Now showing items 1-20 of 10718

    • Good governance e o Conselho Nacional de Justiça

      Antonio César Bochenek; Vinicius Dalazoana; Vinicius Rafael Rissetti
      Os sistemas judiciais, no Brasil e em todo o mundo, estão passando por grandes modificações nas últimas décadas. No Brasil, de modo especial após a constituição federal de 1988, verifica-se um importante aumento da judicialização das relações sociais, da política e, consequentemente, da importância da administração da justiça. Além disso, a função judicial tem hoje uma relevante relação com as funções administrativas dos tribunais. Assim, uma satisfatória prestação jurisdicional requer também boas práticas administrativas. Nesse sentido, aumenta progressivamente o número de estudos sobre conceitos e técnicas de good governance nos assuntos públicos. Neste artigo, sustenta-se que a nova compreensão do modelo de justiça necessita da implementação de técnicas e práticas de good governance nos tribunais, conduzidas pelo conselho nacional de justiça, relacionadas principalmente às ideias de transparência, participação, eficácia, eficiência e coerência.
    • The influence of corruption and governance in the delivery of frontline health care services in the public sector: a scoping review of current and future prospects in low and middle-income countries of south and south-east Asia

      Nahitun Naher; Roksana Hoque; Muhammad Shaikh Hassan; Dina Balabanova; Alayne M. Adams; Syed Masud Ahmed (BMC, 2020-06-01)
      Abstract Background The dynamic intersection of a pluralistic health system, large informal sector, and poor regulatory environment have provided conditions favourable for ‘corruption’ in the LMICs of south and south-east Asia region. ‘Corruption’ works to undermine the UHC goals of achieving equity, quality, and responsiveness including financial protection, especially while delivering frontline health care services. This scoping review examines current situation regarding health sector corruption at frontlines of service delivery in this region, related policy perspectives, and alternative strategies currently being tested to address this pervasive phenomenon. Methods A scoping review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) was conducted, using three search engines i.e., PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Scholar. A total of 15 articles and documents on corruption and 18 on governance were selected for analysis. A PRISMA extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) checklist was filled-in to complete this report. Data were extracted using a pre-designed template and analysed by ‘mixed studies review’ method. Results Common types of corruption like informal payments, bribery and absenteeism identified in the review have largely financial factors as the underlying cause. Poor salary and benefits, poor incentives and motivation, and poor governance have a damaging impact on health outcomes and the quality of health care services. These result in high out-of-pocket expenditure, erosion of trust in the system, and reduced service utilization. Implementing regulations remain constrained not only due to lack of institutional capacity but also political commitment. Lack of good governance encourage frontline health care providers to bend the rules of law and make centrally designed anti-corruption measures largely in-effective. Alternatively, a few bottom-up community-engaged interventions have been tested showing promising results. The challenge is to scale up the successful ones for measurable impact. Conclusions Corruption and lack of good governance in these countries undermine the delivery of quality essential health care services in an equitable manner, make it costly for the poor and disadvantaged, and results in poor health outcomes. Traditional measures to combat corruption have largely been ineffective, necessitating the need for innovative thinking if UHC is to be achieved by 2030.
    • The organizational ethical self-identity precautionary model through self-regulating of Malaysian public sector: conceptual analysis

      Mohamed, Norazamina; Ahmad, Suraya; Yaacob, Najihah Marha; Abdullah, Azizah (CICSH-AL. RELIGACIÓN. CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES DESDE AMÉRICA LATINA, 2019-06-30)
      The objectives of this study are to explore the five elements of public sector ethical self-identity precautionary and to propose the Organizational Ethical Self-Identity Precautionary Model in enhancing ethical accountability of the Malaysian Public Sector. This study employed qualitative research by analyzing data from interviews with key informers of the public sector using conceptual content analysis. The study revealed five elements of Organizational Ethical Self-Identity Precautionary Model which are ethical leadership (8 attributes), ethical employees (9 attributes), spirituality encouragement (6 attributes), spirituality acceptance (6 attributes) and code of ethical conduct (5 attributes). These identified elements and their attributes should become the ethical identity and ethical direction of the Malaysian Public Sector. This would enhance the ethical accountability of Malaysia Public Sector which further improved the trust among Malaysian and the international community towards the governance of the public sector.
    • Assessing the governance of the health policy-making process using a new governance tool: the case of Lebanon

      Rasha Hamra; Sameen Siddiqi; Emma Carmel; Walid Ammar (BMC, 2020-06-01)
      Abstract Background In the international agenda, it has become common to assert that the assessment of health system governance using a practical tool is crucial. This approach can help us better understand how health systems are being steered as well as to identify gaps in the decision-making process and their causes. The authors developed a new assessment tool, the Health Policymaking Governance Guidance Tool (HP-GGT), that was designed to be conceptually sound and practical. This tool enables policy-makers and stakeholders to systematically review and assess health system governance at policy-making level. This article presents first use of the HP-GGT in Lebanon, together with generated results, recommendations, and discusses how these results improve governance practices when initiating new health policy formulation processes. Methods The HP-GGT, which is a multidimensional structured tool, was used retrospectively to assess and review the process used to develop a new mental health strategy; this process was compared against consensus-based good governance principles, focusing on participation, transparency, accountability, information and responsiveness. The assessment was conducted through face-to-face interviews with 11 key informants who were involved in the development of the strategy. Results The HP-GGT enabled policy-makers to reflect on their governance practices when developing a mental health strategy and was able to identify key areas of strengths and weaknesses using good governance practice checklists given by the questions. The insights generated from the assessment equipped the national policy-makers with a better understanding of the practice and meaning of policy-making governance. Identifying weaknesses to be addressed in future attempts to develop other national health policies helped in this regard. Using the tool also increased awareness of alternative good practices among policy-makers and stakeholders. Conclusions Assessing a health policy formulation process from a governance perspective is essential for improved policy-making. The HP-GGT was able to provide a general overview and an in-depth assessment of a policy formulation process related to governance issues according to international good practices that should be applied while formulating health policies in any field. The HP-GGT was found to be a practical tool that was useful for policy-makers when used in Lebanon and awaits applications in other low- and middle-income countries to further show its validity and utility.
    • Ethics and Stakeholder Engagement for Industry/Construction 4.0: A Systematic Review

      Okedara, Kamil; Ejohwomu, Obuks; Chan, Paul (2019-08-10)
      Industry 4.0 is an offshoot of the first, second and third industrial revolutions. Which is an indication of it is globalization. In the same vein, construction 4.0 which takes its context after the industry 4.0 is expected to lead to the fourth construction revolution? Ethics and stakeholder engagement have been individually studies and written about. Both industry and construction 4.0 require an ethical lens and an engagement pattern towards a rapid realization of their objectives. This paper quantitatively x-rays researchers’ interests in the fields, and the subject areas so far covered in their studies. However, little or no studies have applied the ethical lens and engagement pattern into the revolutionary concepts. We applied systematic review method (the first in the field), to discover the linear and the polynomial nature of researches in the fields. This discoveries is hoped to open up further researches towards the rapid development of the fourth I
    • Good Governance and Public Value Management in the Face of COVID-19

      Mohammad ghasemi; abdolali keshtegar; zohreh mohammadzadeh (Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 2020-06-01)
      Nowadays, most countries of the world are dealing with covid-19, which has resulted in many economic, political, social, and health challenges. However, people in society need to interact with each other due to economic and social reasons, which make it harder to control the disease. Infectious diseases and quarantine cause widespread devastation in the lives of people in the community. Therefore, the community needs good governance in the given circumstances.
    • A Study of Nonprofit Governance through the Lens of Stewardship Theory

      Andrew, Simon A; Jang, HeeSoun; Benavides, Abraham; Humphrey, Duchess Deidre (University of North Texas, 2020-05)
      This dissertation examines the association between independent governance structure and various measures of good governance. The evaluation draws on observations of a dataset of 101 Texas public charities, in particular the organization's self-disclosed governance-related activities as reflected in the transparency, monitoring, and strategic tools available to the public. The study reveals that two measures of good governance are associated with an identified independent governance structure at the organizational level. In managing the governance of the organization, the study finds evidence that less emphasis is placed on the constituted strategic direction clauses listed in the articles of incorporation of the organization. The research suggests that each of the fiduciary stewardship concerns need to be addressed by the legal governing body in order to fulfill good governance as an outcome quality measure.
    • Ethical leadership and ethical climate perceptions of sporters: a study on the amateur football leagues of Kahramanmaraş

      The aim of this study is an investigation of the sportsmen that actively take place in the amateur football leagues, in terms of the demographical variables between their ethical leadership behaviours and their ethical climate perceptions. When considering the positive potential role of the leadership on preventing the unethical behaviours in amateur football, the study focusses on the ethical climate relationship that is perceived by the sports club’s sportsmen who are active in the amateur football sports. The descriptive and the quantitative sample of the study constitutes 176 amateur sportsmen that play either in the 1st and 2nd Amateur Leagues in the BAL (Regional Amateur League) League in Kahramanmaraş. Personal information form, Ethical Leadership and Ethical Climate scales are used as the data collection tools. In this study’s findings, a positive but low-level relation between the ethical leadership and the ethical climate perception of the sportsmen is observed. A significant difference between the ethical leadership and the ethical climate perceptions, and the age, education level and football seniority variables from the demographical variables is not determined. Although there is no significant difference between the amateur leagues that sportsmen play in and the ethical leadership, there is a significant difference according to the ethical climate perception. A significant difference between the working hours of the sportsmen with their coaches and their ethical leadership perception is determined. As a result, it can be said that there is a positive relationship between the ethical leadership behaviour and the ethical climate, and these perceptions of amateur leagues and the working hours with a coach from the demographical variables become different.
    • The effect of national education policies on learner discipline and academic performance of schools in the Tshwane South district : a focus on school discipline policy

      Baloyi, G. P.; Zengele, Vincent Thulani; Matsebele, Selina Patricia (2020-06-20)
      The study was limited to three national education policies, which were the teacherlearner ratio policy, teacher workload policy and learner discipline policy. The
 problem was the learner moral decay, which was conspicuous to the public who saw
 learners all over the school grounds during contact time, along streets strolling to
 their schools without showing any remorse long after schools had started at 8h00.
 Poor academic performance in public secondary schools in the Tshwane South
 District is a cause for concern, whereby one of the schools in Tshwane South had
 only 6% of learners passing in 2018 out of 300 in Grade 8, and the rest were
 progressed. Qualitative methodology was used, and one-on-one interviews were
 conducted to collect data from the SGBs, SMTs and teachers of five poorly
 performing schools in the district. The study revealed that the incorrect development
 and implementation of the new national education policies had a negative impact on
 learner discipline and academic performance. The classrooms were overcrowded
 which meant the teacher-learner ratio and teacher workload were high. The learners
 and the parents were not provided with the Code of Conduct, and some teachers
 never read the education policies and did not know that the Code of Conduct is an
 alternative policy to the corporal punishment policy.
 Consequently, learners who misbehave and are under the leadership of COSAS
 defy it because they are aware that teachers are ignorant of the correct procedure to
 enhance the Code of Conduct implementation. This implies that any case against the
 learners was considered unprocedural and nullified. It became evident that the
 Department of Basic Education needed to invest even more in education to deal with
 the issue of overcrowding by deploying more teachers and teacher assistants. The
 intervention was also necessary to equip stakeholders with skills in the adoption and
 implementation of national education policies. The intervention should empower the
 SGBs to develop and adopt the Code of Conduct correctly, teachers to maintain
 discipline with confidence and effectively to improve academic performance. As well
 as the powerful tools for planning correctly by the SMT to involve policy authorities
 for stakeholders’ development. The implementation of the teacher-learner ratio
 policy, teacher workload policy and learner discipline policies required monitoring,
 and to be reviewed if necessary, to avoid disparity between policy and practice.
    • Good Governance in Local States Decentralization Approach

      Seyed Hadi Zarghani; Ebrahim Ahmadi (Allameh Tabataba'i University, 2019-11-01)
      The term good governance is used today on a wide scale from a local to an international level. In the meantime, governance in the form of local government seems to be more commensurate with good governance. This research seeks to answer the questions of what is the relationship between local government and good governance and what are the unique characteristics and traits of a local government that can be considered a good government? In addition, what is the best method for delegating powers and responsibilities to citizens in order to make local government efficient in terms of good governance? The research is descriptive-analytical based on its nature and methodology and the required information is gathered in a documentary manner with reference to reliable books and articles. The research findings show that with respect to specific and prominent features of local government such as decentralization, democratic structure, local and people-centered planning and decision-making, attention to the interests of the general public, the distribution of opportunities and the establishment of social and geographical justice, more community benefits from development and welfare, local government can be regarded as the ideal example for good governance. Also among the many features that local government has, the principle of optimal decentralization (political, economic, administrative, technical, geographical, etc.), as the real symbol and ultimate goal of local government, is undoubtedly the best and most practical way of good administrative governance. In this way, by delegating some of the responsibilities to the citizens, their involvement in regional and national affairs becomes more real and then the mutual interaction between the local government and the central government becomes facilitated. It will also have decentralization of power (central government) as a principle. In short, because of the specific nature and functions of local government, it can be used to establish a good governance model.
    • Social innovation as a ‘magic concept’ for policy-makers and its implications for urban governance

      Bragaglia, Francesca Caterina (Sage, 2020)
      This article proposes a critical reflection on the concept of social innovation, arguing that it can be understood as a ‘magic concept’ as theorized by Pollitt and Hupe. It is a pervasive and positive notion in academia, policies and politics. The notion of social innovation is therefore deconstructed into the characteristics that make it so seductive: the multiplicity of meanings it can take on, its positive normative charge, its ability to generate consensus and its global marketability. This investigation underlines the way in which the understanding of social innovation may have profound repercussions in the ways in which decision-makers are reshaping urban governance.
    • Réformer l’éducation : travailler ensemble au bien commun en développant une intelligence collective

      De Ketele, Jean-Marie (Centre international d'études pédagogiquesRevue internationale d'éducation de Sèvres, 2020-06-15)
      « La notion de réforme est-elle encore pertinente aujourd’hui ? ». Ainsi s’est ouvert le colloque international organisé du 12 au 14 juin 2019 par la Revue internationale d’éducation de Sèvres. À la lumière des contributions de ce numéro, la réponse semble positive et optimiste, même si elle mérite d’être discutée et de ne pas être réduite à la seule conception top-down. Un raisonnement en trois temps est ensuite tenu : l’identification des leviers contextualisés pour réformer ; la nécessité d’installer un maillage collaboratif ; la proposition d’un scénario pour l’avenir. En premier lieu, les leviers sont essentiellement des acteurs (personnes et institutions) qui jouent ou joueront leur rôle de levier si l’on ne travaille pas sans eux, ni contre eux, ni simplement pour eux, ce qui implique de se demander à quelles conditions. Le maillage collaboratif implique de développer et valoriser des triangulations entre les acteurs au sein des différentes strates du système, à savoir : celle des « communautés locales d’apprentissage » ; celle de la « gouvernance par le milieu » ; celle de la « vision éducative » ; celle de la « vision socio-politique ». Enfin, suite à l’intelligence collective ainsi créée, le scénario actuel de la forme scolaire se transformerait progressivement pour aller non pas vers un scénario de rescolarisation mais vers un scénario des formes partenariales, où les divers lieux et espaces d’apprentissage seraient appelés à se multiplier autour d’un récit mobilisateur que l’on peut espérer au service d’un bien commun.
    • University Social Responsibility – Good Practices of Polish Higher Education Institutions

      Szelągowska-Rudzka, K. I. (Издательство Уральского университета, 2020-06-21)
      All organizations, including Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), should be socially responsible. Therefore, the article aims to answer the following research questions: How are the principles of social responsibility implemented by Polish HEIs? Through what good practices are they manifested? What formal national regulations support these activities? To answer those questions, the principles of the Declaration of University Social Responsibility and of good practices implemented by 23 universities, the first signatories of this Declaration, were reviewed. The applied research method has incorporated the analysis of the literature on the subject, documents and websites of the above 23 universities. The study presents the essence of university social responsibility and the special role of universities in promoting and implementing the principles of sustainable development and social responsibility. The activities of the Polish public administration in partnership with the representatives of HEIs, businesses, NGOs which led to the creation of the Declaration of USR were outlined. Examples of good practices applied by the examined universities and the ensuing conclusions were briefly discussed.
    • La ética en las organizaciones empresariales en Lima

      Aristizábal Castañeda, Rayniero José (Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas - UPC, 2020-06-26)
      En este ensayo se presenta una reflexión pragmática sobre la problemática de las organizaciones empresariales, en cuanto a la ética, en el normal desenvolvimiento de sus actividades, en la Lima actual. La finalidad de esta reflexión es generar conciencia, desde tres frentes, en cuanto al comportamiento de los dueños de estas organizaciones en el ambiente social en el que conviven: el primer frente es la ética para una persona de negocios; el segundo, el arte de hacer negocios y su cultura organizacional; y, finalmente, como tercer frente, las empresas enfocadas en el bien común.
    • Your Story is Your Strength: Developing an Ethic of Care Through Transformative Learning

      Bernhagen, Lindsay; Gaffney, Jessica L. (School of Education, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, 2020-06-16)
      The purpose of this study was to explore how transformative-learning theory supported the development of an ethics of care among seven students participating in a women’s leadership development program and how their learning can foster sustainability. Through a leadership program designed to infuse the development of an ethics of care into a general-education curriculum with transformative and feminist pedagogical techniques, participants were challenged to explore how their own experiences influence ways that they acquire knowledge and practiced care for others and the natural world. Data were collected through a process of narrative inquiry using a semi-structured interview format. Themes emerged through the use of storytelling that could help educators and administrators understand how to develop educational programs for women that support and value their unique experiences fostered by women’s ways of knowing.
    • The WTO and the Anti-Corruption Movement

      Ala'i, Padideh (Digital Commons @ American University Washington College of Law, 2008-01-01)
      This article explores the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in promoting good governance while placing WTO within the larger framework of the ongoing global anti-corruption movement. Governmental policies aimed at fighting corruption are part of the good governance criteria set forth by the World Bank and other donor agencies. An important element of good governance is transparency, which has also been one of the pillars of the multilateral trading system. This article argues that from the perspective of the post-Cold War anti-corruption movement, the WTO is an important institution because it provides a comparatively successful forum for the expression and development of good governance values such as transparency. The article first reviews the transparency obligations of the WTO agreements. Second, it reviews the post-cold war anti-corruption movement and its evoluion, and, finally, contrasts WTO's efforts in promoting transparency to the more direct approaches in combatting corruption undertaken by the World Bank.
    • Omsorgsprincipen vid ansökan om internationellt sydd : En studie av det omarbetade asylprocedurdirektivet (2013/32/EU)

      Pereira Cunha, Naiara (Södertörns högskola, Juridik, 2020)
      This paper addresses the principle of care in the recast asylum procedure directive (2013/32/EU). The purpose of the study has been to analyze how the principle of care is expressed in the directive regarding procedures for granting or rejecting asylum, as well as to analyze how the directive was implemented in Sweden. The recast asylum procedure directive aims to harmonize EU’s member states' procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection. Initially, this paper describes how the directive was created and how the principle of care is expressed in the directive and the meaning and content of the principle of care at EU level as well as its content and meaning according to Swedish law. To conclude, the Swedish implementation of the directive’s provisions directly connected to the principle of care will be discussed. The principle of care is one of the principles of good governance. The principles of good governance have been important in EU law to ensure legal protection for individuals when they are in contact with authorities of EU or Member States. In the analysis, what is found is that the principle of care can be divided into several sub-principles or requirements: individuals’ right to get their affairs treated; the obligation of authorities to investigate a request in an impartial manner; fair procedure and handling; authorities’ duty to take individual interests in consideration; authorities’ obligation to act within reasonable time and also other requirements regarding routines and procedure. Since a major part of this paper regards analyzing the relationship between EU law and national Swedish law, a discussion about the Member States’ institutional and procedural autonomy towards EU is also included. A conclusion is that the Swedish implementation of the directive's provisions related to the principle of care was deficient and that the directive itself restricts the Member States’ institutional and procedural autonomy.
    • Czym jest stabilność polityczna państwa?

      Uniwersytet Warszawski; Trzciński, Krzysztof (Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM, 2020-06-08)
      Artykuł traktuje o problemie definiowania pojęcia „stabilność polityczna” państwa. Głównym jego celem jest odpowiedź na pytanie, co znaczy stwierdzenie, że dane państwo jest stabilne politycznie. Artykuł składa się z czterech części. W pierwszej wyjaśniany jest leksykalny sens słów: „stabilny”, „stabilność” i „stabilizacja”. W drugiej części analizowane jest rozumienie znaczenia terminu „stabilność polityczna” w piśmiennictwie politologicznym. Trzecia część artykułu poświęcona jest omówieniu kwantytatywnych prób ujmowania sensu pojęcia stabilności politycznej. W zakończeniu podjęta została próba zdefiniowania przedmiotowego terminu polegająca na syntezie elementów najczęściej spotykanych w propozycjach wyjaśniania istoty stabilności politycznej; oceniono związek między istnieniem stabilności politycznej a podstawowymi typami reżimu politycznego: demokracją i autorytaryzmem; oraz zidentyfikowano główne podejścia konceptualne w pojmowaniu przedmiotowego terminu. "Przegląd Politologiczny" 2015, nr 2, s. 37-47.
    • People’s participation for good governance: a study of rural development programs in Bangladesh

      Waheduzzaman, (2010)
      International development agencies and developed countries are demanding participatory good governance in local government bodies in developing countries to maximise outcomes from development plan implementations. To comply with this demand, the Government of Bangladesh introduced decentralisation, reforms and deregulation measures to use local government bodies to implement most development programs in rural areas with the engagement of local people. However, many researchers argue that there is little scope for the people to be effectively engaged in the affairs of Bangladesh local government. One of the major reasons for this ineffectiveness is the barrier caused by government bureaucrats and politicians. Unfortunately, none of the research studies to date have revealed precisely how these localised political and bureaucratic arrangements create barriers to participation. 
 Considering these circumstances, this study has been designed to investigate the specific circumstances at the local level and the barriers to the process of people’s participation in local government bodies. The research also seeks to find possible ways to increase people’s participation in development programs which can contribute to good governance. The nature of the research is, therefore, to track both the subjective (attitude of government and elected local government officials and local people), and objective factors (administrative and legal systems for people’s participation), which are causing barriers to participation.
    • Training Future Entrepreneurs – Developing and Assessing Sustainability Competencies in Entrepreneurship Education

      Foucrier, Tamsin (Author); Wiek, Arnim (Advisor); Basile, George (Advisor); Barth, Matthias (Committee member); Arizona State University (Publisher) (2020)
      abstract: Employee-owned businesses, benefit corporations, social enterprises, and other sustainability entrepreneurship innovations are responding to challenges such as climate change, economic inequalities, and unethical business behavior. Academic programs to date, however, often fall short in sufficiently equipping students with competencies in sustainability entrepreneurship – from a coherent set of learning objectives, through effective and engaging pedagogies, to rigorous assessment of learning outcomes. This dissertation contributes to bridging these gaps. The first study proposes a process-oriented and literature-based framework of sustainability entrepreneurship competencies. It offers a general vision for students, faculty, and entrepreneurs, as well as for the design of curricula, courses, and assessments. The second study presents an exploration into the nature of sustainability entrepreneurship courses, with a focus on teaching and learning processes. Using pioneering courses at Arizona State University, the study analyzes and compares the links between learning objectives, pedagogies, and learning outcomes. Based on document analysis and semi-structured interviews with course instructors, the study identifies cognitive apprenticeship from input processing to experimentation, constructive alignment from learning objectives to assessments, and curriculum-level coordination across courses as key success factors of sustainability entrepreneurship education. The result of this study can inform instructors and researchers in applying and further substantiating effective educational models for future entrepreneurs. The third study addresses the key question of competence assessment: what are reliable tools for assessing students’ competence in sustainability entrepreneurship? This study developed and tested a novel tool for assessing students’ competence in sustainability entrepreneurship through in-vivo simulated professional situations. The tool was in different settings and evaluated against a set of criteria derived from the literature. To inform educators in business and management programs, this study discusses and concludes under which conditions this assessment tool seems most effective, as well as improvement for future applications of the tool.