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AbstractThe Philippines has been unable to meet
its growing demand for adequate water services. Indeed, the
share of the population with access to water has fallen,
particularly among the poor, as a result of frequent
political turnover, fragmented regulatory oversight, and
lack of coordination among service providers. Many
communities have struggled with governance issues caused by
overlapping responsibilities among local, provincial, and
national authorities for planning, financing, tariff
setting, and sector oversight. Communities also have been
unable to raise funds for the new connections needed to meet
the rising consumer demand. One province, thanks to the
political will of its governor, is exploring how best to
respond to the issues of governance and unmet demand. After
first dissolving the local Water District, the province is
introducing an output-based aid approach to water supply
under a concession contract. The private operator will be
paid on the basis of performance, receiving a payment from
the government for each connection made to a household
preidentified as poor.
TypePublications & Research
Copyright/LicenseCC BY 3.0 IGO
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VIDEO: Opening Remarks and Session 1: The Challenge of Water Scarcity in Basins Around the World: An IntroductionBrandes, Oliver M.; Cosens, Barbara; MacDonnell, Larry; McCoy, Amy; Oglesby, Adrian; McLeod, Tony; Estrela, Teodoro; Empinotti, Vanessa; Muller, Mike; Chokkakula, Srinivas (Colorado Law Scholarly Commons, 2016-06-09)VIDEO: 8:00 a.m. - 8:10 a.m. Welcoming Remarks Speakers: Charles Wilkinson, Moses Lasky Professor of Law, University of Colorado School of Law Doug Kenney, Getches-Wilkinson Center SESSION ONE: The Challenge of Water Scarcity in Basins Around the World: An Introduction Moderator: Doug Kenney, Getches-Wilkinson Center Cases from North America 8:10 a.m. - 8:30 a.m. British Columbia (Canada): Oliver M. Brandes, University of Victoria 8:30 a.m. - 8:50 a.m. Columbia River Basin (Canada and US): Barbara Cosens, University of Idaho 8:50 a.m. - 9:10 a.m. Colorado River Basin (US and Mexico): Larry MacDonnell, University of Colorado 9:10 a.m. - 9:30 a.m. Arizona (US): Amy McCoy, University of Arizona 9:30 a.m. - 9:50 a.m. Rio Grande (US and Mexico): Adrian Oglesby, University of New Mexico Some Other Cases From Around the World 10:20 a.m. - 10:40 a.m. Murray-Darling River Basin (Australia): Tony McLeod, MDBA, Murray-Darling Basin Authority 10:40 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Spain: Teodoro Estrela, Júcar River Basin Authority 11:00 a.m. - 11:20 a.m. São Francisco River Basin (Brazil): Vanessa Empinotti, Federal University of ABC 11:20 a.m. - 11:40 a.m. South Africa: Mike Muller, University of Witwatersrand 11:40 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. India: Srinivas Chokkakula, Centre for Policy Research
Grow in Concert with Nature : Sustaining East Asia's Water Resources through Green Water DefenseTurner, Graeme; Li, Xiaokai; Jiang, Liping (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012-07-02)As countries develop, the demand for water increases while water supply becomes less certain and is often not enough to meet demand. In general, pressures from both environment and human activities can increase the likelihood of water scarcity. Such pressures include increased socio-economic development and population growth, change in people's diets, competition for available water among different user sectors and growing climate variability. Climate change is likely to exacerbate the existing demand and supply stresses, particularly when more frequent and extreme droughts and floods, as well as rising sea level are becoming more evident. In temperate, sub-temperate regions, less rainfall and longer dry seasons are expected. In tropical areas, rainfall is predicted to be similar or greater in terms of annual average volumes, more intense and severe storms and seasonal droughts (IPCC, 2007). These pressures will test the effectiveness of water resource management systems in providing a consistent and secure water supply for all users, with minimum externalities. This study will assess advances in management practices, institutional and technological innovations for managing water scarcity sustainably under a changing climate. This study of 'sustaining East Asia's water resources through Green Water Defense (GWD) is a sub-study of the 'towards GWD in East Asia' study and is complemented by another sub-study 'green water defense for flood risk management in East Asia' that focuses on flood management in delta regions.
Obtenir le meilleur parti des ressources rares : Une meilleure gouvernance pour une meilleure gestion de l'eau au moyen-orient et en Afrique du NordWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2007)Water -- the resource itself as well as the irrigation and water supply services derived from it is important for every country. It is fundamental to human health, wellbeing, productivity, and livelihoods. It is also essential for the long-term sustainability of ecosystems. Here, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the most water-scarce region of the world, good water management matters even more than it does elsewhere. The report suggests that MENA can meet its water management challenge. People have a very real need for water for drinking and for household uses. This domestic use, however, accounts for less than ten percent of a typical country's water consumption. Every country in the region has enough water resources to meet domestic needs, even accounting for the larger populations expected in the future. And policy decisions can help improve the way drinking water and sanitation services are delivered so that people get the services they need. The bulk of a typical country's water consumption goes to agriculture. This demand depends on such factors as the structure of the economy, people's consumption preferences, agriculture and trade policies, and how efficiently water is used. These factors can be influenced by policy choices. Similarly, countries can protect their environmental quality with policy and institutional choices. The necessary policy changes are far from easy. Yet they are essential, and, when coupled with improvements in accountability to the public, water resources and services will support communities and promote economic development and bring benefits to the entire population.