Analyze the Surplus Power Entropy of Water Supply Network after an Earthquake Based on the Pressure Drive Demand (PDD) Model
water supply network
surplus power entropy
pressure drive demand
Environmental effects of industries and plants
Renewable energy sources
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AbstractIt is necessary to evaluate the reliability of the water supply network, when the water supply network is damaged by an earthquake. Therefore, this paper researched the feasibility and characteristics of the surplus power entropy as the reliability index of the water supply network, and established a scheme framework for optimizing and improving the reliability of the water supply network. This paper developed a reliability evaluation model for the water supply network after an earthquake. Combined with the Monte Carlo stochastic simulation hydraulic analysis, this model is also based on the pressure-driven nodes water demand model. In the case study, the surplus power entropy method was applied to test the reliability of the model. The statistical curves of the surplus power entropy of nodes and pipe networks, the distribution of the surplus power entropy with different intensities in pipe networks, and the comparison results of three reliability improvement schemes, before and after, were obtained. The influence factors of the surplus power entropy were obtained from the data analysis. The high consistency between the surplus power entropy and flow entropy verifies the feasibility of the surplus power entropy as a reliability index. The three schemes show that the surplus power entropy index can be used as a beneficial supplement to the reliability evaluation index of the pipe network.