Recent Submissions

  • Confucianism in Context Classic Philosophy and Contemporary Issues, East Asia and Beyond

    Chang, Wonsuk.; Kalmanson, Leah.
    A wide-ranging consideration of Confucianism for Western readers.
  • Confucius for Christians What an Ancient Chinese Worldview Can Teach Us about Life in Christ

    Ten Elshof, Gregg A.
    Intro -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Confucian Christianity? -- 2. Family -- 3. Learning -- 4. Ethics -- 5. Ritual -- 6. Sam
  • “Cutting Up a Chicken with a Cow-Cleaver” : Confucianism as a Religion in Japan’s Courts of Law

    Larsson, Ernils (Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionenUppsala universitet, Centrum för forskning om religion och samhälle (CRS)Basel, Switzerland : MDPI AG, 2022)
    This paper explores the Naha Confucius Temple case, resolved by the Supreme Court in February 2021, in light of postwar decisions on Articles 20 and 89 of the Japanese constitution. Religion is a contested category in Japanese legislation, appearing both in the constitution and in laws regulating the freedoms and restrictions of legally registered religious organizations. While the organization behind the Confucius Temple in Naha was registered as a general corporate juridical person, the majority opinion sided with the plaintiffs’ argument that the free lease granted to the temple by the municipality of Naha constituted a violence of the ban on public sponsorship of religious institutions and activities. In order to reach their decision, the Supreme Court and the lower courts not only had to decide on whether Confucianism was a religion or not, but also on whether the organization behind the temple—a group dedicated to the history and memory of the Chinese immigrant community in Naha—should in fact be considered a religious organization. The outcome of the case is a good example of religion-making in courts of law, with a central institution of power employing notions of sui generis religion to regulate and define civil actors.
  • Looking for the "Vulnerable Subject": The Mencian Account of the Person

    CONSIGLIO E (Il Mulinocountry:IT, 2019)
    The idea of the legal subject as an autonomous agent, with the capacity to choose and freely determine herself without external constraints or interference, complete in herself and independent, has had remarkable normative implications in structuring contemporary legal systems. The philosopher Martha Fineman recently argued against this notion, proposing the alternative one of “vulnerable subject.” This paper suggests that the notion of the person elaborated by the classical Confucian thinkers encompasses the “vulnerable subject.” The Confucian theorizations resonate with the ethic of care; however, their moral and normative relevance carries the potential for a broader scope of application, beyond the relation of care. Following a short introduction aimed at sketching the main arguments of the feminist and Marxist critique of the liberal subject, in the first part of my paper, I will illustrate the Confucian framework, and in the second part I will show how the Confucian understanding of personhood can be profitably used, testing it with the case study of persons trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation.

    Olberding, Amy; Snow, Nancy; Riggs, Wayne; Benson, Hugh; Goble, Geoffrey; Xie, Wenhui (2022-05-12)
    In this dissertation, I present three distinct papers connected through the theme of control.
 The Analects suggests a view of control or human efficacy that we have a great deal of control over events related to us. But our control is often partial, limited, and indeterminate. It suggests, in other words, a continuum of control that goes from having (relatively) full control over certain things to having (relatively) no control over certain things, with a middle section where we exert partial and indeterminate amount of control. Operating under this model of control, I develop and argue for three theses regarding 1) the emotion of worry when our control and concern over things should go beyond a small set; 2) humility when we are humbled by the challenge of self-cultivation and others’ contributions; and 3) relational virtue when we give up a certain control and let others partially determine not just what we do, but who we are. 
 In the first paper, I argue that in the Analects, learning to worry well is part and parcel of the Confucian cultivation program, and it includes learning to worry broadly about non-related others, and deeply about intimate others.
 In the second paper, I argue that in the Analects, humility is about ritually expressed vigilance developed from a strong desire for cultivating oneself and devotion to responsibilities that honor forerunners and check against misanthropy. 
 In the third paper, I argue that relational virtues that characterize being a good friend, spouse, sibling, or child require more than the agent’s disposition, but also acknowledgement from intimate others, and in unfortunate situations, public acknowledgement and evaluation. To be relationally virtuous, the agent does not fully determine whether she is virtuous or not.
  • 'Wir tun nichts Gutes, wobei wir nicht sündigen': De heiliging in de verkondiging binnen de gereformeerde kerk in het 19e eeuwse Wuppertal

    J. Hans Kommers (AOSIS, 2012-10-01)
    In de turbulente jaren van het midden van de 19e eeuw opponeerde de prediker Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrügge (1803−1875) tegen het optimistische vooruitgangsgeloof van zijn tijd, met zijn reformatorische verkondiging waarin Jezus Christus in het midden van de verkondiging werd gezet. In zijn preken schilderde hij niet met waterverf; een natte spons erover en alles was weg, maar zijn woorden haakten in harten en gewetens van zijn toehoorders. Juist op het ‘doen’ in het geloof legde hij accenten, waar tot op deze dag nog over gesproken wordt. Hoe zit het? Een christen doet goede werken en is volkomen in Christus en dan toch: ‘Wir tun nichts Gutes, wobei wir nicht sündigen’ (Kohlbrügge 1903:33). De concrete, praktische zaken van het leven worden bij hem niet geplaatst in de ervaringswereld van de toehoorders, kortom, dichter bij hun leven, maar toehoorders en hun werkelijkheid worden gezien in het licht van de opgestane Christus. Hoe voorkomen wij dat ons kader wordt scheefgetrokken waarin het menselijke en het geestelijke gescheiden wordt? Heiliging vraagt om een geïntergreerd leven. ‘Wir tun nichts Gutes, wobei wir nicht sündigen’: The sanctification in the ministry within the Reformed church in the 19th century Wuppertal. In the turbulent years of the mid–19th century the preacher Hermann Friedrich Kohlbrügge (1803–1875) stood up against the prevailing opinion of an optimistic feel good religion with a biblical preaching in which Jesus Christ is glorified. When he preached, he did not portray with a pencil, which can be erased easily. His words were engraved in the hearts and conscience of the people listening to him. His way of highlighting the ‘deeds’ in Christian belief, are issues people still discuss today. This is how he sees it: a Christian does good deeds and is completely sanctified in Christ, yet ‘Wir tun nichts Gutes, wobei wir nicht sündigen’ (Kohlbrügge 1903:33). The practical and modern day issues of life are not placed in the experienced way people were used too, but the reality is being shown in the light of the Risen Lord. How do we prevent our framework from being pulled into the wrong direction? A direction in which the human and spiritual is separated. Sanctification means an integrated life.
  • Sustainable banking: A literature review and integrative framework

    Aracil, Elisa; N?jera-S?nchez, Juan-Jos?; Forcadell, Francisco Javier (Elsevier, 2022-04-27)
    The literature on sustainable banking has been prolific since the beginning of the century. This context prompts the need to understand and categorize an increasingly heterogeneous body of sustainable banking literature. We perform a literature review using bibliometric techniques of 676 articles published between 1995 and 2019 in the Web of Science (WoS) database. Our results provide a perspective on the evolution of the sustainable banking literature over time and across academic categories and journals. An integrative framework emerges from the review, providing a comprehensive perspective of the nine clusters or thematic areas in sustainable banking literature embedded in three domains: Ethical Foundations, Sustainable Products, and Business-Case. The framework integrates the rich literature on sustainable banking, maps the predominant research areas, and highlights the primary research gaps. Finally, the literature review demonstrates a progressive convergence of the instrumental and ethical approaches to sustainable banking. This convergence highlights the importance of both the vivid societal debate around the role of banks in the advancement toward sustainability and the business rationale for banks to engage in sustainable strategies.
  • Las histerectomías coercitivas en la India: marco de análisis y pautas para la intervención

    María Alejandra Martínez Gandolfi; Javier Rodríguez Mir (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 2022-05-01)
    La histerectomía en la India ha generado sospechas por su aumento inusual en mujeres jóvenes, analfabetas y pobres de zonas rurales. El objetivo del trabajo es analizar la relación entre violencia obstétrica, explotación laboral agrícola, prácticas médicas no éticas y tabúes relativos al útero y la menstruación. La metodología estuvo basada en una revisión bibliográfica sistemática mediante motores de búsquedas académicos que posibilitaron localizar las publicaciones más actuales y significativas sobre la problemática tratada. Los resultados indican que la práctica de la histerectomía está normalizada en la India y que resulta funcional al sistema capitalista, al sistema sanitario y a las pacientes para conseguir o conservar el empleo. Se concluye con la necesidad de activar auditorias médicas, destinar esfuerzos para lograr una mayor transparencia de los servicios sanitarios y centrar la atención sanitaria en una perspectiva de derechos humanos, con un enfoque de género que, especialmente empodere a las mujeres de bajo recursos para tomar decisiones que afectan a su propio cuerpo.
  • Una aproximación crítica a la categoría dignidad humana desde la teología moral

    Briceño Sánchez, Carlos Alberto; Romero Contreras, Juan Pablo (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaTeologíaFacultad de Teología, 2021-07-23)
    En el contexto colombiano se ha llegado a considerar que el hombre o la mujer es bueno o
 buena, en la medida en que brinde ayuda o tenga la capacidad de brindar aquello que posee
 en su hogar a aquel que necesita, sin embargo, cuando se hace referencia a acciones
 concretas o juicios de valor, la realidad cambia y se cae en un moralismo en el que se
 valora más la acción que la persona, por ejemplo, es sorprendente ver en el noticiero cómo
 se presenta una persona como un objeto o una baja de guerra en medio de un conflicto
 armado como el colombiano, ya no es una persona, es un triunfo dentro de la crueldad que
 produce la violencia.
  • Una mirada a la ética periodística y al periodismo digital en el cubrimiento del crimen organizado : el caso de InSight Crime

    Salazar Palacio, Hernando; Jiménez Herrera, Juan Sebastián; Manjarrés Romero, Juliana (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaComunicación SocialFacultad de Comunicación y Lenguaje, 2021-02-04)
    La presente es una investigación de carácter cualitativo en la que se analiza el cubrimiento realizado por InSight Crime del crimen organizado en la frontera colombo-venezolana a la luz de la ética periodística y del periodismo digital. El trabajo tiene como objetivo identificar las lecciones aprendidas y ofrecer pautas éticas para cubrir la criminalidad organizada en la zona. Se aplicó la revisión documental de 102 piezas periodísticas y una entrevista semiestructurada a cinco miembros de la organización. De esta manera, se identificó que en escenarios dominados por la criminalidad organizada, el fiel cumplimiento a los lineamientos éticos del periodismo resulta poco viable. En ese sentido, es necesario educar periodistas críticos y conscientes de los valores éticos de la profesión, para que así puedan tomar decisiones en ambientes permeados por el crimen organizado.
  • Usos y desusos de lo moral frente al envejecimiento y la vejez. Una aproximación a las formas que toma la economía moral en el Comité Operativo de Envejecimiento y Vejez de Bogotá D.C

    Medina Chavez, Ana Maria; Vera Lugo, Juan Pablo; Velasquez Robles, Dario Alejandro (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaAntropologíaFacultad de Ciencias Sociales, 2022-01-13)
    Este trabajo busca comprender las formas que toma la economía moral en el Comité Operativo de Envejecimiento y Vejez de la ciudad de Bogotá D.C, cuya función es ser la principal instancia consultiva del Distrito en la coordinación, concertación y ejecución de políticas públicas. La investigación procuró comprender las relaciones que componen lo moral, lo económico, la vejez, el envejecimiento y la agencia al interior del Comité, reconociendo lo intrínseco y quizás problemático de la moral y sus ambivalencias en las decisiones, intervenciones y discusiones realizadas en este. Abordar las formas que toma lo moral implica dar cuenta de los documentos que se sustentan la creación del comité y la atención por las personas mayores, desarrollar las perspectivas sobre la moral y el envejecimiento de algunos de los miembros, y atender a las distintas reuniones del comité para dar cuenta las formas que toma lo moral en las discusiones. Los miembros del comité incluyen personas de las cuales se espera la capacidad de entender y agenciar cambios en las distintas instituciones y espacios sociales de los cuales son parte, dichos cambios y opiniones están cruzadas por perspectivas morales, en consecuencia, es necesario comprender las formas que toma esa moral en los espacios internos y externos a la discusión del Comité. En este trabajo se observan que las formas que toma la economía moral son tres: forma de argumento, forma de justificación y una forma asociada a la gerontogogía. Formas que configuran mecanismos de interacción y operación de lo moral, que se vinculan profundamente en lo político, en lo emocional y en las preguntas por el valor de la vida.
  • La série Fargo ou le ré-ensauvagement du monde. Une économie politique de la prédation

    Flandrin, Laure (GRIC - Groupe de recherche Identités et CulturesTV/Series, 2022-05-03)
    Cet article propose d’examiner l’intelligence du social propre aux trois premières saisons de la série télévisuelle américaine Fargo, inspirée du film des frères Coen sorti en 1996, et diffusée sur la chaîne FX de 2014 à 2017. Ces trois saisons relèvent d’une structuration schématique commune en dépit du format anthologique de la série supposé garantir leur indépendance narrative. Dans chacune de ces saisons, une grande entreprise mafieuse s’avise en effet de réaliser une opération d’expansion aux dépends d’une unité familiale de production. La révolution reaganienne des années 1980 a libéré les désirs d’appropriation sous la forme brute de la prédation et les enjeux de sécurisation du capital sont devenus vitaux chez les entrepreneurs ciblés. Ces récurrences analogiques d’une saison à l’autre témoignent d’un minutieux travail d’exploration sérielle des grandes mythologies américaines, et en particulier du darwinisme social, qui se représente l’économie comme un biotope structuré par des réseaux trophiques et l’homo œconomicus comme un animal. À cet entrecroisement permanent des registres de l’économie, de la biologie et de la guerre, la série oppose classiquement un ressourcement moral du capitalisme américain dans son éthique protestante originelle, mais propose aussi une critique politique autrement plus radicale de l’ultra-libéralisme économique.
  • Responsible Management Education Some Voices from Asia

    Swamy, Ranjini.
    Cover -- Contents -- Introduction -- The Six Principles of PRME -- Chapter 1: Responsible Management: Drivers and Responses Discussed at the Pre-Forum Workshop in the 6th PRME Asia Forum -- Part I: Case Studies on Institute-Level Interventions to Promote Responsible Management -- Chapter 2: Indira School of Business Studies in Pursuit of Responsible Management Education -- Chapter 3: The Colegio De San Juan De Letran Calamba, Philippines: Nurturing and Shaping Professionals Toward Social Orientation and Care of Creations -- Chapter 4: The Centre for Corporate Sustainability and Innovations, Hang Seng Management College, Hong Kong -- Part II: Case Studies on Course-Level Interventions to Promote Responsible Management -- Chapter 5: Responsible Management Education: Course-Level Interventions Discussed atthe Pre-Forum Workshop in the 6th PRME Asia Forum -- Chapter 6: Course on Marketing Ethics at the Indian Institute of Management, Indore: A Reflection -- Chapter 7: Teaching Ethics in Business: Experience at a University in India -- Chapter 8: Meeting the Unmet Needs of the Rural Poor-Applying the MOIP Framework in a Course on Rural Marketing -- Chapter 9: Responsible Management Education: Summary -- About the Authors -- Index -- Adpage -- Backcover
  • A Social Property Ethic for the Corporation in Light of Catholic Social Thought

    Cortright, S. A.; Pierucci, Ernest S.; Naughton, Michael J. (UST Research Online, 2022-05-05)
  • Ženy v rekatolizaci českých zemí

    Vlnas, Vít; Čornejová, Ivana; Knoz, Tomáš; Jiřincová, Barbora (2019)
    The thesis addresses the topic of women in the process of the recatholization of Bohemia and focuses mainly on the first half of the 17th century. The author investigated if and how much the experience of women differed from that of men. More than the legislation and newly created norms the application of these directions enlightens the topic of women. Rich material connected to the activity of the recatholization commission and other authorities devoted to the conversion of Czech population was used. Sources of statistical character were used for evaluation of the results of the process. Because of their extent, regional restriction had to be made - we focused on Boleslavsko. In the focus of the thesis were mainly townswomen and lower nobility. One of the most important findings is the fact that the authorities saw women as important as men in the process. Although specific, seemingly more moderate, means for coercion were used in women's case. This flexibility is typical for the Catholic church's approach to women and we are in concord with other researchers, mostly from abroad. The findings also contribute to our knowledge of the process of the recatholization of the Czech lands. KEY WORDS Recatholization, Catholic reformation, women's history, gender history, early modern ages, counter-reformation.
  • El papel de la Iglesia Católica en el disciplinamiento de los cuerpos durante la posguerra en la Provincia de Alicante (1939-1942)

    Svarch, Ariel; Díaz Casas, María Camila; León Olarte, Liz Nataly (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaHistoriaFacultad de Ciencias Sociales, 2021-03-25)
    Con el final de la Guerra Civil española y la toma del poder por parte de Francisco Franco, fueron muchos los afectados por la Segunda República que acabaron en centros de reclusión. Esto provocó el colapso de las cárceles, las prisiones y la creación de campos de concentración. Debido a esto, el nuevo Estado concedió a la Iglesia Católica todo lo relacionado con el disciplinamiento de los centros penitenciarios, con la creación de la Junta Central de Redención de Penas por el Trabajo, hasta la influencia en la Ley de Responsabilidades Políticas, con el fin de construir desde allí nuevos hombres y mujeres franquistas funcionales al Régimen.
  • Vybraná pojetí soukromého vlastnictví v ekonomickém myšlení XIX. století: Manifest komunistické strany versus Rerum novarum

    Vyhnánek, Tomáš; Skuhrovec, Jiří; Šárková, Kristýna (2012)
    The bachelor thesis compares the Catholic and Marxist understanding of private property as expressed in Rerum Novarum and the Manifesto of the Communist Party. The situation of the lowest class had demeaned during the 19th century to such a level that a large part of society had to face an existential crisis. A continually decreasing wage, alarming working conditions, the non-existence of social security and a high unemployment rate were characteristic for the 19th century. With the rise of mechanical production women and children started playing an active part in the working process, thus escalating the competition on the labour market. Karl Marx's solution written down in the Manifesto was based on abolishing private property and allocating it under collective keeping. On the contrary, the Catholic Church insisted on maintaining private property and emphasized solidarity among social classes. The Church's reaction to the condition of the lowest class and the growing support of communism in Europe was formulated in the first social encyclical Rerum Novarum. The thesis compares both views involved through describing the historical background and understanding of property. The rest of the work deals with a more detailed analysis of the Catholic point of view, followed by a discussion of the application and...
  • Genderová analýza vnímání prvotního hříchu, z pohledu vybraného vzorku věřících, české komunity z Rumunska

    Knotková - Čapková, Blanka; Kobová, Ĺubica; Pekárková Schneiderová, Eliška (2014)
    In my thesis I deal with a biblical "myth" of the original sin and with a question how this topic can demonstrate the genesis of gender duality in a sense of superiority and inferiority using the authors catholic and feminist theology and subsequent data collection. The topic of the original sin is being analysed from a gender view -first in the theoretical part of the thesis that has helped me to continue to the following part of a research. The research consists of semi-structured interviews with a group of people belonging to a specific community. These people were born in the Czech villages in Romania and live nowadays in the Czech Republic. The original sin and its "myth" are still being presented at the level of a myth. His consequences remain in the background of the society and public attention. That is why I decided to deal with this topic. In this way I connect my own interest with this group, which includes a minority of a society with special characteristics. The aim of this thesis is to present the consequences of the original sin on a theoretical level and in terms of research, which I also contribute to with my interviews. And so to answer the research question regarding the influence of minority companies mostly from the standpoint of faith.
  • Catholic Women and Religious Life in an Early Modern Lithuanian Town: The Case of Kaunas

    Kamuntavičienė, Vaida (Laboratoire de recherche historique Rhône-Alpes - LARHRA UMR 5190Chrétiens et sociétés, 2022-05-13)
    Multicultural, multi-ethnic, and multi-religious Kaunas was one of the biggest towns of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In Early Modern period, various religious communities such as the Catholic, the Orthodox, the Lutheran and the Jewish coexisted in this town. Relations between the different groups of society were regulated by the Lithuanian Statutes which underwent three redactions in 1529, 1566, and 1588. The last redaction operated till 1842. The Magdeburg law was also adopted in Lithuanian towns. Although the role of women in Lithuanian towns of the sixteenth century determined by the legislation traditions has been investigated, the role of the Catholic women in the religious and social life of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania has not been researched so far.The aim of this article is to describe the three ways in which Kaunas’ Catholic women realized themselves in the religious and social life of the town. In the masculinized society of the Early Modern epoch, the women of Kaunas acted as founders of Catholic churches, convents and altars, as pious women who took care of the veneration of supposedly miraculous images, and as nuns. There were two nunneries in the town – the Bernardine and the Benedictine. Although living under the conditions of strict religious enclosure, Kaunas nuns participated in the judicial processes, defended their material issues, supported other Catholics women in their difficult life situations, and contributed to strengthening the position of the Catholic Church in Kaunas. These examples highlight the previously unnoticed deeds of the Kaunas women and emphasize their role in the Early Modern society outside the private lives.

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