Je slušnost (morální jednání) slabostí? (geneze pozitivního jednání ve společnosti)
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AbstractABSTRACT In the presented bachelor theses, I concentrated myself on the conception of the morale behavior (generally understood as a proper behavior) in the society and its progress from the historical point of view (aiming to a morale ideal). But I also focused my attention on the present state of the given problem - i.e. on the conception of the ethics in the contemporary "postmodern" society with its consumer manner of life. Further, I concentrated myself on the individual (pragmatical) morality and its negative influence on forming of the ethic behavior. It means, what the present society considers as a moral behavior and what is considered to be an immoral behavior, and how the conception and understanding of the morality in the society has been changed. The theses is divided into two parts. The theoretical part of the theses deals with the explication of the terms ethics and morality, with a brief characteristic of individual theories explaining (describing) the moral development of the individual (personality), with the basic psychology of the pubescence time period and of the moral development in course of this time of the human life (i.e. adolescence). The main aim of the practical part of the theses was to find out the approach of the students of Gymnasium (young people) to the morale and to the morale behavior in the society. Further, the purpose was also to find out, what kind of behavior is still considered to be morale and what immoral. As for the data collection concerning the elaboration of the practical part of the bachelor theses, the quantitative questioning method and the technics of the questioning investigation (questionary) were used. For the purpose of the questioning investigation, an anonymous questionary of own construction was used. Closed questions were used first of all, where the respondents had the possibility of indicating only one answer corresponding with their personal opinion utmost. The elaborated questionary was presented to the students of the first and fourth classes of Gymnasium in Písek. The opinion level was evaluated individually with both age categories and than the comparison of the opinion levels of both these groups was carried out. Before opening the research itself, 4 work hypotheses have been chosen (1 main hypothesis and three other partial hypotheses). The information from the questionary was worked out manually by means of the bar code method. The graphic presentation of the results from the questionary was made by means of column graphs in the programme Microsoft Office Excel. In the discussion, the results are compared with the professional literature and the work hypotheses are evaluated. In the end, own opinion on the given problems and the possibilities of the utilization of this work in the practice are presented. After evaluating the results gained from the questionary investigation, I found out, that the predefined main hypothesis has not been certified. The students of Gymnasium in Písek do not consider the proper behavior (morale) to be an expression of some weakness. Both age categories agree on this conclusion. The results of this bachelor theses should serve for information of both the general and the professional public about opinions of a certain pattern of the young generation of the propriety (morale behavior) on interpersonal relation.