Judaica. Neue digitale Folge (JNDF) ist eine 2019 gegründete wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift mit Peer Review zu allen Bereichen der Jüdischen Studien von der Antike bis zur Moderne. Sie erscheint zweimal pro Jahr. JNDF ist die Nachfolgezeitschrift der Judaica. Beiträge zum Verstehen des Judentums (hg. v. ZIID Zürcher Institut für interreligiösen Dialog), die in 74 Jahrgängen als Printversion erschien. Die neue Judaica veröffentlicht Artikel in deutscher, französischer und englischer Sprache. Wie ihre Vorgängerzeitschrift hat sie einen starken Bezug zur Judaistik der Schweizer Universitäten, steht aber selbstredend allen als wissenschaftliche Plattform offen. Redaktionssitz ist das Institut für Judaistik der Universität Bern. Neben Artikeln publiziert JNDF auch Rezensionen.

News

Library contains vol. 1(2020) to current

Recent Submissions

  • Fußspuren eines gaonäischen Midrasch zu Hiob (32:11) in Samuel b. Ḥofnis neu entdecktem Fragment (CUL T-S Ar. 46.156) – Kitāb lawāzim al-Ḥukkām

    Ariel, Neri Yeshayahu (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
     It is well established in research that the earlier sages (“Kadmonim” as well as “Rishonim”) had a broader access to Midrash sources than in modern times, due to changes in the forms of transmission of Jewish traditions. Since the 19th century, scholars have discovered and published fragments of Midrash literature, among other genres, from various recovered sources. Similar rediscoveries have also been made by scholars regarding the Geonim from Babylonia. The Geonic Age spanned the seventh to eleventh centuries in Babylonia. Whereas the early Geonic corpus was composed of collective oral traditions, the successors of Se’adya Gaon (882–942) specialized in the composition of individual halakhic codices. Known as “late monographic works,” the judges’ duties subgenre is the adjudicational and jurisprudential climax of this monographic genre. A fragment from the Cairo Genizah (CUL T-S Ar. 46.156) seems to match what is known to us as the introduction of the almost entirely lost Kitāb lawāzim al-ḥukkām by Samuel ben Ḥofni Gaon (d. 1013). From the Midrash traditions to Job, hardly anything has survived in the sources known to us. In this paper I would like to suggest that this introduction includes several remarks that could be remnants of a lost Misdrash to the book of Job, a biblical book that left almost no Rabbinic tradition behind. With the Genizah fragment presented here, it is suggested that the Geonim either had a midrash to Job that is unknown today; alternatively, they could have created such a midrash themselves - which was not unusual at the time, as scholars have recently elaborated. A third possibility could be the combination of these two literary components: The Geonim had earlier Midrash sources on Job, which they developed further, translated into Judeo-Arabic and adapted to the contemporary Zeitgeist.
  • Law, Hierarchy, and Gender: Reflections on the Exemption of Women from Time-Bound Commandments

    Rhein, Valérie (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    Why do the tannaim exempt women from time-bound commandments (m. Qiddushin 1:7)? In this paper it is argued that the unequal levels of obligation for men and women in rabbinic Judaism creates a hierarchy of mitzvot between them that mimics and virtually replaces the earlier biblical hierarchy of mitzvot between priests and Israel. In both constellations the rabbis consider the obligation to fulfill more commandments to be a privilege. The similarity between the hierarchies priests–Israel and men–women becomes apparent when the selection of commandments from which the tannaim and the amoraim explicitly exempt women are examined more closely: Many of them – the time-bound commandments shofar, lulav, tzitzit, tefillin, and shema as well as the non-time-bound mitzvah of Torah study – share a common feature, namely, their function as “ersatz Temple rituals.” During the transition from a Temple-oriented, priest-based Judaism to a study-oriented rabbinic Judaism, rituals such as these played a crucial role.
  • The Lost Portrait of Gutle Rothschild

    Nashman Fraiman, Susan (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    The lost portrait of the matriarch of the Rothschild family, Gutle Rothschild (1735-1849), offers a window not only into the lives of the Rothschilds, but into the lives of Jewish women of the late 18th and early 19th century. The artist Oppenheim was affiliated with the Rothschild family for close to fifty years, and during that period executed a large number of commissions for them. It is possible to compare his extant works with this painting, which disappeared during World War II. The article examines what can be gleaned from the painting about its subjects and commissioners, as well as probes the question of the changing roles and views of the Jewish woman at the end of the 19th century.
  • David Albaharis Roman Der Bruder als Lektüre aus der sephardischen Diaspora

    Deppner, Corinna (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    In his novel The Brother, David Albahari designs a transmedial network that relates to the breakup of Yugoslavia and the breakup of a family. The confrontation with an unknown brother, who was adopted by a Jewish family in Argentinian exile, lets the coordinates of morality and aesthetics get out of hand: The brother not only reveals himself as a connoisseur of the literature of Jorge Luis Borges, he also bursts into the everyday life of a country that is unprepared for him as a transsexual person. In this spectrum of literary discourse and through the experience of homophobia, of diaspora and transgender reality, memories are stimulated by photographs and aesthetic lines of escape unfold and help accepting the unknown Other.
  • Vorwort

    Bloch, René; Bodenheimer, Alfred (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-08-25)
  • Else Lasker-Schüler, Gedichtbuch für Hugo May. Faksimile Edition

    Balsiger, Selma (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Philipp Lenhard, Friedrich Pollock: Die graue Eminenz der Frankfurter Schule

    Schwagmeier, Peter (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Gershom Scholem, Poetica: Schriften zur Literatur, Übersetzungen, Gedichte

    Stadler, Judith Hélène (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
  • Grundgeschichte und Chronik: Die Fragestellung der frühjüdischen Chronikbücher und ihre Haltung zur Mosesüberlieferung

    Willi, Thomas (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    The Chronicler used two types of sources in writing history: In general, the chronistic narration is based on the „Deuteronomistic history“ as it is called today. Nonetheless, the Pentateuch in its priestly components is another key to its concept. In his historical outline, the Chronicler is aware of differences of time: There is, first of all, the epoch of Moses and of the Mosaic institutions given to a wandering Israel. A new age, second, started with David gathering a scattered people toward the new center in Jerusalem. These epochs are characterized by both continuity in the worship of Yhwh and discontinuity of theperformance of that worship. The ark, the mobile sanctuary in the tent of the desert, was now to find its definite place and house, to be built and inhabited by Yhwh, prepared by David and finally realized by Solomon. According to the Chronicler, God’s word had been present in both epochs, but in different forms. Originally, it was given orally to Moses. Yet, the history of Israel as described by Chronicles refers to written documents (kakkātûb). In light of their attribution in Chronicles we should not call them „priestly“ – as it has been customary since the 19th century (de Wette, Wellhausen) –but more adequately „Mosaic“ tradition. For the Chronicler, such Mosaic tradition was applied and performed by David’s Israel. Of prime importance is the new position of Levi, Moses’ own tribe. According to the P-sources in the Pentateuch, the Levites had to do physical labour for the holy tent. But, in the era of the temple, they gained a new responsibility by interpreting, instructing and applying Tora in its broadest sense. The Priests's duties for their part are presupposed rather than itemized. Since the time of the Exodus – which is deliberately not a topic in Chronicles – they have remained the same. Decisive for the Chronicler is the new presence of Moses’ revelation in the ongoing history of Israel and its kings, accompanied and guided by Moses’ tribe, the Levites.
  • Esters Handlungsmacht in männerdominierten Strukturen: Jüdischer Feminismus zwischen patriarchaler Tradition und neuer Lesart biblischer Texte

    Kaiser, Nora Luisa (Bern Open Publishing (BOP), 2020-09-10)
    This paper on the book of Esther takes up feminist literary criticism with a special emphasis on the concept of agency. It highlights concrete moments of empowerment of Queen Ester.  With the recognition that feminism always underscores the question of power, the figure of Ester is analyzed with regard to the notion of exile and in relation to Mordochai and the king Ahasveros.  Where do we find moments of empowerment in this situation of heteronomy?