the 26 municipalities across SR. The results of my research indicated that despite the abundance of UGSs in SR, the spatial distribution of UGSs in SR is uneven and therefore, access to UGSs is not equitable for all residents. The results also indicated that access to UGSs in municipalities with higher percentages of the elderly, women, high-income groups, and people born in Sweden is easier. In contrast, access to UGSs in municipalities with higher percentages of retirees, middle-income groups, younger people, employed individuals, and people born outside Europe is worse. My research suggests that UGS accessibility is influenced by complex factors and need local-scale interventions in each area depending on the local issues of concern. Future research should focus on more localized data and finer spatial scales, incorporating a more detailed consideration of UGSs and accessibility to better investigate the interactions between UGSs and demographic variables. 

View more