Recent Submissions

  • Female, Veiled, Active: Muslim Professionals in Self-development Training in Today's Kyrgyzstan

    Stephan-Emmrich, Manja; Toktogulova, Mukaram (DEU, 2024-05-06)
    This article investigates the nexus between private Islamic education initiatives and spiritual self-development trainings that address in particular Muslim women in Kyrgyzstan. Translating religious knowledge into a pedagogy for self-development that works through biography, embodiment and persuasive aesthetics, publicly active veiled Muslim women contribute to the pluralisation of Islamic knowledge circulation in Kyrgyzstan and shape a kind of female leadership distinct from that of traditional religious authorities. Tackling Muslim professionalism as a practice of articulation that works through an embodied pedagogy, the authors highlight how professional Muslim women engage in affective politics and construct collective subjectivities that build on notions of Muslim modernity by promoting the imaginary of the active, self-reliant and knowledgeable Muslim woman. Thinking Muslim professionalism through affective work, this article seeks to better understand how Muslim renewal and religious revitalisation inspire educational and media professionalism in today's Kyrgyzstan. Furthermore, the paper discusses the ways in which publicly active veiled Muslim women build inclusive communities of belonging through professional activities that transcend social and spatial boundaries.

    Muhammad Syihabuddin; Zulfi Mubaraq; M. Lutfi Mustofa (Jember: LP2M IAIN Jember, 2023-12-01)
    Environmental problems become humanitarian problems, such as damaged area layers, erosion, and disease outbreaks that make the ecosystem unbalanced, which will endanger humans. Meanwhile, the discussion of Islamic relations and environmental ethics has always continued to be debated, ranging from handling and solving to sustainable businesses. This paper aims to elucidate the eco-religious paradigm and implications of ecological ethics in Islamic studies, including environmental movements. The study employs the analytical descriptive literature research issue. Islamic study and environmental ethics functionally serve as a tool or media that provides insight into various approaches to comprehending the relationship between Islam and environmental ethics so as not to be trapped in the fanaticism of secularism and human arrogance in dealing with nature. This study contributes theoretically through relationship theory, inter-relationship to interaction in terms of religious and environmental ethics points of view. Also, it seeks to make practical contributions in the form of human spiritual awareness to preserve the environment as a form of constructing natural values (hablu min al-‘alam). Furthermore, environmental ethics continues to evolve, adjusting to the need to assemble harmony in the future.
  • Salafism as Gramscian informed vanguardism

    Ramaioli, Massimo (NLD, 2024-04-16)
    In this study, I offer a categorization of Salafism based on the concept of vanguardism. Vanguardism suggests how Salafis inhabit the political domain, by posing as the vanguard of a privileged group endowed with a historical mission. Relatedly, I summon the Gramscian concept of "philosophy of praxis." With this, I intend to reconfigure Wiktorowicz's classificatory scheme predicated on too stark an opposition between ‘aqīdah (theory) and manhaj (method). The philosophy of praxis accounts for the inherent tension between these two domains. Such tension is manifest in Salafis' ambiguities, compromises, internal rifts, ideological adjustments, and revisions. Two related Gramscian concepts, historical bloc and modern Prince, bring such considerations more immediately into the political. They highlight, respectively, the political-historical context in which Salafis operate and the political-historical role they play as instances of vanguardism. I then put forth my classificatory scheme in the form of a typology. One axis is represented by the attitude towards the "historical bloc" (pro or anti) and the kind of vanguard posturing that emerges out of it (support, creation, or activation). The other axis is represented by the specific framing of the "Enemy" category on the part of the Salafi vanguard (historical/institutional or essential/identitarian), and the stance they consequently assume towards it (compromise/accommodation or rejection/denunciation). The resulting classification offers six categories (accommodationists, partisans, delayers, agitators, mobilizers, and belligerents). Stressing the fundamental political nature of contemporary Salafism - its vanguardism - they account for its inscription in a specific, modern way of thinking and acting the political.
  • Sexual Harassment: A cultural Epidemic in Egypt and It’s Relation with Islamic Religion

    Elaraby, Moemen (Uppsala universitet, Teologiska institutionen, 2024)
    Sexual Harassment is a phenomenon that is widely disseminated around the globe. Sexual harassment has many forms not only physical but also verbal through unwelcomed comments. This thesis will focus on analysing the topic of sexual harassment from an Islamic perspective using Egypt as a case study to examine the phenomenon. The mentioned perspective will deliberately examine different apprehensions of Quranic verses in Islam related to roles and rights of women in society. In that context, the thesis will discuss how some interpretations, among the interpretations presented in the paper, for certain Quranic verses can pragmatically lead to inequality between males and females in Egyptian society, which, eventually might cause/ lead to sexual harassment; the thesis will also focus on the other interpretations provided by Quranic scholars that presents different meanings to these verses, which endorses women’s rights and consequently rebukes sexual harassment against women in society. This paper will narrow down the study to discuss the root cause that creates the culture of the epidemic of sexual harassment in Egypt in terms of linking other factors to interpretations of the certain Quranic verses as referenced earlier. The reasons as it will be indicated in the paper are education, social norms, weak law implementation, and controversial interpretation of Quranic verses related to women’s rights and obligation in the society or in the household. The main question that this thesis is aiming to answer is how can different interpretations of Quranic verses related to women rights and obligations provoke sexual harassment against women in the Egyptian society? Are these interpretations embedded within the cultural norms and traditions? The paper will also discuss the state’s legal frameworks and its implementation against sexual harassment and how can the state response be improved. Moreover, the role of NGOs will also be discussed and what hinders their action against this phenomenon. The thesis has two main theories that are used throughout the whole paper which are Islamic Hermeneutics and Islamic Feminism, which mainly contributes to providing different doctrine interpretations of controversial Quranic verses related to women rights and the relevance of the verses within a certain context. In addition to that, the paper aims to discuss the relevance of the idea of having an Islamic approach to combat sexual harassment in collaboration with NGOs, International organizations, and some religious institutions. 
  • Kejawen dalam Pandangan Islam

    Ali Imron; Anggi Eryana; Rohmat Suprapto (Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri, 2023-07-01)
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to find out the activities of Javanese culture which is known as kejawen in the village of Demak. People who embrace Islam but do not refuse to preserve the culture of their ancestors. The research methodology used is qualitative by direct observation and interviews with competent informants and documentation. The results of this study were obtained that, starting from the meaning of kejawen in the literal sense, it means Javanese belief. Furthermore, this term refers to everything related to beliefs and customs that develop in Javanese society in particular. From a philosophical point of view, kejawen presents certain teachings whose purpose is to lead people to have good manners, noble values, and an existing divine perspective. With the inclusion of various religious sects in Javanese society over a long period of time, the Kejawen belief experienced acculturation with various other religions. Kejawen Islamic culture is still thick with things that contain shirk, which in Islam itself strictly prohibits this which is explained in the Koran and hadith. Abstrak: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui aktivitas kedudayaan jawa yang disebut dengan istilah kejawen di Desa wilayah Demak. Masyarakat yang memeluk agama islam namun tidak menolak melestarikan kebudayaan para leluhur. Metodologi penelitian yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan melakukan observasi secara langsung dan wawancara kepada para narasumber yang berkompeten serta melakukan dokumentasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini diperoleh bahwa, diawali dari makna kejawen dalam arti harfiah bermakna kepercayaan Jawa. Lebih lanjut, istilah ini merujuk pada segala hal yang memiliki hubungan dengan kepercayaan maupun adat-istiadat yang berkembang di masyarakat Jawa khususnya. Dari segi filsafat, kejawen menghadirkan ajaran-ajaran tertentu yang tujuannya menggiring manusia untuk memiliki tata krama, nilai-nilai luhur, serta cara pandang ketuhanan yang berada. Dengan masuknya berbagai aliran keagamaan di masyarakat Jawa dalam rentang periode yang lama, kepercayaan kejawen mengalami akulturasi dengan berbagai agama lain. Kebudayaan islam kejawen masih kental dengan hal-hal mengandung syirik, yang mana di islam sendiri sangat melarang hal tersebut yang mana di jelaskan dalam al’quran dan hadis.
  • Être musulmane et sujet éthique et spirituel : Vivre-ensemble et autres concepts expérientiels mobilisés par des soufies montréalaises

    Mekki-Berrada, Abdelwahed; Ben Driss, Karim; Rousseau, Cécile (University of VictoriaÉrudit, 2023)
    Nous visons, par ce texte, une meilleure compréhension de la mise en mots des expériences subjectives, éthiques et esthétiques de femmes soufies installées à Montréal, tout en identifiant les interactions dynamiques entre des concepts clés qu’elles mettent de l’avant. Ces concepts semblent former une constellation conceptuelle qui constitue pour ces femmes une grille d’interprétation du monde et un guide d’action dans et sur ce monde. Une telle herméneutique-action, qui fusionne conceptualisation et expérientiel dans la quotidienneté, participerait-elle à la fois à la construction de soi et d’un vivre-ensemble où la différence et l’altérité relèveraient de la théophanie et de la sacralité ? Telle est la question centrale que nous posons ici. Nous nous basons essentiellement sur des données qualitatives. L’analyse de ces données laissent entrevoir que les impardonnables atrocités, perpétrées dans le monde au nom de l’islam par une petite minorité radicale violente, organisée en milices assassines et rétives à toute forme d’altérité, ne devraient pas occulter l’existence d’un islam du vivre-ensemble où l’Autre serait sujet d’ennoblissement.
  • Bases of Hindu Culture: Philosophical Schools and Their Contribution to World Spirituality

    Mattos, Tatiana Morita Nobre; Gama, Uberto Afonso Albuquerque da (The Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal Knowledge Core (RCMultiCore), 2021-03-30)
    <p>Hindu culture is one of the oldest and most complete philosophical structures with spiritualist purpose formulated in the history of mankind. Recognized for its depth, complexity and breadth of reasoning, which virtuously associates the scientific root with spiritual subjects in explanations about manifestation and divine reality. This article, whose general objective is to present the bases on which this philosophical-cultural system, and its structure of thought, was based, and, for specific objectives, to demonstrate how it contributed to the formulation of the main religions and philosophies of the world, which aim to help man to re-find his true nature. As a methodology, a bibliographic research was carried out that covered both Western authors, researchers of culture and philosophy of the East, as well as Eastern authors, renowned for their explanation about the studies of the Hindu tradition. It was found that the works that explain the influence of the ancient structure of eastern philosophical and scientific thought, especially the Hindu tradition, present the depth and dedication that this theme requires and evidences the need for continuity and expansion of the study carried out.</p>
  • “Reciprocal Illumination” of Hinduism, Human Rights, and the Comparative Study of Religion: Arvind Sharma’s Contributions

    Martin, Nancy M. (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2024-03-05)
    Arvind Sharma has made immensely significant contributions in the fields of both comparative religion and the study of Hinduism through his methodology of “reciprocal illumination” and his prominent role in international conversations on women and religion, religion and human rights, freedom of religion, and religious tolerance and conflict. Aware of the power of religion and its negative valuation, especially post-September 11, he displays a deep commitment to fostering interreligious understanding, arguing for religion as an essential and positive partner in envisioning and actualizing human flourishing, upholding human dignity, and engaging in global ethical cooperation, and equally he demonstrates Hinduism’s potential contribution both to these endeavors and to moving the field of comparative studies beyond its Western, Christian, and colonialist origins and assumptions. This essay details these contributions and Sharma’s place as an interpreter of Hinduism for those inside and outside the tradition in our time.
  • Art and/as Religious Syncretic Border Crossing: Beyond the World Religions Paradigm and the Religion/Culture Divide in Museums and Interreligious Studies

    Hedges, Paul (Boston University School of Theology | Hebrew College | Hartford International University for Religion and Peace, 2024-03-23)
    Art in museums often portrays the so-called world religions paradigm, so Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, or Islamic (and so on) art and artefacts are regularly found in their own distinct section. However, art—like the religious worlds depicted—does not exist in monolithic silos. While art studies, and museum displays, often mention cultural context and how the art of a particular “religion” changes in relation to this, what is often neglected is the religio-socio-philosophical worldview that is entailed in such supposedly culturally adapted art. Buddhist art in Gandhara, for instance, does not simply show a Greek influence in how the Buddha is portrayed, but also how he is thought, for early Buddhist aniconism has given way to a new Buddhist iconographic display. This paper argues that the distinction often built of religion and culture hides the deeper syncretic exchanges that occur when an image of Jesus or a statue of Buddha appears elsewhere. Indeed, we can even speak of art expressing an interreligious global dialogue of worldviews and cultures. Highlighting the interreligious connections in embodied artefacts, with a particular but not exclusive focus on the collection of Singapore’s Asian Civilizations Museum, this paper will note some of these syncretic flows and hybrid creations as a step towards decolonising the way we imagine both “religion” and “culture”. To this end, it engages debates in the critical methods and theory debates around the term religion, how interreligious studies may help decolonize the wider study of religion, and the display of religious artefacts in museums in Singapore and globally.
  • Konfuzianischer Humanismus

    Lee, Ming-huei (transcript Verlag, 2024-03-21)
    Ist der Konfuzianismus ein Humanismus? Seit dem Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts ist er, sowohl im Westen als auch in China, vielfach in diesem Licht betrachtet worden. Ming-huei Lees Studie unternimmt den Versuch, die Vielfalt und Lebendigkeit der konfuzianischen Tradition in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart aus transkultureller Perspektive zu verdeutlichen. Schwerpunkte bilden dabei die philosophische Interpretation klassischer konfuzianischer Texte und das für den modernen Konfuzianismus höchst folgenreiche Zusammentreffen mit der Philosophie Kants. Neben einem Vergleich des konfuzianischen und des abendländischen Humanismus und einer Analyse des Schicksals des Konfuzianismus im heutigen China werden mit »Lunyü« und »Mengzi« klassische konfuzianische Texte ebenso diskutiert wie die Kant-Rezeption in China. Ist der Konfuzianismus eine Religion? Ming-huei Lee zeigt, dass der Konfuzianismus eine moralische Religion im Kantischen Sinne ist und dass er - im Unterschied zum neuzeitlichen europäischen Humanismus - als Humanismus mit religiöser Dimension verstanden werden kann.
  • Confucius`' moral views and its hitorical values

    Dung Vo Van (Universidade Estadual do Ceará, 2023-02-01)
    O pensamento moral de Confúcio não foi criado por acaso, mas decorreu das características e exigências da sociedade chinesa no período da primavera e outono. A realidade social desse período colocou uma série de problemas prementes, obrigando os pensadores a prestar atenção e explicar. Em particular, a questão pendente é como estabilizar a ordem social e educar a moral das pessoas, transformar a sociedade de "desordem" em "paz", pessoas de "sem moral" em "ter" moralidade. Para esclarecer esta questão, o artigo se concentrará em esclarecer questões como: Visões sobre a ética e o papel da ética; Relações morais na sociedade; Padrões éticos; Métodos de educação moral para as pessoas na sociedade. A partir dessas questões, o artigo extrairá valores históricos do ponto de vista moral de Confúcio.
  • Die Korrelationsfrage in der Islamischen Religionslehre: Interreligiöse Perspektiven zu einem grundlegenden Phänomen

    Bartsch, Darjusch (transcript VerlagDEUBielefeld, 2024-03-15)
    Islamischer Religionsunterricht hat inzwischen vielerorts Eingang in die deutschen Lehrpläne gefunden. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht Darjusch Bartsch das Phänomen korrelativer Theologie und Religionsdidaktik. Unter Einbeziehung von jüdischen und islamischen Quellen betrachtet er die ideengeschichtliche Genese des Korrelationsbegriffs in Theologie und Didaktik sowie dessen interreligiöse Verortung. Die interdisziplinär ausgerichtete Studie eröffnet damit nicht zuletzt Vorschläge zur Entwicklung weiterer korrelativer Methoden für die Theorie und Praxis des Islamischen Religionsunterrichts.
  • How to Deal with the Fabricated Hadith: Some Notes for Hadith Dispersion in Social Media

    Abur Hamdi Usman; Rosni Wazir; Mohd Norzi Nasir (Faculty of Adab and Humanities UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2022-11-01)
    In Islam, the fabricated hadith is the least acknowledged hadith. The scholars unanimously reject this hadith and forbid its recitation without identifying its status. Fabricated hadith’s core perversion is its justification for the Prophet Muhammad’s assassination (PBUH). Falsification of hadith has harmed numerous facets of life, including faith, religious legislation, and acts of devotion. Additionally, the number of false hadiths is growing daily. This chilling reality has become a concern due to the widespread dissemination of such hadiths through modern technology. The dissemination of falsified hadiths via social media has emerged as a new issue that new-generation Muslims must take seriously, particularly individual awareness, knowledge, ethics, and morals.This paper will emphasize the hadith’s history and falsification aspects, assess its dispersion tendencies using more advanced media, and recommend many tips for preventing further dissemination. Using a qualitative method, this study found several guidelines to ensure the dispersion of fabricated hadith is handled properly, such as not believing in anything quickly, ensuring authenticity before sharing, and providing advice to admit mistakes in spreading the fabricated hadith. In this regard, we encourage academic scholars to conduct research on fabricated hadiths in order to preserve the purity and authority of the Prophet’s hadiths as the second Islamic source for Muslims.
  • Strengthening Apparatus Services in the Vousinas Model to Prevent Fraud in Village Fund Management

    Riyan Surya Wibowo; Zulfikar Zulfikar; Fatchan Fatchan Achyani (Universitas KH Abdul Chalim, Prodi Ekonomi Syariah, 2024-03-01)
    This study aims to identify variables that influence the occurrence of misappropriation of village funds and determine effective measures to prevent it. This study used a quantitative approach using questionnaires as the survey technique. Primary data was collected from 97 respondents who were village administrators in Banyudono Subdistrict. Statistical analysis was conducted using multiple linear regression. The hypotheses regarding the influence of superior pressure, internal control system, individual morality, apparatus ability, and leadership on preventing village fund fraud were rejected. However, the hypothesis regarding the influence of unethical behavior was accepted, highlighting the significant negative impact of such behavior on fraud prevention. This study provides deep insight into the factors that influence fraud in the management of village funds and demonstrates the need for effective preventive measures. The results of this study can be used as a basis for developing more transparent and accountable village fund management strategies. This research makes a new contribution to the understanding of fraud in the management of village funds by adapting the Fraud Hexagon Hypothesis (Vousinas, 2019) to the context of village fund management, which involves aspects of collusion as an additional factor that can influence the occurrence of fraud.
  • Inconsistencies and Challenges around 'Secularism' in Nepal

    Pant, Dila Datt (Research Management Cell, Tikapur Multiple Campus, 2024-02-29)
    Although Nepal adopted secularism in 2015 as its official state-religion relationship, there are still several inconsistencies and challenges around it including that of freedom of religion or belief. Instead of adopting a gradual marginalization and privatization of religion as per the normative proposition of the secularism, Nepal continues to do the opposite or at times, make a fundamental departure from the notion of secular identity. The preservation and the reaffirmation of presence of religion in public sphere and preferential treatment to Hindu  religion at the cost of others continues to create discrimination and pose challenges to implement secularism. These problems do not only seem to remain just non-congruent inconsistencies with the secular identity of the state at the theoretical level alone, but also seem to hinder inter-religious tolerance in practical terms such as right to freely profess, practice and preach religion, thereby impacting the lives of the religious minorities. Against this backdrop, this article examines the key legal-constitutional inconsistencies including state's practices, antagonistic socio-political narratives, and emerging challenges vis-à-vis secularism in Nepal.   
  • Immanuel Kant’s idea of radical evil as a systematic and terminological problem

    Anna Szyrwińska-Hörig (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2023-12-01)
    The paper investigates the systematic connection between Kantian concept of radical evil and radical indeterministic idea of freedom. According to the presented thesis the systematically relevant interpretation of the radical evil concept requires considering not only philosophical ideas Kant`s but also the historic background in which they were formulated. Particularly the specific situation of German philosophic terminology in the 17th and early 18th Century will be acknowledged as one of the most significant factors influencing the development of the radical evil concept. For the sake of methodological precision of the presented analysis, the differentiation between thick and thin concept of evil will be introduced.
  • O Caminho da Cura Interior Adesão Religiosa e Reinvenção Pessoal, na Conexão: Subjetividade e Nova Postura Ética

    Araújo, Sérgio de;; Fonseca, Maria Tereza Lousa da; Miguel, Walderez Loureiro;; Jordão, Neila Maria Abranches (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de GoiásCiências HumanasBRPUC GoiásCiências da Religião, 2016-07-27)
    O que se vai ler centra-se no estudo dos motivos
 que impulsionam as pessoas a se decidirem pela adesão à Renovação
 Carismática Católica.
 Trata-se de discussão interdisciplinar na compreensão do processo por que
 passa o sujeito na dinâmica da adesão. É, pois, com os instrumentos das
 ciências sociais e da psicologia, bem como os da psicanálise freudiana, que se
 empreende esse trabalho, por entender que as categorias dessa abordagem
 teórica, se complementam para o entendimento da adesão na sua amplitude
 total. A subjetividade consciente e inconsciente incentivando a adesão e a nova
 postura ética, como conseqüência do processo, constituem a força motora do
 Assim, o homem dialético de Freud e Durkheim, na sua parcialidade de
 fragilidade e potência, determina o trabalho empírico e as conclusões
 Discute-se a motivação subjetiva como a força de atração, determinante do
 trânsito religioso para a RCC e a permanência do fiel nesse grupo, que é
 processual. Narram-se as identificações realizadas, as identidades renovadas,
 as auto-imagens redefinidas, para resultar em nova opção ética. Identifica-se o
 homem que vive esse processo, na sua dicotomia de fragilidade e reatividade,
 do desamparo e atitude onipotente. Frágil, porque sofredor e reativo na sua
 força moral, individual e coletiva, como vê Durkheim. Constitucionalmente
 desamparado e se defendendo disso com a sua pulsão megalômana, na
 concepção freudiana. Esse homem quer alívio para seu sofrimento e busca na
 RCC, cura para seus males.
 A abordagem da oferta carismática se volta para a possibilidade de
 responder às expectativas dos fiéis. Reflete-se sobre as transformações dos
 adeptos e possíveis pontos de intersecção entre a terapêutica da RCC e as
 psicoterapias convencionais da psicologia.
 No empenho para compreender o fenômeno da reconstrução do sujeito, a
 partir da adesão ao movimento renovador carismático, relata-se a contribuição
 que a psicologia pode dar a esse estudo, bem como, a possibilidade de receber
 subsídios para a sua tarefa de elucidar a dimensão psíquica do homem.
  • Wiek XIX, Rok XVI (LVIII) 2023

    Genevray, Françoise (Zarząd Główny Towarzystwa Literackiego im. Adama MickiewiczaInstytut Badań Literackich, 2023)
    24 cm
  • Religious imperatives as a correlate of the development of human potential and the economic capital of society

    Karpiak, Maria; Shparyk, Khrystyna (POL, 2024-03-07)
    Subject and purpose of work: This article studies the role of religion in economic development. Even though it is obvious that religion plays a vital role in economic development because a healthy economy requires that all people view one another with dignity, there are still some questions which need to be answered like - why wealthier nations trend/tend to be less religious, and does economic development (as a matter of fact) cause individuals to become less religious in today's world? Materials and methods: The research is based on universal methods of formal logic and scientific abstraction, basics of innovation science, investment science and institutional economics, systemic, structural-functional and synergetic approaches as well as information sources of the World Economic Forum. Results: The authors' hypothesis about the influence of religion and religious values which stands behind rapid economic growth is shown to be substantiated. Conclusions: In conclusion, we can state that there is strong negative correlation between GDP per capita and the importance of religion in the state, but, on the other hand, in most societies religious values were the main push factor of economic growth.
  • Confucius principles as an essential element of Chinese management culture

    Skalnaya, Oksana (Томский политехнический университет, 2019-09-03)
    China is known for its diverse philosophical heritage. 2500 years ago in China at the end of the period of "one hundred schools" morethan 10 philosophical doctrines were formed and Confucianism became the most prominent and widespread philosophical teaching. Inthis article core Confucius principles and their importance in modern Chinese management culture are discussed. Confucius philosophyis distinguished by its vitality – it survived throughout the 2500 years of history and was given a status of national ideology in variousAsian societies. Moreover, the Confucian system of values is recognized as the main cultural component of the rapid economic progressof China and other Asian countries. Confucianism is a system of ethical and social behavioral norms and advocates the principles ofharmony, benevolence, and hierarchy. In modern China, Western management principles are gradually being introduced, newideological attitudes are emerging, and a new Chinese-Western management style is being formed. However, many elements of theConfucian value system will be popular regardless of anything: Confucian principles serve as ethical guidance for Chinese businesssociety and are key in building successful cooperation with members of Chinese culture.

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