EDUCATION OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES. VISIONS, POLICIES AND CURRICULUM
equality and equity
Theory and practice of education
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AbstractThe education of persons with disabilities is concerning progressively Europe and the entire world, which is why a comparative approach with Romanian situation is needed. The study reviews the main visions, in a diachronic and synchronic manner (the medical, the social and the bio psychosocial model, categorical and no categorical approach), insists on the common evolution of visions, terminology and educational policies in this context, emphasis the connection with curricular policies. At present the indisputable vision of human rights (equality and equity, through the equalisation of opportunities) leads to a progressive focus of policies on an individualised (personalised) approach and less on a categorical one, regarding the education and the fundaments of the school curriculum for children/pupils with disabilities. An identified procrastination of Romania from this point of view – comparing with countries from Euroatlantic space and even some neighbouring countries – makes us responsible for adopting some measures, on short and medium terms, which are possible in the actual legislative context, from the educational perspective.