The ethics of peace are not limited to UN Security Council Resolutions, which delineate since 1946 the authorization for the “maintenance of international peace and security”. The question of international intervention as "ius ad interventionem" should be distinguished from a broad framework of efforts made by non-governmental organizations to manage and transform conflicts, both on local, regional and international dimensions. The major religions, legal and normative doctrines have provided important concepts for understanding pacifism which, as an ethical and religious attitude, must map the multiple facets of conflicts across the world. The Globethics.net Peace Building and Conflict Resolution collection make's available (mainly) open access resources on the subject of peacebuilding, because the importance of information for conflict resolution is as great as our capacity for understanding and of good will. Globethics.net Library offers through this interdisciplinary collection an important contribution to global peace ethics, covering a wide range of political, social, cultural, economic and (inter-) religious perspectives of peacebuilding.

Recent Submissions

  • Relazioni e rispecchiamenti. Un decennio di femminismo italiano in prospettiva internazionale (1868-1877)

    Liviana Gazzetta (École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Editions, 2021-07-01)
    This contribution examines the relationships, during the 1870s, between early Italian feminism and international feminist associations, which were considered by historiography as the beginning of the internationalisation of the women’s movement. Based on an analysis of the magazines La Donna (1868-1891), published by Gualberta Alaide Beccari, and Cornelia (1872-1880,) published by Aurelia Cimino Folliero, this essay shows that, up to the 1880s, the magazines acted as a substitute for voluntary organisations in Italy, when it came to providing links with international activities. The study also shows that, although both magazines were associated with the European pacifist movement, their stances were significantly different with regard to regulated prostitution, and that national specificities were often cited as the reason for the lack of support for Josephine Butler’s British and Continental Federation for the Abolition of Prostitution.
  • La Difesa delle Lavoratrici: socialiste a confronto

    Fiorenza Taricone (École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Editions, 2021-07-01)
    This article analyses La Difesa delle Lavoratrici, the first national periodical for socialist women, which was founded by Anna Kuliscioff and published in Italy between 1912 and 1925. The main exponents of socialism of the time, both members of the Italian Socialist Party and associations close to the Party, wrote and contributed to discussion in the magazine; however, we also find personal accounts from working women who wrote letters to the newspaper talking about the problems of everyday life. We can consider the journalists who wrote in the periodical political pioneers in the first mass party. Of particular interest are the discussions between interventionists and pacifists and the controversy over the autonomy of the female sections as compared to the male ones.
  • Relations et effets miroirs. Une décennie de féminisme italien dans une perspective internationale (1868-1877)

    Liviana Gazzetta (École Normale Supérieure de Lyon Editions, 2021-07-01)
    This contribution examines the relationships, during the 1870s, between early Italian feminism and international feminist associations, which were considered by historiography as the beginning of the internationalisation of the women’s movement. Based on an analysis of the magazines La Donna (1868-1891), published by Gualberta Alaide Beccari, and Cornelia (1872-1880,) published by Aurelia Cimino Folliero, this essay shows that, up to the 1880s, the magazines acted as a substitute for voluntary organisations in Italy, when it came to providing links with international activities. The study also shows that, although both magazines were associated with the European pacifist movement, their stances were significantly different with regard to regulated prostitution, and that national specificities were often cited as the reason for the lack of support for Josephine Butler’s British and Continental Federation for the Abolition of Prostitution.
  • Los huérfanos del jihād. Jihād, estrategias de identidad y transformación hacia la no-violencia en la ṭarīqa Tijāniyya en Senegal

    Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Filosofía, Lógica y Filosofía de la Ciencia; Universidad de Sevilla. HUM 153: Filosofía de la Cultura; de Diego González, Antonio (Colegio de México, 2017)
    Este texto explora el concepto de jihād, y las estrategias de identidad y de no violencia de la ṭarīqa Tijāniyya —una de las principales organizaciones sufís de África— en Senegal colonial. Partiendo de la derrota militar de shaykh al-Fūtī, mostraremos el tránsito desde el jihād armado hacia la no violencia frente a las autoridades francesas en África Occidental. Así, analizaremos las aportaciones sociales e intelectuales de Mālik Sy y de ‘Abdoulaye Niasse, los dos principales líderes de la Tijāniyya de este tiempo. Ambos, provenientes de la generación del jihād, desarrollaron estrategias para fortalecer la resistencia social y rechazar la violencia.
  • Republicanas en pie de paz: la sustitución de las armas por la justicia, el arbitraje y el derecho (1868-1899)

    Ramos, María Dolores (Universidad de Alicante, 2008)
    En el artículo se abordan los discursos y movilizaciones por la paz de las mujeres republicanas durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Sus protagonistas construyeron un movimiento asociativo y unas tácticas de lucha enraizadas en la sociedad civil, se rebelaron contra las quintas, negaron autoridad moral a la guerra y reclamaron a los gobiernos el desarme y diferentes prácticas de arbitraje, contribuyendo de paso a reformular el concepto de ciudadanía social en el ámbito de las culturas políticas de izquierdas.
  • Justicia, facciones sociales y configuraciones del poder local en la temprana Edad Moderna. Asturias en tiempos de Felipe II

    Mantecón Movellán, Tomás Antonio; Truchuelo García, Susana; Universidad de Cantabria; Álvarez Delgado, Lorena (2018)
    RESUMEN: A través de la presente Tesis Doctoral, se quiere poner el acento sobre el poder y las estrategias seguidas por fuerzas hegemónicas para su afianzamiento en el ámbito local, especialmente en lo tocante a laicos rurales del suroccidente asturiano, entendiendo que esto se daría en forma procesual, en una lenta y continua transición que en ocasiones se remonta a la Baja edad Media y que, aún bebe de lenguajes expresivo y coactivos que tradicionalmente se han entendido como más propios de la misma. También se aspira a comprender la toma de decisiones y estrategias desarrolladas por la hegemonía en el contexto estudiado, así como las oportunidades de medro y, en última instancia, cómo políticas imperiales acabaron por afectar espacios locales marginales como el de Cangas de Tineo en el Antiguo Régimen.
  • From Active Nonviolence or Relentless Persistence to Peace Education

    Zwetsch, Roberto Ervino (Faculdades EST, 2010-07-22)
    The cause of peace with justice is, today, a universal demand. Nevertheless, here in Brazil it takes redoubled attention before the violence spiral propagated in society, picking victims and making executioners mostly in young and poor population of the country. What we have before us, as educators, theologians, is a huge challenge in which none half-analysis neither simple explanations can be placed. Violence, some would say, has always existed. And it is true. However, at this moment what we have is something that concerns the foundations of Brazilian society in clear process of radical changes and social deterioration, whose dimensions we possibly may not be able to evaluate in its all complexity yet. Therefore, any evaluation we do will always be an understanding attempt, seek of directions and interference suggestions since a specific worldview and since a group of values we care about. There is no way of being neutral here.
  • Masarykův vztah k náboženským dějinám českých zemí

    Rokyta, Jan; Hejduk, Tomáš; Kalíšková, Danuše (Univerzita Pardubice, 2021-07-07)
    Práce v první části se bude soustředit na postihnutí Masarykových náboženských názorů a jak se promítají do jeho každodennosti. Na tomto základě poté bude rozebrána hlavní role Masaryka ve sporu o smysl českých dějin. Rozvedeny budou kritické názory Masarykových současníků a pozdějších generací badatelů. Poslední části práce bude téma pacifismu. Masarykům názor bude porovnán s osobností Lva Tolstého, a především Přemysla Pittera.
  • Relazioni e rispecchiamenti. Un decennio di femminismo italiano in prospettiva internazionale (1868-1877)

    Gazzetta, Liviana (ENS ÉditionsLaboratoire italien, 2021-07-06)
    In questo contributo si indagano i rapporti sussistenti tra il primo femminismo italiano e le realtà femministe internazionali negli anni Settanta dell’800, considerati dalla storiografia come l’inizio dell’internazionalizzazione del movimento delle donne. Analizzando in dettaglio le riviste La Donna (1868-1891) di Gualberta Alaide Beccari e Cornelia (1872-1880) di Aurelia Cimino Folliero, il saggio mostra che le riviste svolsero in Italia una funzione in qualche modo suppletiva, in assenza di realtà associative fino agli anni ‘80, nel collegamento alle iniziative internazionali. Dallo studio emerge, inoltre, che se entrambe le riviste furono in relazione col coevo movimento pacifista europeo, sul piano della battaglia contro la prostituzione di stato le posizioni si differenziarono nettamente e che in queste polemiche spesso le specificità nazionali furono addotte come motivo della mancata adesione alla Federazione britannica, continentale e generale della Butler.
  • Relations et effets miroirs. Une décennie de féminisme italien dans une perspective internationale (1868-1877)

    Gazzetta, Liviana (ENS ÉditionsLaboratoire italien, 2021-07-06)
    Cette contribution étudie les relations entre le premier féminisme italien et les expressions féministes internationales dans les années 1870, considérées par l’historiographie comme le début de l’internationalisation du mouvement des femmes. En analysant en détail les revues La Donna (1868-1891) de Gualberta Alaide Beccari et Cornelia (1872-1880) d’Aurelia Cimino Folliero, l’article montre que les périodiques ont en quelque sorte joué en Italie un rôle de substitut, en l’absence d’organisations associatives jusqu’aux années 1880, pour faire le lien avec les initiatives internationales. De l’étude, il ressort en outre que, si les deux revues étaient en relation avec le mouvement pacifiste européen de l’époque, leurs positions étaient clairement différentes dans le domaine de la lutte contre la prostitution réglementée. On remarque enfin que, dans ces polémiques, les spécificités nationales étaient souvent invoquées comme raison pour ne pas adhérer à la Fédération britannique, continentale et générale pour l’abolition de la prostitution de Josephine Butler.
  • La Difesa delle Lavoratrici: socialiste a confronto

    Taricone, Fiorenza (ENS ÉditionsLaboratoire italien, 2021-07-06)
    L’articolo analizza La Difesa delle Lavoratrici, primo periodico nazionale delle donne socialiste fondato da Anna Kuliscioff, pubblicato in Italia dal 1912 al 1925. Sul periodico scrivono e discutono le principali esponenti del socialismo dell’epoca, iscritte al Psi; troviamo però anche testimonianze di donne lavoratrici che scrivono lettere al giornale parlando dei problemi della vita quotidiana. Le donne che scrivono nel giornale svolgono un compito fondamentale di propaganda fra donne quasi analfabete, e possono essere considerate le progenitrici della politica nel primo partito di massa. Di particolare interesse, le discussioni fra interventiste e pacifiste e le polemiche sull’autonomia delle sezioni femminili rispetto a quelle maschili.
  • Crisis Management Beyond the Humanitarian-Development Nexus

    Taylor & FrancisRoutledge, 2021-07-01
    In addressing humanitarian crises, the international community has long understood the need to extend beyond providing immediate relief, and to engage with long-term recovery activities and the prevention of similar crises in the future. However, this continuum from short-term relief to rehabilitation and development has often proved difficult to achieve. This book aims to shed light on the continuum of humanitarian crisis management, particularly from the viewpoint of major bilateral donors and agencies. Focusing on cases of armed conflicts and disasters, the authors describe the evolution of approaches and lessons learnt in practice when moving from emergency relief to recovery and prevention of future crises. Drawing on an extensive research project conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency Research Institute, this book compares how a range of international organizations, bilateral cooperation agencies, NGOs, and research institutes have approached the continuum in international humanitarian crisis management. The book draws on six humanitarian crises case studies, each resulting from armed conflict or natural disasters: Timor-Leste, South Sudan, the Syrian crisis, Hurricane Mitch in Honduras, the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia, and Typhoon Yolanda. The book concludes by proposing a common conceptual framework designed to appeal to different stakeholders involved in crisis management. Following on from the World Humanitarian Summit, where a new way of working on the humanitarian-development nexus was highlighted as one of five major priority trends, this book is a timely contribution to the debate which should interest researchers of humanitarian studies, conflict and peace studies, and disaster risk-management.
  • Destructive Conflicts Generating Reconstructive Empowerment of Women and Opportunities for Peace?

    Savic, Julia (Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2021)
    Conflicts are destructive for humans and societies, but are openings for rebuilding a more inclusive and sustainable society presented in the aftermath of conflict? This paper contributes to the growing research field and examines the link between conflict and window of opportunity for development, through a gender lens. Further, this study seeks to understand how conflict affected women’s socioeconomic situation in Rwanda and Burundi. Critical peacebuilding and feminist theories are combined with human security and human capital theory into a unique framework. Based on a qualitative method with help of quantitative data, socioeconomics is dissected and measured into six categories: education, literacy, fertility, land ownership, labour work and agricultural sector. Applied on collected data, findings show that a causal relationship can be established. In addition, empirical findings imply that Rwandan women are more socioeconomically empowered then Burundian ones. However, gender equalising empowerment still has to confront prevailing gender norms and hierarchies in both cases. In sum, women’s socioeconomic empowerment is found as gender roles are challenged, previous closed spaces are opening up and women’s societal value are transformed in post-genocide Rwanda and post-civil war Burundi. Destructive conflicts can generate reconstructive empowerment of women and opportunities for peace.
  • Security implications of climate development in conflict-affected states : Implications of local-level effects of rural hydropower development on farmers in Herat

    Krampe, Florian; Smith, Elizabeth S.; Hamidi, Mohammad Daud (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), 2021)
    Development initiatives aimed at mitigating or adapting to climate change impacts may result in unanticipated effects especially in conflict-affected contexts. To improved understanding of the implications of future climate development projects in conflict-affected states, this article qualitatively examines the experiences of local communities in the Zinda Jan district, located downstream from the Salma Dam in Herat Province, Afghanistan. Conducted in 2018, the research questions what local-level side effects (LLSEs) were experienced by communities downstream of the Salma Dam after its 2016 inauguration, and how these LLSEs might affect the potential for sustainable peace. The article builds from 25 in-depth interviews with local stakeholders in the Zinda Jan district, and highlights how communities generally experienced increased water scarcity after the completion of the dam in 2016, due to poor water management and lack of necessary infrastructure related to the dam. This water scarcity was a factor in grievances related to water access among local communities, and increased the likelihood of related communal violence. However, local perspectives also indicate desire for joint management of water resources between the state and civilians, from the source to their farms. The article provides important insight for research and policy actors to better understand the implications of future climate development projects in conflict-affected states, and their inherent contribution and/or risk to broader peace processes.
  • Territorial Peace Through Peace For the Territory: Analysing Conditions of Indigenous Peacebuilding in Colombia

    Jederlund, John (Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2021)
    The “territorial peace” runs as a buzzword around Colombian peacebuilding. A so-called territorial approach was adopted in the beginning of the Havana Peace Talks, as a means of creating locally based, differentiated modes of peacebuilding, and addressing the structural neglect of Colombia’s diverse rural areas. This study highlights the experiences of Colombian indigenous peoples in the context of the territorial peace approach. Drawing upon an emergent literature on the ethnographically based concept of indigenous peacebuilding, it analyses contrasting ideas on the part of indigenous peoples and national elites. The study zooms in on three main themes – local ownership and authorship, governance locus, and sustainability – in aiming to draw conclusions about the conditions of indigenous peacebuilding. The textual empiricism suggests that indigenous notions of local agency, territorial autonomy and sustainable relationships among people and nature are largely neglected in elite ideas underpinned by international liberal peace ideals. As such, various shortcomings are identified related to the ambitions of inclusion and comprehensiveness of the territorial approach.
  • Le processus de conversion politique d’un pasteur chaux-de-fonnier au cours de la Grande guerre : quand Jules Humbert-Droz devint un révolutionnaire suisse (1914-1919)

    Clément Fontannaz (UMR 5136- France, Amériques, Espagne – Sociétés, Pouvoirs, Acteurs (FRAMESPA), 2021-06-01)
    This article presents how biographical work helps understand the more global mechanisms of an individual’s political conversion. Here the purpose is to unravel the reasons which led a socialist pastor, who displayed no sign of any form of political radicalism at the outbreak of the First War, to turn to Bolshevism during the conflict. A political conversion that led to political, social, and friendly consequences. Jules Humbert Droz is no longer a mere socialist and anti-militarist militant, but becomes, in the eyes of the state, of moderate socialists, and of a section of the population, an agent of the Bolshevik subversion and an actor in the dissemination of revolutionary ideas in Switzerland. A political choice that allowed him to quickly climb the ranks of the international communist organizations and to become a revolutionary on an international scale.
  • Le processus de conversion politique d’un pasteur chaux-de-fonnier au cours de la Grande guerre : quand Jules Humbert-Droz devint un révolutionnaire suisse (1914-1919)

    Fontannaz, Clément (UMR 5136 – FRAMESPALes Cahiers de Framespa, 2021-06-29)
    Cet article présente la manière dont le travail biographique permet de comprendre et non « desceller » les mécanismes plus globaux de la conversion politique d’un individu. Ici, il est question de desceller les raisons qui amenèrent un pasteur socialiste, dont rien ne laissait présager une forme de radicalité politique à l’éclatement de la Première Guerre, à se tourner vers le bolchévisme. Une conversion politique qui entraîna des conséquences à la fois politiques, sociales et amicales. Jules Humbert-Droz, de simple militant socialiste et antimilitariste, devint, aux yeux de l’État, des socialistes modérés et d’une partie de la population, un agent de la subversion bolchévique et un acteur de la diffusion des idées révolutionnaires en Suisse. Un choix politique qui lui permit de gravir rapidement les échelons au sein des organisations communistes internationales, et de devenir un révolutionnaire aux dimensions internationales.
  • Making Peace with the Past: Peace Education in Post-Conflict Societies Through the Application of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    Mufti Riyani; Wasino Wasino; Suyahmo Suyahmo; Nugroho Trisnu Brata; Fitri Amalia Shintasiwi (Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 2021-06-01)
    This paper has 2 objectives, namely to map the problems of history learning in post-conflict societies in an effort to promote peace and to offer applicable solutions. The research questions in this paper are: 1) How do schools in post-conflict areas experience pedagogical conflicts especially when confronting “difficult history” themes that arise in the classroom?; 2) How are the impacts caused by this situation?; and 3) What are the solutions that can be offered? The research method used is in the form of phenomenological research with a case study. The main informants in this research are teachers and students in East Aceh as the post-conflict generation. Techniques used in data collection are observation, interview, curriculum vitae review, documentation study, and Focus Group Discussions. The results of the research show that the themes of “difficult history” evoke the unconscious history. The challenge by teachers is how to manage cognitive distortions so that students are not trapped by various psychological pressures and values passed on by the past and the social environment in the present. Efforts to suppress cognitive bias can be carried out by: 1) Encouraging teachers and students to increase the number of emotional history projects by prioritizing principles; critical empathy, balancing personal and communal memory, reinterpreting unconscious history, closing the blind spot of the national history curriculum with local and oral history; and 2) Applying training and cognitive therapy in the classroom through the application of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Therefore, this research concludes that the use of CBT in particular to manage negative emotions that arise in “difficult history” learning can lead to thinking skills, behavior changes, personality development as well as improving emotional situations and social anxiety in post-conflict societies. This can stimulate the emergence of new knowledge which is useful in peacebuilding.
  • Switching Hats in Med-Arb: The Ethical Choices Required to Protect Process Integrity

    Welsh, Nancy A. (ABA Book Publishing, 2021-06-01)
    This book takes a practical, concise, and coherent approach to mediation ethics to make lawyer-mediators aware of their ethical obligations while serving as mediators. The book has been written by 15 leading mediation scholars, with special expertise in mediation ethics, each contributing a chapter on a topic within his or her expertise.
  • Oranžová revoluce na Ukrajině v roce 2004: revoluce dle příručky?

    Šír, Jan; Svoboda, Karel; Levkova, Anna (Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd, 2021-07-08)
    Department of Russian and East European Studies

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