The Journal of Social Studies (JSS) covers critical social studies on Indonesian and Third World social issues which are analyzed using various scientific perspectives.

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Globethics.net Library has vol. 12(2016) no. 2 to current.

Recent Submissions

  • A conflict between China and Taiwan: An analysis from a realism perspective

    Halda Nuriyya Azzara; Badrus Sholeh (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    The conflict between China and Taiwan has become a long conflict that until now has not found a bright spot. From time to time, the conflict between China and Taiwan seems to be getting worse and always attracts the attention of the international community. The dispute between the two countries also affects relations between countries, whether dealing with China or Taiwan. This article will analyze the conflict between China and Taiwan from the perspective of realism as a theory in the study of international relations. By analyzing the conflict from the perspective of realism, this article will discuss how China and Taiwan try to maintain their national integrity and how other countries interact with this conflict. The research method used in this article is literary studies by collecting secondary data to explain and analyze the conflict and find the result and discussion. By this method, there are some points were found, starting from the concept of power in the conflict between China and Taiwan, the diplomatic relations, and the survival of both parties in the international system.
  • Online learning implementation in the faculty of social sciences during the covid-19 pandemic

    Dyah Kumalasari; Suhadi Purwantara; Suranto AW; Supardi Supardi; Grendi Hendrastomo (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    The COVID-19 pandemic has revolutionized the field of education. Online learning is the right solution to replace in-person learning. Improvement and development of the online learning process are really needed to provide a meaningful learning experience for students. This study aimed to examine the implementation of online learning in the Faculty of Social Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta/FIS UNY during the pandemic. The quantitative observational approach with a cross-sectional survey was employed with the qualitative method done in group discussions. The respondents were selected using proportional stratified random sampling on all study programs in FIS UNY. Data were collected through an online survey and limited interviews to investigate students’ and lecturers’ experiences of online learning more deeply. In FIS UNY, online learning was mostly conducted through online synchronous learning. Besides, online learning was done using a learning management system developed by the university (BeSmart). There were several factors that influenced the practice of online learning at the faculty, namely the availability of learning devices, speed and stability of internet connection, and conducive learning environment. As many as 25.6% of students had issues related to learning devices. Then, 66.9% of the students stated that they did not have a stable internet connection which caused problems during the learning process. At last, 62.79% of the students admitted that it was difficult to focus on the learning process because their learning environment was not conducive. Besides IT skills, students’ independence and learning motivation were the internal factors influencing the online learning process. Another issue related to online learning was the lack of responses and feedback from the lecturers on the activities done by the students.
  • Using Kotter’s theory to lead change at University of Khartoum: A qualitative study

    Saifaldin Idris Onia (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    Changes in Universities need to be prepared, enforced, and sustained to turn the universities into institutions that can function effectively and efficiently. Kotter’s change model is one of the most widely recognised models for leading change, and yet there are few case studies have been used this model in the academic literature. Therefore, this study aimed to test Kotter’s change model at University of Khartoum. To do so, a qualitative research design was followed. To collect data a semi-structured interview was used with 11 leaders in the University of Khartoum. The thematic analysis has shown that create an environment for change depends on create urgency, and develop a vision for change that convinces staff members to participate in the change process. It is evident that the University of Khartoum has engaged and enabled the staff members in each college and work unit to embrace the change. Besides, the analysis indicated that for the change to be implemented and sustained it needs to removing obstacles and making it the university culture. The paper recommended that the importance of change must be embedded in the vision of the University of Khartoum to create a strong climate for change in the University environment.
  • Improvement of a cashing trainer assembly methodology for FPGA development in vocational education students

    Tuti Suartini; Sri Lestari Harja; Aan Sukandar (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    Learning media is defined as a tool used in conveying learning messages to students. Teachers or lectures can use the media to stimulate thoughts, feelings, attention and abilities or skills, and one of them is the use of trainers. The development board FPGA  of trainer tools for skill learning in digital technology-based vocational education today has been a problem that obstructs the growth of experts in high-tech-based vocational field.The Spartan development board and its software can be used to elaborate the improvement of skill learning. This research analyse how the development board can be used to enhance students’ thinking skill. The trainer tools in the market lately are still in the form of a mother board that can be interfaced with various devices commonly used to perform various digital automation technology. This study elaborates the use of the cashing trainer assembly among electrical engineering students and mechanical engineering students in a joint project to assembly a development mother board.The learning media is also used in group training among the peers.Based on trials and observations made by researchers, the students as the object of research results, have not performed optimally to combine planning of cashing trainer assembly methodology and practice in the assembly.
  • 'Stay away from home': The role of social networks for the adaptation process of Indonesian trainees in Japan

    Andiline Thea Pranasari; Kurniawaty Iskandar (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    This study aims to analyze the challenges faced by Indonesian trainees, especially the participants of Technical Intern Training Program (TITP), in the process of adapting to Japan's socio-cultural system. Furthermore, this study finds out how the role of social networks in the process of adapting the lives of the trainees. Social network theory and social capital will be used as a perspective to analyze the existing phenomena. Data collection process and analysis of findings will be carried out based on qualitative research methods. Primary data sources were taken by using in-depth interviews towards three Indonesian trainees, complemented by secondary data from related research and articles. The results of the study show that the challenges faced by Indonesian trainees include difficulties in adapting to work, limitation of Japanese language proficiency, lack of opportunities to practice prayers regularly, and difficulties to build social relationships. In dealing with these problems, trainees receive moral assistance and information about the way of life in Japan from the Indonesian networks. The adaptation process of Indonesian trainees in Japan is supported by social networks that are formed informally, and plays a role in maintaining the continuity of the migration pattern of Indonesian workers to Japan.
  • Living between brackets: Public-private patriarchal violence and the mental state of women on both sides of radcliffe line

    Mostafizur Rahman; Nahida Anwar (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    The study examines the public-private patriarchal notion of Sylvia Walby and its violent effects on women’s mental state during and after the partition of Indian Subcontinent. Systematic electronic searches were conducted in 7 electronic databases and 42 studies were included for final review. Findings explored private patriarchal violence including ‘honor killing’, ‘collective suicide’, hate and curse, social rejection, sex trap, cancelled communality, and twice displacement. Public patriarchal violence became evident through rape, forced marriage, and abduction. The private and public patriarchal violence captivated and imprisoned women’s minds and resulted in mental traumas including estrangement and emotional detachment, unbalanced minds, diseased thought and paranoia, post-traumatic stress disorder, ‘feeling of loss’, depression and sadism, ‘disturbing memory’ and insanity, haunted nightmare and spooky dream, and concealed grief.
  • A survey of the mutual effects of mobile phone usage on the citizenship culture in developing countries

    Seyed Maziar Alavi; Seyed Hossein Hosseini; ali hosseini; Mohamad Samaei (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    Information and Communication Technologies have made great changes to the lifestyle of human beings. Mobile phones, with their rapid growth in different parts of the world, essential parts of our lives. Mobile phone has helped to overcome location barriers and have had great impacts on the people’s lives, especially in urban areas. In developing countries, mobile phone has grown rapidly in the recent decade and has had great impacts on communications and other aspects of social life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the mobile phone technology push on the culture of citizens, in developing countries. Running a survey-type research, a sample of people in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, have been asked to fill a questionnaire; then, after gathering and cleansing and analysing the data, some recommendations are added that could be used in urban policy making in the various developing countries
  • Character development strategies through the soft skills training to students for job readiness

    Rosidah Rosidah; Nadia Sasmita; Voettie Wisataone; Mochamad Hanafi (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    Instilling the character values is realized through a learning process that aims to equip graduates with job readiness and help internalize values for student life on campus and in society. This study aims to investigate the effects of giving soft skills training on student character development. The research respondents consisted of 148 students. This study employed a quantitative approach. Primary data were gathered using a questionnaire. The data validity utilized content validity and item validation with product moment Pearson correlation analysis. Data analysis used paired-sample tests. The results show that there was a significant difference in the student’s character before and after obtaining soft skill materials. Student character values are better after being given soft skill training than before getting soft skill training.
  • Indonesian K-Pop fans: The relationship between ARMY-BTS identity and their demographic

    Yayah Cheriyah; Amanda Rochima Hadi (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    This article analysed the fans’ identity among K-Pop fans in Indonesia, especially BTS fans. The study aimed to explore how these fans express their identity as fans both internally and externally despite negative stereotyping of loyal K-Pop fans. Using a quantitative method through online surveys based on the fans-identity scale approach, the research surveyed a total of 243 BTS fans in Indonesia. Results showed that BTS fans had a positive tendency toward overall fan characteristics. None of the characteristics showed a negative score. It indicated that there was a high loyalty among the fans. Almost all six-behaviour dimensions observed correlated with all seven fans-identity characters. “Specific social media accounts followed” showed no correlation with “enjoyment” and “identity” respectively. However, high loyalty and a large number of fan-based did not translate into monetization for official merchandise. Results showed a low number of purchases for official merchandise and global membership package.
  • The sociology of law in the context of Islamic Legal Scholarship in Indonesia

    Pradana Boy ZTF (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    This article examines the sociology of law in the context of Islamic legal scholarship in Indonesia. As a method, the sociology of law has basically been employed by Islamic legal scholars in Indonesia. However, the study of Islamic law is generally under the discipline of Islamic studies. In fact, although Islamic studies in Indonesia has recently utilised social sciences methods, the popularity of this approach is low compared to normative and textual types of Islamic legal studies. In addition, the trend of positivism which has been a general feature of Islamic legal studies has significantly contributed to this situation. In the light of this context, this article offers a view that the adoption of the sociology of law in the context of Islamic legal studies scholarship in Indonesia will serve as an alternative. It is expected that Islamic legal studies will be more multidisciplinary in nature and be based on more tacit social realities in substance.
  • Critical sociology in the development of HOTS-oriented cognitive assessment instruments

    Aris Martiana; Edi Istiyono; Widihastuti Widihastuti (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    The current curriculum focuses on three domains, one of which is cognitive. Cognitive abilities are very important for the development of individual competencies so that instruments to measure them must be carried out. High quality cognitive instruments are needed in the assessment. Assessment with High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) orientation as an effort to implement 6c, namely communication, collaboration, critical thinking, creative thinking, also computational logic and concern by developing cognitive instruments in Sociology scientific assessment. The method used is Research and Development which is focused on development. Cognitive instruments were compiled and carried out content validity from 4 experts for Sociology, Education and Law which were then tested on 93 students through a questionnaire in the form of google form. Analysis of the data used is by using software iteman 4.3. The results of this study are cognitive instruments with 15 HOTS questions in the form of multiple choice using content validity with Aiken's count obtained a score of 0.75 to 0.9375 so it is included in the medium and high categories. The instrument has an Alpha score of 0.558 so it is included in the reliable category. For items that have a difficulty level of 0.637, it means that the difficulty of the questions is moderate and the positive discriminatory power with a number of 0.243 is in the medium category. Then the distractor on the answer choices in the question items can function well because most of them are 0.05.
  • Character education in the family as a strengthening of moderation during the pandemic era

    Suherman Suherman (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-10-01)
    This paper is the result of research carried out find the character education activities in the family environment to support moderation during the pandemic era. This study was conducted to determine the location of the Babussalam Langkat family and community. In this study, 50 parents participated as respondents, while questionnaires, interviews, documentation, and in-depth observations were also used to collect data. After reviewing the data from the questionnaire responses of 50 parents, the results of interviews with numerous parents and students (adolescents), Teachers, and the Village Head, as well as observational data, conclusions of the data were made. Particularly, this study identified a number of character education activities in the Babussalam village of Langkat Regency. During the pandemic, the residents of Babussalam, who are practitioners of the Naqsyabandiyah congregation, have provided character education to their families, and even Babussalam village itself has existed for a long period of time. The methods and patterns of how parents educated their children are: habituation, guidance, example, unity, communicativeness, affectionateness and gentle, consistency, commitment, togetherness and deliberation. Religious character, compassion, affection, responsible, respect and honor for teachers and parents, devoted to study, interactive and friendly, compact and helpful as well as deliberate are among the qualities fostered in students (children). All of these characters have contributed in the consolidation of Wasyatiyah Islam and Muslim communities who practice moderation in religion.
  • Developing writing skills among students with learning disabilities in English language

    Mohamad Ahmad Saleem Khasawneh; Eman Khaled Tawafiq Alatoom (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    This study explored the effect of active learning on developing writing skills among students with learning disabilities in English language in Irbid, Jordan. The sample of the study included (40) male and female students, who were selected purposefully, and distributed randomly into two groups. The first was one the experimental group that was taught using the active learning method, and the other was the control group that was taught according to the traditional method. The study used the writing test after checking its validity by presenting it to a group of arbitrators, and its reliability by the method of testing and re-testing using the Pearson coefficient, which was (0.90). The results of the study showed that there were clear differences between the scores of the two study groups on the post-writing test. In light of the findings of the study, the researcher recommended training educational supervisors and teachers on practical applications of using the active learning method and evaluating it in the classroom through seminars and workshops in this field.
  • Collaborative governance in handling covid-19 for elderly social services

    Kurnia Nur Fitriana (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    In 2050, Indonesia will enter an ageing population of around 21.1% of the total population. Life expectancy has increased significantly despite having a high vulnerability to neglect due to elderly poverty in the COVID-19 pandemic. This condition encourages the need for inclusive service design to promote health and empower ageing in collaborative governance. In this paper, the author presents a study on how collaborative governance interventions in inclusive services for long-term elderly care in the COVID-19 pandemic. As a representation of national strategic research, this research uses research and development designs through interviews, observations, focus group discussions, analysis of elderly data documentation in 2021. The findings show collaborative governance in inclusive services during the COVID-19 pandemic can increase social resilience and empowerment of the elderly. Although, the elderly mortality rate during the COVID-19 pandemic is still high, there is a strengthening of stakeholder participation, social inclusion, and long-term policy support. So, the adoption of collaborative governance in inclusive services can improve the social welfare of the elderly in the long term care post-COVID-19. The implication is that it is necessary to strengthen the role capacity and participation of stakeholders at the local level based on social capital.
  • Religiosity and happiness inter generation of labor in Indonesia

    Mustofa Mustofa (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    If people are religious, are they happier? This study tries to answer the preceding question and to determine the factors affecting happiness among Indonesian labor. The dummy generation variable was used to know whether Gen X, Gen Y, and baby boomers can affect happiness. Several variables were also examined related to happiness. This study can be categorized as empirical research using ordinary least squares. The data were sourced from the Indonesian Family Life Survey 2014 (IFLS5). The number of samples selected was 21,919 individuals with the criteria of individuals aged 15 years and over who worked and earned income. The data analysis technique used OLS regression to prove the factors that influence happiness. The results of the research showed that religiosity, education, ownership of assets, social, job satisfaction, and the dummy generation have a positive and significant effect on people’s happiness. This study has confirmed that religiosity is a factor that can affect people’s happiness. Another factor, the generation the person belongs to, also affects happiness.
  • Publicity or impact? The use of crowdfunding by Indonesian social media influencers during the covid-19 pandemic

    Nissa Cita Adinia; Mediana Hanifa (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    Indonesia is marching toward tackling challenges during the endless Covid-19 pandemic. Under a situation known as VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous), a troop of social media influencers (SMI) paved the way to create crowdfunding initiatives. Shedding from the discussion of disaster capitalism, where individual or entities make profit from large-scale crises, also take advantage of the destabilized atmosphere, this paper analyses the initiatives of three Indonesian social media influencers in raising funds through Kitabisa.com from March to November 2020. Under the hashtag #BersamaLawanCorona (together fight the corona), the biggest crowdfunding platform, Kitabisa.com has gathered more than 158 billion rupiahs (11,2 million USD) taken from 5.655 campaigns during March to November 2020 period. These efforts are mainly pioneered by SMIs and their followers. Combining desk review and social media analysis method, the paper revealed that the crowdfunding initiatives by SMIs portrayed two sides of a coin: on the one hand reflects the emergence of solidarity and social contribution to create a positive impact, and on the other, generates publicity. It is, however, too quick to conclude whether the initiatives reflect a practice of disaster capitalism, because the publicity that they generated for these crowdfunding initiatives were not higher compare to publicity they gained from their everyday content.
  • Framing of local media in the management issues of Sultan Ground and Pakualaman Ground in Yogyakarta

    Gilang Jiwana Adikara (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    The land management regulations under Law No.13/2002 on the Privilege of Yogyakarta (Privileged Law/UUK) which were fully handed over to the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate received the spotlight after the publication of a series of investigative reports that revealed allegations of land maladministration in Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY). However, this disclosure was carried out by the national mass media and did not involve the local mass media. This study reveals how the local mass media during the period 2021-2022 reported on the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate and its relation to land conflicts in DIY by using the framing method with the Entman method approach. This study concludes that the three mass media in DIY, Kedaulatan Rakyat, Tribun Jogja, and Harian Jogja image that the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate has properly managed and utilized land rights obtained through the mandate of the Privileges Law for the benefit of the general public.
  • Visiting the secondary social studies curriculum in perilous times

    Tyrone Ogaro Gil Jr (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    In such perilous times and unabated marginalization, it is pivotal to pay a visit to the secondary social studies curriculum. This article will decipher the status of the implementation and academic location of secondary social studies in the emergency curriculum (MELCs). Through a careful examination of the Most Essential Learning Competencies (MELCs), developed self-learning modules (SLM), and field notes collected from the curriculum gatekeepers (secondary social studies teachers), the researcher was able to generate exhaustive and perplexing findings in remote teaching-learning of social studies.
  • Cyber resilience revisited: Law and international relations

    Ika Riswanti Putranti; Marten Hanura; Safrida Alivia Sri Ananda; Gawinda Nura Nabila (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2022-05-01)
    Cyber space is increasingly playing an important role in the global world, affecting the pattern of relations between countries. The issue of non-traditional security threats is shifting towards the threat typology associated with cyber space. The concept of national security began to be complemented by a national cyber security strategy to support the security of its national interests. Where the country needs to ensure the security of cyber ecosystems to maintain national economic stability. The large flow data and information increasingly large and complex, and brings hidden costs in the form of cyber security threats. Cyber security concepts that are considered not responsive and resilient in dealing with and overcoming cyber attacks can occur at any time with patterns and types that continue to evolve. The concept of cyber security should begin to be developed into cyber security that has patterns of recovery, adaptation, and evolution so as to be able to answer the dynamics of challenges in international trade. Interrupted cyber systems in international sphere will potentially cause disruption of international relations because the threat of losses caused not only affects one country. The increasingly complex international law context and involving big data should be one of the top priorities for cyber resilience strategies. This paper starts by explaining the state of play of cyber resilience in international relations and law. Next, analysis why the concept of cyber resilience in the perspective of international relations and international law needs to be re-visited to face challenges in the digital economy.
  • Indonesian progressive Muslims and the discourse of the Israeli-Palestinian peace: Soekarno’s, Abdurrahman Wahid’s and Ahmad Syafii Maarif’s thoughts

    Hasnan Bachtiar; Muneerah Razak; Soni Zakaria (Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 2021-03-01)
    Indonesia, as one of the largest majority Muslim countries, has had a consistent stance on the Israel-Palestine conflict since its inception. Despite the general pro-Palestinian stance, this article explores the discourse of three significant leaders of the Indonesian people - Soekarno, Abdurrahman Wahid and Ahmad Syafii Maarif. As presidents of Indonesia of different time periods of Indonesia, Soekarno and Wahid tended to be pragmatic in their articulation of their political stances, though it is articulated in different ways. Maarif, as the leader of Muhammadiyah, a popular non-governmental organisation on the ground, was more idealistic and concerned with anti-Zionism. This article highlights that the different nuances of the three leaders is due to their different capacities as leaders, their social and political contexts, and the intellectual leanings and experiences.

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