Application of prevention through design concept into design process
AbstractHigher fatality rates, billions of dollar cost in medical, law suits and in compensation, waste of working hours, reputation of firm, low morals of co-workers and various other reasons put construction worker safety into core attention to players in the industry. Prevention through Design (PtD) is the effort taken during design stage to reduce the construction safety hazards up to the acceptable level. Studies have shown that every dollar spent on a good safety program can result in a four to eight dollar reduction in losses from accidents. Design stage is the right time where safety precautions taken have the high impact on construction accidents. On the other hand designers are facing barriers in implementing PtD concept into design. Lack of design tools is one of the main reasons. This study will propose a conceptual framework for the application of PtD concept into design process to prevent construction accidents by studying the design process, factors affecting the design process and general practice of addressing safety into design. The methodology adopted for this study is reviewing relevant literature and confirming collected data with field interviews and questionnaires. Findings are results shows that design process used in design firms are same with slightly difference of names given to processes. It also noted that insufficient time for design, communication and cost of project are the important factors affecting the design processes. PtD conceptual framework for designers on the bases of theoretical and field data is developed. The framework will help designers to implement PtD concept into design process by identifying safety design review process, involvement of stakeholders in design process.
Ali, Rizwan (2012) Application of prevention through design concept into design process. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Faculty of Civil Engineering.