Genetically Modified Organisms
Policy Coherence for Development
Millennium Development Goals
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AbstractGiven the increasing world population, prices and greenhouse gas emissions, there is<br> a need to innovate agriculture in order to accelerate crop productivity sustainably.<br> These issues are compounded in developing countries, which often face severe<br> droughts, famine, and have limited access to drinking water. Genetically modified<br> organisms (GMOs) are the proposed solution to these concerns, with an increasing<br> number of countries reaping the benefits of the new technology.<br> GMOs are a hotly debated topic in the European Union (EU), but for very<br> different reasons. Namely, a negative public perception on GMO safety and ethics has<br> led to a restrictive and precautionary approach to GMO regulation. EU’s GMO policy<br> has shown an international impact, mainly in the poorest countries, many of which are<br> in sub-Saharan Africa.<br> To bring a fresh perspective to EU’s GMO debate, this thesis will analyse the<br> coherence of EU’s GMO policy with its international development objectives,<br> outlined in EU’s framework Policy Coherence for Development. Linking GMO’s to<br> the Millennium Development Goals, data suggests that they can have a positive<br> effect, e.g. on reducing hunger and poverty. Conversely, EU’s GMO policy can act as<br> a deterrent to developing country GMO acceptance, which would suggest that it is not<br> coherent with its international development objectives.<br> <br> Key words: European Union, Genetically Modified Organisms, Policy Coherence for<br> Development, Millennium Development Goals, sub-Saharan Africa.