• O ascetismo revolucionário do Movimento 26 de Julho: o sacrifício e o corpo na Revolução Cubana (1952 a 1958)

      SILVA, Luiz Sérgio Duarte da; CPF:00275981547; http://lattes.cnpq.br/4317054127961589; Teixeira, Rafael Saddi (Universidade Federal de GoiásBRUFGDoutorado em HistóriaHistória, 2014-07-29)
      The goal of this thesis is to understand the imagined and subjective meaning of the action of the cuban revolutionary of the 26th July movement during insurrection rebellion (fight ou dispute)(1952 to 1958). Our hypothesis is that this social action was marked by political revolutionary asceticism, that is, by one kind of action in that the agent feels as an instrument of pure and noble values of the revolutionary cause. The ascetic revolutionary is quite different from the pragmatic revolutionary since its action is not faced as a rational way to reach the aim systematically desired. On the contrary, its action is, mainly, a task to be accomplished. We analyzed, from this point, the revolutionary sacrifice as a way of bringing back to the corrupted world the pure and noble values and we noticed how the ideal of the body was presented in the discourses of the Cuban rebellions.
    • O clamor do ‘não homem’ : a obra de Gustavo Gutiérrez como proposta actual de ética política e social

      Cunha, Jorge Teixeira da; Diniz, Gonçalo Martim Vieira Pereira (2019-10-07)
      Nesta dissertação de doutoramento, pretende-se dar a conhecer a obra de um
 grande teólogo peruano contemporâneo, Gustavo Gutiérrez, sacerdote dominicano,
 profundamente ligado à Teologia da Libertação. Trata-se de um teólogo de grande fama
 internacional, mas, em geral, muito pouco conhecido em Portugal.
 Pelo presente trabalho, procura-se demonstrar que a Teologia da Libertação, de
 Gustavo Gutiérrez - apesar de ser uma teologia, na sua origem, muito contextualizada,
 quer no tempo quer no espaço -, continua a ser bastante actual no mundo global de hoje,
 sob vários aspectos. Um mundo onde, infelizmente, permanecem muitos exemplos de
 pessoas a quem não é reconhecida totalmente a sua categoria e dignidade humana. Está
 em causa o universo dos ‘não-homens’, as ‘não-pessoas’, os ‘invisíveis’ e
 ‘insignificantes’ da sociedade capitalista, para usar as expressões do autor.
 De facto, muitas das intuições e conceitos teológicos pioneiros de Gutiérrez
 continuam a ser de manifesto interesse para os nossos dias. Entre essas intuições e
 conceitos, destacam-se a concepção do ‘pecado social’, ou ‘pecado estrutural’, e o
 princípio teológico e pastoral da opção preferencial pelos pobres.
 Há também que referir a novidade de uma metodologia verdadeiramente
 inovadora, que contempla dois ‘momentos’ – num primeiro momento, a práxis (acção)
 histórica, concretizada no compromisso político e pastoral com os pobres; e, num
 segundo momento, a reflexão teológica propriamente dita, o momento de falar de Deus.
 Por fim, em Gutiérrez brota uma nova perspectiva teológica: a perspectiva do
 pobre. Relativamente a este último aspecto, de facto, verifica-se que a teologia de
 Gutiérrez pretende partir das preocupações e dos anseios das populações mais pobres e
 marginalizadas da América Latina do seu tempo, os grandes ‘ausentes da história’,
 como lhes chama, e dar-lhes voz, voz política, mas também voz no interior da Igreja e
 no universo da própria teologia.
 Procura-se aqui fazer um trabalho crítico acerca da obra de Gutiérrez e do seu
 legado para os nossos dias, evitando-se cair na simples apologia e no elogio fácil. As
 principais críticas dirigidas à Teologia da Libertação, quer por parte de Roma quer por
 parte de muitos outros quadrantes, estão todas reflectidas neste trabalho. Mas, sem
 prejuízo dos equívocos e abusos apontados a esta corrente teológica, o que é facto é que
 ela também deu muitos frutos e abriu novos horizontes à Igreja pós-conciliar. Além dos contributos para uma nova ética política e social, a teologia de
 Gutiérrez continua muito viva e interpeladora no campo dos temas da ‘Justiça e Paz’ e
 no desígnio de uma ‘Igreja pobre ao serviço dos pobres’, conforme ao desejo do Papa
 Francisco.
    • O Cristianismo diante dos desafios da globalização econômica e cultural

      Andrade, Paulo Fernando Carneiro de (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, 2009)
      This article aims to reflect on the impacts of globalization economy in contemporary culture. The accelerated transformation of culture and of social relations differs from other processes of structural changes because change in the field of economy have caused serious cultural crisis since the 1980s. What best characterizes the new era is the expansion of market that has increasingly been �all embracing� and �omnipresent�, thus transforming human relations in market relations. Neoliberal globalization and the expansion of market articulate themselves thus producing a deep crisis of culture. Rationalization produced by modernity has reduced human being and nature to productive interests. Crisis in early modernity brings out another reduction: the one of reason replaced by sensation. In this way one can say that it has emerged a radical individualism and even a kind of indifferentism as well as the refusal to look for a sense or a meaning to the experience and human life. This reality presents some risks to Christianity and religions. They may succumb to the temptation of the market, satisfaction of desire and hiper egoic enjoyment, with double consequence: or by offering a religion based on consumerism and on economic prosperity, or by offering a fundamentalistic perspective that leads believers to renounce their autonomy and submit themselves to the religious leaders of the "Symbolic Order". This articles ends up by presenting the most recent criticism of Christianity to this reality, returning to the thought of the popes John XXIII, Paul VI and John Paul II.
    • O cuidador informal da pessoa com dificuldades intelectuais e desenvolvimentais: perspectivando a intervenção do serviço social

      Serafim, Maria do Rosário; Silva, Ana Margarida Frias Furtado (2010-08-03)
      Mestrado em Serviço Social
    • O ensino religioso numa perspectiva solidária

      Santos, Jacimera Maria Thimoteo dos (Edições Universitárias Lusófonas, 2013-11-17)
      Revista Lusófona de Ciência das Religiões
    • O lugar do representante do controle social nos comitês de ética em pesquisa brasileiros

      Ferrari Lima, Dartel; Anguera Lima, Lohran; Malacarne, Vilmar; Cristofoletti, João Fernando (Observatori de Bioètica i Dret - Cátedra UNESCO de Bioética, 2021-10-25)
      Resumo A exigência de os comitês de ética em pesquisa no Brasil ter representantes da comunidade entre os seus membros é explícita e ainda indefinida. Explícita porque a legislação brasileira impõe essa participação; indefinida, porque as normas vigentes não firmam as competências desse participante, somente o constitui como um braço representativo do controle social dentro do sistema que regula as condutas éticas em pesquisas com humanos. Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir os desafios da inclusão do controle social (representantes da comunidade) nos comitês de ética em pesquisa. O estudo procura mostrar quem são os possíveis representantes do controle social e, ao mesmo tempo, abre caminhos para analisar sobre essa participação. Há expectativa, ainda não comprovada, de o envolvimento do público no trabalho dos comitês ser favorecida pela imposição de normas que estabeleçam suas competências. No entanto, somente a imposição pode não ser suficiente para atender as expectativas do legislador. Conclui-se pela necessidade de adicionar capacitação permanente para os representantes de usuários, a fim de mediar a permanência e a participação efetiva do controle social nos comitês de ética.
    • O społecznej koncepcji i jej artystycznym wcieleniu w Ostapie Bondarczuku Józefa Ignacego Kraszewskiego

      Uniwersytet Narodowy w Kamieńcu Podolskim im. Iwana Ohijenka, Katedra Filologii Słowiańskiej i Językoznawstwa Ogólnego; dummuzi@ukr.net; Abramowycz, Semen (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, 2022-03-29)
      The article highlights the fact that the author’s deep setting consists in opposing the eddy currents of modernity and the bright “Napoleonic” possibilities of the era to a certain hidden metaphysical program, which would be perceived by positivists as “natural”. Nevertheless, but the writer himself interpreted it more in the spirit of romanticized Christian folk wisdom. Ultimately, Krashevski’s perspective for a person to go beyond the limits of his class and the mentality conditioned by it, to “liberate himself,” is hampered by the persistence of this original program. Theprogram is based on the biblical-folklore archetype of the primordial physical-social inequality of people, equal only in original sin. For all the sincerity of the count’s desire to turn Ostap into “his”, into “Eustachiy”, with all the efforts of the latter to justify the hopes of the new parents, the central character does not show daring, the ability to seriously go beyond the stencil predetermined by birth and the first years of life. And the fact that Ostap, against his will, “changed his fate”, did not make him really free and happy. A genuine change in social role is achieved not by “fabulous” mercy from the outside, but by personal hard work and selfless devotion: this would be of interest to the positivist. In other words, we are still dealing with a fundamentally romantically integral mono-character of the protagonist. On the other hand, J.I Krashevski only partially and very fluently used the positivist individual methods of depicting a person in a dynamic environment as additional material, which enriched the author’s style, but did not change his artistic method.
    • O trabalho do professor universitário: percepções e sentimentos de assistentes sociais

      Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP); Oliveira, Josiani Julião Alves de (Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), 2014-06-11)
      O trabalho do professor universitário é de vital importância para a formação integral de seus alunos. Partindo desse pressuposto, o objetivo desta investigação é conhecer a contribuição dos professores na formação de assistentes sociais considerando como eixo de análise, o que Luckesi (1990) denomina de compromisso político e compromisso pedagógico que os professores têm que desenvolver em seu trabalho. O caminho escolhido para conduzir este estudo foi o de privilegiar os sentimentos e percepções de assistentes sociais sobre o papel dos professores em suas vidas. A partir de um referencial que privilegia o humano, desenvolvemos uma pesquisa de campo com 14 assistentes sociais da região de São José do Rio Preto-SP, sendo os dados coletados através de entrevistas semi-estruturadas. As falas foram submetidas a análise temática de conteúdos. A pesquisa revelou que a maioria das assistentes sociais percebe de forma positiva a contribuição do trabalho do professor em sua formação pessoal e profissional, destacando o valor dos professores na facilitação desse processo graças ao compromisso político e pedagógico dos mesmos.
    • O trabalho do/a assistente social e a práxis artística: a arte como mediação para uma reflexão ética da realidade

      Melo, Luciana Maria Cavalcante; Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP); http://lattes.cnpq.br/4258355653239028; http://lattes.cnpq.br/1238685693766051; Lima, Tatiane Cristina Araújo de Oliveira (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2020-08-28)
      O objetivo deste Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso foi abordar como temática a
 apropriação da arte pelo Serviço Social, tendo como pressupostos a ontologia social
 de Marx e a importância dada para a práxis artística como mediação para uma
 reflexão ética da realidade. A princípio foi realizado um estudo com o intuito de
 aprofundar as concepções de práxis artística e as apropriações realizadas pela
 profissão sobre o tema, em um segundo momento, foi efetuada uma pesquisa de
 campo, com o objetivo de nos aproximarmos da realidade dos profissionais que
 contam com a práxis artística como estratégia de intervenção, tendo como escopo
 problematizar os limites, possibilidades e rebatimentos da apropriação desta práxis
 como estratégia na intervenção profissional com uma perspectiva transformadora.
    • Oblastní charita Jihlava - pomocná ruka lidem v nouzi

      Dragoun, Zdeněk; Křoustek, Antonín; Nováková, Anna (Univerzita Tomáše Bati ve Zlíně, 2013-10-06)
      Bakalářská práce se věnuje působení římskokatolické církve v oblasti pomoci potřebným prostřednictvím činnosti Oblastní charity Jihlava. Snahou této organizace je zlepšit kvalitu života každého jednotlivce všech věkových skupin. Práce je určena především pro sociální pracovníky působící v oblasti veřejné správy, pro jejich klienty - potencionální uživatele sociálních služeb, pro všechny pracovníky pomáhajících profesí a ty, kteří se o problematiku poskytování sociálních služeb zajímají.
    • Occupational Justice Concerns for Muslim Refugees in the United States

      Adams, Emily; Peterson, Megan (UND Scholarly Commons, 2018-01-01)
      Background: Individuals are being displaced at alarming rates and many are from countries with a Muslim majority. Countries are beginning to study the effects of trauma and displacement on quality of life for refugees. The United States however, is lacking in studies involving health care, quality of life, and occupational justice concerns with Muslim refugees. Objectives: To identify the experiences of Muslim refugees resettling in the United States and the resulting occupational justice issues, using Occupational Perspective of Health (Wilcock & Hocking, 2015) as an overarching theory. Methods: Participants were obtained through convenience and snowball sampling. Participants had to be classified as a refugee and self-identify as Muslim to be included in the study. Each participant was interviewed twice utilizing a semi-structured interview with an interpreter as needed. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded into themes. Results: A total of 5 individuals participated. Four themes emerged from the study. Doing represents the daily aspects of the participants’ lives, and the activities they are able or unable, due to barriers, to participate in. Being Muslim in America describes the identity of the participants as Muslim refugees and American together. The third theme, Do I belong?, describes conflicting feelings of belonging and not belonging. Discrimination was a main factor in making the participants feel as they were “other”. The final theme, Becoming, underlines how the occupations of resettling and transitioning to American life have changed the participants. Conclusion: Refugees have many stressors in resettlement. Financial difficulties and language barrier were the largest issues. Having institutional and social support can make the transition easier. However, more research needs to be conducted to fully understand the effects of resettlement on the occupational wellbeing of Muslim refugees in the U.S. and how to combat these issues. Significance: Due to increasing number of refugees worldwide, it is imperative that the United States government understand the difficulties these refugees face when resettling. Occupational therapists can be utilized in resettlement to address many of these issues.
    • Ocean of Suffering, Ocean of Compassion: Person, Environment, Self, and World in Social Work and Zen Buddhism

      Mukerji, Siddhesh (Loyola eCommons, 2021-01-01)
      The person-in-environment perspective (PIE) is a foundational element of social work, and the way in which we interpret the person-environment relationship profoundly shapes our understanding of social work practice. However, a lack of research that systematically explores how unique worldviews interpret the person-environment relationship limits the field's ability to grow from humanity's manifold ways of being and knowing. This study helps fill this gap by illuminating: (1) How Zen Buddhist teachers who respond to suffering in ways that overlap with social work activities understand and experience their relationship to other beings and to the world; (2) How this understanding of relationship guides their work, and; (3) How this understanding of relationship alters social work's conceptualization of "person-in-environment" and "practice." Buddhist perspectives can help expand social work's philosophical diversity and provide fresh insights for the field because, while both social work and Buddhism are frameworks for responding to suffering, they often approach this goal from radically different worldviews. To illuminate this topic, I conducted standardized, open-ended interviews with a purposive sample of 35 Zen teachers in the United States. This research was guided by Baert's (2005) neo-pragmatist paradigm, employed a thematic analysis approach to interpreting interview data, and culminates in three theoretical propositions: bodyheartmindworld, oceanic compassion, and being-action. Bodyheartmindworld is a vision of the self-world relationship in which all beings are unique, yet inseparable, manifestations of a dynamic, whole reality. Oceanic compassion describes the impulse to serve others that arises from a recognition that all beings are
    • Ocean of Suffering, Ocean of Compassion: Person, Environment, Self, and World in Social Work and Zen Buddhism

      Mukerji, Siddhesh (UVM ScholarWorks, 2021-01-01)
      The person-in-environment perspective (PIE) is a foundational element of social work, and the way in which we interpret the person-environment relationship profoundly shapes our understanding of social work practice. However, a lack of research that systematically explores how unique worldviews interpret the person-environment relationship limits the field's ability to grow from humanity's manifold ways of being and knowing. This study helps fill this gap by illuminating: (1) How Zen Buddhist teachers who respond to suffering in ways that overlap with social work activities understand and experience their relationship to other beings and to the world; (2) How this understanding of relationship guides their work, and; (3) How this understanding of relationship alters social work's conceptualization of "person-in-environment" and "practice." Buddhist perspectives can help expand social work's philosophical diversity and provide fresh insights for the field because, while both social work and Buddhism are frameworks for responding to suffering, they often approach this goal from radically different worldviews. To illuminate this topic, I conducted standardized, open-ended interviews with a purposive sample of 35 Zen teachers in the United States. This research was guided by Baert's (2005) neo-pragmatist paradigm, employed a thematic analysis approach to interpreting interview data, and culminates in three theoretical propositions: bodyheartmindworld, oceanic compassion, and being-action. Bodyheartmindworld is a vision of the self-world relationship in which all beings are unique, yet inseparable, manifestations of a dynamic, whole reality. Oceanic compassion describes the impulse to serve others that arises from a recognition that all beings...
    • Odrodzenie i Reformacja w Polsce T. 63 (2019)

      Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences; Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk; Ptaszyński, Maciej (1978– ) (Instytut Historii PAN, 2019)
      In the article the author discusses anti-Lutheran polemics published in the Kingdom of Poland during the rule of Sigismund I and asks about the shape of Reformation movement, which developed in spite of numerous bans imposed by the king. The author proves that although these polemics were explicitly against “Lutherans,” they were often created as a result of clashes with other theologies of the emerging Protestantism. Works created by the lower-status Church employees were not novel, and their range of influence must have been limited.
    • Olämpligt bemötande av klienter inom socialtjänsten

      Jansson, Teresa; Edvardsson, Bo (Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap, 1997)
      Syftet är att undersöka om olämpligt bemötande förekommer och på vad sätt vid samtal med klienter inom socialtjänsten. En kritisk granskning av 10 inspelade samtal  genomfördes. Totalt 34 olika fenomen av olämpligt bemötande förekom och dessa kunde i stort inordnas i 6 huvuddrag,  nämligen bryta mot lagar, myndigheten vet bäst, formanpassning krävs, driva igenom och kvarhålla fattade beslut, ignorera elementära saklighetsaspekter och ignorera etiska principer och riktlinjer.
    • Old ‘counter-revolution’, new ‘terrorism’ : historicizing the framing of violence in Xinjiang by the Chinese state

      Rodríguez-Merino, Pablo A. (Routledge, 2019)
      China has declared a war on terrorism in Xinjiang, identifying violence in the region as a top security threat. However, what nowadays is officially constructed as ‘terrorism’ was framed as ‘counter-revolution’ in the past. Informed by the concept of macrosecuritization and the agenda of critical terrorism studies, this article examines the changing nature of Chinese state framing of violence in Xinjiang. Through a comparative analysis of the discursive construction of the Baren (1990) and Maralbeshi (2013) violent incidents, I find that the terror lexicon has replaced old narratives of counter-revolution to legitimize a sustained crackdown under a novel geopolitical context. The construction of violence in Xinjiang as terrorism, I argue, is contingent, limited and unstable. It marginalizes factors other than an extremist or separatist agency in the incubation of the violence, in particular the frictions created by the crackdown with which the Chinese government is trying to placate the unrest.
    • Older, church-going African Americans’ attitudes and expectations about formal depression care

      School of Social Work; University of Central Florida; Ann Arbor; Wharton, Tracy; Watkins, Daphne; Mitchell, Jamie; Kales, Helen (Sage, 2019-12-13)
      Journal article
    • Omanarvontunnon voimavaralähtöinen tukeminen työhön kuntoutuksessa

      Helsingin yliopisto, Teologinen tiedekunta; University of Helsinki, Faculty of Theology; Helsingfors universitet, Teologiska fakulteten; Martikainen, Jenny (Helsingin yliopistoUniversity of HelsinkiHelsingfors universitet, 2020)
      Pro gradu -tutkielmassa tarkastellaan työllisyydenhoitoa omanarvontunnon ja ihmisarvon näkökulmasta. Tutkimuskysymykseni ovat: 1) Miten ihmisarvo tulee esiin työllisyydenhoitoon liittyvässä lainsäädännössä? 2) Miten kuntouttavassa sosiaalityössä voidaan parantaa työttömän työ- ja toimintakykyä tukemalla hänen omanarvontuntoaan voimavaralähtöisesti? 
 Tutkielmassa työhön kuntoutusta käsitellään työllistämistä edistävän monialaisen yhteispalvelun (TYP) kontekstissa. TYP-toiminnassa luodaan pitkäaikaistyöttömälle yksilöllinen palvelukokonaisuus Kelan kuntoutuspalveluista, työvoimapalveluista ja kunnan sosiaali- ja terveyspalveluista. Moniammatillisen yhteistyön taustalla on kuntouttavan sosiaalityön ja työvoimapalveluiden erilaisia tavoitteita koskeva eettinen ristiriita. Työvoimaviranomaisilla tavoitteena on työllistyminen ja sosiaalityössä laajemmat elämäntilanne- ja hyvinvointitavoitteet. Tutkielmassa pyritään selvittämään sosiaalityön merkitystä ja tarpeellisuutta TYP:ssä sosiaalieettisestä näkökulmasta.
 Tutkielma jakaantuu kolmeen osaan. Ensimmäisessä osassa selvennetään ihmisarvon ja ihmisoikeuksien käsitteiden suhdetta, ja niiden esiintymistä työllisyydenhoitoon liittyvässä lainsäädännössä. Toisessa osassa käsitellään työhön kuntouttavaa sosiaalityötä dialogisessa ja asiakaslähtöisessä kohtaamisessa. Kolmannessa osassa pohditaan ratkaisukeskeisten voimavaralähtöisten valmennusmenetelmien hyödyntämistä omanarvontunteen ja toimintakyvyn tukemisessa, sekä niiden hyödyntämistä työhön kuntouttavassa sosiaalityössä. Tutkimus on aineistolähtöinen kirjallisuuskatsaus, jossa käytetään menetelmänä sisällönanalyysia.
 Tutkimuksen tuloksena on, että sosiaalityöllä on perustava ja välttämätön tehtävä sosiaalieettisesti kestävän TYP-työn toteuttamisessa. Sosiaalityössä korostuu ihmisarvoon ja asiakaslähtöisyyteen perustuva henkilökohtaisen psykososiaalisen keskustelun lähestymistapa, joka on välttämätön asiakkaan sosiaalisen tilanteen kartoittamiseksi ja edistämiseksi. Sosiaalihuoltolain mukaan erityisen tuen tarpeessa olevilla ihmisillä tulee olla sosiaalityöntekijä omatyöntekijänään. Monialaisen työllistymissuunnitelman laatimisessa sosiaalityöntekijän on tuotava esiin asiakkaan kokonaisvaltainen sosiaalinen tilanne ja asiakkaan näkemys omasta toimintakyvystään sekä harjoitettava asiakkaan asianajoa. Asiakkaan työ- ja toimintakykyä voidaan tukea ratkaisu- ja voimavarakeskeisellä valmentavalla työotteella, jolla on vaikutusta asiakkaan motivaatioon suuntautua kohti pitkäaikaista muutosta ja sitoutua muutokseen.
    • On a Path Toward International Recognition: Physician-Assisted Suicide as an Emerging Human Rights Norm

      Schmitz, Lucy (2017)
      Physician-assisted suicide is a form of end-of-life care wherein a doctor provides a lethal dose of medication for a patient to use of his or her own volition, which has become increasingly legalized since 1994. This trend in legalization, the convincing human rights-based arguments in favor of physician-assisted suicide, and the comportment of the practice with existing international human rights law and norms leads to two core claims. First, I argue that access to physician-assisted suicide is itself a right even though it is not codified in any treaty because it is an emerging norm. Second, based on an observed trend toward accelerated legalization in increasing numbers states, and because of trends in public opinion around this issue and related topics such as political and religious affiliation, I foresee that legalization will continue apace, and accelerate in the coming decades, solidifying physician-assisted suicide as an internationally protected human right. The central contribution of this work is extending the existing human rights argument for physician-assisted to make the stronger claim that physician-assisted suicide is a right, and to predict the future of legalization and norm-creation around this form of end-of life care.