This collection has a focus on Latin American Ethics ; it is a thematic effort that has been pursued by South America Regional Programme team since 2011, thanks to a small hub of committed librarians, theologians and experts in applied ethics, who have been doing the enormous work of submitting and indexing thousands documents in this collection. The collection is structured by Ethics subjects and contains mainly documents in Spanish and Portuguese. This collection makes known the ethical research in the Latin American context, while facilitating networking and research on Latin American Ethics locally and globally.

Recent Submissions

  • O “mal de Alzheimer nacional”: algumas reflexões sobre os usos políticos do passado e o ensino de história

    Vera Lúcia Silva Vieira; Radamés Vieira Nunes (Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 2020-05-01)
    O objetivo é trazer à lume algumas reflexões sobre as relações entre presente e passado, memória e história, pensando os caminhos da prática historiográfica e o ensino de história frente aos recorrentes usos políticos do passado e aos ataques e demandas negacionistas na contemporaneidade brasileira. Contrapondo as múltiplas violências visíveis e in(visíveis) na sociedade, destacamos a força da literatura e a dimensão ética, sensível, política e estética da historiografia e do ensino de história como possibilidades de constituição de um repertório mais humano e ético numa cultura marcada por tradições autoritárias e pela violência, negação e apagamento dos rastros dessa mesma violência.
  • Ciência, tecnologia, inovação, comunicação e ética nos tempos da Covid-19 na América Latina: entrevista com Efrain Pantaleón Matamoros e Felipe Chibás Ortiz

    Wânia Torres; Rachel Fischer (Centro de Estudos Latino-Americanos sobre Cultura e Comunicação, 2020-07-01)
    Aborda-se através dos olhares de um cientista social e outro das ciências naturais, ambos cubanos, residentes no Brasil, temas complexos como são os da comunicação da ciência, a utilização da tecnologia e a inovação de forma ética no combate à pandemia da Covid-19 no contexto da América Latina. Analisam os métodos utilizados em Cuba, os aplicativos desenvolvidos por eles, o enfoque da Alfabetização Midiática e Informacional, assim como o futuro do combate às pandemias nas cidades nessa perspectiva.
  • What is being a teacher in the countryside? Conceptions of Brazilian peasant higher education students about the Supervised Curricular Internship

    Araujo, Gustavo Cunha de; Aires, Helena Quirino Porto (BRA, 2020-07-23)
    The present paper has the objective of analyzing students' conceptions about the supervised curricular internship in the Licentiate degree in Rural Education with qualification in Arts and Music, at the Federal University of Tocantins, Campus Tocantinópolis, Brazil. We also propose with this text to address the historical and pedagogical aspects of this course, as well as to discuss the importance of the Internship for the educators’ training of to work in countryside schools. This case study was based on the qualitative approach, with documentary research and semi structured interviews with students of this course as data collection instruments. The type of data analysis - theoretical and empirical - followed the perspective of the interpretative research technique. The results demonstrated that in order to overcome the challenges faced by students and teachers of the Licentiate degree in Rural Education with qualification in Arts and Music of UFT in Tocantinópolis, demands elaborating a proposal of joint training between the training institutions and the school, in the sense to guarantee actions that will attend the various subjects, especially those of the Rural Education.
  • This paper theoretically reflects on the direction of Organizational Studies (OS) in Latin America and presents an investigation agenda to meet the needs and particularities of our region. In this regard, the need to avoid importation of conceptual models and solve the historical tension in the Administration field has emerged in the Western world. The paradigmatic break that arose in OS during the 1960s had its regional correlate in the last years. This led to a real investigation program that shows promising signs of vitality in Latin-American OS and a strong process of institutionalization of their own paradigm.

    Maria Ceci Araujo Misoczky; Guilherme Dornelas Camara (Fundação Getulio Vargas, 2020-05-01)
    The proposition of thinking about the Organizational Studies from Latin America (LA) has as its premise to acknowledge that epistemology is political and that there exists an epistemology of domination which is inseparable from its material foundation. First, this essay discusses the meaning of LA, arguing that it is both a geopolitical space and a category of analysis. It then analyzes Organizational Studies in LA from the Brazilian perspective. Finally, the study emphasizes the importance of knowledge based on a critical ethic that contributes to make organizational processes that confront the multiple concrete expressions of coloniality visible, which be also relevant to struggling communities and collectives.
  • Etica y corrupción en la administración de justicia

    Zúñiga Castro, Yuri Iván (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-08-20)
  • Etica y corrupción en la administración de justicia

    Zúñiga Castro, Yuri Iván (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-08-20)
  • Etica y corrupción en la administración de justicia

    Zúñiga Castro, Yuri Iván (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-08-20)

    Quintero-Herencia, Juan Carlos; Digital Repository at the University of Maryland; University of Maryland (College Park, Md.); Spanish Language and Literature; Bartis, Sebastian (2020-07-08)
    This dissertation stems from a challenge posed by Argentine writer and poet Osvaldo Lamborghini in a 1980 interview. He affirmed that instead of denouncing or lamenting oppressive practices and discourses, his job was to showcase the ways we are involved intrinsically in those practices, not as victims but as accomplices or tormentors. As readers we are accustomed to fictional representations of injustice and oppression; they scandalize or hurt while also comforting us with the idea that we’re fair and stand on the right side. What Lamborghini’s narrative cancels is the position of the reader as a witness who would learn about injustice to eventually amend it. With this in mind, this dissertation traces an arch spanning the 1920s and the five following decades, allowing us to read under a different light narratives on work, family, and state in Argentine writers Roberto Mariani, Leonidas Barletta, Horacio Quiroga and Roberto Arlt. Lamborghini’s texts are not alone in affirming that violence is not outside the law but rather at its core. The dissertation compares how the novels of Manuel Puig, one of Lamborghini’s contemporaries, also insist on the same ethical task. Both Lamborghini and Puig present the desolation that arises from realizing that the violence present in our laws and discourses is experienced at the same time as absurdities, confusion, and ineludible fatalities. In the final section, the dissertation examines writer Washington Cucurto’s strategy to subvert the mainstream narrative about marginalization in Buenos Aires during the 1990’s. Expanding on Lamborghini’s ethical task, Cucurto subverts the middle-class reader's expectations with his novels. His works operate as a productive deviation both from the pathologization of the marginals and their depiction as defenseless doomed beings. Furthermore, they contest the symbolic and spatial demarcation between the center and the margins to show the centrality of those groups and spaces labeled as marginal.
  • Chronique, fiction, roman de non-fiction

    Florence Olivier (Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 2019-12-01)
    Next to mass-medias’ diffusion of drug trafficking culture, as well as published journalistic investigations about the cartels, some authors of chronicles, novelists and storytellers looked for – and found – literary expressions that go beyond fascination and horror denunciation. The non-fiction novel Campos de amapola. Antes de esto by Lolita Bosch takes a clear and firm position against violence. Los trabajos del reino by Yuri Herrera bets upon fable’s poetry; Señor de Señores by Miguel Tapia parodies the Leviticus to evoke chastisement discourse. This paper deals with esthetic effects and eventual ethic interrogation of these works.
  • O ensino dos conteúdos filosóficos de ética e política na perspectiva latino-americana : na perspectiva de Dussel, análise e proposição a partir da escola pública paranaense

    Horn, Geraldo Balduíno; Universidade Federal do Paraná. Setor de Educação. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação; Mastey, Avanir (2020-06-03)
    Orientador: Prof. Dr. Geraldo Balduíno Horn
  • Etica y corrupción en la administración de justicia

    Zúñiga Castro, Yuri Iván (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-08-20)
  • Cause Lawyering and Compassionate Lawyering in Clinical Legal Education: The Case of Chile

    Munoz L., Fernando (Digital Repository @ Maurer Law, 2020-02-15)
    In order to contribute from a situated perspective to a global narrative of access to justice, in the next sections I will trace the origins of compassionate and cause lawyering in the history of Chilean legal aid and training. Part II will explain how legal assistance to the poor was codified as a duty of legal professionals during the Middle Ages, in both canon law and in Castilian legislation. Part III will show that practical legal training, both in Spain and in Chile, began much later as the result of the ambition among prominent members of the legal profession to create institutional spaces that could supplement university education-still devoted until the eighteenth century solely to canon and Roman law-with knowledge of royal legislation as applied by the royal courts. During the nineteenth century, the University of Chile included in its legal curriculum the study of national legislation, and absorbed the function of providing practical legal training to future practitioners through moot courts. When law clinics were created in the late 1960s, they were part of a number of innovations promoted by progressive law school reformers inspired by legal education in the United States. The conservative reaction that took over law schools after the 1973 coup against President Allende, however, rid law schools of disruptive instructors and students: a conjuncture that transformed a depoliticized version of compassionate lawyering into the dominant paradigm of clinical legal education among elite law schools in the capital for decades. Part IV will show that this only changed in the 1990s, when a relatively new elite law school, Universidad Diego Portales (UDP), opened a public interest law clinic as part of a network of Latin American public interest clinics funded by the Ford Foundation. Part V will discuss the contrasting challenges faced by models of clinical legal education inspired by cause lawyering and compassionate lawyering. Part VI will offer a few remarks about the need to promote cause lawyering in Latin America.
  • The Translator’s Art of Failure: Engaging the Other in Imperfect Harmony

    Katherine Silver (Department of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies, University of Alberta, 2009-07-01)
    Rather than view translation as a compromise at best, a failure at worst, and always derivative and secondary, I explore the practice of literary translation as one of engagement: with the text, with the Other, and with the world. I will discuss the nature of this engagement as dynamic, electric, life-affirming, an encounter and a dialogue that offers an opportunity for both unification and separateness, freedom and intimacy. From this perspective of the personal, I will reach into the realm of the “political,” the broader context within which translators work—the power differentials, the objective material conditions—and the specifics of my own translating relationship: between Latin American Spanish and North American English. My understanding of that relationship—which could be framed as the theory behind my practice—influences what I want to translate—passionate engagement—and how I translate: how I approach the object of desire. I will read from and discuss several of my most recent translations, texts that in themselves explore questions of language and power: the power of language to subvert, and the dis-harmonious and unequal association of languages and cultures in this “globalized” world, where issues of separateness and unification are often a matter of survival.
  • Animalities: Clues for an Alternative Map of Ethical, Political and Aesthetic Grammars in Latin American Cultures. Introduction

    Adriana López-Labourdette; Magdalena López (Iberoamericana / Vervuert, 2020-03-01)
    Introdution to the Dossier.
  • Plenitud de la Metafísica de la Alteridad

    Cristóbal Arteta Ripoll (Universidad del Atlántico, 2015-05-01)
    <div style="text-align: justify;"><p> </p><p>El presente material, es un resumen de algunas ideas contenidas en el pensamiento de Enrique Dussel. Forma parte del Campo teórico de un Proyecto de investigación que tiene por título La ética en el pensamiento político de Enrique Dussel, cuyo objetivo es mostrar la importancia de la ética dusseliana en dos direcciones: en primer lugar, como superación de la ontología ética de la modernidad que justifica la voluntad de poder que el centro mundial ejerce sobre la periferia; y, en segundo lugar, como instrumento categorial para superar en el análisis los métodos imitativos de otros horizontes políticos, no propiamente latinoamericanos, abriendo los caminos de la alteridad metafísica, contraria a la totalidad ontológica que domina, somete y oprime al ser latinoamericano.</p><p> </p></div>
  • Approach to the ethical principles of Latin American liberation subject in the thought of Enrique Dussel

    Enrique Leones Ortega (Universidad del Atlántico, 2018-01-01)
    <div style="text-align: justify;"><p>With this dissertation we intend to reflect on the ethical principles that underlie the practice of liberation of Latin American subject in the context of philosophical thought of Enrique Dussel. To this end, they consider, first, biographical aspects of the author in question and the importance of his work, as well as the origins and development of ethical<br />thought in the philosophical tradition that serves as a generational context. Then, relations between the foundations and principles of ethics of liberation with the tradition of ethical materials, and their challenges to other traditions of ethical thought are determined also that it is specified in the criteria provided by the dusseliana liberation ethics, such<br />as: the complex philosophical categorical system, the ana lectical method of thinking and a mapping of the problems of contemporary ethical reality. Finally, some considerations about the Latin American subject in the context of the global situation paradoxical globalization/exclusion of the vast majority of humanity arise.</p></div>
  • The Indigenous Communal Sense in Enrique Dussel's Concept of People

    Padilla, Erick Javier (LSU Digital Commons, 2020-03-05)
    In Twenty Theses on Politics, Argentine-Mexican philosopher Enrique Dussel compares the concept of people with two Indigenous terms: The Aztec altepetl and the Mayan Amaq’. Both concepts mean ‘community’ or ‘people,’ and ‘us/we.’ However, beyond his reference to Carlos Lenkersdorf’s book Filosofar en clave tojolabal (Philosophizing in Tojolabal Code), Dussel delves not further into these Indigenous words and their implications to understand what he means by people. Focusing on the work of Carlos Lenkersdorf (2005), Gladys Tzul Tzul (2018), Alejandra Aquino Moreschi (2013), Raúl Madrid (2014) and Josef Estermann (2006), I shall examine how the political proceeding of distinct Latin American Indigenous communities, literally changes the manner in which Dussel’s concept of people is understood in non-Indigenous realities. Indeed, among Indigenous peoples, a search for an alternative political system is commonplace. I will examine that search especially in the Tojol ab’al, K’iche’, and Andean instance; and, taking guidance from Dussel’s notion of people, I will examine how there may be a solution to be found in the political participation of the citizenry made by consensus. This political resolution may, in turn, be instrumental in the creation of a new notion of the ‘we’ in non-Indigenous realities.
  • La vanguardia y sus retornos: confabulaciones del presente en cuatro escritores latinoamericanos

    Donoso Macaya, Maria de los Angeles (Washington University Open Scholarship, 2010-01-01)
    La vanguardia y sus retornos: confabulaciones del presente en cuatro escritores latinoamericanos [The Avant-garde and its Returns: Confabulating the Present in Four Latin American Writers] When reading contemporary Latin American writers from different countries and distinct cultural backgrounds, the relevance of the avant-garde in their work becomes apparent. By placing close readings of texts by César Aira, Mario Bellatin, Roberto Bolaño, and Diamela Eltit, in dialogue with theoretical and philosophical works by Bergson, Nietzsche, Spinoza, and Deleuze, I argue that it is possible to recognize an unexpected and engaging return to the avant-garde in a present which has been commonly portrayed as post-historical, post-ideological, and post-modern. I contend that each of the writers in my corpus returns to the avant-garde in his/her fiction in a renewed and collaborative manner--bringing to the fore the conspiratorial or, as I called it, the confabulating dimension of these movements. This return not only opens up the possibilities for literature in the present, but also sheds new light both on recent past and the historical avant-gardes. In the first chapter I read the return to the avant-garde as a savage confabulation in Bolaño's Los detectives salvajes [The Savage Detectives]. Bolaño fictionalizes the temporal encounter between a marginal event from the past: a disappearing and unknown Mexican avant-garde movement from the twenties) and a particular present: the seventies, a critical decade both in the realm of politics and art). I sustain that is the return of the past embodied by Mexican poet Cesárea Tinajero in the present of the new real visceralistas poets what shows the always-already pending character of the avant-garde project. In Chapter Two, I focus on the affective dimension of confabulation in several of Eltit's collaborative artistic practices. In neo-avant-garde movement CADA [Action Art Collective]'s "No +", the collaborative creation is actualized in the encounter between artists and spectators. This encounter transforms the spectators from accomplices into confabulators and co-creators. In El infarto del alma, Eltit and photographer Paz Errázuriz create a zone of proximity--constituted by love letters, poems, journals, and portrait pictures--which allows them to experience other kinds of love, other affections. In Jamás el fuego nunca, Eltit stages the formation of a militant cell, which literally embodies the confusion of love and politics. Chapter Three revolves around the conception of the avant-garde and confabulation as pure potentiality in Aira's short novels Varamo, Parménides and La vida nueva. In these novels Aira reflects upon the: im)possibility of "becoming": devenir) a writer. What is important to these novels is not that writers write: or do not write), that they get to publish what they write: or do not publish), but the potentiality inherent to the act of writing. Finally, the fourth chapter presents a deceptive confabulation in El Gran Vidrio by Peruvian-Mexican writer Mario Bellatin. El Gran Vidrio renders apparent the precariousness of the divide between life and work, reality and fiction, the autobiographical and the novelesque through an open dialogue with the incomplete work by Duchamp, Le Grand Verre. Bellatin fictionalizes Duchamp's creation of distance from the reader by lying, confounding, and deceiving; all these actions shock the reader and frustrate his/her expectations. I conclude that this return to the avant-garde is renewed and collaborative not because it signals a break with the conventional portrayal of the avant-gardes as historical movements which failed in their utopia of integrating art and life and in the rupture with the past--even though this is also important to my argument--but rather because it actualizes the avant-garde's and neo-avant-garde's immanent desire for creation as a collaborative and conspiratorial--i.e., confabulating--force removed from any transcendent goal and continuous with realities of both past and present. When understood as a confabulation, this return to the avant-garde--removed, for the first time, from a utopian project--not only opens up creative alliances between the present and the past, between writers and readers, but also sheds light to the potentialities of recent Latin American fiction.
  • Campos magneticos de la modernidad latinoamericana: una historia intelectual de Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay (1900-1935)

    Aguiar Malosetti, Gonzalo (Washington University Open Scholarship, 2010-01-01)
    My dissertation is a comparative study of different intellectual practices in Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay at the turn of the 20th century. I examine the work of canonical as well as non canonical authors in order to provide a renewed critical interpretation of the output and function of intellectuals in Latin America as modernity developed in these countries. In my dissertation I refer to a common set of political as well as cultural challenges that those intellectuals, as a group and individually, underwent during their growing conflict with institutionalized powers. My reading highlights literary texts in which the idea of being intellectual is anchored in factors such as aesthetic issues, socioeconomic forces, State policies, literary rivalries, and the difficulties encountered in the constitution of an intellectual field in a highly unstable political context. Borrowing from theoretical and conceptual paradigms from history, philosophy, literary theory, political science, and the sociology of intellectuals, the chapters of my dissertation go from a genealogical perspective of the term `intellectual' itself to the significant influence of both leftist and rightist intellectuals in populist governments well into 1930s and 1940s. My dissertation proves that an examination of intellectual work in that period may open new critical paths to understand the relationships between Brazilian and Spanish American literature.
  • Etica y corrupción en la administración de justicia

    Zúñiga Castro, Yuri Iván (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, 2013-08-20)

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