The ethics of peace are not limited to UN Security Council Resolutions, which delineate since 1946 the authorization for the “maintenance of international peace and security”. The question of international intervention as "ius ad interventionem" should be distinguished from a broad framework of efforts made by non-governmental organizations to manage and transform conflicts, both on local, regional and international dimensions. The major religions, legal and normative doctrines have provided important concepts for understanding pacifism which, as an ethical and religious attitude, must map the multiple facets of conflicts across the world. The Globethics.net Peace Building and Conflict Resolution collection make's available (mainly) open access resources on the subject of peacebuilding, because the importance of information for conflict resolution is as great as our capacity for understanding and of good will. Globethics.net Library offers through this interdisciplinary collection an important contribution to global peace ethics, covering a wide range of political, social, cultural, economic and (inter-) religious perspectives of peacebuilding.

Recent Submissions

  • Identitas Kebalian; Rekonstruksi Etnik Bali Dalam Mempertahankan Identitas Pasca Konflik

    Arya Bagaskara; Kiki Muhamad Hakiki; Ratu Vina Rohmatika; Badruzaman Badruzaman; Andi Eka Putra (UIN Raden Intan Lampung, 2021-07-01)
    This study analyzes the various efforts made by the Balinuraga people to transform conflictual conditions into harmony after the conflict that has resulted in the loss of the Balinuraga community's collective identity, and makes destructive to constructive. So far there has been no research that examines the efforts made by the Balinese ethnic to maintain their identity after the conflict. This research uses descriptive qualitative methods with anthropological and sociological approaches by collecting data through interviews, observation and documentation. In the case analysis process, the writer uses several theories, namely ethnic identity theory, conflict transformation theory, adaptation theory, social integration theory and social interaction theory. The results showed that conflict was triggered by juvenile delinquency, expanded with the issue of ethnicity and group arrogance as an accelerator and conflict transformation efforts were carried out in four dimensions, namely personal, relational, structural and cultural transformation in order to achieve sustainable peace and national security. The implementation of the ethnic reconstruction strategy carried out by the Balinuraga community is considered effective enough to restore ethnic identity which was initially quite worrying after the conflict with ethnic Lampung in Balinuraga village, in general, the 4 reconstruction strategies that the researcher put in this thesis have included most of those carried out by the community. The Balinuraga.
  • Christian View on War and Peace: an Ethical and Theological Review

    Intan, B. F. (Benyamin) (Reformed Center for Religion and Society, 2022)
    Looking at the relationship between war and religion, there are at least three popular ethical positions, namely holy war, pacifism, and just war. All three of them have their manifestations, both in Scripture and in church history,that rely on their logic, and produce their inadequacy. This article attempts to explore them in order to give insight into Christian thinking about war. By using a normative ethical approach, this article concludes that the position of pacifism and Just War are the options that can be taken. Furthermore, the two positions do not mutually negate each other but complementarily fill in the insufficiency of ethical questions about war in the two ethical positions.
  • Editoriale. Qualche riflessione su pacifismo e valori inclusivi per questi tempi di guerra

    Dipartimento di Scienze della Formazione; 531 (2022-04-23)
    none
  • La liberté religieuse pour le bien de tous

    Vallin, Philippe (Faculté de théologie catholique de StrasbourgRevue des sciences religieuses, 2022-07-20)
    Les conditions concrètes dans lesquelles se pose aujourd’hui la question théorique de la liberté religieuse ont été bouleversées par comparaison avec l’époque de Dignitatis humanae à Vatican II. Sans doute l’idéologie intolérante de l’athéisme d’État n’a pas rendu les armes, mais s’ajoutent désormais à cette menace deux autres menaces d’apparences fort contraires : le retour insensible de régimes théocratiques agressifs, mais aussi — chose plus étonnante —, les fièvres auto-immunes des États de tradition libérale dont la neutralité laïque affichée travaille de plus en plus, en réalité, à neutraliser le fait religieux dans la société, à tout le moins à le privatiser. Le document rappelle les droits imprescriptibles de la personne et de la conscience, met en relief la nécessité anthropologique de l’instance communautaire et publique de la religion, ce corps intermédiaire ouvert qui joue son rôle médiateur pour l’accomplissement intégral de la personne et, à l’inverse des communautarismes, n’entend pas se couper des autres instances qualifiantes de la société.
  • Bridging Cultural Gaps: Towards Sustainable Collaborative Communication

    Witchalls, Peter James (DEU, 2022-07-19)
    Against the background of increasing divisions in society, this article proposes that a fresh approach is required if we are to bridge across currently entrenched cultural groups. The approach proposed here takes on a relational perspective in which the focus is shifted towards the basic human motives that are at play in any given situation. A non-binary stance is expounded, in which we both accept the validity of the other’s point of view as well as respecting our own commitments and boundaries. If this balancing act is accompanied by relevant skills from the areas of self-competence, social-competence and strategic competence (Bolten 2020, p.63), and in particular mindful awareness, then we will have the greatest chance of establishing collaborative communication channels across cultural groups and moving towards sustainable relationships.
  • Inverze míru: Role společenství zabývajícího se minami perspektivou postliberální teorie míru

    Ditrych, Ondřej; Rosendorf, Ondřej; Emery, Rupert Nicholas Ruscombe (2022)
    This thesis explores the role of the humanitarian mine action (HMA) sector in peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Mine action is widely believed to be an integral component of peacebuilding, and its conduct has evolved significantly through the 20th and 21st centuries. Through the lens of postliberal international relations theory, HMA - and its practices and practitioners - is examined as a contributor to peace. To accomplish this a Bourdiesian field analysis of the HMA sector was conducted; along with a more in-depth case study of mine action in Sri Lanka which draws upon data from in-depth interviews and policy analysis. The results shed light on certain power relations in the HMA field relating to knowledge, expertise, and legitimacy; and provides a preliminary exploration of the contributions of mine action to a postliberal conception of peace. These results highlight both the potential of the method, and the need for further ethnographic study.
  • Il ruolo della pedagogia nella guerra attuale

    Daniela Sarsini (Firenze University Press, 2022-07-01)
    The paper reflects on the contribution that pedagogy can, and must, make to politics to reaffirm the values of peace and democracy: this is a particularly urgent task at the present time and for future scenarios.
  • Komunikazio ez-bortitza eta hezkuntza jarduna

    Abasolo Isasa, Juan Sebastián; F. EDUCACION - BILBAO; BILBOKO HEZKUNTZA F.; Grado en Educación Primaria;;Lehen Hezkuntzako Gradua; Etxaniz Minteguia, Irati (2020-11-12)
    [EU] Marshall B. Rosenberg psikologoak harremanetarako garaturiko Komunikazio Ez-bortitza (KEB), norbere sakoneko desioekin zerikusia duen prozesua da. Gaur egun hain zabaldua dagoen “gaizki/ongi eredutik” urrunduz, nor bere izateko eran garatzen laguntzen du nor bere buruarekin harremanetan baita besteekin ere. Gatazka egoeretan elkarrizketa mantentzeko gonbidapena eskaintzen du, besteekin elkarlaneko irtenbideak aurkitzeko nor bere abileziak garatuz. Ikerketa txiki honetan eskola bateko komunikazio estiloa aztertu da ikasle-irakasleen hartu-emanean komunikazioaren balioaz hausnartzeko eta KEB-era hurbiltzen diren proposamenak eskaintzeko.
  • Understanding the Sociology of Religion in Contemporary Ireland

    McNamara, Brendan; O’Brien, Hazel; Ganiel, Gladys (Bloomsbury Academic, 2022-06-30)
  • Feminist Conversations on Peace

    Bristol University Press, 2022-07-06
    EPUB and EPDF available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence. 
 
 What is feminist peace? How can we advocate for peace from patriarchy? What do women, globally, advocate for when they use the term 'peace'? This edited collection brings together conversations across borders and boundaries to explore plural, intersectional and interdisciplinary concepts of feminist peace. 
 
 The book includes contributions from a geographically diverse range of scholars, judges, practitioners and activists, and the chapters cut across themes of movement building and resistance and explore the limits of institutionalized peacebuilding. The chapters deal with a range of issues, such as environmental degradation, militarization, online violence and arms spending.
 
 Offering a resource to advance theoretical development and to advocate for policy change, this book transcends traditional approaches to the study of peace and security and embraces diverse voices and perspectives which are absent in both academic and policy spaces.
  • Social Media and Youth Peacebuilding Agency: A Case From Muslim Mindanao

    Ragandang, Primitivo III (South North Centre for Peacebuilding and Development, 2022-07-19)
    This article determines how social media, along with institutional affiliation and first-hand experiences of violence, influence youth peacebuilding agency. It utilises the case of a group of university students from Muslim Mindanao in the Philippines who implemented a project that aimed to counter Islamophobia-linked hate speech online. Interviews, focus group discussions, and participant observation were employed during fieldwork. The main argument is that the youth peacebuilding agency does not necessarily rest upon traditional peacebuilding structures. Rather, it lays in structural elements familiar to the youth. Access and familiarity of the youths to social media led them to use it as the platform of the project. The conceptualisation of the project was influenced by their first-hand experience of violence and Mindanao conflict. As university students, their institutional affiliation with the academia had supplemented in meeting the resources they needed. Time constraints and family relationships posed a challenge amongst the youth. The empirical findings of this research hope to contribute to studies on youth agency, peacebuilding, and development in post-conflict contexts.
  • Learner' School Violence Using Incident Logbook: A Qualitative Research Approach

    Segalo, L. (Letlhoyo); Hlatshwayo, P. (Puleng) (Technium Science, 2021)
    In this paper the notion of leaner's school is revisited using a silent tool, incident logbook. Research shows that incidents of learner violence has escalated in South Africa unabated. Different approaches to describe and recommend strategies to alleviate cases of violence in schools have been undertaken. This paper aims to describe through incident logbook learner's behaviour regarded as serious misconducts that involve violent acts. These violent acts might lead to expulsion or suspension of a learner from the school according to the South African Schools Act, 1996 and various school policies. Am interpretivist qualitative research was employed using a purposively sample of 5 incidents logbooks from five secondary schools. The researchers used a thematic data analysis using a Critical Peace Education (CPE) theory to discuss these incidents of school violence. The findings of the study show high incidents of recorded serious misconduct and violations of the school policies by learners by committing, violent acts such as physical, psychological, emotional abuses as well as thefts and vandalism of school and personal property. The research study recommends that CPE be used as tool to educate and foster peaceful co-existence in schools.
  • Reaktualisasi Term Al-ikhwah Melalui Peace Education Guna Merespon Rasisme Dalam Dunia Pendidikan

    Rumsiti, N. (Neneng); Muslimah, M. (M) (Sultan Agung Islamic University, 2021)
    The main objective of this research is to examine more deeply about: (1) the causes and effects of the phenomenon of racism, (2) explore the meaning of the term al-ikhwah as the basis for the solution of the Qur'an to the problem of racism, and (3) an overview of the re-actualization of the concept of al-Ikhwah. -Ikhwah through peace education. The method used is a qualitative method approach with a concept analysis approach. The results of the study show that: (1) the main causes of racism that most often occur are the elements of fanaticism and egocentrism that are so excessive, that they view other races or ethnic groups as inferior to their group. (2) The meaning of al-ikhwah contained in the QS. Al-Hujurat [49]:10 contains the meaning of brotherhood based on solidarity and efforts to avoid disputes. (3) The actualization of the term al-ikhwah combined through peace education can be implemented in washatiyyah-based learning or moderate learning and build community culture in educational institutions that support a caring mentality.
  • Recepce ideje státu jako šťastného domova v náboženských obcích Církve československé v Brně v letech 1948–1960

    Marša, Jakub (2022-07-19)
    Years after February 1948 was a difficult period for the Czechoslovak Church. Although the ideologically divided church had a partially negative attitude towards the communist regime, another significant part of ordinary believers and priests (including church leadership) saw the communist state as an opportunity to fulfill the idea of Christian socialism. Czechoslovakia was to become a happy home for unbelievers and Christians alike. The paper is focused on the daily life of the religious communities of the Czechoslovak Church in Brno between 1948 and 1960. It seeks answers to the questions of how the vision of the coexistence of the communist state and the Czechoslovak Church was accepted among the believers themselves at the local level and how the relationship of believers to their new home developed during the dynamic 1950s.
  • Civil Disobedience in Latter-day Saint Thought

    Oman, Nathan B. (William & Mary Law School Scholarship Repository, 2021-01-01)
    The twelfth article of faith declares, “We believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates, in obeying, honoring, and sustaining the law” (A of F 1:12). On its face, this statement seems to be an unqualified acceptance of legal authority, one that would suggest that Latter-day Saints ought to shun civil disobedience. However, a closer look at Restoration scripture, teachings, and experience reveals a more complicated picture. To be sure, law-abidingness has long been central to the Saints’ identity, particularly in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and like the New Testament, Restoration scripture generally accepts the need to “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s” (Mark 12:17) and affirms the legitimacy of the “powers that be” (Rom. 13:1). However, there has never been a clear consensus among Latter-day Saint authorities on the precise extent to which the Saints owe deference to secular law. From the beginning, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have insisted that there are limits on the duty of obedience that Latter-day Saints owe to Caesar. This abstract has been adapted from the author's introduction.
  • Data_Sheet_1_Virtual professional development on conflict management for school leaders.pdf

    Beverly J. Irby (13137882); Roya Pashmforoosh (13137885); Donna M. Druery (13137888); Rafael Lara-Alecio (5337137); Fuhui Tong (5337146); Matthew J. Etchells (13137891); Nancy T. Algert (13137894) (2022-07-22)
    From 2017 until 2020, we held face-to-face professional development focused on enhancing instructional leadership for underserved schools at the campus level. We quickly determined in March 2020, based on the predicted situation of COVID-19, that we needed to change that venue to virtual professional development (VPD). The study was grounded in the theoretical base of adult learning theory and transformational learning since we were working with school leaders. The researchers used a mixed methods research design with a survey to examine to what extent school leaders perceived their engagement in a synchronous VPD webinar with facilitators increased their knowledge on the topic of conflict management. The findings showed that the participants perceived targeted VPD to have significantly increased their knowledge on conflict management. Additionally, the participating school leaders indicated a shift in their attitudes from negative to positive perceptions regarding conflict. The findings suggest that structured VPD for school leaders has the potential to advance school leaders’ knowledge on conflict management.
  • Data_Sheet_2_Virtual professional development on conflict management for school leaders.pdf

    Beverly J. Irby (13137882); Roya Pashmforoosh (13137885); Donna M. Druery (13137888); Rafael Lara-Alecio (5337137); Fuhui Tong (5337146); Matthew J. Etchells (13137891); Nancy T. Algert (13137894) (2022-07-22)
    From 2017 until 2020, we held face-to-face professional development focused on enhancing instructional leadership for underserved schools at the campus level. We quickly determined in March 2020, based on the predicted situation of COVID-19, that we needed to change that venue to virtual professional development (VPD). The study was grounded in the theoretical base of adult learning theory and transformational learning since we were working with school leaders. The researchers used a mixed methods research design with a survey to examine to what extent school leaders perceived their engagement in a synchronous VPD webinar with facilitators increased their knowledge on the topic of conflict management. The findings showed that the participants perceived targeted VPD to have significantly increased their knowledge on conflict management. Additionally, the participating school leaders indicated a shift in their attitudes from negative to positive perceptions regarding conflict. The findings suggest that structured VPD for school leaders has the potential to advance school leaders’ knowledge on conflict management.
  • Collective guilt, individual and prospective responsibility

    Gianluca Ronca (Tankebanen forlag, 2022-07-01)
    Beginning with a brief presentation of the historical data and conceptual issues that have led to the emergence of the doctrine of the notion of Transitional Justice, I will describe the orientation adopted in two paradigmatic historical contexts, the Nuremberg trial at the end of the Second World War and the post-apartheid reconciliation process in South Africa. Supported by documents from International Human Rights Law and other international legal sources (Rome Statute)  I will then offer a provisional definition of what I call a Critical Transitional Justice. The conclusion highlights how the relationship between retrospective and prospective responsibility today is not exclusionary: as central principles of Critical Transitional Justice, they contribute in conferring normative legitimacy to transformative processes of adapting the international system to compliance to general principles of human rights.
  • No Peace for Afghanistan: A Case-Study of the Failure of Peace-Building Process in Afghanistan from a Transnational Feminist Standpoint

    Sobat, Tahmina (Cornerstone: A Collection of Scholarly and Creative Works for Minnesota State University, Mankato, 2022-01-01)
    In early 2019, the United States officially started its direct negotiations with the Taliban to reach an agreement on a joint framework for a future peace deal in Afghanistan and inter-Afghan negotiations. Although debate continued over the size and duration of the US military presence in Afghanistan and the inclusion of the terrorist group the Taliban in the government of Afghanistan, what fell in and out of the headlines were the topic of women’s presence, their rights, and two decades of advocacy and achievements in these peace-building efforts. While the United Nations Security Council’s resolution 1325 on women, peace, and security, set into motion a consistent global movement towards recognition of gender-based roles and experiences to end violence and build sustainable peace, during the recent process of peace in Afghanistan, Afghan women consistently remained underrepresented both by the United States and the Taliban. Consequently, they have been feeling the rage that reached its peak by the fall of Afghanistan into the Taliban's hands in August 2021. My research “No Peace for Afghanistan: Case-Study of the Failure of Peace-Building Process in Afghanistan from a Transnational Feminist Standpoint,” addresses Afghan women’s marginalization from the recent process of peace negotiations, offers a new narrative of their advocacies for their lives and being included in landmark decision-making processes during the past twenty years, and analyzes the international community’s strategies in implementing peace negotiations with the Taliban, concerning women's conditions. Relying on case-study methodology as well as content analysis and virtual/patchwork ethnography by exploring online resources such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Zoom applications, I will discuss how Afghan women, victims of war crimes, and other minorities felt marginalized from the decision-making process of peace-building. With this research, I aim to find possible answers to the question of what went wrong during the recent process of peace in Afghanistan. This research challenges the United States’ counterterrorism efforts and their impact on Afghan women’s situation, and US-Taliban’s exclusionary peace agreement through international human rights law and transnational feminism lens, and finally addresses the legal and feminist deficits of their agreement.
  • El acceso de las víctimas a la justicia restaurativa en la Comunidad Autónoma de Aragón

    Bernuz Beneitez, María José; García Inda, Andrés (2022)
    In recent decades, justice policies have been insisting on the need to promote better care, greater participation and more restorative intervention towards victims of crime. All these claims should involve, among other things, information and access to restorative justice services (mainly penal mediation). Although the debates on restorative justice highlight that it can be a good option to complement the shortcomings of ordinary criminal justice in meeting the needs of victims, the truth is, however, that there are many conditions that make it difficult for victims to have access to criminal mediation. This study takes a qualitative and quantitative approach to these conditions, taking the case of the Autonomous Community of Aragon as a reference.

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