Discutindo a proposta contemporânea de uma teoria das virtudes intelectuais colmo teoria do conhecimento
Author(s)Contelli, Daniela Pereira
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AbstractDissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Hmanas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Filosofia, Florianópolis, 2013.
Abstract: This research seeks to expand the discussion of central problems of traditional epistemology, as knowledge and justification. In contemporary epistemology the nature of knowledge has been subject to different interpretations by two approaches: internalists and externalists. In this context, an approach based on the concepts of intellectual virtues was introduced as a possible solution to the impasse between internalism and externalism in epistemology. This work has of object to study the discussion of how the intellectual virtues appear as a successful proposal to the problem of knowledge. To do so far will need an understanding of the analogies between discourse ethics and epistemology. The composition of this work was distributed in the introduction, first, second and third chapters and remarks. We reserve the first chapter to detail the differences between approaches of virtue and the other competing conceptions. In this respect, epistemology turns his attention to the proposed Linda Zagzebski, contemporary epistemologist, justifying the viability of his conception by considering the intellectual virtue as the main normative component of justified belief and knowledge. The second chapter presents the design proposed of Zagzebski's pure virtue, inspired by the Aristotelian model of acquisition of virtues, the nature of virtue and eudaimonia. Also in the second chapter, it is approached on the thesis of this author about the author of this thesis definition of knowledge as cognitive contact with the reality of what sorts of "acts of intellectual virtue The third chapter is to discuss about the motivation of Zagzebski in replacing the term true belief for cognitive contact with reality, presenting her criticism of internalist and externalist approaches, mainly to reliabilism, as well as the critical imposed by internalism and externalism to addressing the epistemic virtues, especially the design of Zagzebski. As remarks, the observations are presented, on the possibilities and limits of the thesis of Linda Zagzebski.