Meng-chu Ling;Erpai;Meng-lung Feng;Sanyan;Vernacular story;San Ku Liu Po;Ren-Long Lu;Xing Shi Yan
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Abstract[[abstract]]《三言》《二拍》及《型世言》為明代著名的擬話本小說，富有很高的文學藝術價值。 至於「三姑六婆」一詞，常出現於古典小說中，因此，本論文主要研究「三姑六婆」在 「三言二拍一型」中的各類形象與社會各階層的互動關係，更進一步探討「三姑六婆」角 色在話本中的價值與扮演功能為何。在晚明社會背景的影響下，傳統封建禮教加諸於婦 女的束縛也逐漸被解脫；這群穿梭於市井街巷的婦女們，她們藉由女性身分之便利，進 而活躍在社會中，並具有女性經濟獨立自主的象徵。本論文分為六章論述，第壹章為 緒論部分，並對「三姑六婆」定義作論述。第貳章論述晚明時代背景，針對政治、經濟、 文化與當時社會風氣方面探討。第参章主要論述「三姑六婆」的形象分析與特質，並列 舉文本之例說明。第肆章則進一步探討「三姑六婆」與社會各階層之關係為何，在第伍 章中論述「三姑六婆」與文本中所扮演角色，與具有「穿針引線」、「撮合男女」的功能， 並論述其文化意涵與價值。第陸章結論，綜合各章的研究成果，加以歸納並提出未來研 究之展望。
[[abstract]]The Books “San Yan” and “Er Pai”and “ Xing Shi Yan”,which have high value in arts, are famous Chinese short stories in Ming Dynasty. The phrase “ San Ku Liu Po ” ,which means the women whose professions are either illegitimate or disreputable, has easily been found in Chinese classical novels. The purpose of this paper is to study the images of these women and their interaction with other different kinds of people in the society. Moreover, this paper will examine the value and the role how they play in the stories. In late Ming Dynasty, romanticism, the bondage of traditional feudalistic thinking and ethical education has been broken down. These women are active and vigorous in the society because they are feminine. They represent the women’s independence in economics. This paper will be divided into six chapters . Chapter One is the Introduction, and “ San Ku Liu Po” is also defined in this chapter. Chapter Two explains the background of late Ming Dynasty and discusses the politics, economics, culture and the contemporary social customs. Chapter Three critically analyzes the images and characteristics of these women and gives examples which are found in those novels. Chapter Four discusses the relationship between “ San Ku Liu Po ” and other different kinds of people. Chapter Five puts emphasis on what roles these women play in each story and their function of matchmaking men and women. Chapter Six is the Conclusion, summarizing all the study of the former five chapters and offering the development of the research in the future.