Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050) is an international and cross-disciplinary scholarly, open access journal of environmental, cultural, economic and social sustainability of human beings, which provides an advanced forum for studies related to sustainability and sustainable development. It publishes reviews, regular research papers, communications and short notes, and there is no restriction on the length of the papers.
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Library has: Vol. 1 (2009) to current

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  • Elicitation Promoability with Gamma Irradiation, Chitosan and Yeast to Perform Sustainable and Inclusive Development for Marjoram under Organic Agriculture

    Tarek E. Sayed; El-Sayed S. Ahmed (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    Sweet marjoram (Majorana hortensis) is an important aromatic herbal plant that has long been used and well managed in the traditional and general medical, pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic, and perfume industries. Thus, the increase in its productivity appears to be of great value since there is a large number of bioactive secondary metabolites as well as an increase in the demand in domestic or foreign markets. The purpose of this study is the possibility of promoting the sustainable development of marjoram in the framework of organic farming through gamma irradiation, chitosan and yeast. Field experiments were conducted in a factorial split-plot design with three iterations over two consecutive seasons (2019 and 2020). The main plot is an abiotic elicitor (15 Gy gamma irradiation), two biotic elicitors 500 ppm chitosan, 0.5% yeast, and a non-elicitor (as control), while in the sub-main plot, there were two organic fertilizers, water extract of moringa 20 g/m2 dry leaves, 20 g/m2 fulvic acid, and 20 g/m2 (NPK); the latter is a traditional agrochemical. Statistical analysis of all characteristics of production and quality of biomass and biologically active secondary metabolites revealed that the use of organic fertilizers helped in increasing the yield of marjoram, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and significantly outperformed the chemical fertilizer. The experiment enhances the comprehensive and integrated development of marjoram under organic cultivation and achieves a promising alternative to traditional cultivation without the use of microbicides and/or agrochemical pesticides.
  • Field Applicability of Earthwork Volume Calculations Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    Young Hyun Kim; Seung Su Shin; Hyun Kyu Lee; Eun Soo Park (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    The earthwork volume must be calculated as accurately as possible for economical construction and cost savings. In particular, when calculating the areas and volumes of irregular curved terrains such as mountains, reservoirs, lakes, and coasts, the vertical assumptions for the boundary equation must be rationally and systematically established. This study focuses on earthwork volume calculation technology using UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle). UAV can be used for various types of work, including checking the progress of construction at construction sites and calculating the earthwork volume for large areas. However, earthwork volume calculation technology using UAV is inefficient in terms of information production, management, and reuse because the quantitative guidelines for UAV operations are insufficient, and the output quality, analysis method, and analysis results differ. To solve these problems, the authors investigated an earthwork volume calculation method for construction sites that use UAV to automate the on-site calculation of construction errors and support an on-site monitoring system using building information modeling (BIM). To calculate the earthwork volume of the target site, a chain method with a planned plane map based on the average end-area method was used as a representative earthwork volume calculation method. The digital surface model method was applied to review the optimization of the earthwork volume calculation using UAV. This study is a process of analyzing construction data, and aims to strengthen the linkage of 3D data and provide construction management information specialized in excavation work. Through this earthwork analysis using UAV, it is possible to intuitively review the progress of earthwork in 3D by linking the current site with the planned plane.
  • Incentives to Enhance Production Reliability against Disruption: Cost-Sharing vs. Penalty

    Xiaodan Jin; Hong Zhou (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Two kinds of incentive strategies, cost-sharing and penalty, are examined in dealing with production disruption, with consideration of production process reliability as an endogenous factor for a two-echelon supply chain. Based on the Stackelberg game framework, we derive the optimal decisions of supply chain partners and compare their expected profits with different strategies. Considering the uncertain demand and the retailer’s preference against the risk, we further analyze how the partners’ decisions and the retailer’s expected profit are influenced by the feature of loss aversion. From theoretical analysis and numerical experiments, we find that: (1) overall, a penalty strategy dominates that of cost-sharing for the retailer, whereas the reverse applies with respect to the manufacturer; (2) a penalty strategy may outperform a cost-sharing strategy for the whole supply chain, depending on demand; and (3) a reasonable aversion against risk can help the retailer to achieve a more robust result when a penalty strategy is adopted under volatile and unpredictable demand.
  • A Study on the Impact of Boundary-Spanning Search on the Sustainable Development Performance of Technology Start-Ups

    Di Wang; Jianfeng Song; Xiumei Sun; Xueyang Wang (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Boundary-spanning search and ambidextrous learning are the key means for organizations to absorb and internalize external heterogeneous knowledge and play an important role in the sustainable development of enterprises. From the perspective of organizational learning and value co-creation, this paper constructs a theoretical model of the impact of boundary-spanning search on sustainable development performance and conducts multiple regression analysis and a bootstrap test based on the sample data of Chinese start-up technology enterprises. The results show that the following: (1) boundary-spanning search contributes to the sustainable development performance of technology start-ups; (2) the role of ambidextrous learning as a partial mediator between boundary-spanning search and the sustainable development performance of technology start-ups; (3) value co-creation positively regulates the relationship between boundary-spanning search and exploratory learning, while the regulation effect between boundary-spanning search and exploitative learning is not significant; (4) value co-creation strengthens the intermediary role of exploratory learning between boundary-spanning search and the sustainable development performance of start-up technology enterprises. The findings help reveal the mechanisms by which boundary-spanning search affects the sustainable development performance of technology start-ups and their boundary conditions.
  • Sustainable Financing Efficiency and Environmental Value in China’s Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Industry under the Double Carbon Target

    Baohong Li; Yingdong Huo; Shi Yin (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    Difficulty in financing and low financing efficiency is one of the bottlenecks that restrict the high-quality development of China’s energy-saving and environmental protection industry and economy. The key to improving financing efficiency is to understand its influencing factors. This paper uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) and the Malmquist index to measure the overall financing efficiency and the efficiency of different financing methods of 205 Chinese energy-saving and environmental protection industries from 2015 to 2020 from static and dynamic perspectives, respectively, as well as the Tobit model to estimate the impact of factors such as the digital transformation and green technological innovation of enterprises on financing efficiency. The study shows the following: (1) Static analysis shows that: the financing efficiency of the comprehensive technical efficiency of China’s energy conservation and environmental protection industry is less than one, 5.8% to 23.41% of enterprises have very effective comprehensive technical financing efficiency, and fewer than 9% enterprises have very effective scale efficiency levels. Enterprises may have more room for improving their financing efficiency in the future. The four types of financing are, namely, internal financing, equity financing, fiscal financing, and debt financing, in descending order of efficiency. (2) Dynamic analysis shows that the financing efficiencies of debt financing and fiscal financing are both on an upward trend, while internal and equity financing efficiencies are on a downward trend. Additionally, the technological progress change index and scale efficiency are two key factors affecting the financing efficiency of different financing methods. (3) In terms of financing methods, the comprehensive technical efficiency and scale efficiency of endogenous financing and equity financing are high, while the comprehensive technical efficiency and scale efficiency of debt financing and fiscal financing are low and flat. (4) Digital transformation, green technology innovation, the asset–liability ratio, profitability, and operational capability have a significant positive impact on the financing efficiency of energy-saving and environmental protection enterprises. This paper studies the financing efficiency of China’s energy conservation and environmental protection industry under different financing methods and the mechanism through which key factors affect the financing efficiency of enterprises. It aims to provide a theoretical basis for managing financing methods scientifically and rationally and improving the financing efficiency of the energy conservation and environmental protection industry, as well as to provide practical reference for the implementation of digital transformation, green technology innovation and diversified financing in China and other developing economies.
  • The Value Relevance of Corporate Sustainability Performance (CSP)

    Akhtar ALI; Imran Abbas Jadoon (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    There are two opposite views about corporate sustainability in the existing literature. Sustainability activities are considered as a source of long-term value creation for the shareholders’ interest whereas they also occupy scarce corporate resources and become an extra burden at the expense of shareholders. To examine these contradictory views, this study investigated the value relevance of CSP using a sample of 113 firms belonging to twelve (12) highly sustainable economies as ranked by the Global Sustainability Competiveness Index for the period 2015–2020. The CSP was measured through a Sustainability Index (SI) developed in this study using the GRI framework which takes into account all the three dimensions of sustainability, i.e., economic, environmental, and social. The results of the study showed that CSP significantly explains the variation in stock market prices and hence is value relevant in supporting the shareholders’ value-enhancing role of corporate sustainability. The results are useful for practitioners and policy makers in the field of corporate sustainability.
  • Multi-Objective Optimization of the Organization’s Performance for Sustainable Development

    Flavia Fechete; Anișor Nedelcu (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Sustainable development can be defined in terms of three main components: ecologically sustainable, economically sustainable, and socially sustainable. Conflicting objectives are involved in sustainable development issues, of which the economic, environmental, and social objectives are the most important. Multi-criteria decision-making provides a systematic methodology that combines these conflicting objectives and can provide a rational compromise solution to complex decision-making issues. Using multi-objective optimization, this paper integrated three major objectives of organizational performance, maximizing sales, minimizing expenses, and maximizing productivity, all of which are combined for the sustainable development of the organization. All these conflicting problems were included in an objective function that allowed for solving the three objectives simultaneously and, thus, achieving economic, environmental, and social performance, in order to sustainably develop the organization. The input data included the objectives planned by the company regarding the turnover to be achieved, the production and delivery costs, and the productivity achieved by employees. Customer orders, production capacity, delivery costs, and resource consumption were also taken into account for optimization. With the help of multi-objective linear programming, the optimal number of parts produced and delivered by the company was determined so as to reach its economic, environmental, and social performance.
  • Heat Transfer Modeling on High-Temperature Charging and Discharging of Deep Borehole Heat Exchanger with Transient Strong Heat Flux

    Yazhou Zhao; Xiangxi Qin; Xiangyu Shi (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    High-temperature charging and discharging by deep borehole heat exchanger is typical of a large heat exchange temperature difference and transient strong heat flux. Simulation of this problem is not only computationally expensive, but it is also challenging in terms of robustness and stability for numerical methods. This paper formulates a generic and efficient heat transfer model with two distinctive novelties: Firstly, it highlights unsteady- and quasi-steady-state modeling strategies for heat transfer outside and inside a borehole. Secondly, this model provides analytical solutions for the heat front propagation and heat flux density distribution for unsteady-state heat transfer in the rock zone. These analytical formulations prove to be generic and critical to relieve computational effort in the face of strong heat flux. This model is validated by a typical high-temperature heat storage case from the literature, as well as the pilot demonstration project in China. It was discovered that a large prediction error of the heat transfer model only exists in very short operation days during the initial unsteady stages of charging and discharging. Both relative errors under charging and discharging phases are within 5% during the steady-state period. A comparison of the simulation cost with OpenGeoSys software demonstrates its high efficiency. It proves that this heat transfer model achieves an acceleration ratio of 30 times relative to the fully numerical method. In general, the heat transfer model has four advantages: generic applicability, good accuracy, easy implementation, and high efficiency, but it is limited to the heat transfer of a single deep borehole heat exchanger under pure heat conduction.
  • Study on the Influencing Factors of CO2 from the Perspective of CO2 Mitigation Potentials

    Kekui Chen; Jianming Fu; Yun Gong; Jian Wang; Shilin Lv; Yajie Liu; Jingyun Li (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    As the world pays more attention to carbon reduction, it is of great significance to identify the factors of CO2 to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality goals for China. Therefore, this paper explores the factors of CO2 from the perspective of CO2 mitigation potentials (CESP) and analyzes the heterogeneity of each factor. We first employ the DEA-IDA model framework to analyze the CESP and influencing factors of each region, and then use geographically and temporally weighted regress to analyze the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of influencing factors, the efficiency, coal proportion, energy intensity, per capita GDP, urbanization rate, electrification rate, trade, economic structure, and climate conditions. The research results show that: (1) for 1 unit increase in per capita CO2, the per capita CESP increases by 0.56 units. The CESP of the central and western regions is greater than that of the eastern regions, and the improvement of resource utilization efficiency can achieve the peak in advance. (2) Per capita GDP and energy intensity are the main positive factor and negative factor, respectively, and the impact of efficiency changes on CESP is mostly positive. (3) Efficiency is the most influential factor affecting the CESP; among them, a 1% increase in efficiency in Hebei can reduce the CESP of 62.47 Mt. In regions dominated by clean power, the impact of electrification rates is negative. The rest of the factors also showed spatiotemporal heterogeneity. Our findings have important policy implications, especially in how to effectively reduce carbon emissions to formulate more appropriate policy.
  • Crop Diversification and Resilience of Drought-Resistant Species in Semi-Arid Areas: An Economic and Environmental Analysis

    Annalisa De Boni; Antonia D’Amico; Claudio Acciani; Rocco Roma (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    Specialization and intensification in agriculture have increased productivity but have also led to the spread of monocultural systems, simplifying production but reducing genetic diversity. The purpose of this study was to propose crop diversification as a tool to increase biodiversity and achieve sustainable and resilient intensive agriculture, particularly in areas with water scarcity. In this paper, a combined life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC) applied to evaluate the environmental and economic sustainability of a differentiated system of cultivation were (pomegranates, almonds and olives), according to modern intensive and super-intensive cropping systems. Based on the results obtained, it is deduced that pomegranate cultivation generated the highest environmental load, followed by almonds and olives. From the financial analysis, it emerged that almond farming is the most profitable, followed by pomegranate and olive farming.
  • Augmented Reality in K–12 Education: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Literature from 2000 to 2020

    Jiakai Zhang; Gege Li; Qinglin Huang; Qinna Feng; Heng Luo (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    With its capacity to support student-centered learning through digital transformation and shared experience, augmented reality (AR) has received increasing attention from both researchers and practitioners as an emerging technology to achieve innovative and sustainable education. Therefore, this study systematically reviewed the literature on the application of augmented reality in K–12 education settings between 2000 and 2020. After two stages of screening, 129 articles were selected, and the key research results were analyzed and integrated by adopting a coding scheme including basic information, instruction contexts, technical features, instructional design, and research results. The results revealed interesting findings regarding the augmented reality literature in terms of publication patterns, application fields, technological affordances, instructional designs, and methods. Furthermore, a meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effectiveness of augmented reality-based instruction, and the results showed a large overall effect size (g = 0.919) with three significant moderators. Finally, the practical significance of AR-based instruction and a future research agenda are discussed.
  • Eco-Environmental Effects and Spatial Heterogeneity of “Production-Ecology-Living” Land Use Transformation: A Case Study for Ningxia, China

    Yaotao Xu; Peng Li; Jinjin Pan; Yi Zhang; Xiaohu Dang; Xiaoshu Cao; Junfang Cui; Zhi Yang (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    Spatio-temporal changes to the eco-environmental quality index (EQI) and determination of their spatial differentiation characteristics are important bases for land management and ecological environment protection. This study evaluates the changes in EQI and its spatial distribution characteristics with reference to the three dominant functions of land use, namely “production-ecology-living” (PEL), based on the interpretation of land use remote sensing data in 2000, 2010 and 2018. The spatial diversity of ecological environment quality and its driving factors were quantitatively analyzed by gravity center transfer, cold and hot spot analysis, and the GeoDetector model. The results showed that: (1) The transformation of land in Ningxia from 2000 to 2018 mainly manifested by the increase in industrial and mining production land (IMPL), urban living land (ULL) and rural living land (RLL), and the decrease of grassland ecological land (GEL), especially in the north of Ningxia. (2) The ecological environment quality decreased slightly during the research period, but there was an improvement trend in the north. High environment quality values were concentrated in the Liupan Mountain area in the south of Ningxia, while the low values were mainly in the desert areas of Shapotou County and Zhongning County in the west. (3) The interaction between land use intensity and topographic factors led to spatial change in EQI in the research area. Effects of land use intensity are the dominant factor, reflecting the degree of impact of human activities on natural ecosystems. Our results suggest that topographic factors and human disturbances should be fully taken into account in future land and spatial development decisions to minimize human-ecological conflicts.
  • Biomass-Based Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts from the Perspective of Ecological Aesthetics—Duckweed Has More Advantages than Soybean

    Meiping Zhang; Yanqi Zhang; Jiajia Cui; Zongyao Zhang; Zaoxue Yan (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Ecological aesthetics encourages the harmonization of humans and nature. In this paper, we integrate ecological aesthetics into the development of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts of H2/O2 fuel cells. Moldy soybean and duckweed as raw materials are adopted to prepare biomass-based ORR catalysts, both of which have advantages in activity, stability, environmental protection and resource richness over the conventional expensive and scarce noble metal-based catalysts. Therefore, duckweed is more environmentally friendly, entails a simpler preparation process and has a better catalytic performance, ultimately being more in line with ecological aesthetics.
  • Interaction between Urbanization and Eco-Environment in Hebei Province, China

    Hefeng Wang; Ao Zhao; Yuan Cao; Yi Xie; Lanxuan Guo (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Understanding the complex interaction between urbanization and the eco-environment is necessary for rapid and quality urbanization, eco-environmental protection, and the harmonious coexistence of humans and nature within a region. Based on panel data from Hebei Province between 1985 and 2019, we suggested a symbiosis hypothesis of urbanization and the eco-environment (SHUE) and used the distance coordination coupling model, the Tapio decoupling model, and the symbiosis model to quantitatively determine the interaction relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment. We found that (1) the improved ‘Northam curve’ of urbanization in Hebei Province met the logistic equation. (2) During the study period, the coordinated coupling degree (CCD) of urbanization and eco-environment exhibited an overall upward trend, while the coupling type gradually changed from the endangered imbalance recession type to the coordinated development type. (3) The decoupling types showed strong and weak decoupling fluctuations, with a high frequency of strong decoupling; the growth rate of the urbanization index was higher than that of the eco-environment index; and there was a positive effect between urbanization and eco-environment indicating positive urbanization. (4) The research results verified SHUE. The symbiosis mode of urbanization and eco-environment was mainly asymmetric mutualism, with the two demonstrating mutual promotion and mutualism. However, in 2016–2019, the symbiosis mode became parasitic, urbanization development enforced upon the eco-environment. The study constructed a set of quantitative method to systematically discuss the interaction relationship from two dimensions: coupling and decoupling. The results provide reference for the coordinated development of urbanization and eco-environment in Hebei Province and consequentially enrich this research field.
  • Building Community Resilience to Violent Extremism through Community-Based Youth Organizations: A Case of Post-Conflict North Waziristan, Pakistan

    Muhammad Makki; Syed Ali Akash (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    This paper presents the case of endogenously generated community resilience to violent extremism by discussing the formation and functioning of community-based youth organizations (CBYOs) in post-conflict North Waziristan. In doing so, the paper deciphers a micro-sociological phenomenon underlining the community (re)organization through their new mode of interaction and connectedness, sustaining a resilient social change in the post-conflict setting. The research employed a qualitative research design using the ‘mini-ethnographic’ case study method. For the purpose, twelve CBYOs and members of the local youth were interviewed, allowing for a subjective assessment of the emergence and sustenance of (community) resilience to violent extremism. Offering unique sociological perspectives on a post-conflict context, the study uncovers the community resilience generated through the formation of CBYOs by educated youth in North Waziristan. The social activities and engagement by youth, through education and awareness campaigns, are instilling a social change (by replacing the old ideas and customs with new ones) that aims at creating a peaceful society.
  • The Impact of Lean Management Practices on Economic Sustainability in Services Sector

    Mai Mostafa Awad; Abd‘Elazez Hashem; Hend Mohamed Naguib (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Lean management is a significant weapon that can help firms within the fourth industrial revolution to find unique solutions to their own unique problems. On the other hand, there is a noticeable increase in the level of awareness of firms all over the world regarding their urgent need to achieve economic sustainability. This paper aims to build a model that best measures the impact of lean management practices on economic sustainability for service firms. For this purpose, a multiple case study is employed, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses are utilized to develop valid and reliable measure of lean management, and Pearson’s correlation and regression analyses are employed to measure the impact of lean management on economic sustainability. The results provide evidence of the positive impact of lean management on economic sustainability. This paper contributes to the literature by developing a novel measure of lean management and by providing evidence of the positive impact of lean management on economic sustainability, as this relation is not well tested empirically, especially in emerging economies.
  • Do We Look for the Right Ones? An Overview of Research Priorities and Conservation Status of Dormice (Gliridae) in Central Europe

    Johannes Lang; Sven Büchner; Holger Meinig; Sandro Bertolino (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    There are differences regarding distribution, conservation status and protection according to national and European laws and directives between the four dormouse species (Gliridae) native to Central Europe. We question the coherence between scientific knowledge and conservation status of dormice in Europe and hypothesize that the species included in the Habitats Directive have been the subject of considerable research, while those not included have been neglected, despite having an unfavourable conservation status. We did a review of the research presented at the International Conferences on Dormice from 1990–2017 and published in the scientific literature since 1950 to see for which species the most research was done and whether the Habitats Directive had an impact. The number of presentations increased over time for the Hazel (Muscardinus avellanarius, N = 200) and the Edible dormouse (Glis glis, N = 150), while those on the Garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus, N = 46) decreased until 2014 with an apparent increase only in 2017; the Forest dormouse (Dryomys nitedula, N = 67) does not show any trends. The number of published articles increased for all species except for the Garden dormouse. This focus does not adequately address the current threats of the species. The results can serve as a guide for the re-evaluation of future research priorities and conservation strategies as well as the implementation of new monitoring projects and ecological studies.
  • Citizen Science in the Promotion of Sustainability: The Importance of Smart Education for Smart Societies

    Maria José Sá; Sandro Serpa; Carlos Miguel Ferreira (MDPI AG, 2022-07-01)
    Digital society is already a reality and is increasingly shaping many aspects of social, economic and political life, among other aspects. The concept of Society 5.0 is a proposed form of a possible political nature to fulfil this digital society through a super-smart society. Based on document analysis of articles and books on this topic, this conceptual paper aims to critically discuss some aspects of Society 5.0, such as the dimensions of digitalization and sustainability. It is concluded that Society 5.0 is not an inevitability, and that the transformations it entails, as well as its advantages, also have challenges and limitations that should be considered, such as the risk of reproducing old forms of micro, meso and macrosocial inequalities within each country and between countries and regions, and, at the same time, creating new forms of social, cultural, economic and political inequalities, among others. A critical spirit seems to be necessary in the follow-up of this Society 5.0 and for which citizen-science logic, in an interdisciplinary way, can potentially provide tools for previous and prospective analysis of its implementation. We justify the need for smart education in these smart societies as a way of contributing to responding to the pressing problem of sustainability. It is smart education in and for a super smart society.
  • Background on the Sustainability of Knowledge

    Andrea BENCSIK (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    For years, sustainability has been on the minds of professionals, organisational leaders and everyone involved in everyday life. There has been a lot of research on different areas and processes of corporate operations, and more and more initiatives are emerging to address nature conservation, environmental protection and climate change issues. However, little research addresses the potential for sustainability of organisational knowledge, a factor that fundamentally influences the functioning of organisations. Beyond the steps of the knowledge management process, organisational culture, working conditions, the organisational environment and the organisational leadership that manages them are also at the forefront. The aim of this study is to highlight the supporting role of sustainable management for the sustainability of knowledge and to show the context of further supporting conditions. Previous research has identified sustainable management as an alternative management style that can significantly change organisations and society by deepening understanding of natural and economic systems and their interdependencies. Accordingly, it ensures market performance in a holistic approach based on the concept of sustainable knowledge and with a view to the efficient use of the company’s internal resources. The cornerstones of these interrelationships and the conditions of the relationships are presented here in a theoretical approach.
  • What Does Sustainability Mean? Perceptions of Future Professionals across Disciplines

    Andrea Beatriz Damico; José María Aulicino; Jorgelina Di Pasquale (MDPI AG, 2022-08-01)
    Given the negative externalities of the traditional productive system, sustainable development has become a productive alternative that attempts to improve the quality of life of present and future generations. The aim of this research was to understand the degree of perception and knowledge of sustainability of university students attending different courses, who represent future Argentinian professionals. A survey was conducted on a representative sample of those enrolled in the faculties of Agricultural, Economic, and Social Sciences of the National University of Lomas de Zamora, Buenos Aires. The results showed that, in terms of awareness, the environmental dimension of sustainability stands out above the others. Sustainability involves preserving natural resources, favoring biodiversity, reducing environmental risks, and finding a balance between the development of humanity and care for the environment. Only 10% of the respondents identified the three sustainability dimensions contemporaneously, and most of these individuals were not informed through university courses. No substantial differences were found in the knowledge of sustainability among students of different faculties. Universities, as trainers of professionals and leaders, should further develop the subject in their curricula, to improve knowledge of sustainability, so that graduates can better face future professional challenges. Similarly, students should strive to know about sustainability and its components to defend and improve it in all areas of work.

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