Global heating, wildlife extinction and pollution are among the most important ecological matter, they call for our urgent attention and deserve prominent documentation. The Globethics.net environmental ethics collection aims at gathering all most important sources on this matter. The content in the library is available in multiple languages and is mainly harvested from a wide variety of open access repositories. A limited set of manually submitted documents complete this collection, f.ex. documents published by the Earth Charter Initiative and Green Cross International.

Recent Submissions

  • Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

    Hadjichambis, Andreas Ch.; Reis, Pedro; Paraskeva-Hadjichambi, Demetra; Činčera, Jan; Boeve-de Pauw, Jelle; Gericke, Niklas; Knippels, Marie-Christine (Springer Nature, 2020)
    This Open Access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings. Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.
  • The institutional foundations of religious politics: evidence from Indonesia

    Bazzi, Samuel; Koehler-Derrick, Gabriel; Marx, Benjamin (2020-06-16)
    Why do religious politics thrive in some societies but not others? This paper explores the institutional foundations of this process in Indonesia, the world’s largest Muslim country. We show that an important Islamic institution, the waqf, fostered the entrenchment of Islamism at a critical juncture. In the early 1960s, rural elites transferred large amounts of land into waqf—a type of inalienable charitable trust—to avoid expropriation by the government as part of a major land reform effort. We exploit policy rules to show that greater intensity of the planned reform led to more prevalent waqf land and Islamic institutions endowed as such, including mosques and religious schools. After Indonesia’s democratic transition, the Islamist movement leveraged these endowments to confront the secular state and expand the influence of religion in public life. We identify lasting effects on electoral support for Islamist parties, the adoption of sharia regulations, and the size of the religious sector. These changes do not come from higher religiosity, but are instead driven by distinct views about the role of religion in government. However, this also comes with economic costs, particularly in agriculture where large waqf endowments reduce productivity. Overall, our findings shed new light on the origins and consequences of Islamism.
  • Combating climate change in Malaysia: critical appraisal on Sukuk as an Islamic social finance instrument

    Yusof, Siti Ainatul Mardhiah; Mohd. Zain, Nor Razinah; Hasan, Aznan; Engku Ali, Engku Rabiah Adawiah (2020-03-11)
    Sukuk are majorly used to raise funds in a large scale for the purpose of developments. With the increase of interest for responsible finance and investment, sukuk are used to meet such interests from the stakeholders. Instead of only looking for development purposes, Muslim scholars proposed that sukuk could be used for many other different purposes. An innovation of sukuk i.e. green sukuk has played a prominent role in financing infrastructure and renewable energy projects. With the introduction of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the United Nations in 2015 that strategize to be a blueprint to achieve sustainable future for all, green sukuk are looked up to as one of the most potential instruments that can be used in achieving such SDGs. Green sukuk stand with an advantage of a Shariah-compliance financing instrument that not only meet the demands from the investors and stakeholders; but also, it is able to provide a better alternative in a term of social finance discourse. Looking closely into the initiative in combating climate change in Malaysia, this research qualitatively investigates the potential and roles of green sukuk in leading the trend in eco-friendly investments and development projects. As a finding, there is a positive trend among investors towards green sukuk that are based on eco-friendly investments and development projects.
  • [News Script: North Texas news]

    WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.) (1971-05-07)
    Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, relating a news story about weather, sports, and the escape of a prisoner in Dallas, Texas.
  • Policy options on land distribution in South Africa with special reference to the rural community of Cradock in the Eastern Cape : a theological ethical perspective.

    Nurnberger, Klaus Bilfried.; Makula, Nkululeko Abednego. (2012-07-17)
    Thesis (M.Th.)-University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 1998.
  • Ambivalences in the Governmentality of Alternative Food Networks: convenience, social selectivity and marketability

    Reckinger, Rachel (2019-06-26)
    Recently, a number of resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have arisen in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paired with high consumer demands for organic produce. The main impact that heterodox actors can have seems to be the creation of resourcefulness from innovative niches, not designed to be upscaled but spread by ubiquitous networking. The motivations of actors involved in such social movements, albeit diverse, tend to stem from a stance of care and ethical (self)government, often using community self-organisation-tools. Based on qualitative interviews and participant observation, we expand on four case studies of fruit and vegetable production as well as unpackaged and socially responsible food retail in Luxembourg. One has been established since the 1980s with over 200 employees, partly in social insertion measures, producing and importing organic fruit and vegetables. Since 2014, three significantly smaller initiatives with higher citizen involvement have emerged. These recent initiatives are more radical in their agro-ecological and/or permaculture practices, proposing a political enacting of circular economy precepts. Yet, daily practices stay embedded in social, cultural and economic constraints and in routines, which are built on tacit knowledge and engrained convenience. By analysing ethical entrepreneurship and the governmentality at its core as well as ambivalences and paradoxes within convenience, social selectivity and marketability, this paper touches on interrelations between food policies and the politics of contested claims for, and practices of, social and environmental justice.
  • “‘La Mystère, la Beauté, et la Mystíque de la Nature’: The Poetics of Wonder in Henry Beston’s _The Outermost House_”.

    Potter, M., Gregorzewska, M., Ward, J.; Casella, Stefano Maria (Peter Lang, 2019)
    Henry Beston’s _The Outermost House_ (1928) records, in a highly poetic fashion, a
 year spent in hermitic and “mystical” solitude by the Atlantic Ocean at Cape Cod. Deep reverence,
 sincere gratitude, and a sense of brotherhood with all creatures permeate Beston’s
 “poetics of wonder”. The dominant note of the book is wonder at the mysteries and miracles
 of Life and of creation.
  • "La Mystère, la Beauté, et la Mystique de la Nature": the poetics of wonder in Henry Beston’s The outermost house

    Potter, Martin; Grzegorzewska, Malgorzata; Ward, Jean; Casella, Stefano Maria (Peter Lang, 2019)
    Henry Beston’s _The Outermost House_ (1928) records, in a highly poetic fashion, a year spent in hermitic and “mystical” solitude by the Atlantic Ocean at Cape Cod. Deep reverence, sincere gratitude, and a sense of brotherhood with all creatures permeate Beston’s “poetics of wonder”. The dominant note of the book is wonder at the mysteries and miracles of Life and of creation.
  • The Practice of Environmental Training: A case of ISO 14001 Certified Businesses in Durban, South Africa

    Dianne Sennoga; Fathima Ahmed (Environmental Association of Southern Africa, 2020-06-01)
    Environmental management has moved from a policy concept to a proactive strategy defining business responsiveness to stakeholder and market-related pressures towards improved environmentally sustainable business practices. There is increasing business responsiveness through corporate sustainability and environmental management practices. A growing number of environmental regulations make the adoption of environmental management systems such as ISO 14001 more common and this necessitates training. While environmental training is receiving international attention, it is seemingly less prominently investigated in the South African context. In this article, results from an empirical study into the environmental training practices of Durban businesses are presented. By applying the ISO 14001 certification criterion, 24 businesses were identified as research participants. The practice of environmental training was investigated considering three themes i.e. environmental attitudes and culture, training resources and commitment, and impediments to environmental training. In exploring these themes, the main questions of the extent of environmental training and its effectiveness are determined. It was found that environmental training is widely practised across all businesses sampled, with impact-focused training topics supported by positive environmental attitudes. However, other areas emerge as problematic, including limited organisational prioritisation of environmental training as well as insufficient further training topics which can limit the efficacy of training activities.
  • Rights, Water, and Guardians: How Rights of Nature Movements are Reshaping our Current Environmental Ethics and What These Policies Need to be Successful

    Schmiesing, Megan (Scholarship @ Claremont, 2020-01-01)
    Giving legal rights to nature is no longer a fringe idea in international environmental law. Rights of Nature movements have gained traction in countries around the world, including Ecuador, Australia, India, Aotearoa New Zealand, and the United States. The act of organizing to recognize legal rights and legal personhood for nature represents a philosophical, moral, and political shift from previous anthropocentric values. Through two case studies in Aotearoa New Zealand and the United States, this thesis examines the policy language and the context and history that led to their creation. The Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Claims Settlement) Act and the Lake Erie Bill of Rights are two examples of movements and policies that created legal rights for a natural entity, a river, and a lake, respectively. My analysis of these two unique case studies illustrates some of the elements necessary for such policies to be implemented and enforced effectively: careful consideration of the local community and existing systems, a collaboration between marginalized groups and legislatures, and chosen leaders to oversee implementation and guardianship of the entity. Using the text of the legislation, court cases, press releases, and images, I analyze the impacts, both philosophical and practical, of these salient political and environmental movements.
  • Maternalism and Latin American Feminist Discourses on Caregiving Work: A Fabric in Tension

    Roberta Liliana Flores; Olivia Tena Guerrero (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Sede Ecuador, 2014-09-01)
    With the objective of identifying the specificity of the Latin American feminist discussion on the work of caregiving, several overlapping elements are analyzed that define it. The centrality of the maternal figure and the family ideology that emphasizes the relational character of caregiving is highlighted and the consequent tensions in feminist debates before the definition of care as work are analyzed. From a critical perspective of the “caregiving ethic,” the construction of a conceptual framework is discussed, one that is composed of the concept of the sustainability of life and the notion of caregiving as a human right, which reconciles the responsibility and the obligation of caregiving work in its material and relational characters in its construction as a public problem in the region.
  • Tension and Energy: Components of Arousal and their Effect on Intention to Give

    Pitts, Robert E; Blose, Julia E; Mack, Rhonda W (Digital Commons@Georgia Southern, 2013-01-01)
    In the current study we explore a multidimensional conceptualization of arousal to better understand the effect of donation appeals incorporating negative messages on intention to give. More specifically, an experiment is conducted to determine whether varying the level of message negativity has an impact on donor intentions to give where the mechanism by which intentions increase is examined. Using structural equation modeling, the relationship between message negativity, two dimensions of arousal (tension and energy) and intention to donate is estimated. We collected data using the background of an on-campus fund raising program for abused Afghani women held at a mid-size, southern university. The university’s freshman reading program using the book “Three Cups of Tea” generated a student fund raising initiative to support an educational initiative in Afghanistan. We developed a simulated donation message to induce activation/arousal and then measured arousal and intention to give. Two descriptions of the life of women in Afghanistan were developed as the stimuli messages for the experiment and presented to the subjects under the heading “EDUCATION FOR AFGHAN WOMEN.” The scenarios were developed from the descriptions in “Three Cups of Tea” to portray a negative and arousal-producing situation. Scenario Two was designed to produce a higher level of arousal with description of assaults with acid and self- immolation. The findings suggest message negativity positively influences donor intentions to give via the generation of tension. While increased energy levels were also observed among participants exposed to more negative messages, this did not translate into greater donation intentions. The implications of these findings and suggestions for future research are discussed
  • Contribution de la philosophie de Nicolas Grimaldi à la réflexion éducative

    Yoann Daumet (Presses universitaires de la Méditerranée, 2020-06-01)
    In a context of issues about the interest of introducing spirituality into school, this article offers a philosophical reflection on what could still be called the school’s essential spirituality. This spirituality was a central dimension of classical republican thought. It was part of a humanistic faith and seems to have been swept away by the criticism of this humanism by the human sciences to the point that founding a secular spirituality of the school may seem today a challenge. The philosophy of Nicolas Grimaldi, reinterpreting the relationship of the spirit and nature in a split monism and an ontology of life can help to overcome it. In the light of the ethics that this philosopher draws from this ontology, this article defines a scholar spirituality and the teacher’s work.
  • Relasi sharia value dan brand image terhadap keputusan menginap di hotel syariah, Bandung, Jawa Barat

    Fathoni, Hamdan; Deni Kamaludin Yusup, Deni; Widiawati, Widiawati; Asih, Vemy Suci (2020-06-16)
    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh sharia value dan brand image terhadap keputusan menginap di hotel syariah, dengan fokus studi pada Daarul Jannah Cottege. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dan pendekatan kuantitatif. Teknis analisis data menggunakan metode deskriptif dan analisis uji regresi linier. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa sharia value dan brand image secara parsial berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap keputusan menginap di Hotel Syariah. Sharia value dan brand image juga secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap keputusan menginap di Hotel Syariah. Hal tersebut dibuktikan dengan perbandingan antara nilai Fhitung dan nilai Ftabel yaitu sebesar 4.377 > 4.10 dengan nilai signifikansi 0.047 < 0.05. Kumudian korelasi antara sharia value dan brand image terhadap keputusan menginap juga ditunjukkan dengan nilai 0.702 atau 70.2%. Hasill tersebut mengindikasikan terdapat korelasi yang kuat antara variabel independen sharia value dan brand image secara simultan berpengaruh terhadap variabel keputusan menginap di Hotel Syariah, yang dibuktikan dengan nilai R Square (R2) sebesar 0.493 atau 49,3%. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa hubungan antara sharia value dan brand image terhadap keputusan menginap adalah sebesar 49.3%, dan sisanya sebesar 50.7% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti dalam penelitian ini.
  • Attitude versus Involvement: Predicting Ethically and Socially Responsible Consumption Behavior

    Joseph-Mathews, Sacha; Bieak-Kreidler, Nicole (Digital Commons@Georgia Southern, 2013-01-01)
    Critics argue that the value gap (difference between what consumers say they care about and what they actually choose to purchase) suggests that ethical consumption is not as important as consumers imply. There is much talk about the ethical consumer “myth’ as consumers often claim to be interested in purchasing ethically and socially responsible products yet sales figures for green products often do not exceed 5% total product sales in any one category with organic fruits and vegetables being the one exception. Traditional models use consumer attitudes to the environment as a predictor of ethically and socially responsible consumption behavior (ESRCB) but this yields mixed results in the literature; whereas this study suggests that sustainable lifestyle involvement (SLI) is a much stronger predictor of ESRCB. Findings confirm that the stronger the level of involvement with a sustainable lifestyle the greater the likelihood of exhibiting ESRCB.
  • Prendre soin du milieu, préserver la Terre : le care au service d’une éthique de l’action

    Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Recherche en Didactique, Éducation et Formation (LIRDEF) ; Université de Montpellier (UM)-Université Paul-Valéry - Montpellier 3 (UM3); Université de Montpellier (UM); Barniaudy, Clément (HAL CCSD, 2020-06-12)
    International audience
  • Editorial for Special Issue: Education for Sustainability in a Time of Crises

    Eureta Rosenberg (Environmental Association of Southern Africa, 2020-06-01)
  • Homeostazė kaip ekosistemos dėsnis ir moralinis žmogaus apsisprendimas

    Kalenda, Česlovas (2007)
    Present article specifies the motives contributing to the development of the ethical system and providing the basis for the status of ecological ethics. Given the current tense ecological situation on the planet and the pressing need to develop nature protection, the notions of health and homeostasis, elaborated previously by natural sciences, were extrapolated by A. Leopold and H. Rolston to ecology. Focusing on the relationship among the processes observed in the human organism and the biosphere has become an actual argument for getting a fresh view on man’s situation in the world. It has become clear that human behaviour accounts for positive or negative outcomes both on the environmental and the personal plane. This circumstance encouraged man to realise his responsibility for his own well-being and for the prosperity of his environment. Man’s relationship with nature has acquired moral significance turning thus into a subject of ethical research.
  • The Mosaic of Shared Existence: The Engaging Rhetoric of Care in Terry Tempest Williams' Finding Beauty in a Broken World

    Helsingin yliopisto, Humanistinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts; Helsingfors universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten; Korhonen, Satu Helena (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2020)
    Tämä pro gradu -tutkielma tarkastelee sitouttavan välittämisen retoriikan rakentamista kerronnan keinoin ekokriittisessä luovassa tietokirjallisuudessa. Tutkielmani perustuu Terry Tempest Williamsin teokseen Finding Beauty in a Broken World (2008). Tavoitteenani on määritellä, miten eri temaattisin, retorisin ja kerronnan valinnoin on mahdollista rakentaa ihmisen, eläimen ja luonnon ekologista kytkeytyvyyttä sekä edistää lukijan aistillista, mielikuvituksellista ja emotionaalista sitouttamista kerronnan retorisiin tavoitteisiin. Tarkastelen välittämisen retoriikkaa erityisesti mosaiikkitaiteen esteettisen kuvakielen hyödyntämisen ja lajienvälisen empatian edistämisen näkökulmista.
 
 Työn teoreettisena taustana on ekokriittisen kirjallisuudentutkimuksen monitieteistä luonnetta heijastellen niin ympäristöretoriikan kuin poliittis-eettisten representaatioon liittyvien kysymysten näkökulmasta teorioita sekä ihmistieteellisen eläintutkimuksen, kognitiivisen kirjallisuudentutkimuksen että eläinetiikan tutkimusaloilta. Yhdistämällä nämä teoreettiset käsitteet niihin esteettisiin sekä poliittis-eettisiin retoriikan ja kerronnan keinoihin, joita Williams teoksessaan hyödyntää edistääkseen lukijan affektiivista sitoutumista välittämisen retoriikkansa tavoitteisiin, kokoan teoksesta kattavan näkökulman vaikuttamisen välineenä yleisessä ympäristökysymyksiin ja eläintensuojeluun liittyvässä retoriikassa.
 
 Tutkielman perusteella voidaan todeta, että ekokriittisellä luovalla tietokirjallisuudella on tiettyjä erityisominaisuuksia ja -mahdollisuuksia, joita kirjailija voi hyödyntää lukijan osallistamisessa sekä sitouttamisessa ympäristöretoriikkansa tavoitteisiin. Erityisesti lukijan affektiivinen osallistaminen kerronnan tilanteeseen (narrative situation) luonnon ja paikan esteettisen kokemisen sekä moniaistillisen kerronnan keinoin edistää lukijan sitoutumista retoriikan poliittis-eettisiin tavoitteisiin. Kuvaamalla sekä subjektiivista, yhteisöllistä että universaalia näkemystä mosaiikkitaiteen kuvakieleen tukeutuen Williams rakentaa sitouttavan välittämisen retoriikkaa, joka toimii monilajisen oikeudenmukaisuuden (multispecies justice) ”kauneuden kaavan” rakentajana. Kirjailijan strategisen empatian (authorial strategic empathizing) keinot lisäävät lukijan mahdollisuuksia samaistua representaation kohteena olevaan ’toiseen’ tarjoten tieteellisesti vakuuttavan kriittisen antropomorfisen (critical anthropomorphism) representaation, kuitenkin myös tuoden kerronnan keinoin empatian kohteen lukijan lähelle, ja näin saavuttaen tarvittavan kuvitellun läheisyyden välittämisen retoriikan tavoittelemalle lajien rajat ylittävälle empatialle (entangled trans-species empathy).
 
 Tutkielman tulokset tuovat lisää ymmärrystä ekokriittisen kirjallisuuden mahdollisuuksiin osallistua voimakkaana sekä vastuullisena äänenä ympäristöretoriikan luovaan rakentamiseen, etenkin hyödyntämällä ekopoliittisessa diskurssissa vähemmälle huomiolle jätettyä ympäristöestetiikan sitouttavaa vaikutusta aistilliseen, mielikuvitukselliseen ja emotionaaliseen lukijakokemukseen sekä sen roolia retoriikan poliittis-eettisten näkökulmien tukemisessa.

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