[Collection in process of development]

SDG does not mean only the third most visited website on un.org. It’s about the noblest human aspirations of all. The UN defines the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as “the world we want”. There is a good reason for that. SDGs “apply to all nations and mean, quite simply, to ensure that no one is left behind”. The road is well marked. “Above all, by adopting the map of the world we want to see in 2030.” (Ref. A. Smale. https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/what-sdgs-mean). Globethics.net Library goes a step further on this path and proposes a thematic collection on the SDGs, offering a single place for accessing the myriad of these precious indicators of the world we want, not the vision of some idealist dreamers nor the cynical reduction of human reality to cost and benefits, but a shared space we welcome around 17 key categories, aiming at better preserving this word from degradation.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals

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Recent Submissions

  • Training for peace, conscientization through university simulation

    Gelot, Ludwig (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    Incomplete and insufficient university programmes in the field of Peace and Conflict Resolution have led to an important gap in knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA) among peacebuilders and peacekeepers. In theory, experiential learning through problem-based learning (PBL) and simulations should be able to address this gap. This article explores the opportunities and limits of this pedagogical approach to educating peace actors using the case of the Carana simulation delivered at Linné University (LNU), Sweden. Using mixed-methods, this article confirms the added- value of PBL in the development of KSAs but identifies challenges peculiar to the field of Peace and Conflict Studies that limit its effects. PBL has a clear added-value for the development of skills in learners with a consistent development of professional skills. It can be used to foster conscientization as a precursor to transforming societies towards nonviolence and justice.
  • Understanding coherence in UN peacekeeping : a conceptual framework

    Rietjens, Sebastiaan; Ruffa, Chiara (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    Coherence is a core objective in most multinational interventions and seems of particular relevance to UN peacekeeping missions with their increasing complexity and multidimensionality. Yet, coherence has rarely been studied empirically. We borrow the concept of ‘fit’ from organizational theory and use it to develop a conceptual framework to study coherence in peacekeeping operations. Fit is the degree of match between what is required by the mandate, on the one hand, and an institutional set-up and the implemented practices, on the other. We identify three relevant dimensions of fit to study coherence: strategic and organizational, cultural and human and operational fit. Our empirical material focuses on the UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and in particular on the interplay between the intelligence components and the rest of the mission. We draw upon a large empirical dataset containing over 120 semi-structured interviews, field observations and participation in pre-deployment exercises and evaluation sessions. Our empirical analysis suggests that low level of fit across several dimensions leads to inertial and widespread frictions in the practice of peacekeeping and could potentially undermine peacekeeping effectiveness. Building on existing scholarship on micro-level approaches to peacekeeping, we hope to further the debate on organizational dynamics within peace operations.
  • From transformative policy to transforming political settlements

    Goetz, Anne Marie (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    In the second commentary chapter of this volume, Anne Marie Goetz reviews the framework introduced and explores the ways forward for integrating gender equity in development policy. The chapter argues that the ‘power domains’ is a valuable framework that encompasses a wider range of political factors that influence the promotion of gender equity policy, including women's movements and political settlement types. The volume also shows how women are often relatively marginal to the power centres of political settlements. Building on this, the chapter takes the discussion forward by highlighting the need for transforming political settlements so that gender equity concerns are not alien but integral to them.
  • Intuitive Farming : heart-based decisions for harmony in agricultural ecosystems

    von Diest Saskia G. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    Intuition is an immediate and possibly inevitable part of decision-making, providing additional, often accurate information to complement analytical or logical processes. Research reveals that many farmers rely on intuition for practical decisions, often preferring it to technology-based decision support tools. There are many definitions of intuition and, partly because of this, the exact mechanisms involved remain unclear, or disputed. When it comes to working with nature, however, it seems to play a role in interspecies (or intuitive) communication with the other-than-human. Agricultural science has overlooked this phenomenon, despite growing evidence to support its practice and utility. This chapter explores the practical benefits of intuitive farming and presents two examples from ongoing research by the author that aims to provide evidence for this. This chapter also explores the methods available for developing intuition, which suggest that personal development is crucial, including an increased awareness of one’s emotional triggers and the willingness to self-critique. This transformation of the farmer through the development of intuition, and the search for inner knowing, may help transform mainstream agriculture to more regenerative practices.
  • Food production : food security and agricultural development

    Thompson, Paul B. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2018)
    Conceptualizations of the ethical issues surrounding food production have evolved from a preoccupation with hunger and economic development to relatively new formulations that emphasize food security and food sovereignty. This chapter traces this evolution from work by economists, population ecologists and philosophers from the 1960s through critiques of the Green Revolution and technology-focused approaches to transforming food production in relatively less-industrialized regions. In the present day, the food security focus emphasizes individual or household capabilities for acquiring and consuming adequate nutrition and evaluates social institutions for processing and distributing nutrients in terms of both biophysical food requirements and cultural appropriateness. Food sovereignty has emerged as a philosophical approach that challenges the food security approach as lacking sufficient sensitivity toward vulnerable or marginalized groups to assert or maintain political control over the structure of their food system.
  • How ‘food riots’ work, and why they matter for development

    Hossain, Naomi; Scott-Villiers, Patta (Taylor & Francis Group, 2017)
    Food riots dramatize the moral priority of human eating over other laws or rules, challenging in particular the right to profit from speculation in the food grain trade. The right to food as manifested in claims to protection against the failures of food markets to enable secure access to food is articulated in what has been termed the 'moral economy' in social historical studies of food riots in the periods of adjustment to market economies in 17th and 18th century Europe. Food price rises may in the first instance have been experienced by individuals, and their families. Protests about food prices sometimes built on pre-existing protest groups or organizations, as happened in Kenya when citizen movements 'hijacked' national events with colourful protests. Food trade interests were regularly demonized, including both oligopolies and powerful groups with the ear of policymakers, and more tangibly and more visibly to food shoppers and protestors, food or grain traders or ration-dealers.
  • Right to work! : politics of poverty alleviation policies in India

    Roy, Dayabati (Taylor & Francis Group, 2018)
    This chapter presents the political trajectory of formation of various employment generation policies on the part of the government throughout the postcolonial period since 1947, and explains the general rationale behind these policies and enactments. It analyses the conception of right or otherwise that is scripted in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act's structure of conjecture, and explores potential or otherwise of this 'New Right' enactment for guaranteeing employment to the rural people. In a democratic country like India where declared direction of planning is to achieve a number of diverse goals like 'growth, removal of poverty, modernization and achievement of self-reliance', the intention of government is clear in its endeavours to appease both sets of main classes in rural areas. The objective of employment generation and the government has also otherwise proclaimed, is actually a secondary component of these kinds of special programmes.
  • Gender : feminist insights on inequality

    Koggel, Christine M. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2018)
    Gender inequalities have emerged from and continue to be perpetuated in development theories and processes that assume and then utilize gender norms to delineate women’s proper roles, duties, and activities. This chapter begins with an examination of theoretical frameworks in development literature that have been used to address gender inequalities. These frameworks have moved from providing analysis of “women in development” to that of “women and development” to that of “gender and development.” These theories, including those by Western feminists, were challenged from within feminism itself and by women’s movements and activism in a global context. Contemporary work is also discussed, including the World Bank’s 2012 report, on what remains to be done to understand and address gender inequalities in theory and in practice. Throughout the chapter, attention is drawn to two factors relevant to an analysis of gender: gender inequalities are affected by factors such as colonialism, race, class, ethnicity, age, ability, and so on. Gender inequalities are often magnified in a global context in which women are vulnerable to forces of economic globalization that keep them in particular kinds of jobs or exploit them for profit.
  • Towards nexus-based governance : defining interactions between economic activities and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    van Zanten, Jan Anton (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    The success of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) depends on solving the ‘nexus’ challenge: how can positive interactions between SDGs be optimised, and negative interactions minimised, in order to create co-benefits and reduce trade-offs? Due to their varying impacts on the SDGs, the economic activities undertaken by organisations present a key lever for operationalising this SDG-nexus. Yet the interactions between individual economic activities and the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development have not been systematically assessed, thus creating a vital operational bottleneck to achieving the SDGs. This paper conducts a systematic review of 876 articles published between 2005 and 2019 to study the nexus between individual economic activities, sustainable development in general, and the SDGs in specific. It finds that studies on agricultural, industrial, and manufacturing activities predominantly report negative impacts on environmental development, while literature on services activities highlight economic and social contributions. Overall, most economic activities are expected to positively impact industrialization, infrastructure, and innovation [SDG 9] and economic productivity [SDG 8], while many help meet basic needs [SDGs 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 11]. However, negative impacts are widespread, afflicting ecosystems [SDGs 14 and 15], climate change [SDG 13] and human health [SDG 3]. We synthesise positive and negative interactions between individual economic activities and SDG targets and discuss implications for: integrated (nexus) governance approaches to the SDGs; the role of the private sector in promoting sustainable development; and for improving statistical classifications to monitor economic activities’ SDG impacts.
  • Poverty reduction and democratization - new cross-country evidence

    Wietzke, Frank-Borge (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    The rapid decrease in absolute poverty across the developing world has received much attention. However, there have been few systematic attempts to analyse the political consequences of these developments. This article builds on the improved availability of household income data from developing countries to document a small but statistically significant impact of lagged poverty rates on a range of democracy indicators. The results hold across a battery of sensitivity and robustness tests. I also show that poverty reduction has a stronger effect on democracy than alternative predictors that are more widely used in the democratic regime transition and consolidation literature, such as average income and relative inequality (the Gini index). However, I find weaker effects of poverty on indicators of government quality and a declining influence of poverty reduction on democracy over time. These results point to more structural obstacles to democratic consolidation in lower-income regions, such as a tendency by populist leaders to exploit the economic grievances of vulnerable lower-middle classes.
  • Global impacts of the Sustainable Development Goals

    Fong, Ben Y. F.; Law, Vincent T. S.; Leung, Tiffany C. H.; Lo, Man Fung; Ng, Tommy K. C.; Yee, Hilary H. L. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) proposed by the United Nations (UN) and adopted by all UN Member States in 2015 provide a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future, to address global challenges, including poverty, better well-being and inequality. There are 17 goals with a number of targets to achieve a better and sustainable future. The Division for Sustainable Development Goals in the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides substantive support and capacity-building for the SDGs and their related thematic issues, including water, energy, climate, oceans, urbanisation, transport, science and technology. To achieve the SDGs locally and globally, governments have responsibilities to revisit and change their strategies and policies. With the adjustment of policy to achieve better life for all, citizens in various demographic statuses can share equitable rights. This chapter will discuss how the SDGs influence the policies in different countries. The effectiveness and implications of SDGs in developing and developed countries will be reviewed in terms of global impacts.
  • Millennium Development Goals : back to the future?

    Ziai, Aram (Taylor & Francis Group, 2015)
    This chapter demonstrates some central discursive structures to be found in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) debate date back to the origins of development aid in the middle of the 20th century. The development discourse draws on elements familiar from the debates around global governance, sustainable development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The first obvious shift in comparison to the MDGs concerns the formation of objects. Taking the discourse of sustainability serious, the report claims to focus not any longer on those geographical units defined as less developed, but deals with aspects of the developed societies. Developed countries are called upon to provide development aid, foster new technologies, change their unsustainable consumption and production patterns, and reform the global economy. Concerning the measurement of SDG success, the report suggests that in all cases where a target applies to outcomes for individuals.
  • A wicked systems approach to climate change advocacy

    Fernández-Aballí, Ana (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    This chapter provides insight into climate change advocacy based on a wicked systems approach in order to address the complexity behind climate change and the communicative, social, and cognitive structures of human behavior causing it. Based on an overview of the current literature on both climate change advocacy and wicked systems, this chapter develops the basic epistemological, ontological, and methodological notions necessary to create a systems-based model for advocacy in climate change. Using network and discourse analysis, this model yields an eco-symbolic systems matrix that depicts the interrelation of dynamic worldviews, hence providing a complex conceptual mapping of advocacy perspectives, discourse structures, and their underlying implications to engage in effective climate action. This perspective is built on – and allows for – further understanding of the theory, ethical underpinnings, and methodological configuration of currents of thought, fields, and movements, developed in both the Global South and the Global North, to understand their influence and potentiality in relation to climate change advocacy.
  • Urgency vs justice : a politics of energy transitions in the age of the Anthropocene

    Kumar, Ankit; Pols, Auke; Höffken, Johanna (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    This introductory chapter sets out the overall logic and argument for this book, based on a critical investigation of the concept of the Anthropocene from a postcolonial vantage point. It posits that the argument for urgency and the calls to unify under the scientific narrative of the Anthropocene risks jeopardising political pathways of justice. The chapter reframes the Anthropocene narrative to argue for decolonising our knowledge and resolving the dilemma of urgency vs justice. It searches for a more political Anthropocene; one that tackles the urgency of collective action, while keeping a politics of justice at its centre. Reviewing literature on energy transitions in the global South, the chapter outlines four (inter alia) areas of concern for justice in a time of urgency: carbon colonialism, democracy and distributional justice, reframing of public good as private commodity and its marketisation, and gender and racial justice. To address these concerns we need to progress anti- and de-colonial thought within current discourses of urgent energy transitions. By bringing diverse perspectives in the chapters together this book identifies pathways developed in the global South that can bring urgency and justice together.
  • Poverty, climate change and disaster risk reduction

    Todd, Hazel; Todd, David (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    This chapter explores the increasingly damaging effects of climate change on the global environment and observes that it is the poor, who are most severely challenged by this trend. “Weather-related events” are increasing in frequency and severity under climate change and in regions such as Asia-Pacific and the Caribbean disaster risk is outpacing resilience, posing severe limitations on poverty reduction. Many international interventions attempt to address the overlaps between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction within a poverty reduction framework. Evaluation among international agencies has struggled to assess the progress and results of these efforts, given their exceptional complexity. While theory-based evaluation approaches have proved useful, they have often failed to find a suitable level of theory, which can provide clear findings and actionable lessons and recommendations. This chapter recommends an approach in which different levels of theory, from project through to the global environment, can be “nested” within each other, so that each addresses a specific aspect, while contributing towards evaluation of higher levels of social and environmental change.
  • Rethinking the ethical challenge in climate change lobbying : a discussion of ideological denial 1

    Almiron, Núria (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    There is a large consensus among critical investigators and scholars that climate change denial is mostly an ideological battle. This chapter argues that, in spite of the opposing stances adopted by climate change advocates and denialists, they all share what the author calls a major ideological denial, the refusal to accept that some ideas are systematically kept out of the discussion. This chapter elaborates on how this ideological denial feeds the messages and discourses of interest groups. It first looks at what climate change denial is by examining the different conceptual approaches used to scrutinize this massive public relations campaign. Then it summarizes alternatives for addressing the issue advocated by defenders of the anthropogenic-roots of climate change; that is, the main solutions lobbied by climate advocates. Finally, it introduces these underdiscussed ideas, which are not new but reflect a sort of historical taboo and are directly related to the human-supremacist lens that permeates the arguments of both climate change denialists and advocates. They are the taboo subjects of human overpopulation, the human diet, and the human technology myth.
  • Engaging students with social, cultural, and environmental sustainability topics in the Spanish-speaking world : a reimagined beginner Spanish curriculum

    Méndez Seijas, Jorge; Parra, María Luisa (Taylor & Francis Group, 2021)
    This chapter describes the theoretical and pedagogical underpinnings of the curricular redesign of a second-semester beginner Spanish course at a Northeastern university. Couched within content-based instruction (CBI) and the multiliteracies pedagogical framework, the new course looks to develop students’ language proficiency and literacies while engaging them with social, cultural, and environmental sustainability issues faced by local, national, and global Spanish-speaking communities. Four thematic units are presented herein, detailing how compelling and often complex content was selected and scaffolded through various tasks and project-based assessments that make it accessible to beginning Spanish learners. The evaluations of the first iteration of the course indicate that students believe that they met the course’s literacy, linguistic, cultural, and sustainability goals, in significant part because they were able to delve into and critically analyze authentic and sophisticated content related to sustainability in the Spanish-speaking world.
  • Why and how informal development should be formalized quickly, inclusively and affordably - experience from UNECE region

    Potsiou, Chryssy (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    In order to address a selected SDGs goals and indicators, and the fact that there are many informal developments happening worldwide, it is very important to improve the level of land records. In this context, this chapter is discussing about why and how informal development should be formalized quickly, inclusively, and in affordable manner, particularly discussing the experiences from UNECE region.
  • Modernizing land administration systems to support sustainable development goals : case study of Victoria, Australia

    Olfat, Hamed; Shojaei, Davood (Taylor & Francis Group, 2019)
    This chapter discusses the concepts of both land administration system (LAS) and sustainable development goals (SDGs) as well as some previous works that have linked these two concepts together. It examines recommends the requirements of a LAS that can support SDGs and reviews the LAS modernization journey in the State of Victoria, Australia to support SDGs. Land administration theory requires the implementation of the land management paradigm to drive systems dealing with land rights, restrictions and responsibilities towards supporting sustainable development. Land title information was migrated from paper to the Victorian Online Title System (VOTS) in 2000. VOTS contains a record of all Victorian titles registered under the Torrens System. Direct relationship means that a specific goal cannot be achieved at all without a LAS. Cadastres are regarded as the foundation for sustainable social, economic and environmental development of societies.
  • Women, gender and employment in rural West Bengal

    Roy, Dayabati (Taylor & Francis Group, 2018)
    This chapter explores the socio-political processes by which the gendered inequities are taking new shapes in consequences of socio-economic restructuring as well as of implementation of right-based policy in rural settings of West Bengal. It shows whether women as a gendered category would construct their individual agency in course of dealing with the right-based policy toward their own ends, and thereby levelling up underlying inequalities. The chapter suggests that the gender stereotype does not only shape roles of the women in work and employment, but also does influence the policies and acts that are meant for 'development' in general, and gender justice in particular. It explains the way in which the women's works are made invisible in rural areas, let alone transforming it as paid work. The chapter describes the dynamic processes of how gender determines the relationship of women both with land and work in rural areas.

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