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Abstract[[abstract]]本研究目的旨在瞭解南投縣國民小學校長道德領導與教師組織公民行為之關係。研究方法採用問卷調查法。研究對象以分層便利取樣方式，共抽取南投縣公立國民小學506位教師，有效問卷416份，有效問卷回收率達82.21%。 資料處理方面，將蒐集之問卷資料分別以平均數、標準差、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、Scheff? method事後比較、皮爾遜積差相關與逐步多元迴歸分析等統計方法驗證假設，得到的結論如下：一、南投縣國小教師對校長道德領導的知覺程度屬中上程度。二、不同職務之教師在知覺整體校長道德領導與關懷倫理層面上有顯著差異。三、以學校環境變項而言，不同學校規模之教師知覺校長道德領導上有顯著差異。四、國小教師對教師組織公民行為的知覺程度屬中上程度。五、以個人背景變項而言，不同年齡與服務年資之教師知覺教師組織公民行為上有顯 著差異。 六、國小教師所知覺校長道德領導與教師組織公民行為之間具有顯著正相關。七、國民小學校長道德領導能夠有效預測教師組織公民行為。 最後，則根據研究結論，研究者提出建議，期能作為國民小學校長、國民小學教師、及後續研究者之參考。
[[abstract]]The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships between principals’ moral leadership and teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior in elementary schools. The researcher adopted questionnaires survey. The questionnaires were distributed to 506 teachers in public elementary schools in Nantou Country. There were 416 valid questionnaires, and the percentage of usable questionnaires was 82.21%.The researcher analyzed the data collected from the questionnaires with mean statistics, standard deviation, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffe method, Pearson product-moment correlation and Stepwise multiple regression. After generalizing the outcome of the study analysis, obtain the conclusions as follows:1. The teachers’ recognition for principals’ moral leadership showed medium-high degree.2. There were significant differences in different titled teachers’ recogni in difftion for principals’ moral leadership and the concerns of ethics.3. In aspect of school environmental variables, there were significant differences in different scale schools teachers’ recognition for principals’ moral leadership.4. The teachers’ recognition for teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior showed medium-high degree.5. In aspect of personal background variables, there was no significant difference in teachers’ recognition for teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior in terms of gender, degree and title.There were significant differences in terms of different ages and years of service for teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior.6. There was positive and significant relationship between teachers’ recognition for principals’ moral leadership and teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior 7. The principals’ moral leadership can predict effectively the teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior.Finally, in accordance with the research result, the researcher proposed the suggestions as the references for the elementary schools’ principals, elementary schools’ teachers and the following researchers as follows.