Socioeconomic Impact of the Crisis in North Mali on Displaced People
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
PLACE OF RESIDENCE
IMPACT OF CONFLICT
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE
SAFE DRINKING WATER
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AbstractThis paper analyzes the impact of the
2012 crisis in Mali on internally displaced people, refugees
and returnees. It uses information from a face-to-face
household survey as well as follow-up interviews with its
respondents via mobile phones. This combination was found to
present a good and robust way to monitor the impact of
conflict on hard-to-reach populations who at times live in
areas inaccessible to enumerators. Results indicate that
better educated and wealthier households as well as those
exposed to less violence fled the crisis. Significant
amounts of durable goods (20–60 percent) and animals (75–90
percent) were lost and the welfare of the displaced declined
considerably as a result of the crisis. Yet over time its
impact has diminished. By February 2015, most eligible
children were going to school and employment levels and
number of meals consumed were at pre-crisis levels. The
paper finds that different ethnic groups chose different
places of refuge. Depending on location, the narrative of
the crisis and the solutions that are envisaged differ diametrically.
Copyright/LicenseCC BY 3.0 IGO
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