The Management of Sustainable Development (MSD) journal - published under the aegis and with the support of Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania, and the Romanian Academic Society of Management - provides an academic forum for the publication of research papers on all issues related to the evolution and management of sustainable development in all fields of studies. In order to manage sustainable development, it is necessary to compare and integrate environmental, social and economic objectives and to address long-term issues. It is also necessary to use tools and management practices that can be used to operationalize sustainable strategies and to ensure that corporate performance is balanced in terms of the economy, society and the environment.

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The Globethics Library has vol. 13(2021) to current

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  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A VIABLE SOLUTION TO REDUCE POVERTY

    BUCUR Louisa-Maria (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    Poverty is one of the world’s greatest economic and social problems of all time. Therefore, sustainable solutions to reduce it are essential to increase the well-being of individuals and society. In this paper, the various causes of poverty, such as social and economic inequalities, limited access to education and health, will be analysed. After an introduction, the concept of sustainable development will be presented, underlying the virtues, as well as limits of it. There will be explored sustainable solutions for poverty reduction, which focus on sustainable development and the promotion of social and economic inclusion. Such solutions could be the creation of jobs and investment in the agricultural sector, the development of infrastructure and public services, the promotion of access to education and health services, and support for local communities and the social and solidarity economy. To validate these findings, qualitative methodology based on content analysis of sustainable development literature will allow to identify and evaluate good practices in sustainable development and poverty reduction. Therefore, it will be possible to show that sustainable solutions for poverty reduction are not only feasible but also effective in terms of social and economic impact. The paper will end with conclusions, arguing that sustainable solutions to poverty reduction are the key to increasing the well-being of individuals and society, and showing that interconnectivity, when considered in a sustainable approach, can improve the benefits for economic and social life.
  • AN OPINION: WHAT AN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM IS IT?

    DINGA Emil (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    Many controversial debates (including conferences, symposia and of of the same) are generated by misunderstanding of the concepts or, often, by associating wrong terms to the same concept. The sustainability science or the ecologic theory (more exactly, the theory on the ecological systems) is an (intellectual) crucial pillar to handle the current and future challenges regarding the non-anthropic and artefactual environment. The paper aims to put a (whatever small) brick to clarify the grounding concept of the ecological system, in order to prevent its inflationary and un-rigorous use in research and public policy. The basic contributions are: (a) identifying the sufficiency predicates to logically define the concept of ecological system, (b) the suggestion to approach the issue from a mix evolutionary perspective based on Lamarckian-Darwinian theories; (c) some opinions regarding the scientific utility of using such a clear, on logical bases, concept of ecological system (given the general concept of system).
  • A KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINE: IDENTIFYING AND QUANTIFYING THE KNOWLEDGE LEVEL OF A TEAM THAT WORKS FOR A SOFTWARE ENGINEERING PROJECT

    ȚÎȚU Aurel Mihail; NIȚĂ Nicoleta Mădălina (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    This scientific paper aims to explore the identification and quantification of the knowledge level within a team working on a software engineering project. The knowledge level of a team plays a crucial role in the success and efficiency of project outcomes. To achieve this objective, a comprehensive review of existing literature on knowledge management, team dynamics, and software engineering practices was conducted. This article reveals insights into the knowledge dynamics within software engineering teams. The research methodology consists of different quantitative and qualitative methods for data collection and analysis. The identified knowledge gaps and strengths can inform strategies for improving team performance, such as targeted training programs or knowledge sharing initiatives. Furthermore, the quantification of knowledge levels can serve as a benchmark for future projects, allowing for better resource allocation and team composition. Overall, this research is bringing benefits to the field of software engineering by providing a systematic approach to identify and quantify the knowledge level of teams, enabling organizations to optimize their team structures and enhance project outcomes.
  • SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND PRECARIOUS HOUSING: THE CASE OF ALGERIA

    BOUTECHE Besma; BOUGDAH Hocine (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    After its experience with the Millennium Development Goals program, Algeria is committed to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. This is to develop and improve its regions and cities that suffer from several problems, including the persisting proliferation of precarious housing. The government has set up a national development strategy and implemented it through a policy based on the reconciliation of the three pillars of sustainable development to ensure sustainable cities and regions. Through a review of government policy instruments and their deliverables, this paper explores the extent of success of the policies. It investigates the relationship between sustainable cities and precarious housing by means of an analysis of the measures taken to incorporate the concept of sustainable development into urban planning policies to achieve the SDGs by 2030. Finally, it suggests the need to include communities in any urban planning policy implementation.
  • ANALYSIS OF SPACEFLIGHT ACTIVITIES’ IMPACT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH

    MAIWALD Volker (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    Sustainable development is the current paradigm for development in the global south. Since 1976 nations of the global south have conducted space missions. This work investigates which impact on sustainable development in the global south spaceflight has. The majority of Sustainable Development Goals can be addressed with space activities, e.g. by setting up satellite infrastructures for communication, creating businesses or supporting protection of ecosystems. Short-term effects such as build-up of own industry for own satellites and infrastructure can be seen when analysing satellite numbers and mission types. The reduction in launch costs and miniaturization of satellites in the 2010s have increased satellite numbers, by improving accessibility to space technology. This led to a thriving space industry in global south nations e.g. Argentina. The continuity of the effects cannot yet be determined fully, due to the recency of most activities, even though for some nations, e.g. Brazil or Indonesia, activities have been continuous. Strategic integration of space activities into planned sustainable development could not be detected. Potential benefits were realized mostly via services and there is unused potential for technology application on Earth.
  • ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE PERFORMANCE ON THE ROMANIAN CAPITAL MARKET

    VASIU Diana Elena (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    The approach of sustainability from an ESG perspective is used worldwide for over 50 years, but on the Romanian Capital Market, is still extremely modest, only a small number of listed companies reporting on their ESG performance. However, this scenario is anticipated to change starting with financial year 2023, as new regulations from the European Union will mandate non-financial Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) performance reports. This development will generate new challenges for professionals in the field, while also presenting new opportunities for ranking companies based on sustainability performance. Using ESG scores from Refinitiv, the purpose of this article is to present the ranking of listed Romanian companies from the ESG perspective, at the level of the 2022 and 2021 fiscal years. Results show that a very limited number of companies listed on the Romanian capital market can be evaluated from Refinitiv ESG scores perspective, but in general, the evaluated companies often record satisfactory values of these scores
  • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES OF ROMANIAN JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE 2030 AGENDA CONTEXT

    HULPUȘ Ioana; HULPUȘ Alexandru (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    Sustainable development represents a new paradigm about the functioning of society, an approach that involves peaceful societies where the benefits are accessible to all. In addition, this context promotes access to justice for all and the creation of effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels. Analyzing mainly the social dimension, the paper investigates the contribution of justice in the sustainable development approach, comparing from several perspectives the progress made by Romania in the context of joining the UN 2030 Agenda and supporting the implementation of the set of 17 SDGs. Starting from the consideration that ODD 16 is one of the most innovative aspects of the sustainable development framework, we propose an analysis of the efforts to improve the quality of judicial services in accordance with the National Strategy of Sustainable Development.
  • EFFECT OF FORMAL EDUCATION ON POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

    BOLARINWA Taiwo Agosu (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    This study analyzes the impact of formal education on poverty reduction in Nigeria by studying the relationship between government expenditure on education, school enrolment, and labour force participation. It uses 30 years of annual time series data and employs various statistical methods, such as OLS regression, ADF test, Philip Peron unit root test, F-tests, and t-tests. Labour force participation serves as a proxy to understand how these macroeconomic variables affect poverty. The findings reveal that both school enrolment and government expenditure on education significantly affect labour force participation. Specifically, enrolment in secondary and tertiary education positively correlates with increased labour force participation. To enhance poverty reduction in Nigeria, the study proposes improving the effectiveness of government expenditure, enhancing access to quality secondary and tertiary education, fostering collaboration between education and businesses, and emphasizing vocational and technical education aligned with the labour market’s needs.
  • SPATIAL EFFICIENCY OF ROMANIAʼS DEVELOPMENT REGIONS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    MATEI Gheorghe (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    The study assesses the spatial efficiency of Romaniaʼs counties and development regions from the perspective of sustainable development. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used to calculate spatial efficiency, and A-P model (Andersen and Petersen) was used to rank efficient units (those with a score of 1.000) to assess superefficiency. The results of the study are graphically translated into four maps. The average efficiency of Romaniaʼs counties is 0.945 and the average efficiency of development regions is 0.986. Almost all development regions are efficient, with the only inefficient region being the Sud-Est region (0.887). The development regions with the highest superefficiency scores are located in the western part of Romania. The highest score of superefficiency is registered by the București-Ilfov region (30.997), the capital of the country and its surroundings, the economic engine of Romania.
  • ENABLING INNOVATION IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

    KATTERBAUER Klemens; CLEENEWERCK DE KIEV Laurent; YAP Cheng Boon (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    To ensure sustainable development, there is a limit to the extent of urbanization. Thus, rural development is an essential strategy that many nations must work on to ensure optimal economic, environmental, and social outcomes at a country level. However, rural development in itself is challenging because rural communities typically have limited resources and capabilities to address common livelihood challenges, let alone take on new economic roles. Hence, as part of rural revitalization strategies, innovation plays a critical role. A wide range of technologies can facilitate innovation in rural development, including the internet and new agricultural technologies. In addition, new mindsets and shifts in values, such as the changing trends of work and consumerism, can create opportunities for rural areas to adopt innovation and develop new growth engines. However, it should be noted that the nature of innovation in rural and urban settings are different. In rural regions, growth could be enabled through more specific types of innovations, including frugal innovation, inclusive innovation, and social innovation. To enable these forms of innovations in rural areas, this paper proposes a three-dimensional process model that includes pro-social technological innovation policy, rural innovation governance, and dynamic networks that close the gap between rural and urban innovation systems. Examples from China, such as the development of Tengtou Village and Taobao Villages serve to demonstrate these concepts. Overall, the discussions in the paper suggest that to enable innovation in rural development, it is necessary to foster closer interactions between rural and urban innovation ecosystems for the former to leverage the latter’s technologies, networks, and resources.
  • DECIPHERING USER FEEDBACK: CLUSTERING OF DIGITAL WELL-BEING SYSTEM REVIEWS

    KAHYA ÖZYIRMIDOKUZ Esra; STOICA Eduard Alexandru (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-12-01)
    This research holds significant importance in the realm of digital well-being, addressing the increasing concern over digital addiction. By analyzing user feedback on digital well-being systems, the study provides valuable insights into the effectiveness of these systems in moderating digital habits. It contributes to understanding how digital detox applications can mitigate compulsive smartphone use, thereby enhancing mental health. The study stands out for its unique approach to clustering user feedback on two popular digital well-being systems, Space and Google Well-being app. This original approach provides a novel perspective on user interaction with digital well-being tools, distinguishing it from existing literature which primarily focuses on general usage patterns and the impact on mental health. The purpose of this research is to systematically analyze and cluster user feedback on digital well-being systems. It also incorporates information retrieval techniques like topic modeling to extract main topics from these reviews. This methodology allows for an in-depth understanding of user feedback, going beyond mere statistical analysis to capture the nuances of user experiences and expectations. The findings of this research have significant implications for software developers and stakeholders in the digital well-being domain.
  • A NEW PHILOSOPHY FOR SUSTAINABLE CONSUMERISM

    THARIAN Bibin (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    With growing awareness of unsustainable practices, communities are forcing businesses and governments to take serious steps towards sustainability. Microplastics enter the food chain and eventually reach humans. The threat of global warming and recurrent climate disasters necessitate immediate action. However, all governments and corporations rely on an ‘increase in demand’ as a growth metric, which prevents them from doing anything meaningful to ensure our planet’s long-term viability. Against the above paradox, this article explores a compromise between sustainability, consumption, and economic growth. It is a theoretical framework for proposing a solution in which businesses can expand in tandem with our planet’s long-term future or a glance through the areas where the Keynesian economy can coexist with environmentalists’ concerns. The proposed framework claims significance in terms of practicality than the perfection of a solution.
  • HARNESSING PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL TO AUGMENT EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT IN THE MICRO-FINANCE SME SECTOR

    MUPARANGI Simbarashe; MAKUDZA Forbes (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    The study sought to establish the effect of psychological capital on employee engagement on small to medium scale micro finance institutions. Secondary objectives were developed using psychological capital constructs namely hope, self-efficacy and resilience. The study adopted a quantitative approach backed by positivist philosophy. A sample of 350 respondents was determined using the Yamane’s model. Stratified random sampling was adopted and data was collected using a structured questionnaire. The results of the study indicate that psychological capital has a significant effect on employee engagement. The study recommends that employee behavioral workshops, mentorship, ethical leadership and coaching programmes directed at developing psychological capital in SMEs.
  • HOW PUBLIC PROCUREMENT CAN HELP SOCIETIES ACHIEVE SDGs: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL

    MESHACK Siwandeti; LETICIA Mahuwi; BARAKA Israel (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    This study draws attention to how public procurement adds value and contributes to the achievement of the United Nation’s sustainable development goals (UN SDGs) based on an extensive literature review. A total of 29 peer-reviewed journal articles published between 2015-2022 with a focus on sustainable public procurement (SPP) practices and SDGs were retrieved from the Web of Science and Emerald databases for analysis. From the reviewed articles, we develop a conceptual model for better illustration and understanding of the link between SPP practices and SDGs. The model indicates that the achievement of SGDs can be influenced by four dimensions, namely: the underlying principles of SPP, the fundamental practices of SPP principles, the drivers of SPP principles, and the perceived roles of SPP practices which are aligned with the targets of UN SDGs. The analysis of the study revealed that SPP can impact up to 70% (12 out of 17) of UN SDGs. It is established that pubic procurement performs important functions in a diligent manner which adds value and delivers core services to societies, thus supporting the achievement of SDGs. Individual commitment and political will, strong enforcement and control mechanisms, continuous monitoring and assessment of the target areas, and offering inclusive solutions and shared visions among actors are identified as the drivers for building resilience in SPP and achievement of SDGs. The developed model could serve as a basis for identifying the deficiencies in SPP and achievement of SDGs for policy implications, reform, and future research domains.
  • SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT CONTRIBUTION TO ORGANISATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY

    STAN Sebastian-Emanuel; GIURGIU Tiberiu; TODĂRIȚĂ Elida; TRIF Robert-Cristian (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    Sustainability is an element that is increasingly considered within the organisation. Therefore, the aim of this scientific article is to explore the contributions of supply chain management (SCM) to organisational sustainability. The study was based on a closed-ended question distributed to strategic managers from eleven business sectors, and the answers to this question were selected according to our objectives and grouped to generate six questions that were applied through a questionnaire to a total of 220 companies from the three economic sectors, companies that have implemented sustainable SCM practices. The main findings from the descriptive analysis used for the data show that sustainability practices integrated into SCM, such as sustainable sourcing, green design, and supply chain loop. Improving relationships with suppliers and customers by promoting closed-loop corporate social responsibility (CSR) values has a positive impact on organisational sustainability. These practices reduce environmental impact, improve financial performance, enhance reputation, and increase stakeholder satisfaction. The main conclusion of this study is that the adoption of sustainable SCM practices is critical to organisational sustainability. Organisations must prioritise sustainability in their SCM decisions to ensure their long-term success.
  • JOURNEY THROUGH THE PAST: A CONTINUITY OF ECOLOGICAL CHALLENGES

    PACHÉ Gilles (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    While ecological challenges are more and more systematically placed at the heart of the news, with the multiplication of activist groups carrying out sometimes violent actions of protest, it is usual to consider that environmental degradation is relatively recent. It is true that the first alarmist reports date from the early 1970s. However, numerous historical studies underline that ecological challenges were extremely significant as early as the Middle Ages in Europe, which forced political authorities to intervene to successfully limit environmental degradation in cities. A review of history sheds light on current issues, highlighting the importance of political interventionism to meet ecological challenges.
  • THE IMPACT OF SUSTAINABLE REPORTING ON THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY AND GAS COMPANIES LISTED ON THE BUCHAREST STOCK EXCHANGE. AN EMPIRICAL APPROACH

    MIHAI Claudia-Larisa (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    The financial performance of a company whose operating activity has a significant social impact on the environment is influenced by the sustainable reporting of these two indicators, for investors that manifest interest, whose orientation involves sustainable development, being a new economic concept. This research aims to highlight how sustainable reporting has a direct impact on an entity’s performance, by quantifying the environmental variable and the social variable in a scoring matrix, by assigning values based on the completeness of reporting the data found in the reports of 8 entities in the field of energy and the exploitation and transportation of natural gas and oil listed in category I on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, regarding the programs undertaken, the approvals obtained or the quality standards to which they aligned. The research results are based on correlation and regression econometric calculations to identify the correlations between the score variable and financial performance.
  • THE ROLE OF UNIVERSITY IN SPREADING ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AMONG STUDENTS TO ACHIEVE ENVIRONMENTAL CITIZENSHIP

    NACER Mecheri Mohamed (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2023-06-01)
    This study aims at identifying the nature of environmental citizenship and the role of university in spreading environmental awareness among students through the introduction of environmental culture. Moreover, it explores the methods to develop this culture through environmental education. Another aspect that this study identifies is the role of environmental media as far as the orientation toward descriptive method of analysis is concerned through administering a questionnaire. The latter is composed of three axes that were applied to a sample of 32 forms distributed to a group of master students (first year) in various fields of economics.
  • AN OVERVIEW ON ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL AND GOVERNANCE – ESG-TOPICS FROM THE FINANCIAL MARKETS' PERSPECTIVE

    VASIU Diana Elena; BRATU Renate (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2022-12-01)
    If the concept of sustainability and sustainable development has been used for over 50 years, its use in the financial world is more recent. Today, companies and investors focus on ESG that stands for Environmental Social Governance. Capital markets can be a powerful tool for creating change. By restricting access to capital, companies are stimulated to improve their performance under measures Environmental, Social or Governance. Rewarding companies and managers that perform well on ESG factors encourages continuous progress and improvement. But in order to do that, it is necessary for companies and stakeholders to have at their disposal standards and indexes that measure the performance of companies in the ESG field and ensure comparability.
  • IMPACT OF SOCIAL SAFETY NET PROGRAM IN ACHIEVING SDG-3.8: A CASE STUDY OF NOANNOY UNION, NOAKHALI, BANGLADESH

    AZIM Mohammad Fazla; ISLAM Mohammad Shamsal; KHAN Md. Doulutuzzaman; ALAUDDIN Mohammed (Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 2022-12-01)
    The aim of the research was to explore the impact of social safety net programs in achieving the SDG target 3.8 at the union level of Bangladesh. Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to collect the data. A total of 100 quantitative survey data and 10 KIIs were conducted. Statistically significant tests between variables (X2, p-value, and CI) were done. The average age of the respondents is 58.41 18.35 years. There is a strong association between the age of the respondents and receiving the government social safety net program support. We found an association between respondents monthly income and types of disability. The health expenditure of the study respondents is higher compared to the age range below 50 years in Bangladesh. There is a strong association between respondents' age and health expenditure. The majority of respondents (84.5%) bought medicine, 8.2% buy food, 4.1% expenses on children's educational purposes and 3.1% buy a dress with their SSPs money. About 69% of respondents think that SSPs' support money is not sufficient to survive and maintain the minimum quality of life. Study findings suggest that the majority of the respondents were happy with government SSPs. Further research should address the factors of disability of the SSPs beneficiaries and the quality of life of SSPs beneficiaries.

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