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AbstractOne of the most important component of the health system in Indonesia is community empowerment, especially posyandu, which depends on their cadres and the community. It was hypothetically assumed that motivation will increase the participation for both cadres and community in the posyandu. The study aims were to analyze the effect of motivation and also determine which motivation factors that had the most influence towards participation in Kuningan district during 2009. The method adapted cross sectional explanatory survey using questionnaire. A total of 300 respondents were carried out, consisting 100 respondents each taken from active and inactive cadres (multistage sampling) and other 100 taken from the community (purposive sampling). Independent variables (internal and external motivation) and dependent variables (community participation) were mentioned and analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. The results showed that motivation were actually had influence towards participations for both cadres and community in posyandu. However, the effect varies between groups. On active cadres, external motivation had more influence (p=0.97) compared to internal motivation (p=-0.41). The exact opposite happened in inactive cadres (internal more than external) and community. It can be concluded that cadres motivation is important as the drive for the success of posyandu.