DR. JURAJ ŽERJAVIĆ – SPIRITUS AGENS OF THE ELECTORAL MOVEMENT AND »REBELLION« IN MARIJA BISTRICA IN 1892
KeywordsSaborski izbori, 1892., Marija Bistrica, Stranka prava, župnik dr. Juraj Žerjavić, »buna«, presude.
Parliament elections, 1892, Marija Bistrica, The Party of the Rights, parish priest dr. Juraj Žerjavić, »rebellion«, prosecutions.
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AbstractNastavljajući istraživanje o političkoj djelatnosti svećenika pravaške političke orijentacije dr. Jurja Žerjavića, župnika u Mariji Bistrici, autorica na osnovi suvremene periodike i relevantne literature rekonstruira »bunu«, odnosno izgrede puka u Mariji Bistrici u vrijeme izbora za Hrvatski sabor 1892. godine. Budući da se u središtu zbivanja oko »bune« koja se događala uoči i nakon izbora narodnoga zastupnika za stubički izborni kotar našao istaknuti pravaš i marijabistrički župnik dr. Žerjavić, koji je zbog prvog izgreda koji se dogodio uoči izbora 29. svibnja 1892. osuđen je na mjesec dana zatvora, događanja u Mariji Bistici prerasla su u aferu koja je i Stranci prava i Neodvisnoj narodnoj stranci poslužila kao ilustracija »žalosnih« prilika u kojima su se odvijali izbori za Hrvatski sabor u Banskoj Hrvatskoj.
During the elections for the Croatian Parliament in 1892 clergy that supported Croatian Party of the Rights started to openly agitate for this party. One has to bear in mind that during the previous elections in 1887 the Party of the Rights acted in coalition with other opposition parties, and they nominated only two clergymen. On the other hand, at the elections in 1892 the Party of the Rights acted independently and nominated eight priests. This increase of priesthood among the party’s candidates partly was the result of the fact that in 1891 cardinal Josip Mihanović has deceased, and this cardinal during 1880s had prosecuted many priests who were politically active; especially if they supported the Party of the Rights. Among these politically active priests there was also dr. Juraj Žerjavić, the parish priest in Marija Bistirca and sub-archdeacon in the Stubica district. Although he was not nominated candidate during these elections, Žerjavić was one of the most prominent clerics among the members of the party, and member of the inner circle of the Party of the Rights. Since Žerjavić had bailed party’s political newspapers Hrvatska [Croatia] in 1886, the regime started to investigate him. Still, Žerjavić was not prosecuted until 1892, when he openly supported party’s candidate in the Stubica electoral district. Namely, the entire Žerjavić’s case was brought to the court of justice exactly during the elections, and regime prosecutor’s office maintained that he was spiritus agens of the entire political opposition movement in Marija Bistrica. Moreover, the regime newspapers insinuated that the parish priest of Marija Bistirca was behind all the peasants’ rebellion during the elections. At the end Žerjavić was sentenced on one month prison because of his provocation and encouragement of the rebellion during his Sunday sermons. Similarly, during the trial against rebellious peasants, it was pointed out that the chief root of the entire problem was Žerjavić’s »restless spirit« and open agitation. Therefore, since all these events became an unpleasant affair that involved one of the most prominent members of the Party of the Rights and the distinguished clergyman, oppositional parties used it as an illustration of the conditions in which the elections were held. On the other hand, the fact that Žerjavić was sentenced on prison clearly revealed that regime of ban Khuen was quite rigorous regarding the political agitation of the clergy, though the involved persons could be of the prominent social status.