Glocality - published by Ubiquity Press, United Kingdom - is a student-faculty-run multidisciplinary undergraduate academic journal which offers students from universities around the world a serious scientific tool to share their knowledge with the rest of the scholarly community worldwide.Glocality aims to promote academic and scientific applied research that explores the relationship between global and local and create critical glocal thinking to deal with the challenges ahead of us. We aim to create young schools of thought and develop innovative approaches, solutions and technologies for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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The Globethics.net Library has vol. 1(2015) to current

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  • Voluntourism in Sub-Saharan Africa is Expiation by the West, but Only Creates Further Dependency on the West

    Isabel Remers (Ubiquity Press, 2022-07-01)
    The political, economic, and moral implications of the international industry of voluntourism in Sub-Saharan Africa must be investigated as the sector continues to grow exponentially in Western popularity. This research critically investigates the extent to which the operationalisation of voluntourism is complicit as a form of normalised neo-colonialism and has been disguised as Western aid, then resultantly forced upon African communities. The essay uses a historical overview of the progression from colonialism and missionaries to the expansion of voluntourism to scrutinise the design of voluntourism. Intertwined through this overview is a post-colonial assessment of this instance of gatekeeping African development as a form othering alongside a Wallersteinian world systems investigation of the profit-making industry. The research argues that rather than being a sustainable form of international development in Africa, voluntourism allows the West to believe that they are helping and making reparations to Africa. In actuality, it is an industry that has become integral to Western self-development as a stepping-stone in Western adolescence as this normalisation of tourism in African poverty is seen as a pure and good deed. This essay evaluates the impact of the rhetoric that voluntourism transcends internationally and domestically in both regions, from continuing an international inequal relationship between the two regions as the West profits from Africa’s poverty, whilst domestically in the West it continues symbolic and structural racism and domestically within Africa, the White Saviour and domination of Eurocentric epistemology restricts African youths’ right to their own development pathways.
  • Revisiting Dr. Seuss’s 'The Lorax' as Stimulus for Sustainable Development Goal 15

    Joan Ann Mathew; Lillykutty Abraham (Ubiquity Press, 2022-02-01)
    Dr. Seuss’ vivid picture book 'The Lorax' (1971) depicts the story of how the Street of The Lifted Lorax (setting) came to be. There is an air of mystery about the place as we wonder how the Truffula forest, once teeming with wildlife and the dominant presence of the Lorax (the titular character), grew into such disrepair. The disappearance of the Lorax is a puzzle which is solved as events within the story unfold. With the use of colorful pictures that visually appeal to the young audience, the book attempts to create a sense of responsible use of resources and sustainable development around the imagined world of Truffula trees. Through its perusal, Seuss evokes a sense of eco consciousness in the readers as they empathize with the displacement and helplessness felt by the protagonists. The text, while managing to convey the gravity of the situation, reiterates the urgence to ‘promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems’ as per the Sustainable Development Goal 15. This paper aims to discuss how 'The Lorax' seeks to challenge the anthropocentric point of view by replacing it with a deep ecological stance. This will be done by critically examining the role of the protagonists and analyzing how key incidents of the text compare to the real-life developments and contribute to the present-day scenario, keeping Nature as the focus.
  • What Would McLuhan Say about the Smartphone? Applying McLuhan’s Tetrad to the Smartphone

    Isabelle Adam (Ubiquity Press, 2016-03-01)
    In this essay, the smartphone as a new technology and medium is analysed with regards to its effects on individuals and society. McLuhan’s tetrad serves as a framework for analysis, consisting of a set of four effects to examine media in their historical context and present environment as well as the characteristics and attributes of the medium itself. These effects include: enhancement, obsolescence, retrieval, and reversal. The smartphone enhances the accessibility and convenience of the medium internet, which also accelerates the speed of real-time communication. Concerning obsolescence, the smartphone pushes feature mobile phones aside as well as decreasing the use of personal computers and home printers. The smartphone retrieves the use of cameras and (e-)books, reviving the linear focus on the medium. When pushed to its extremes, the smartphone transforms into a new form reversing its original characteristics, with imaginable evolvements being devices of Augmented Reality, (e.g. GoogleGlass), that might render its users oblivious to their surrounding environment and thus actually restricting human interaction instead of facilitating communication.  To sum up, the smartphone facilitates many aspects of daily life and can be a very useful and entertaining tool. Nevertheless, possible negative implications and social effects should be considered, like the extreme cases of “smartphone addiction” or less human interaction.
  • Intra-Afghan Peace Talks: A Channel to Peace

    Maryam Jami (Ubiquity Press, 2020-02-01)
    The Taliban is one of the Islamic fundamentalist movements formed in the early 1990s by an Afghan faction of Mujahedeen, the Islamist fighters who had fought against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan which took place in December 1979 and continued up to February 1989. The Taliban regime ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 and it collapsed as a result of the US attack on this country after the September 11 attacks. Since the establishment of the new Afghan government (2001), the Taliban has been involved in an armed conflict with it. The Taliban has also been labeled as an international terrorist group mostly functioning in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The gradual proliferation of the Islamic extremist groups and their expansion seem to be concerning for the international community. Thus, some countries such as the United States, Russia, China, and Qatar are currently engaged in an international partnership, trying to boost the ongoing Intra-Afghan Peace Talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government after eighteen years of war and bloodshed in Afghanistan. The Intra-Afghan Peace Talks are a series of international negotiations aiming for the consolidation of peace between the Taliban and the Afghan government. This research paper aims to explore and analyze the Intra-Afghan Peace Talks.
  • Does the Digital Age Require New Models of Democracy? – Lasswell’s Policy Scientist of Democracy vs. Liquid Democracy

    Jelena Gregorius (Ubiquity Press, 2015-09-01)
    This essay provides a debate about Lasswell’s policy scientist of democracy (PSOD, 1948) in comparison to the model of liquid democracy (21st century) based on the question if the digital age requires new models of democracy. The PSOD of Lasswell, a disciplinary persona, is in favour of an elitist approach to democracy including elite decision-making, as well as the values of wealth and power. Liquid democracy, on the other hand, emerged from the notion that the Internet provides a vast amount of possibilities for a mix between direct and representative democratic aspects. The term liquid democracy describes a more “fluid and responsive participation of citizens in the democratic process through the use of both online and offline networks” (david, 2013). In general, one can say that both models have their drawbacks and benefits. Since there are new technologies available in the digital age, we should make use of them for the public good, but in order to not exclude anyone, there should be a mix between traditional and technology-based methods with regard to democracy.
  • Uncovering the 5 Major Causes of the Food Crisis in Venezuela

    Bea Sophia Pielago (Ubiquity Press, 2020-06-01)
    Venezuela has been experiencing a food crisis for almost a decade. Rampant undernourishment of the population, coupled with empty shelves in the market, is gaining international attention as a humanitarian emergency. However, the causes of the crisis remain divided into two major arguments posited by the government and the opposition in a “blame game”. Both factions have made serious contributions to the outbreak of the food crisis. Through analysis of various data sources, this study was able to identify five major causes of the food crisis: (1) dependence on oil, (2) poor political infrastructure, (3) political power over welfare, (4) hoarding and reselling of goods in the black market, and (5) U.S. sanctions in the Venezuelan economy.
  • Drawing Boundaries: Boundary Arrangements of the IPCC Working Groups

    Christel van Eck (Ubiquity Press, 2016-01-01)
    The present research investigates how the IPCC’s Working Groups safeguard their scientific character while communicating with policymakers. Due to the different nature of Working Groups’ assessments, all Working Groups make different boundary arrangements of how science is defined; what is considered as relevant knowledge; and what the division of labor is amongst Working Groups. The results show that science is a context-specific activity in a constantly changing landscape, which in turn affects the IPCC’s credibility if they keep advocating that their science is policy-neutral and never policy-prescriptive.
  • Enhancing the Menstrual Experience of Menstruating Adolescents in Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe: A Qualitative Study

    Jente Witte (Ubiquity Press, 2021-07-01)
    This study identified the needs of at-risk menstruating adolescents in rural Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe, regarding menstrual health in order to contribute to enhancing the menstrual experience of at-risk menstruating adolescents. The study used an exploratory qualitative research design. The main data collection method consisted of semi-structured interviews with 11 experts and key informants in menstrual health in Zimbabwe and other low- and middle-income countries. Additionally, five at-risk menstruating adolescents from rural Mashonaland Central were interviewed using a qualitative questionnaire. Through these interviews, the four themes of knowledge, economic environment, physical environment, and confidence, derived from the integrated model of menstrual experience by Hennegan et al. (2019), were analysed to identify the needs of menstruating adolescents regarding menstrual health. The study showed the importance of including the entire ecosystem around the menstruating adolescent. This should be taken into account in any menstrual health intervention aiming to provide education and support. Menstruating adolescents need to have access to a choice-oriented approach in the provision of menstrual products and have access to basic water, sanitation, and hygiene facility standards such as clean water and privacy in gender-segregated lavatories. The study recommends conducting further research in the local contexts of Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe, and other rural areas, and designing interventions using a bottom-up approach, integrating the target population and community in all steps of designing a menstrual health intervention, taking into account the local environment, cultural beliefs, and context.
  • Fighting a Lost Cause

    Mario Haaf (Ubiquity Press, 2015-10-01)
    This essay claims that the declared war on drugs has failed, it has caused more harm than good, and that a new approach is necessary. The focus of analysis lays especially on the implemented drug policies of Mexico and the United States. The goal is to point out the flaws of the current policy based on prohibition and persecution by analyzing its origins and comparing the current approach with the failures of the alcohol prohibition in the 1920s in the United States. One of the main points therefore discussed is that suppression and prosecution by state authorities create a black market that is too profitable to abandon and as a consequence cause the devastating dynamics of the drug war, leading to destabilization of the region, an undermined state and human losses. In conclusion, any escalation will only lead to a new circle of violence with the local population in the crossfire. The essay further explains in greater detail the effects of the drug war on the population and how recent economic policies, such as the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, have involuntarily created a new pool of recruits for the cartels and the narcoeconomy, where the income of regular people depends on the cartel’s fortune. Furthermore, the cultural effects on the population are described and analyzed. The conclusion is made that the legalization of narcotic drugs could offer a solutions to problems such as violence and corruption by eliminating the black market.
  • The Impact of an Enforced Disappearance on a Household’s Financial Vulnerability in the Philippines

    Gijs van Selm; Bano Barzingi; Bram Cruijsen; Ruben Lohuis (Ubiquity Press, 2021-12-01)
    The purpose of this study is to describe the impact of enforced disappearance on a household’s financial vulnerability, with a particular focus on the Philippines. A qualitative approach was adopted for this study; semi-structured interviews were conducted using triangulation among a sample group of five family members of disappeared persons and three experts working on the issue. Guided by the Household Vulnerability Framework of Leika and Marchettini (2017), it was found that a disappearance increases household financial vulnerability and particularly impacts the households in terms of their liquid assets, income, and living costs. However, the severity of the consequences varies per household and its context. The unique characteristics of every individual disappearance highly influence the type and amount of impact. In addition, the search for the disappeared, loss of opportunity, and the physiological impact on household members had negative financial consequences on a household. In many ways, victims are forced to re-prioritise time and spending.
  • Transparency of Climate-Related Risks and Opportunities: Determinants Influencing the Disclosure in Line with the Task Force on Climate- Related Financial Disclosures

    Marit Achenbach (Ubiquity Press, 2021-03-01)
    The number of companies publicly reporting in line with the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), a framework introduced in 2015 aiming to improve and increase the reporting regarding climate-related financial information, is still relatively low. In 2019, 42% of corporations with a market capitalization greater than $10 billion disclosed information in line with the TCFD to some extend (TCFD, 2020c). Previous research has shown that economic, political, and institutional factors impact the disclosure of climate-related information. This paper explores the determinants influencing the level of disclosure in line with the TCFD recommendations, across different sectors with a major focus on publicly listed companies in the global North. The study contributes to a better understanding of the approach needed to increase the number of companies reporting in line with TCFD. The research was executed in both quantitative and qualitative methods. The empirical research methods are based on a throughout literature review on climate-related risk disclosure, which is based on scientific literature, reports, and websites of official institutions. An online survey was published to be filled in by professionals with insights into environmental, social, and corporate governance-related topics within their company. Also, eight interviews were conducted with sustainability experts from companies, consultants, policy makers, and investors with a background in climate-related risk disclosure. The interviewees were chosen based on their work experience regarding TCFD disclosure. The research aim was to answer the following question: What are substantial factors that influence whether a company is disclosing information in line with the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures? Overall, ten determinants have been identified, as they have occurred repeatedly throughout the empirical data collection. They can be divided into factors that derive out of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The others emerge from the given characteristics of corporations. Policy and legal reforms, the aim for strategy adaption, the availability of data, and the alignment of other sustainability initiatives with the recommendations of TCFD, were mentioned the most as determinants on the level of disclosure in both the survey and the interviews. Further research might investigate how the identified factors differ in importance across diverse industries.
  • “My Body Is a Temple/I Am the God It Was Built For”: An Examination of the Confrontation of Male Entitlement in the Spoken Word Poetry of Savannah Brown and Hollie McNish

    Claire McCann (Ubiquity Press, 2020-04-01)
    Alternative forms of expression, like spoken word and slam poetry, manifest themselves when conventional representations silence certain groups. These alternative forms, however, also hold the capacity to exclude certain individuals as is illustrated by the objectification of women in many contemporary spoken word forms. While the rising popularity of this genre of poetry reinforces the male gaze, certain female spoken word artists refuse to allow this form to erase their own experiences. This essay therefore brings to the forefront the voices of those who have emerged to confront this silencing and assert a female identity not determined by male fantasies. A strategic focus on the poems ‘hi, i’m a slut’ by Savannah Brown and ‘A Poem on Flo Rida’s Blow My Whistle’ by Hollie McNish, explores the effectiveness of the techniques used by female spoken word poets to subvert and even ridicule this male-dominated form, which in turn creates a liberating space in which the voices of women are brought to centre stage.
  • Evaluating the Effective Use of Guiding Principles for Transformative Online Collaboration in the Transformation Systems Mapping and Analysis Working Group

    Katharina Selina Braun (Ubiquity Press, 2021-10-01)
    This paper explains the effective use of guiding principles to foster transformative online collaboration (TOC). TOC describes the ability of an online network to collaborate with a vision of creating and mapping planetary well-being, ecological sustainability, and social equity, in an emergent and open-hearted way. The network research is conducted in the Transformation Systems Mapping and Analysis Working Group (TSM&A WG). The study triangulation includes focus group discussions, interviews, and a social system map analysis of the network. The evaluation is done with the GUIDE framework regarding the principle’s guidance, usability, inspiration, development, and evaluation. The behavior approach for TOC roots in concepts like Theory-U and Spiral Dynamics. The results show the critical importance of shared principles and their enactment for safe and open collaboration. They facilitate deeper online collaboration in the field of Transformation-Systems (T-Systems). Findings further include the future development of the members’ value framework and ways to enact and integrate the principles in the network. Supported by literature, the principles are evaluated for change and modification. The paper offers a complete set of guiding principles for TOC, created after adopting new overarching and operational values. Further, the study proposes and discusses new implementation practices to enhance the members’ principle embodiment for TOC.
  • To what Extent Is the Triple-Helix-Model of Etzkowitz & Leydesdorff of Use for the Implementation of Smart Governance? – an Analysis Referring on Implemented Triple Helix-Constellations

    Lukas Hohmann (Ubiquity Press, 2016-01-01)
    The Triple Helix Model, established by Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, is a model, which copes with different forms of university – industry – government interaction. It reacts on the rising uncertainty and ignorance in society, which are results of the developments towards a knowledge society. The defined organisational frameworks they illustrate, shall be evaluated with regards to their usability in the context of Smart Governance – a type of governance, which demands new, intelligent democratic structures as a foundation for a new way of governing society. Triple Helix constellations in the nanotechnological industry and in the context of different forms of security in society show that these structures are a useful instrument to generate intelligent solutions on certain societal problems. With regard to Smart Governance, Triple Helices are able to increase the intelligence of democratic structures and parts of their processes. In contrast, they lack influence on metarules. The capitalisation of knowledge is an influencing factor, which prevents a more general implementation of Triple-Helices.
  • Education for Sustainable Food and Nutrition – Towards Criteria for German Secondary Schools

    Mara Tippmann (Ubiquity Press, 2020-12-01)
    Food is an integral part of everyone’s life, but the food sector also hugely contributes to harming the environment. Education is the best tool to bring the topic closer to the youngest generations by integrating sustainable food and nutrition into their educational institutions. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) address this challenge through multiple SDGs, for example, through SDG 12 on sustainable consumption and production. This research was conducted for the KMGNE, a Berlin-based research educational institute. This research explores criteria that can be used to incorporate the topic of sustainable food and nutrition in German secondary schools. Through a mix of qualitative methods, the concept of shaping competences, outcome-based learning was explored, and based on the research results, a set of criteria were determined. The research shows that transformative learning changes behaviour, as it allows internal change about assumptions and beliefs in students. This is why transformative learning works best to bring a change in behaviour. It is essential that schools not only teach about sustainable food and nutrition but also teach by example through the food they offer. Practitioners need to receive training to integrate sustainable food and nutrition-related topics into their lessons. External partners and learning environments should be included in education for sustainable food and nutrition to add authenticity as they can tell personal stories or show food production. The research was conducted in Germany; however, it is possible to use the determined criteria in different educational settings and countries.
  • Best Practices of International Branding for NGOs in China

    Sara Borkent (Ubiquity Press, 2020-04-01)
    Directing branding towards an international landscape allows non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to expand to new scenes and reach larger audiences. This can open doors potentially leading to an increase in growth and impact, through collaboration with international organizations and increased fundraising outreach. Understanding how to effectively direct branding internationally is relevant for the Chinese NGO sector of today, because it brings Chinese NGOs closer to international stakeholders and increases their reach. This has a positive effect on Chinese NGOs in terms of increasing their capacity and accountability. The present article aims to contribute to building the capacities of Chinese NGOs in international branding. Through qualitative interviews with key informants of NGOs in China, quantitative observations of online activity of NGOs on international social media platforms, and desk research on the topic, this article identifies best practices of international branding for NGOs in China in terms of internal brand identity, external brand identity and brand performance.
  • Redefining and Scoping Sexuality Education for RHU

    Mariska Huisman (Ubiquity Press, 2017-04-01)
    With only one in five secondary-school aged children attending secondary school, a quarter of teenaged girls being pregnant or already having a child (Uganda Bureau of Statistics, 2012), and one out of every five people living below the poverty line in Uganda (CIA, 2013) statistics show the ever prevalent need for sexuality education. As an organisation working in the field of sexual and reproductive health and rights, Reproductive Health Uganda wants to standardise and integrate sexuality education in all their projects through developing and rolling out a sexuality education intervention. The challenges faced in this are the concept of ‘comprehensive sexuality education’ being questioned by the government, and the implementer being the main determinant of what information is provided because they have no handbook to follow. To address these challenges, Reproductive Health Uganda needed to redefine and scope sexuality education. Based on the field and desk research sexuality education was defined as follows: ‘providing age-appropriate information on the aspects of sexuality in order to increase knowledge and build (life) skills which enables the individual to understand oneself and make informed decisions’. Based on the outcomes of this research, eleven recommendations for the future sexuality education intervention were made which can be related to either the preparation or sustainability of the intervention.
  • Stimulating Collective Transformative Learning Experiences with an ESD Whole-School Assessment Tool

    Jule Kemper (Ubiquity Press, 2021-12-01)
    This exploratory research is a contribution to the overall movement which calls for a transformation of educational systems towards value-based and sustainable education learning paradigms. It is an attempt to offer an alternative perspective on school assessments and certification processes by connecting transformative learning and the whole-school approach in an Education for Sustainable Development context. The results of the research are based on secondary analysis of literature, surveys with students and practitioners and a focus group discussion. By deducing six key elements from the data which should be incorporated in assessment tools to stimulate transformative learning on a school level in K12 education, the study results offer ideas on what to incorporate in future school assessments. To stimulate transformative learning in educational institutions whole-school assessment tools should be based on (1) a clear learning paradigm and value framework, (2) should foster relationships and contribute to a sense of community, (3) encourage reflection and introduce a systems thinking mindset, (4) make learning a meaningful experience relevant also for the personal life outside the school, (5) foster dialogue and collaboration inside the school and across institutions, and (6) require action post-assessment.