Journal of Education and Culture Studies (JECS) is an international, peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Scholink. It aims to promote excellence through dissemination of high-quality research findings, specialist knowledge, and discussion of professional issues that reflect the diversity of this field.

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Globethics.net Library has vol. 1(2017) to current.

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  • An Investigation of the Effect of Different Feedback-based Assessments on Oral Performance and Attitudes of Iranian EFL Learners

    Valoojerdy, Zahra Karimi (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-09-03)
    Feedback is a core component of the learning process which has three levels: teacher feedback, peer feedback and self-feedback. The role of teacher feedback has received considerable attention from second language acquisition (SLA) researchers for the past three decades. Assessment is another factor in improving learning. The present study is an attempt to investigate and compare the effects of peer feedback-based assessment, teacher feedback-based assessment, and self-feedback-based assessment on oral performance of EFL Iranian learners and also learners’ attitudes toward them. The assessments’ rubric criteria used in this study was based on 14 points scale of Yamashiro and Johnson (1997). The participants comprised 84 TEFL students. A mixed method experimentation design was followed with a between-groups comparison in which independent groups have been compared followed by another phase looking for students’ views through an attitude survey. This study used descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation, one-way ANOVA and post hoc test. The results revealed that teacher feedback-based assessment group performed significantly better than the other two groups in oral performance.
  • School Climate and Student Behavioral Problems

    Durisic, Masa (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-09)
    In recent decades, the world’s scientific and professional literature has been increasingly interested in contextual factors at the school level that support the academic and psychosocial outcomes of schooling. One of the constructs that is considered to be the key to improving the overall development of students is school climate. Although the available empirical material abounds in evidence of the effects of school climate on the academic and psychosocial outcomes of education, this link continues to attract the attention of researchers.The aim of this paper is to systematically consider the connection between school climate and student behavioral problems. Upon having an insight into numerous studies dealing with the issue, one can notice the connection between different forms of externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems, along with the indicators of a negative school climate, such as: vaguely set rules of conduct, teachers who do not motivate nor monitor students’ work and progress, lack of disciplinary measures, teaching without the use of modern forms and methods of work, inadequate reward for student achievements, negative classroom climate, bad relationships, poor cooperation with parents, etc.It is quite certain that the school environment, along with all its characteristics, climate and the way its is organized, directly or indirectly contributes to a specific manner of behaving. In addition to identifying school climate as a factor associated with various forms of externalized and internalized problems in student behavior, we must underscore its importance in reducing and preventing behavioral problems.
  • An Analysis on Carrie’s Ethical Choices in Sister Carrie

    Qiong, Pei; Yue, Hang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-13)
    Sister Carrie is the masterpiece of Theodore Dreiser, an American realist writer. The novel is set in the big cities of Chicago and New York at the turn of 20th century. At that time, Consumer Culture prevailed and money defined interpersonal relationship in the United States. This paper made an in-depth analysis of Carrie’s ethical choices from the perspective of Nie Zhenzhao’s Ethical Literary Criticism. Ethical Literary Criticism emphasizes that a novel should not be isolated from its ethical environment. Therefore, this paper focuses on the ethical environment at that time, Carrie’s moral confusion and and the ethical choices she makes. Meanwhile, it is summarized that Carrie is not a simply moral degenerate, but a new citizen who is deeply affected by social transformation with a new ethical tendency, which represents Dreiser’s ethical value.
  • A Study on the Application of Multimodal Vocabulary Teaching Mode

    Ding, Mengjiao; Fan, Kaifang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-06-27)
    This study used questionnaires, interviews and teaching experiments to investigate the effectiveness of multimodal teaching mode in English vocabulary teaching. It was found that multimodal vocabulary teaching could improve teachers’ vocabulary teaching ability, promote students’ vocabulary learning ability and enhance their pragmatic skills. In English vocabulary teaching of junior high school, teachers should make full use of multimodal resources to mobilize students’ senses, bring into play their subjective motivation of vocabulary learning, and improve the efficiency of classroom vocabulary learning. At the same time, there are certain difficulties in applying multimodal theory-teachers need to choose the appropriate modality according to the actual situation.
  • The Changing Meaning of Teenagers in Today’s Digital Education and Economy

    Stockman, Caroline (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-09-01)
    Teenagers or adolescents are complex cultural constructions. This paper will trace a brief history on the origin of the notions as relevant to the Global North. It considers related UK educational policy, and the specific economic interest in ‘the teenage consumer’. The consideration of young people for their significant economic value sparked direct marketing and advertising strategies. Concerns over unconscious manipulation of adolescents were stilled by reassurances of autonomy and freedom of choice. In today’s digital economy, similar meaning-making occurs. However, this paper argues that a young person’s freedom and autonomy is systematically undermined. Instead, the teenager loses autonomy in becoming a direct commodity. Today’s digital culture further complicates the concrete legal and social assurance of autonomy. This is illustrated by a critique of educational technology integration in schools. Specifically, the use of young people’s data for product development or third-party business data exchange is critically discussed to show this cultural dynamic. It captures the changing conceptualisation of teenagers in society and education, from autonomy to commodity. Renewing young people’s voice and agency in digital rights activism, as well as critical digital literacy in the curriculum is now needed for teenagers to renegotiate their meaning in digital culture and education.
  • The Art of Narrative Structure and Design—A Comparative Study of Two Biblical Stories

    Li, Weihua; Wu, Jialei (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-08)
    The Hebrew Bible (James, 2011), as a collection of ancient books of history, prophecies, poems and wisdom literatures, contains some of the most intriguing stories and profound wisdom from the ancient world. While majority of these ideas and sapiential teachings have already deeply integrated into our modern cultures, there are yet some that we still struggle in understanding and accepting, such include the origin of sin and evil in the story of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden and the story of Job with his undeserved sufferings. In this study, we are going to conduct a comparative study of the two biblical stories mentioned based on resources in and out of the Bible. We hope that our study will be able to cast some new lights over these long-discussed topics and to help our readers in their own reading experience.
  • An Analysis on the Heroism in The Lord of The Rings

    Weichun, Chen; Qi, Qiu (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-07-20)
    The ring is the symbol of evil and war, and it also symbolizes greed, desire and power in The Lord of The Rings. Frodo and his companions went through many difficulties on their way to Mount Doom and accomplished their task. No matter how powerful the evil forces are in the world, they can never defeat loyalty, courage and kindness. This article focuses on heroism in four parts: the background in which heroism born, the condition under which heroism arises, tragic heroism and individualistic heroism.
  • School Climate and Student Behavioral Problems

    Durisic, Masa (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-09)
    In recent decades, the world’s scientific and professional literature has been increasingly interested in contextual factors at the school level that support the academic and psychosocial outcomes of schooling. One of the constructs that is considered to be the key to improving the overall development of students is school climate. Although the available empirical material abounds in evidence of the effects of school climate on the academic and psychosocial outcomes of education, this link continues to attract the attention of researchers.The aim of this paper is to systematically consider the connection between school climate and student behavioral problems. Upon having an insight into numerous studies dealing with the issue, one can notice the connection between different forms of externalizing and internalizing behavioral problems, along with the indicators of a negative school climate, such as: vaguely set rules of conduct, teachers who do not motivate nor monitor students’ work and progress, lack of disciplinary measures, teaching without the use of modern forms and methods of work, inadequate reward for student achievements, negative classroom climate, bad relationships, poor cooperation with parents, etc.It is quite certain that the school environment, along with all its characteristics, climate and the way its is organized, directly or indirectly contributes to a specific manner of behaving. In addition to identifying school climate as a factor associated with various forms of externalized and internalized problems in student behavior, we must underscore its importance in reducing and preventing behavioral problems.
  • An Analysis on Carrie’s Ethical Choices in Sister Carrie

    Qiong, Pei; Yue, Hang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-13)
    Sister Carrie is the masterpiece of Theodore Dreiser, an American realist writer. The novel is set in the big cities of Chicago and New York at the turn of 20th century. At that time, Consumer Culture prevailed and money defined interpersonal relationship in the United States. This paper made an in-depth analysis of Carrie’s ethical choices from the perspective of Nie Zhenzhao’s Ethical Literary Criticism. Ethical Literary Criticism emphasizes that a novel should not be isolated from its ethical environment. Therefore, this paper focuses on the ethical environment at that time, Carrie’s moral confusion and and the ethical choices she makes. Meanwhile, it is summarized that Carrie is not a simply moral degenerate, but a new citizen who is deeply affected by social transformation with a new ethical tendency, which represents Dreiser’s ethical value.
  • The Art of Narrative Structure and Design—A Comparative Study of Two Biblical Stories

    Li, Weihua; Wu, Jialei (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-08-08)
    The Hebrew Bible (James, 2011), as a collection of ancient books of history, prophecies, poems and wisdom literatures, contains some of the most intriguing stories and profound wisdom from the ancient world. While majority of these ideas and sapiential teachings have already deeply integrated into our modern cultures, there are yet some that we still struggle in understanding and accepting, such include the origin of sin and evil in the story of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden and the story of Job with his undeserved sufferings. In this study, we are going to conduct a comparative study of the two biblical stories mentioned based on resources in and out of the Bible. We hope that our study will be able to cast some new lights over these long-discussed topics and to help our readers in their own reading experience.
  • An Analysis on the Heroism in The Lord of The Rings

    Weichun, Chen; Qi, Qiu (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-07-20)
    The ring is the symbol of evil and war, and it also symbolizes greed, desire and power in The Lord of The Rings. Frodo and his companions went through many difficulties on their way to Mount Doom and accomplished their task. No matter how powerful the evil forces are in the world, they can never defeat loyalty, courage and kindness. This article focuses on heroism in four parts: the background in which heroism born, the condition under which heroism arises, tragic heroism and individualistic heroism.
  • A Study on the Application of Multimodal Vocabulary Teaching Mode

    Ding, Mengjiao; Fan, Kaifang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-06-27)
    This study used questionnaires, interviews and teaching experiments to investigate the effectiveness of multimodal teaching mode in English vocabulary teaching. It was found that multimodal vocabulary teaching could improve teachers’ vocabulary teaching ability, promote students’ vocabulary learning ability and enhance their pragmatic skills. In English vocabulary teaching of junior high school, teachers should make full use of multimodal resources to mobilize students’ senses, bring into play their subjective motivation of vocabulary learning, and improve the efficiency of classroom vocabulary learning. At the same time, there are certain difficulties in applying multimodal theory-teachers need to choose the appropriate modality according to the actual situation.
  • Teaching of Backspin Serve in Table Tennis

    Pinggui, He (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-05-25)
    Backspin serve is a common serve in table tennis matches, and it is also one of the difficult contents for students to master in college table tennis teaching. In order to make students master backspin serve more quickly, the author tries to practice the interest and practicability of serve in the teaching process. This paper expounds and analyzes the feedback information in the concrete implementation and practice in order to further improve the teaching content of physical education in colleges and universities and provide teaching reference for school teaching and sports training.
  • Learning Grit and the Intervening Effects of MOOCs in Learning the English Language among College Students

    Dapiton, PhD, Ethelbert P.; Sibug, EdD, Harvey Ian G. (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-05-26)
    Learning a foreign language such as English usually takes a considerable amount of effort on the part of non-native speakers. The English language as the modern-day lingua franca in almost all aspects of global communications spanning from business to the academe requires that students should be adept of it after they finished their tertiary education. The Southeast Asian Region in which the Philippines belong, is trying to catch-up with the global productivity index that must produce college graduates that are adept in using the English language in order to be competitive. Learning English in college through the use of traditional teaching methods makes students disinterested and disengaged in their course works. The advent of technology specifically the Internet has offered an alternative method to learn English in a more interesting and engaging way through synchronous and asynchronous learning methods such as the massive open online courses (MOOCs). This learning modality has eased the tension of acquiring the necessary English language proficiency among college students. This study is anchored on the structural equation modelling about the effects of MOOCs in learning the English language along with their learning grit from the vantage point of Filipino college students.
  • Construct a Multi-Modal English Learning Pattern

    Muqiu, Xue; Luxue, Wang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-05-26)
    The construction of multi-modal English learning needs to create an intelligent environment for students to acquire English learning information adequately. This study will explore the psychological basis of English multi-modal learning as well as the channels and related integration of English multi-modal learning.
  • Development of Graphic Design Practice and Education in Ghana

    Agyarkoh, Dr. Eric; Amissah, Dr. Eric Kwadwo (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-04-30)
    In Ghana, Graphic Design is regarded as one of the contemporary arts that was introduced in the Gold Coast by the British (The colonial administration) and European merchants in the 17th Century. Since then, the art has gone through series of metamorphosis in various aspects till date. However, empirical evidence indicates that the developmental patterns of the art in Ghana has not been documented comprehensively. Using qualitative research approaches such as historical research method, interviews, document review, narrative and inductive analysis, this paper sought to conduct a comprehensive research into the local Graphic Design industry to gather pieces of fragmented documented and oral information from relevant stake holders who were purposively selected from different parts of Ghana based on their professional memory on industrial practice and Graphic Design education in Ghana, to reconstruct the history of the art for posterity. The study revealed that, commercial press printing and newspaper advertising were introduced in the Gold Coast first before outdoor advertising and desktop publishing. Also, colonisation, successive government policies, technological inventions in the western countries, and developments in computer technologies have contributed immensely to the development of Graphic Design practice and education in Ghana from the 17th Century to date.
  • A Critical Discourse Analysis of the United States Stigmatizing China in the Outbreak of COVID-19

    Lu, Huang (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-05-11)
    Since the outbreak of COVID-19, China has acted quickly and taken its responsibility to take strict and effective actions, forming a line of defensing the widespread of the novel coronavirus. However, some American media and politicians stigmatized China on the ground of the virus, criticized actions that China has taken, so as to instigate people’s resistance against China. Based on critical discourse analysis theory, this paper analyzes the United States actions of stigmatizing China in the outbreak of COVID-19 from classification, transitivity, mood and transformation, aiming to discover the political ideology behind American’s stigmatization discourses, which is beneficial to safeguard the truth of China’s fighting against COVID-19 and construct China’s discourse mechanism in response to stigmatization.
  • College English Language Teaching Reform and EFL Lecturers’ Reflection on Teaching: A Case Study in China

    Sun, Zhiyong (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-05-09)
    With the rapid development of newly improved colleges and universities across China, there was a commensurate need for English as a Foreign Language teaching and learning (EFL). As a result, China’s Ministry of Education initiated the College English Language Teaching Reform (CELTR) to improve English language teaching and learning at tertiary institutions in the country. The purpose of this article was to look into EFL lecturers’ perceptions of the CELTR and see how much the CELTR had improved their teaching reflection, which in turn influenced the CELTR’s effect and implementation. A total of 92 EFL lecturers from a newly renovated university in Nanyang City, Central China, participated in the study. Purposive sampling was used to obtain data for the study, which included a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews with eight EFL lecturers. The findings revealed that EFL lecturers had a reasonable degree of awareness and knowledge of the CELTR, that lecturers’ reflection on teaching had improved slightly since the CELTR was implemented, and that EFL lecturers’ intents and use of reflection on teaching had increased under the CELTR. They used many ways to undertake reflection on teaching. The findings revealed that EFL lecturers constantly reflected on their teaching contents, methods, and events during the CELTR implementation process in order to improve their teaching practice and better meet the students’ specific needs, and they believed that reflection on teaching could not be separated from teaching practice.
  • Enhancing Teaching Quality as an Agent of Change: An Account of a Yearlong Literacy Project in a Primary School in the Dominican Republic

    Briscoe, Patricia (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-04-26)
    Children who grow up surrounded by poverty often remain in poverty; however, education can be a powerful agent of change. In many developing countries where poverty is high, quality education is critical in reducing it. The conceptual framework of this research is based on the premise that cultivating and delivering a quality education begins with quality teachers. This research is a narrative ethnography combined with participatory action research methods to recount a year-long project designed to enhance teacher quality. The setting is a school in Muñoz, Dominican Republic with a team of five primary public school teachers. The findings outline the stages of intervention, successes and challenges encountered, my learning about supporting educational endeavours as a long-term goal for breaking generational poverty, and my advice to others who embark on similar projects working in developing countries.
  • Rethinking ‘Practice’ in Traditional Thoughts and Implications for Science Education Innovation in China

    Li, Fenghua; Zhou, Chunfang; Zhu, Zhiliang; Sun, Xinbo (Scholink Co., LTD, 2022-04-20)
    This paper aims at explore what we can learn from rethinking ‘practice’ in traditional Chinese thoughts for today’s improvement of science education in using Problem-Based Learning (PBL). This firstly drives a discussion on four dimensions of Traditional Practical Learning (TPL): 1) practice varying learning, 2) learning in practice, 3) reflective learning on practice, and 4) learning to practice. It further helps to summarize both advantages and limitations of TPL. Secondly, the summary brings ideas on how to enrich our understanding of practical learning and experiential learning models in Chinese science education. Finally, PBL is regarded as one of the potential strategies to innovate contemporary science education that drives an analysis on how to make localization of PBL through TPL in a Chinese context. Briefly, this paper contributes to bridging diverse perspectives of being historical, cultural, and contemporary to address appropriate strategies in science education innovation in China.

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