KeywordsEconomics and Cost Analysis
Government and Political Science
Sociology and Law
*UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
GIA(ARMED ISLAMIC GROUP)
GSPC(SALAFIST GROUP FOR PREACHING AND COMBAT)
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES
AQLIM(AL QAEDA IN THE LAND OF THE ISLAMIC MAGHREB)
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AbstractThe situation in Algeria is fluid. Parliament passed a constitutional amendment abolishing term limits, allowing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to be reelected for a third term in April 2009. The voice of the military, the most significant political force since independence, has been muted. Low voter turnout in the May 2007 parliamentary election may have indicated lack of public faith in the political system, and so the authorities specifically boasted a higher turnout in the 2009 presidential election. Domestic terrorism persists and Algerians continue to be linked to terrorism abroad. The U.S. State Department lists two Algerian groups as Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs). The most notorious is Al Qaeda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM), which pledged allegiance to Al Qaeda. Terrorism provides a rationale for Algeria's uneven human rights record. Oil and gas revenues have grown markedly, but public investment has yet to remedy the country's many socioeconomic ills. Bouteflika has energized foreign policy and broadened cooperation with the United States. This report will be updated if warranted. See also CRS Report RS20962, "Western Sahara: Status of Settlement Efforts," by Carol Migdalovitz.
CRS Report for Congress.