Social ethics is distinct from social politics or socialism which, since the end of the 18th century is a political answer to the social question and a counter model to the economic mode of capitalism. Social and economical ethics and philosophy are the meta domain of varieties of applied ethics, considered as professional good praxis.
Social ethics includes a wide range of subjects, such as social justice, racial discrimination, socio-economic ethics, philosophy of race, but also "religious" social ethics, e.g. the social doctrines or teachings of religious communities on social justice, socio-economic problems, social work, social relations, and the role of religion in politics, economics, society, the arts and sciences.

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  • Politique sociale et religion aux Etats-Unis : du « conservatisme compatissant » à l’ouragan Katrina

    Taoufik Djebali
    Breaking with the traditional conservatism championed by Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush wanted his social policy to move away from monetary considerations to embrace a religious and spiritual method in healing social ills. The Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, located in the White House, was inaugurated a few days after Bush was sworn in. However, the Office was immediately plagued by internal strife, lack of funding and absence of political commitment. Hurricane Katrina (2005) dealt a serious political blow to the Republican President. But paradoxically, it reinforced the ideological hegemony of faith-based organizations. Indeed, following the relief efforts, faith-based organizations, rather than government, were hailed as effective instruments in the fight against poverty, distress, and deviance. This article will argue that contrary to this perception, faith-based organizations have a limited effect on poverty and that the Bush administration exploited them for political purposes.
  • Odd Bed-fellows: British Christians and Communists in the Struggle for Peace

    Jeremy Tranmer
    Au début des années 1950, le doyen de l’archevêché de Cantorbéry œuvra au sein du mouvement pour la paix et participa à des activités organisées par le parti communiste britannique. En 1983, le prêtre catholique Bruce Kent, leader de la Campagne pour le Désarmement Nucléaire, loua l’engagement des communistes britanniques en faveur de la paix. Cet article cherche à examiner pourquoi et comment chrétiens et communistes surmontèrent leurs différences et coopérèrent dans la lutte contre l’arme nucléaire.
  • Healing Hands in the Context of Christianity: The Perceived Transfer of Energy and Insight

    Marianne Rodriguez Nygaard; Tormod Kleiven; Anne Austad (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Verlage, 2023-01-01)
    Abstract There has been only a limited focus on healing ministries in Protestant Christian congregations in the Nordic context. This contribution argues that the field of diaconia should learn more about healing in the congregational context. This paper empirically investigates healing-hands experiences related to sources from the Christian faith and practices in Norway. We conducted 12 semistructured interviews with both the providers and recipients of perceived healing hands. The informants came from Protestant communities. The findings indicate that healing hands are perceived as atransfer of external power, transmitting both energy and a “heightened clarity of thought providing insights.” The recipients perceive the energy as “warmth” and the providers often perceive it as “electricity.” The recipients described the warmth as relieving stressors such as acute physical pain and long-term stressful experiences. The outcomes could not be predicted or controlled. The findings indicate that the healing-hands phenomenon is not part of the formal work of churches, although treatment may occur in congregational places and private homes. The informants linked the perceived power to the Christian God, but there was no consensus among the informants on how to understand healing hands within the framework of theological language. This paper discusses healing hands and Christian communities of healing ministries in terms of tensions and possibilities.
  • Социалното подпомагане в ранното християнско общество

    Инджов, Емил (ТУ - Варна, 2019)
    Появата и разпространението на християнството налага сериозни промени във всички сфери на обществения живот на редица народи от Европа и Близкия Изток.
  • Prioritizing Various Dimensions of the Composite Index of Social Justice for Assessing it in the Islamic Republic of Iran

    ali mostafavisani; hosein sarabadani; Seyed Ehsan Khandoozi (Research Institute of Hawzah and University (RIHU), 2021-09-01)
    Assessing the status of social justice is one of the important requirements of national governance in Iran. One of the common tools in this area is to design "composite indicators”. The composite indices as tools of governance have an effective role in identifying the status quo and designing regulatory interventions to achieve the required status. According to designing composite index with respect to Islamic theoretical foundations, this study assesses the sections of composite index for Iran. Weighting is an important part of methodology constructing composite index, which is mainly based on the perspective of the elite or a theoretical foundation. The method of this study for weighting and assessing is Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy (FAHP). The results of this study show that in 5 sections and three main areas of the composite index, labor market, poverty and education (in the field of economic exchanges), family (in the field of social interactions) and political justice (in the field of political governance) were known as the most influential components in the realization of social justice in Iran.
  • Essai d’histoire intellectuelle et politique du patrimoine international (1945-1992)

    Isabelle Anatole-Gabriel (Centre de Recherches Historiques, 2014-03-01)
  • Social inheritance and the social mind: Introduction to the Synthese topical collection The Cultural Evolution of Human Social Cognition

    Moore, Richard; Brown, Rachael (Springer International Publishing AG, 2024-02-13)
    In this introduction to the Synthese SI: The Cultural Evolution of Human Social Cognition, we introduce some basic theoretical terms that will help readers to navigate the volume. Subsequently we describe the papers that make up the volume and draw attention to points of agreement and disagreement between the authors. We also identify a number of outstanding issues for the field of cultural evolution research. The papers in the volume can be divided into three sections: (1) The Cultural Evolution of Mindreading, (2) The Cultural Evolution of Ethics and Aesthetics, and (3) Methodological Challenges.
  • Vida académica: Actividades académicas de la Facultad de Comunicación Social

    Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga UNABFacultad Ciencias Sociales, Humanidades y Artes, 2024-02-07
    Dentro de los lineamientos de trabajo acordados por las Facultades Comunicación Social, agrupadas en AFACOM, la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga Facultad de Comunicación Social, realizó la Primera Jornada Nacional de ética, democracia y Comunicación social, en el mes de agosto y septiembre del año pasado. El evento preparatorio para esta actividad, fue un seminario sobre los Fundamentos Teóricos de la Ética, durante los días 30 y 31 de Agosto, orientado por el Dr. ERNST TUGENDHAT., profesor de la Universidad Libre Alemania.
  • Realität und Wirklichkeit: Zur Ontologie geteilter Welten

    Poljanšek, Tom (transcript VerlagDEUBielefeld, 2024-02-13)
    Dass wir alle in einer gemeinsamen Wirklichkeit leben, setzen wir meist unhinterfragt voraus. Sehen Andere die Welt dann doch einmal anders, mag es uns scheinen, als sähen sie diese einfach nicht so, wie sie wirklich ist. Schwerer fällt uns anzuerkennen, dass andere zuweilen in ganz anderen Wirklichkeiten unterwegs sind als wir selbst. - Der Autor zeigt, wie sich die Vorstellung einer Pluralität menschlicher Wirklichkeiten mit der Annahme einer wahrnehmungsunabhängigen Realität vereinbaren lässt, ohne sich in einen Relativismus der vielen Wirklichkeiten zu verlaufen. In Auseinandersetzung mit "kontinentalen" und "analytischen" Ansätzen legt er eine elegante Theorie menschlicher Wirklichkeiten vor, die konstruktivistische und realistische, phänomenologische und naturalistische Motive unerwartet miteinander verbindet.
  • Verständigung und Versprechen: Sozialität bei Habermas und Derrida

    Blank, Stefan (transcript VerlagDEUBielefeld, 2024-02-13)
    Habermas und Derrida gelten als Antipoden der Gegenwartsphilosophie. Sie teilen jedoch zentrale Grundüberzeugungen. Beiden gilt es für unser Handeln und Denken als konstitutiv, daß wir ebenso sprechende wie soziale Wesen sind. Sprachlichkeit und Sozialität stellen für Habermas wie für Derrida irreduzible Dimensionen unseres Weltverhältnisses dar. Die Studie erläutert klar und verständlich, wie die beiden Denker diesen Ausgangspunkt im Rückgriff auf das Konzept der Normativität entfalten. Die Unterschiedlichkeit der von Habermas und Derrida entwickelten Modelle elementarer Vergesellschaftung ist mit der Differenz zwischen "Verständigung" und "Versprechen" genau bezeichnet.
  • Investigating the Challenge between Ethics of Care and Ethical Impartiality in the Relationships of the Parents and the Children from the Islamic Viewpoint

    somayeh sadat mousavi; masood azarbayjani (Research Institute of Hawzah and University (RIHU), 2021-09-01)
    If people are forced to make a choice between helping their loved ones and helping others, are they morally allowed to prefer their loved ones or should they have an impartial choice? This is the challenge that exists between the two views of ethical Impartiality and the ethics of care about social relationships. According to moral impartiality, all human beings are equal and it is an ethical act to be impartial. But the care ethics say that our most important moral responsibility is towards the relatives and those whom care is in our ability. His study focuses on the relationship between parents and children, with the aim of achieving a solution to the conflict, examines the arguments for and against the two views and in this direction has used the method of comparative analysis based on the model of George Bereday. The results show that the reasons for both views are insufficient. Proposed solutions of these two western perspectives are either unreasonable or limited to material issues. But the approach taken from the Islamic doctrine states that the specific obligations of parents and their support of their children are solely limited to the duties that religion has set for them, but outside the scope of these duties, they must maintain impartiality between their children and other children in all the material and spiritual things.
  • Religion and parenting: ignored relationship?

    University of Bedfordshire; Godina, Lidija (Wiley, 2016-03-08)
    Even though the social work profession has been increasingly sensitized to the spiritual needs of those that they are working with, recent history has demonstrated that professionals lack the knowledge and skills needed for understanding those who are subscribing to strong religious beliefs. The research reported in this paper draws on a qualitative study that examined the perceived caregiving practice of parents from the Seventh-day Adventist faith community associated with the conservative Protestant sub-culture. Twenty-five participants aged 20–50 were invited to recall their experiences of being reared by practicing Adventist parents in the UK. An integrative phenomenological analysis yielded a number of themes that shed light on the relationship between religion and parenting. This paper will focus on the three key ideas that emerged: parenting was influenced by beliefs that parents held; a combination of warm and strict parenting was found with some evidence of stricter upbringing amongst black respondents; responses to parenting reported varied between acceptance and discomfort. The study gave valuable insight into individuals' experiences of a religious upbringing received within a secular environment.
  • Who should take care of the poor? Religion and social welfare in America

    Vukelić, Jelisaveta; Stanojević, Dragan (Beograd : Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, 2017-11-01)
    The purpose of this study is to examine the church-state relations in the United States from the perspective of the social welfare system. More precisely, we are questioning the way the conceptual foundations and practical activities of religious organizations influence the directions of social policy and shape the way of dealing with the poor. The first part of the text outlines the main features of religious life and social welfare system in America, while the second contains an analysis of the impact of basic moral and religious principles of the Reformed Protestantism and Roman Catholicism (the two most widespread religious traditions) and the ways in which religious orga¬nizations are taking part in the modern social welfare system in America.
  • Negara, Hak-hak Minoritas Agama, dan Multikulturalisme (Kasus Kekerasan terhadap Ahmadiyah)

    Ilham Mundzir (Sekolah Pasca Sarjana Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2012-06-01)
    This essay attempts to discuss religious violence against Ahmadiyah adherents as the minority group, in term of religion, in Indonesia. This essay demonstrates and argues that the main factor of the rise of the violence is the failure and absence of the state in enforcing the politics of liberal multiculturalism as to govern the social plurality and diversity. It stresses that the state rather tends to establish the politics of conformity and make racial policy against minority. As a result, the agenda of universal protection toward rights of minorities is hardly realized.
  • Practical Ecclesiology: Archpriest Sergius Bulgakov’s Thought on the Church and its refraction in the activities of the social-missionary association “Pravoslavnoe Delo”

    Natalia V. Likvintseva (St. Philaret’s Christian Orthodox Institute, 2023-11-01)
    The article examines the activities of the social-missionary association “Pravoslavnoe Delo”, created in 1935 in émigré Paris by mother Maria Skobtsova, the spiritual daughter of Archpriest Sergius Bulgakov, who comprehensively supported the work of the organization. The article focuses on a dual relationship: on the continuity and overlap between the religious thought of mother Maria and the theology of Fr. Sergius Bulgakov, and on how the ecclesiological views of both thinkers became the foundation for the practical work of the “Pravoslavnoe Delo”. The very first experiments of the philosophical thought of Elizaveta Skobtsova are connected with her definition of the “main channel’ of the Russian thought. She regards the Bulgakov’s sophiology as the creative result of this channel the main intuition of which is “God-participation of the world”. After her monastic vows, mother Maria reflects on the proper response of the Church to the social challenges of the 20 th century, relying in her reflections on Fr. Sergius’s thought about socialism as a challenge of the time, to which the Church must give the answer. Both thinkers reflect on the ecclesiological basics for such an answer: Bulgakov builds an ecclesiology of “living sobornost’” that opposes the atomized fragmentation of the collective. Developing the ideas of Fr. Sergius, mother Maria evolves the ecclesiology of the “Liturgy outside the church walls”, pouring out of the center as communion with the Eucharistic sacrifice into the world, embracing everyone. Both thinkers reflect in this domain on the role of creativity, on the rootedness of ecclesiology in the Eucharist, on the role of suffering and compassion. The idea of the Church as a “living polyunity” becomes the foundation of the activity of the “Pravoslavnoe Delo”, with its approach to every person in need as a true personality, whose help should be provided holistically, at the level of body, soul and spirit. An important point is also the fraternal unity of those who provide such assistance: they must be a “small Church” that unites the rest to the creative common life in Christ.
  • Etika profesionalnog postupanja socijalnih radnika u slučajevima nasilja u obitelji počinjenog na štetu ili nazočnosti djeteta

    Tucak, Ivana; Mataković, Valentina (Sveučilište Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku. Pravni fakultet Osijek. Zavod za građansko i obiteljsko pravo i pravnu tradiciju. Katedra obiteljskog prava.Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek. Faculty of Law Osijek. Institute of Civil and Family Law and Legal Tradition. Chair of Family Law., 2023-07-13)
    Nasilje i dan danas predstavlja jedan od većih problema javnosti. Nasilje se stoga više ne promatra kao privatni problem, kao u prošlosti, nego je nasilje dio javnog problema. Nasilje se može javiti u različitim krugovima, odnosno unutar i izvan obitelji, u školi, na poslu i na drugim mjestima. Na području Republike Hrvatske nasilje je prepoznato konkretno kao kršenje temeljnih ljudskih prava stoga je zaštita svih onih koji su mu izloženi u različitim kontekstima regulirano putem većeg broja zakona. Na ovaj način nastoji se zaštiti žrtva nasilja, a nasilnik prema zakonskim odredbama na adekvatan način kazniti. Temeljni predmet ovog rada je obiteljsko nasilje i etičko postupanje socijalnog radnika u slučaju nasilja nad djetetom ili nasilja koje je počinjeno u nazočnosti djeteta. Upravo u tom segmentu prikazat će se postupanje Zavoda za socijalni rad u slučaju nasilja nad djetetom ili nasilja koje je počinjeno u nazočnosti djeteta. Cilj je rada identificirati i ujedno problematizirati razno razne etičke izazove s kojima se suočavaju socijalni radnici u svom postupanju vezano za nasilje u obitelji.
  • Las defensas morales del mercado

    Ovejero Lucas, Félix (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2012-05-21)
    El mercado, como cualquier otro sistema de organización de la vida colectiva, es susceptible de evaluación moral. En las páginas que siguen se examinan las dos vías de fundamentación más comunes y se muestran sus limitaciones. La primera presenta al mercado como un sistema social necesario. Lo cual se puede hacer por dos caminos: a) mostrando su superioridad desde cualquier criterio de evaluación, su superioridad incondicional; b) mostrando su carácter necesario, esto es, desprovisto de moralidad. La segunda vía pretende que el mercado es el único sistema compatible con valores morales generalmente aceptados.
  • Reflexe profesních hodnot a etických principů z pohledu sociálních pracovníků v sociálních službách

    Martincová, Jana; Staňková, Iva; Trčková, Silvie (Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně, 2022-07-15)
    Bakalářská práce se věnuje reflexi profesních hodnot a etických principů z pohledu sociálních pracovníků v sociálních službách. Obsah práce je rozdělen na část teoretickou a praktickou. Teoretická část se v první kapitole soustřeďuje na hodnoty, dále na profesní hodnoty, které se vážou k profesi sociální práce a na morální konflikty. Druhá kapitola se zaměřuje na samotný pojem etika, etiku sociální práce, etické principy a etická dilemata. Závěr teoretické části představuje sociálně aktivizační službu pro rodiny s dětmi, sociální práci s rodinou a práci terénního sociálního pracovníka. Druhá část bakalářské práce je věnována praktické části. Praktická část zkoumá formou kvalitativního výzkumu vnímání profesních hodnot a etických principů z pohledu sociálních pracovníků.
  • Vztah studentů oboru sociální pedagogika k Etickému kodexu společnosti sociálních pracovníků ČR

    Karger, Tomáš; Hrnčiříková, Zuzana; Šrámková, Jana (Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně, 2023-12-20)
    Teoretická část této práce přináší definice pojmu hodnota některých autorů, uvádí příklady typologie hodnot a zabývá se také faktory, ovlivňující hodnoty u člověka. V další části je teorie zaměřená na popis oboru sociální pedagogiky, zejména v oblasti etiky a hodnot sociální práce. Poslední část je věnována mládeži, období časné dospělosti a hodnotám, vyznávanými mladými jedinci. Praktická část je zaměřena na zjištění vtahu studentů sociální pedagogiky k Etickému kodexu společnosti sociálních pracovníků ČR a řazení jednotlivých hodnot u studentů dle důležitosti. Toto pořadí porovnáváme na základě faktoru pohlaví, délky studia a náboženská orientace jedince.
  • Arbeitsdiskurse im deutschen Sprachraum des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts [2016]

    Ehmer, Josef (DEU, 2024-01-30)
    Discourses on work and labour have been taking place in Europe since Antiquity. In some historical periods, however, such topics were much more intensively discussed than in others. The starting point of this chapter is the assumption that in European history, the period around 1500 was one such high point. Perceptions of the value of work became an issue of public interest, and the meaning of work was increasingly narrowed to gainful employment. Labour discourses found expression in a wide range of sources related to the everyday life of the lower and middling classes such as journeymen’s petitions, guild statutes, charity regulations, and urban poor laws, but they also appeared in popular poetry and in a wide range of visual representations of work and workers in the public space, for instance, on the walls of churches. I argue that the social background of intensified discourses included a spate of dynamic socio-economic changes in the sixteenth century, including the transformation of feudal agriculture and the emergence of a largely independent peasantry, increasing social inequality in the rural world, the growth of cities, the spread of mining centres, among other things. In periods of change such as this, discourses on work and labour allowed new social groups to form an identity and define their position in society. It was particularly social groups on the lower rungs of society that developed a work ethic from below and used their inclination to manual labour and their disgust over idleness as a political argument in conflicts with the upper classes and state authorities.

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