• A Becoming, Humanist Child : An analysis of Learning and Care in the Swedish Curriculum for the Preschool (Lpfö 18)

      University of Aberdeen.Education (Research Theme); University of Aberdeen.Initial Teacher Education (ITE); University of Aberdeen.Education; Billmayer, Jakob; Pastorek Gripson, Martha; Bergnehr, Disa; Education in the North (2021-01-22)
      Peer reviewed
    • A community-sourced glossary of open scholarship terms

      Parsons, Sam; Azevedo, Flávio; Elsherif, Mahmoud M; Guay, Samuel; Shahim, Owen N; Govaart, Gisela H; Norris, Emma; Mahony, Aoife O; Parker, Adam J; Todorovic, Ana (2022-02-21)
      Open scholarship has transformed research, and introduced a host of new terms in the lexicon of researchers. The ‘Framework for Open and Reproducible Research Teaching’ (FORRT) community presents a crowdsourced glossary of open scholarship terms to facilitate education and effective communication between experts and newcomers.
    • A decolonial perspective on intercultural research : A case study of educational inclusion in rural Cambodia

      University of Aberdeen.Initial Teacher Education (ITE); University of Aberdeen.Education; Ravet, Jacqueline; Mtika, Peter (2021-09-13)
      Peer reviewed
    • A developmental grammar for syllable structure in the production of child language

      Levelt, C.C.; Schiller, N.O.; Levelt, W.J.M. (1999)
      The order of acquisition of Dutch syllable types by first language learners is analyzed as following from an initial ranking and subsequent rerankings of constraints in an optimality theoretic grammar. Initially, structural constraints are all ranked above faithfulness constraints, leading to core syllable (CV) productions only. Subsequently, faithfulness gradually rises to the highest position in the ranking, allowing more and more marked syllable types to appear in production. Local conjunctions of structural constraints allow for a more detailed analysis.
    • A evolução da sociedade internacional africana e as suas implicações para a política externa portuguesa

      Departamento de Estudos Políticos (DEPo); Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais (IPRI); Dias, Alexandra Magnólia (Centro de Estudos Internacionais do Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), 2020-02-27)
      UID/CPO/04627/2019 SFRH/BPD/99579/2014 CEI-IUL UID/CPO/03122/2013
    • A hospitalização da população indígena em Moçambique na primeira metade do século XX

      Population health, policies and services (PPS); Global Health and Tropical Medicine (GHTM); Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical (IHMT); Duarte, J.M.C.; Saraiva, P.; Dória, J.L. (2021-05-02)
      O museu do Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical (IHMT) possui algumas maquetas de estruturas sanitárias, destinadas às populações indígenas, construídas em Moçambique na primeira metade do século XX em núcleos urbanos de pequena dimensão. Essas estruturas foram concebidas como parte de uma rede de assistência sanitária formulada pelo médico Francisco Ferreira dos Santos no início da década de 1920, que deveria cobrir a totalidade do território da província. A similitude entre várias dessas estruturas confirma a adoção dos mesmos princípios de organização bem como de projetos tipo para muitas das suas construções. Porém, a coexistência de modos distintos de assegurar a hospitalização da população, ora em palhotas, ora em pavilhões enfermaria, como se observa ao se confrontar a maqueta da Formação Sanitária de Maputo com a maqueta do Hospital do Bilene, suscita uma reflexão acerca do modo como era avaliada a aculturação da população à qual essas estruturas eram destinadas. Sob o cuidado perante a aculturação que parece orientar a opção por cada um desses modos de hospitalização, importa, contudo, observar a convicção do Estado na oportunidade da imposição do seu poder enquanto entidade colonizadora. Às opções sanitárias e arquitetónicas presentes nestas estruturas subjazem, afinal, opções políticas. The museum of the Portuguese Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine houses some scale models of medical facilities built in Mozambique in the first half of the 20th century in small villages to serve the indigenous population. Those facilities were intended as part of a network of medical assistance designed by the physician Francisco Ferreira dos Santos in the early 1920s that should cover the whole province. The similarity found between some of those facilities confirms the adoption of a common set of organization principles. However, the coexistence of different ways of hospitalizing the population, either in huts, or in wards, that can be confirmed by confronting the scale model representing the Medical Facility of Maputo with the one representing the Hospital of Bilene, raises the need of a reflection on how the acculturation of the population to which those facilities were meant to was accessed. Under the attention paid to the acculturation that seems to guide the option for each one of those ways of hospitalization, one must find the State’s conviction on the rightfulness of the imposition of its power as a colonizing nation. The medical and the architectural options that mark those facilities are eventually underpinned by political ones.
    • A Linked Data Model for Data Scopes

      Garoufallou, Emmanouel; Ovalle-Perandones, María-Antonia; de Boer, Victor; Bonestroo, Ivette; Koolen, Marijn; Hoekstra, Rik (Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2021)
    • A Mobile Patient-Reported Outcome Measure App with Talking Touchscreen:Usability Assessment

      Welbie, Marlies; Wittink, Harriet; Westerman, Marjan J.; Topper, Ilse; Snoei, Josca; Devillé, Walter L.J.M. (2019-07)
    • A mobile system to increase efficiency of the lecturers when preventing academic dishonesty during written exams

      DI - Departamento de Informática; NOVALincs; Maroco, Pedro; Cambeiro, João; Amaral, Vasco (IEEE Computer Society, 2022-02-09)
    • A multicentric study on stigma towards people with mental illness in health sciences students

      Comprehensive Health Research Centre (CHRC) - pólo NMS; NOVA Medical School|Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (NMS|FCM); Masedo, Ana; Grandón, Pamela; Saldivia, Sandra; Vielma-Aguilera, Alexis; Castro-Alzate, Elvis S.; Bustos, Claudio; Romero-López-Alberca, Cristina; Pena-Andreu, J. Miguel; et al. (2021-07-05)
      Background: There is evidence of negative attitudes among health professionals towards people with mental illness but there is also a knowledge gap on what training must be given to these health professionals during their education. The purpose of this study is to compare the attitudes of students of health sciences: nursing, medical, occupational therapy, and psychology. Methods: A comparative and cross-sectional study in which 927 final-year students from health sciences university programmes were evaluated using the Mental Illness: Clinicians’ Attitudes (both MICA-2 and MICA-4) scale. The sample was taken in six universities from Chile and Spain. Results: We found consistent results indicating that stigma varies across university programmes. Medical and nursing students showed more negative attitudes than psychology and occupational therapy students in several stigma-related themes: recovery, dangerousness, uncomfortability, disclosure, and discriminatory behaviour. Conclusions: Our study presents a relevant description of the attitudes of each university programme for education against stigma in the formative years. Results show that the biomedical understanding of mental disorders can have negative effects on attitudes, and that education based on the psychosocial model allows a more holistic view of the person over the diagnosis.
    • A music festival as innovative living-lab learning in engineering education

      Clark, Robin; Munkebo Hussmann, Edit Peter; Järvinen, Hannu-Matti Järvinen; Murphy, Mike; Etchells Vigild, Martin; Jensen, L. S.; Rasmussen, B.; Marlow, A.; Amdrup, N. (European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI), 2018)
      Innovation and entrepreneurship is high on the education policy agenda and conse-quently also in engineering education. The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) does a significant effort to establish a variety of opportunities by encouraging their students to work with project development and entrepreneurship. As a part of their education, DTU students is offered the opportunity to work with the organizers at Roskilde Festival (RF) with a broad range of real-life engineering design challenges (RF is a large music festival with about 100.000 visitors and 32.000 volunteers).
    • A new generation of physicians in Sub-Saharan Africa?:

      Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical (IHMT); Global Health and Tropical Medicine (GHTM); Population health, policies and services (PPS); Dussault, Gilles; Cobb, Nadia M. (2018-05-10)
      This commentary follows up on an editorial by Eyal and colleagues in which these authors discuss the implications of the emergence of non-physician clinicians (NPCs) on the health labour market for the education of medical doctors. We generally agree with those authors and we want to stress the importance of clarifying the terminology to describe these practitioners and of defining more formally their scope of practice as prerequisites to identifying the new competencies which physicians need to acquire. We add one new competencies domain, the utilization of new communication technologies, to those listed in the editorial. Finally, we identify policy issues which decision-makers will need to address to make medical education reform work.
    • A Phase 2 Exploratory Trial of a Vocabulary Intervention in High Poverty Elementary Education Settings

      Cockerill, Maria; Thurston, Allen; Taylor, Andy; O'Keeffe, Joanne; Chiang, Tien-Hui (2021-08-17)
      This paper reports results of a Phase 2 exploratory trial of a vocabulary program delivered in elementary schools to improve student’s reading ability including their comprehension. The intervention was tested as a targeted intervention in classrooms with children aged 7-10 years across 20 weeks during one school year, with eligible students learning in small groups of four. Teachers and support staff received training in this cooperative learning approach to develop children’s vocabulary with particular focus on Tier 2 words. School staff received additional support and resources to equip them to develop and implement the vocabulary instruction sessions to targeted students. The trial was undertaken with a sample of 101 students in seven schools from three English district areas with high levels of socio-economic disadvantage. A standardized reading test was used to measure reading outcomes, with significant gains found in student’s overall reading ability, including comprehension. Owing to the positive results found in this trial, including positive feedback about implementation of the technique, next steps should be a larger trial with 48 schools to avoid the risk of sampling error due to limited number of schools.
    • A Phase 3 Definitive RCT of Reciprocal Reading in high schools in England

      Cockerill, Maria; Thurston, Allen; O'Keeffe, Joanne; Taylor, Andy (2021-08-31)
      A Phase 3 definitive RCT research design is proposed to determine whether the Reciprocal Reading Secondary program can improve reading outcomes for students aged 11-12. This targeted reading comprehension program is designed to support school staff who will deliver the program to the selected students. The proposed sample will be up to 800 students from 20 schools in England from high socio-economically disadvantaged areas. The program will be delivered to the targeted students over a period of 6 months.
    • A practical approach to assessment for learning and differentiated instruction

      Westbroek, Hanna; Van Rens, Lisette; van den Berg, Ed; Janssen, Fred (2020-04)
    • A quantum measurement paradigm for educational predicates: Implications for validity in educational measurement

      Cantley, Ian (2017)
      The outcomes of educational assessments undoubtedly have real implications for students, teachers, schools and education in the widest sense. Assessment results are, for example, used to award qualifications that determine future educational or vocational pathways of students. The results obtained by students in assessments are also used to gauge individual teacher quality, to hold schools to account for the standards achieved by their students, and to compare international education systems. Given the current high-stakes nature of educational assessment, it is imperative that the measurement practices involved have stable philosophical foundations. However, this paper casts doubt on the theoretical underpinnings of contemporary educational measurement models. Aspects of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy and Bohr’s philosophy of quantum theory are used to argue that a quantum theoretical rather than a Newtonian model is appropriate for educational measurement, and the associated implications for the concept of validity are elucidated. Whilst it is acknowledged that the transition to a quantum theoretical framework would not lead to the demise of educational assessment, it is argued that, where practical, current high-stakes assessments should be reformed to become as ‘low-stakes’ as possible. The paper also undermines some of the pro high-stakes testing rhetoric that has a tendency to afflict education.
    • A review of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in the indoor environment occurrence in consumer products, indoor air and dust

      Lucattini, Luisa; Poma, Giulia; Covaci, Adrian; de Boer, Jacob; Lamoree, Marja H.; Leonards, Pim E.G. (2018-06)
    • A Sociologia da Educação na formação inicial dos professores

      Centro Interdisciplinar de Ciências Sociais (CICS.NOVA - NOVA FCSH); Almeida, Sílvia (Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas – Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2017-08-25)
    • A study into evaluating the location of fingermarks on letters given activity level propositions

      de Ronde, Anouk; van Aken, Marja; de Poot, Christianne J.; de Puit, Marcel (2020-10)
    • A study of some factors influencing progression and performance outcomes of overseas students at a UK University

      van der Veen, Jan; van Hattum-Janssen, Natascha; Jarvinen, Hannu-Matti; de Laet, Tinne; Ten Dam, Ineke; Pick, L. T.; Hermon, J. P.; McCourt, P. M. (European Society for Engineering Education (SEFI), 2020-01-01)