How risky is Internet gambling? a comparison of subgroups of Internet gamblers based on problem gambling status
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AbstractInternet gambling offers unique features that may facilitate the development or exacerbation of gambling disorders. Higher rates of disordered gambling have been found amongst Internet than with land-based gamblers; however little research has explored whether Internet disordered gamblers are a distinct subgroup. The current study compared problem with non-problem and at-risk Internet gamblers to understand further why some Internet gamblers experience gambling-related harms, using an online survey with a sample of 2799 Australian Internet gamblers. Problem gambling respondents were younger, less educated, had higher household debt, lost more money and gambled on a greater number of activities, and were more likely to use drugs while gambling than non-problem and at-risk gamblers. Problem gamblers had more irrational beliefs about gambling, were more likely to believe the harms of gambling to outweigh the benefits, that gambling is morally wrong and that all types of gambling should be illegal. For problem gamblers, Internet gambling poses unique problems related to electronic payment and constant availability, leading to disrupted sleeping and eating patterns. However, a significant proportion of Internet problem gambling respondents also had problems related to terrestrial gambling, highlighting the importance of considering overall gambling involvement when examining subgroups of gamblers. It is argued that policy makers should consider carefully how features of Internet gambling contribute to gambling disorders requiring the implementation of evidence-based responsible gambling strategies.
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A review of the gambling literature in the economic and policy domainsSmith, Garry J.; Wynne, Harold J. (Alberta Gaming Research Institute, 2005-04-20)The Alberta Gaming Research Institute commissioned this literature review of the economics of gambling and government and industry gambling policy and practice. The review is designed to accomplish the following objectives: 1. To identify scholarly articles in academic journals, texts, and conference proceedings pertaining to (a) the economics of gambling, and (b) public and private sector gambling policy and practice. 2. To compile an electronic database to store the citations and, where available, the annotations of the identified references. 3. To provide a summary report that discusses the identified literature and highlights the contributions of Albertans to this field of endeavor. 4. To begin the process of generating interest and building capacity to conduct gambling-related research within the Alberta Gaming Research Institute. To complement this review of the scholarly literature, Dr. Peter Bowal and his University of Calgary colleague’s conducted a separate review and analysis of legal and government documents in the gambling policy domain. The results of the Bowal review are contained in a separate report.
Gambling motivation and involvement: A review of social science researchBinde, Per (Swedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public HealthSwedish National Institute of Public Health, 2016-01-07)Permission to include this report in the Institute research repository granted by Per Binde on January 6, 2016.
Corporate social responsibility and gambling industry : an exploratory studyGray, Rob; Roscoe, Philip; Leung, Cheng Han (University of St AndrewsThe University of St Andrews, 2014-07-16)Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is one important response to the increasing amounts of criticism levelled at corporations. A number of studies have focused on CSR in a range of industries; however, some contentious industries, e.g. the gambling industry, remain unexplored. Mobilizing CSR in a novel setting not only enhances the knowledge of CSR and gambling, but also provides an overview of this industry itself. This thesis attempts to investigate three questions: to what extent does the gambling industry disclose CSR-related data, how is CSR understood in this industry and why does the gambling industry engage in CSR? This thesis provides a general overview of the international gambling industry and an in-depth investigation of Macao’s gambling industry. The research design of the thesis employs mixed methods: content analysis and semi-structured interviews. The principal research is based on 49 interviews. This thesis advances three main arguments. First, it will be argued that there are relatively low volumes of Corporate Social Disclosure (CSD) and Responsible Gambling (RG) disclosure in the international gambling industry, which can be viewed as a legitimising strategy. Second, in Macao’s gambling industry, it is argued that organisations in this industry tend to place a greater emphasis on positive social impacts, while obscuring such negative impacts as gambling addiction and health-related issues. Third, this thesis holds that organisations in Macao’s gambling industry engage symbolically, rather than substantively, with CSR and RG in order to manage stakeholders’ perceptions in an attempt to gain different sources of legitimacy and in turn to enhance its economic interests. In conclusion, the gambling industry does not entirely conform to the institutional environment, which poses a challenge to the organisational legitimacy literature. This thesis introduces a necessary caution into the discussions about the extent of CSD, CSR, and RG in this industry more generally.