Recent Submissions

  • Vliv náboženství na ekonomické postavení žen v rozvojových zemích

    Tichá, Michaela; Brůnová, Dominika (Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava, 2014-08-05)
    Cílem práce je zhodnotit vliv náboženství na ekonomické postavení žen v rozvojových zemích, tj. v zemích se střední a nízkou úrovní HDI. Tato problematika je zkoumána pomocí komparace ukazatelů ve třech skupinách zemí, rozdělených podle převládajícího náboženství: křesťanství, islám a ostatní náboženství (buddhismus, taoismus, hinduismus, kmenové náboženství). Zvolené ukazatele dokládají angažovanost žen na trhu práce a ve společnosti, jejich vzdělanost a úroveň zdravotní péče. Pro komparaci jsou použita data především ze Světové banky či Světového ekonomického fóra, UNESCA atd. Z provedené komparace vyplývá, že co se týče vzdělání, jsou na tom ženy ze skupiny křesťanských zemí nejlépe. V oblasti zaměstnanosti se ve vybraných zemích umístily nejlépe skupina zemí s převládajícím křesťanstvím a ve skupině s ostatním náboženstvím (asijským a africkým), která dosáhla také nejlepších výsledků z hlediska zdravotní péče o ženy. Ve všech zkoumaných oblastech dosahují nejhorších výsledků v postavení žen muslimské země.
  • ¿Empoderamiento o Sumisión? Las estrategias de las madres cabeza de familia protestantes para la negociación entre su doctrina religiosa y su realidad familiar. Estudio de caso: Centro Misionero Bethesda, Sede Norte. Bogotá, Colombia

    Bejarano Ulloa, María Cristina; Castro Támara, Luisa Fernanda (Escuela de Ciencias Humanas, 2012-01-20)
    La doctrina cristiana protestante impone y promueve un modelo de familia nuclear (Padre-Madre e hijo)que genera un tipo de exclusión social a creyentes con familia monoparental como las madres cabeza de familia. Como consecuencia, las adeptas generan estrategias de negociación de empoderamiento o sumisión entre su doctrina y su realidad familiar.
  • 宗教型非營利組織推動社區教育之研究:易經大學個案分析

    江大樹; 人文學院:公共行政與政策學系; 劉克勤; Liu, Ke-Chin (2010)
    [[abstract]]近二十餘年來,非營利組織在台灣蓬勃發展,甚至蔚為一股潮流,這是全球化的趨勢,也是社會環境多元化所必然的,其中宗教型非營利組織更顯特殊。隨著環境事務的改變與挑戰,非營利組織的服務愈趨向「專業化」和組織管理運作模式更趨向「企業化」,其中志工的服務及教育訓練就更是重要的一個環節。然而,強調以宗教信仰為軸心,吸引眾多信徒聚集的宗教型非營利組織,在實際志業的運作上,如同其他非營利組織一樣,皆須仰賴廣泛的志工社群。但要如何培育志工,使其貫徹組織宗旨,無疑是重要的課題。 值此,本研究將選以「易經大學」為例,採取文獻分析、參與觀察及深度訪談等研究方法,一方面解析它為何欲推廣易經社區教學之理由,同時也運用「志工教育訓練」的觀點,探討易經大學在實踐易經社區教育過程中,如何招募、培訓與運用這些志工,使其有效推廣易經、風水社區教學。研究顯示,易經大學之所推動易經社區教育,主要是混元禪師的個人理念為主。混元禪師希望藉由易經大學的創設可以廣泛推廣中華文化固有的道統,促進社會的和諧。至於在志工的教育訓練與運用上,雖然組織採嚴格的模式培訓志工,使其瞭解組織價值及認清自我,進而達成有效責任分工,但是在運作上仍面臨著多重目標問題,進而影響社區教學的成效,這點為還亦值得修正。
  • 宗教型非營利組織推動社區教育之研究:易經大學個案分析

    江大樹; 人文學院:公共行政與政策學系; 劉克勤; Liu, Ke-Chin (2010)
    [[abstract]]近二十餘年來,非營利組織在台灣蓬勃發展,甚至蔚為一股潮流,這是全球化的趨勢,也是社會環境多元化所必然的,其中宗教型非營利組織更顯特殊。隨著環境事務的改變與挑戰,非營利組織的服務愈趨向「專業化」和組織管理運作模式更趨向「企業化」,其中志工的服務及教育訓練就更是重要的一個環節。然而,強調以宗教信仰為軸心,吸引眾多信徒聚集的宗教型非營利組織,在實際志業的運作上,如同其他非營利組織一樣,皆須仰賴廣泛的志工社群。但要如何培育志工,使其貫徹組織宗旨,無疑是重要的課題。 值此,本研究將選以「易經大學」為例,採取文獻分析、參與觀察及深度訪談等研究方法,一方面解析它為何欲推廣易經社區教學之理由,同時也運用「志工教育訓練」的觀點,探討易經大學在實踐易經社區教育過程中,如何招募、培訓與運用這些志工,使其有效推廣易經、風水社區教學。研究顯示,易經大學之所推動易經社區教育,主要是混元禪師的個人理念為主。混元禪師希望藉由易經大學的創設可以廣泛推廣中華文化固有的道統,促進社會的和諧。至於在志工的教育訓練與運用上,雖然組織採嚴格的模式培訓志工,使其瞭解組織價值及認清自我,進而達成有效責任分工,但是在運作上仍面臨著多重目標問題,進而影響社區教學的成效,這點為還亦值得修正。
  • Adverse Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids in Funded and Nonfunded Studies

    Nieto, Antonio; Mazon, Angel; Pamies, Rafael; Linana, Juan J.; Lanuza, Amparo; Jiménez, Fernando Oliver; Medina-Hernandez, Alejandra; Nieto, F. Javier (2016-01-08)
    BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the safety profile of drugs may vary depending on study sponsorship. We aimed to evaluate differences between studies funded by the pharmaceutical manufacturer of the drug (PF) and those with no pharmaceutical funding (NoPF) regarding the finding and interpretation of adverse effects of inhaled corticosteroids. METHODS: We assessed the safety reporting of inhaled corticosteroids in 275 PF and 229 NoPF studies identified by a MEDLINE search using prespecified criteria. RESULTS: Overall, the finding of statistically significant differences for adverse effects was significantly less frequent in PF (34.5%) than in NoPF (65.1%) studies (prevalence ratio, 0.53; 95% confidence interval, 0.44-0.64). This association became nonsignificant (prevalence ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-1.15) after controlling for design features (such as dose or use of parallel groups) that tended to be associated with less frequent finding of adverse effects and were more common in PF studies. Among studies finding a statistically significant increase in adverse effects associated with the study drug, the authors of PF articles concluded that the drug was "safe" more frequently than the authors of NoPF studies (prevalence ratio, 3.68; 95% confidence interval, 2.14-6.33). CONCLUSIONS: The type of funding may have determinant effects on the design of studies and on the interpretation of findings: funding by the industry is associated with design features less likely to lead to finding statistically significant adverse effects and with a more favorable clinical interpretation of such findings. Disclosure of conflicts of interest should be strengthened for a more balanced opinion on the safety of drugs.
  • Law School as a Culture of Conversation: Re-imagining Legal Education as a Process of Conversion to the Demands of Authentic Conversation

    Kalscheur, Gregory A., S.J. (SelectedWorks, 1996-01-01)
    Conventional wisdom holds that the principal task of a law school is to teach law students to "think like lawyers." However, law school can be experienced as a form of narrow training that diminishes something central to the human person: the fundamental drive to question and to follow those questions wherever they lead. This Article will explore the ways in which the thought of two scholars, Bernard Lonergan and James Boyd White, can usefully inform our understanding of this crisis of meaning and value within the context of a conception of law as a social and cultural activity. First, this Article describes the distortions in legal education caused by the narrowing of mind and perspective that coincides with an understanding of the role of the lawyer as a technician manipulating the rules. Then this Article outlines Lonergan's understanding of the constitutive function of acts of meaning and White's analogous understanding of law as a meaning-making activity that is constitutive of character and community. Next, this Article argues that the law can be understood as a form of what Lonergan calls practical common sense. As a form of common sense knowing, the law is subject to the problems associated with general bias. Accordingly, the Article explores the manner in which the problem of general bias in the law might be addressed within an understanding of the law – and especially the law school – as a culture of argument and authentic conversation that promotes heightened fidelity to the unrestricted desire to know. Finally, this Article suggests that the commitments and traditions of the Society of Jesus give a law school which operates within the context of a Jesuit university unique motivations and opportunities to establish an environment that truly is a culture of authentic conversation that promotes openness to the central demand of authentic conversation: the demand to give oneself wholly to the unrestricted desire to know by letting one’s questions take over and by following those questions wherever they lead.
  • Sustainable microfinance in Indonesia : a sociocultural approach

    Prawiranata, Iwan R (2013)
    Microfinance programs were established in the Netherlands East Indies as a strategy
 to alleviate poverty in pre-dominantly Moslem rural communities. When Indonesia
 won its independence, these government-subsidized microfinance programs based
 on the payment of interest were continued until 1983, when the Indonesian
 government deregulated the banking system. Subsequently, microfinance programs
 were developed on a commercial basis to become one of the largest microfinance
 sectors in the world, but one that has not been focused on poverty alleviation.
 This research has examined issues of sustainability of microfinance
 institutions, poverty alleviation, sociocultural and religious values in three local
 communities in West Java. It contends that sociocultural and religious factors
 influence human behavior as well as the agency of borrowers and the microfinance
 institutions. With respect to Sundanese cultural and Islamic values, the borrowers
 and microfinance institutions, guided by their own interests, accommodate
 complimentary and contradictory elements. In this accommodation, bank officials
 play a critical role as arbiters and mediators. Local religious leaders, supporting the
 economic interests of their community, have sanctioned the payment of interest on
 microloans.
  • Law School as a Culture of Conversation: Re-imagining Legal Education as a Process of Conversion to the Demands of Authentic Conversation

    Kalscheur, Gregory A., S.J. (Digital Commons @ Boston College Law School, 1996-01-01)
    Conventional wisdom holds that the principal task of a law school is to teach law students to "think like lawyers." However, law school can be experienced as a form of narrow training that diminishes something central to the human person: the fundamental drive to question and to follow those questions wherever they lead. This Article will explore the ways in which the thought of two scholars, Bernard Lonergan and James Boyd White, can usefully inform our understanding of this crisis of meaning and value within the context of a conception of law as a social and cultural activity. First, this Article describes the distortions in legal education caused by the narrowing of mind and perspective that coincides with an understanding of the role of the lawyer as a technician manipulating the rules. Then this Article outlines Lonergan's understanding of the constitutive function of acts of meaning and White's analogous understanding of law as a meaning-making activity that is constitutive of character and community. Next, this Article argues that the law can be understood as a form of what Lonergan calls practical common sense. As a form of common sense knowing, the law is subject to the problems associated with general bias. Accordingly, the Article explores the manner in which the problem of general bias in the law might be addressed within an understanding of the law – and especially the law school – as a culture of argument and authentic conversation that promotes heightened fidelity to the unrestricted desire to know. Finally, this Article suggests that the commitments and traditions of the Society of Jesus give a law school which operates within the context of a Jesuit university unique motivations and opportunities to establish an environment that truly is a culture of authentic conversation that promotes openness to the central demand of authentic conversation: the demand to give oneself wholly to the unrestricted desire to know by letting one’s questions take over and by following those questions wherever they lead.
  • Dedication Put Moller Ahead, Not Fabrication

    Moreno, Juan; Mousseau, Tim (2016-01-09)
  • Cryptomnesia = Criptomnesia

    Barcat, Juan Antonio (2016-01-08)
  • Fiqh al-Qadaya al-tibbiyah al-mu'asirah, dirasah fiqhiyah tibbiyah muqaranah muzawwadah bi qararat al-majami'al-fiqhiyah wa al-nadawat al-'ilmiyah

    Qaradaghí, 'Alí Muhyi al-Din; Muhammadí, 'Ali Yusuf (2016-01-08)
    The study consists of a preliminary chapter - about Islamic methodology of dealing with contemporary medical issues - and six main chapters: definitions, rulings, and guidelines; types of medicine in Islam; gene therapy from the Islamic perspective; abortion, embryonic development, and beginning of life; and issues related to medical education and anatomy.
  • Fraud: Retracted Articles Are Still Being Cited

    Campanario, Juan Miguel (2016-01-08)
  • Bioethics in Argentina: A Country Report

    Macklin, Ruth; Luna, Florencia (2015-05-05)

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