Confucianism is one of the great ethical and philosophical systems in the world, based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BC). This Confucian Ethics collection includes works of Confucius, Confucian classics like the disciple Mencius, and mainly contemporary articles on Confucian applied ethics such as education ethics, political ethics, business ethics. - 儒家思想以中国哲学家孔子(公元前551-479 年)的言传身教为基础,是世界上最伟大的伦理和哲学体系之一。该收藏文集包括了孔子的著作,孔子门徒孟子的著作等儒家经典学说,以及当代儒家应用伦理,如家庭伦理、政治伦理和商业伦理等方面的文章。本收藏还在建设初期,更多文档在不断添加中

Recent Submissions

  • Making career choice : a study of Chinese managers

    Department of Management and Marketing; Wong, ALY (SAGE Publications, 2015-06-23)
    2006-2007 > Academic research: refereed > Publication in refereed journal
  • Relevant considerations on foreign policy at the moment of understanding Singapore’s behaviour in the south china sea conflict

    Castrillón, David Mauricio; Rocha, Federico; Álvarez Velasquez, Sebastián (Pontificia Universidad JaverianaRelaciones InternacionalesFacultad de Ciencias Políticas y Relaciones Internacionales, 2018-07-30)
    El conflicto en el mar de China del Sur, es sin lugar a duda, uno de los desafíos más grandes que la comunidad internacional esta llamada a resolver hoy en día. Estas disputas, son de enormes proporciones y tienen el potencial de afectar las vidas de millones de ciudadanos viviendo en el Sudeste Asiático, ya que muchas consideraciones y recursos importantes se encuentran en juego.
 Singapur, un pequeño Ciudad-Estado al sur de la peninsula de Malasia, con una economía fuerte y una historia única, se halla a si misma en una posición delicada en medio de todo el caos. Por un lado, muchos Singapurenses son provenientes de familias chinas, y a través de los años, el país ha logrado formar una relación muy cercana con el gigante asiático. Pero por el otro, Singapur es más influyente de lo que su tamaño sugiere, y su vulnerabilidad y sus miedos, lo pueden llevar a sentirse particularmente preocupado con todo el asunto. Lo cual a su vez puede llevarlo a tener un papel mucho más protagónico y decisivo de lo que en primera instancia se pensaría.
 
 En este documento, hecho una mirada a la historia, la identidad, las peculiaridades, y la política exterior de Singapur, con el propósito de tratar de entender porque se ha comportado de la manera que lo ha hecho , y que podemos esperar de su desempeño a futuro, en uno de los conflictos internacionales más controvertidos y dinámicos del siglo XXI.
  • CHINESE MODEL OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND ITS POTENTIAL ADAPTATION IN EUROPE

    Walkowski, Maciej (Adam Mickiewicz University Poznan, 2017-12-15)
    For the last three decades the economic success enjoyed by the People’s Republic of China has been closely followed around the world. Lately it has fuelled the debate about not only particular characteristics, but also potential universality of the so-called Chinese development model, often described as the Beijing Consensus or an authoritarian model of state capitalism. This model has lately become attractive for many governments, especially of the less developed states. It is especially visible in Africa, Latin America and Central Asia where Chinese companies and politicians are very active. Since 2008, in many regions of the world, global financial and economic crisis has eroded trust in the Anglo-Saxon model of free market economy and the accompanying neoliberal ideology. The speed with which China moved from a status of a poor agricultural country to one of a global economic power has elicited admiration in many societies. In the European Union there is also a debate about an appropriate shape of trade investment relations with China and evaluation of the Chinese development formula. The socioeconomic costs and benefits of the Chinese development formula, as well as its adaptability are being discussed. This debate has visibly intensified in the context of implementation and popularization of the Chinese concept concerning connecting Asia with Europe through the One Belt One Road project. In this article the author aims to describe the characteristics of the Chinese development model, present its strengths and weaknesses in different states of development and answer the question of how useful it could be for the European Union, both on the level of bilateral agreements and of a strategic partnership between China and the EU as a whole.
  • Images into Words: Ming Confucian Iconoclasm

    Sommer, Deborah A., (司馬黛蘭) (The Cupola: Scholarship at Gettysburg College, 1994-01-01)
  • 文革中的批孔運動和孔子形像的演變 (Images for Iconoclasts: Depictions of Confucius in the Cultural Revolution)

    Sommer, Deborah A., (司馬黛蘭) (The Cupola: Scholarship at Gettysburg College, 2007-01-01)
  • Destroying Confucius: Iconoclasm in the Confucian Temple

    Sommer, Deborah A., (司馬黛蘭) (The Cupola: Scholarship at Gettysburg College, 2003-03-01)
  • Harmony and Diversity: Confucian and Daoist Discourses on Learning in Ancient China

    Rekowski, Casey (Virtual Commons - Bridgewater State University, 2007-01-01)
  • Education as a Moral Responsibility: Foucault's Subjectivity and Confucian Cultivation

    Guan, Wei (LSU Digital Commons, 2017-10-27)
    The current state of education focusing on standards and assessment, according to Wu (2004), reduces education to “technical problems and individual deficiencies, subject to surveillance and quality managerial procedures” (p. 308). This work uses Foucault’s discourses of discipline and power to understand standardization as a political utility of control that makes children docile subjects through “a set of practices by which one can acquire and assimilate” (Foucault, 1988, p. 31). The process of standardization provides an ineffective grounding for achieving a worthwhile life as children are shaped as results-driven individuals (Shun & Wong, 2004). Baker (2008) believes that only through “a moral notion of reasoning” can a sense of responsibility be learnt (p. 191). The Confucian cultivation of Ren represents a moral notion of reasoning. It understands the very foundation of human existence, not as an epistemology based on a dichotomous way of thinking, but as a moral responsibility. Not relying on an extensive accumulation of knowledge, the cultivation of Ren is based on a belief that all children are born with a moral goodness that can be led to a moral responsibility. Moreover, it emphasizes the carrying out of the benefit for others through respect, propriety, and relationship, rather than the seeking of rewards for one’s own. Furthermore, I explain the Confucian notion of rights as embedded in the autonomy of the self. The more the self becomes morally responsible toward others, the more one’s rights are assured. I cite the United Sates law cases on higher education to support the claim that the political protection of rights may be necessary, but it is not the only condition to achieve autonomy and justice. In the case of Iowa Redistricting Policy, when a moral responsibility is absent in the policymakers, an ideology of segregation continues to persist under the cover of diversity, which indirectly pushes the practice of discipline and assessment to its extreme. I conclude that the Confucian Ren celebrates a responsible living that cares children as lifetime achievers rather than results, rights-driven subjects. Moral responsibility can transform the existing power relations and make social, educational changes.
  • Kokutai - Political Shintô from Early-Modern to Contemporary Japan

    Antoni, Klaus (Universität Tübingen, 2016-03-17)
    The history of modern Japan begins with a paradox. This period’s axiomatic starting point, the Meiji Restoration of 1868, was marked by intentions which, in further consideration, appear anything but modern: the restoration of seemingly archaic imperial rule. This apparent contradiction cannot be overlooked in any examination of the foundations of modern Japan and its concept of government. Over the course of the Meiji period, this traditionalistic idea was implemented in a comprehensive, religiously and politically based concept of government that postulated a uniquely Japanese »national polity« (kokutai). This idea, being based on earlier political Shintô thought, formed the official and binding Japanese concept and ideology of the modern state, in which the institution of the emperor served as the metaphysical and mythical core of the national family. So it must be doubted that the ideology of political Shintô was an invention of modern times, as many scholars of modern Japan believe. In particular, the centrally important relationship between Shintô and Confucianism must be taken into account, as well as the highly relevant but complicated topic of nativism. In this sense the Japanese case also provides an extremely valuable example for comparative analysis of religion and politics in general. 
 The study presented here consists of a revised and enlarged translation of the author’s former work (in German): „Shintô und die Konzeption des japanischen Nationalwesens (kokutai). Der religiöse Traditionalismus in Neuzeit und Moderne Japans.“ (Leiden: Brill 1998). For the sake of a general distribution of publicly funded research and thus in accordance with the so called Open Access principles, this book is published and distributed freely by the University of Tübingen.
  • Christian Literature in Chinese Contexts

    LAI, John T. P. (MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-11)
    Christianity in China has a history dating back to the Tang Dynasty (618–907 CE), when Allopen—the first Nestorian missionary—arrived there in 635. In the late sixteenth century, Matteo Ricci together with other Jesuit missionaries commenced the Catholic missions to China. Protestant Christianity in China began with Robert Morrison, of London Missionary Society, who first set foot in Canton in 1807. Over the centuries, the Western missionaries and Chinese believers were engaged in the enterprise of the translation, publication, and distribution of a large corpus of Christian literature in Chinese. While the extensive distribution of Chinese publications facilitated the propagation of Christianity, the Christian messages have been subtly re-presented, re-appropriated, and transformed by these works of Chinese Christian literature. This Special Issue entitled “Christian Literature in Chinese Contexts” examines the multifarious dimensions of the production, translation, circulation, and reception of Christian literature (with “Christian” and “literature” in their broadest sense) against the cultural and sociopolitical contexts from the Tang period to modern China. The eight articles in this volume cover a variety of intriguing topics, including the literary/translation endeavors of Western missionaries in Chinese, the indigenous works of the Chinese Christians, the interaction between the Christian and Chinese literary traditions, Chinese reception of the Bible, and numerous other relevant concepts.
  • La notion de lǐ 禮, « ritualité », dans la pensée de Xunzi 
 (IIIème siècle avant notre ère)

    Ghiglione, Anna; Fredette-Lussier, Arnaud (2021-05-31)
    La ritualité, qu’elle soit de nature religieuse ou éthique, ou encore qu’elle relève de l’ordre de la coutume, ponctue la vie des individus, des groupes et des communautés, souligne et entretient les liens sociaux et ancre le monde humain dans le monde naturel. La philosophie confucéenne confère une place centrale à cette notion de lǐ 禮, « ritualité », et c’est probablement, au sein de cette école, Xunzi (IIIème siècle av. n. è.) qui lui accorde le plus grand rôle philosophique. Toutefois, une multitude de tensions anime ce concept de « ritualité » qui se situe à la jonction du Naturel et du Culturel, de l’éthique et du sacré, du matériel et de l’intangible, du profane et du religieux.
 
 Ce mémoire se base sur l’exégèse d’extraits pertinents du Xunzi, et, grâce à l’étude du champ sémantique et lexical de la ritualité ainsi que l’analyse étymologique des concepts clefs lui étant rattachés, apporte un nouveau regard sur la notion de lǐ. Nous restituons le souffle cosmique – fractales d’oppositions binaires mettant en relation le microcosme au macrocosme – à l’œuvre dans la pensée du lettré, et y exposons les liens intimes unissant la ritualité au sens moral.
 
 Nous soutenons qu’une approche intégrant et différenciant l’en acte du potentiel dans la pensée de Xunzi fournit une solution au problème de la nature humaine telle que conçue par le philosophe. Notre conception de la représentation et de la cosmologie procure une nouvelle vision, respectivement, du symbolisme rituel et de l’ordre cosmologique. Nous mettons au jour la manière dont la ritualité crée le sens moral de l’individu, intègre l’homme à sa société et la société à l’ordre du monde et découvrons une pensée qui extirpe le divin de la dimension religieuse transcendante pour faire de l’humanité et de la moralité de l’Homme les dépositaires du sacré.
  • 孔庙从祀与乡约

    Department of Chinese Culture; Chu, HL (生活・读书・新知三联书店北京市, 2016-04-13)
    2014-2015 > Academic research: refereed > Research book or monograph (author)
  • 儒者思想与出处

    Department of Chinese Culture; Chu, HL (生活・读书・新知三联书店北京市, 2016-04-13)
    2014-2015 > Academic research: refereed > Research book or monograph (author)
  • John Dewey, Confucius, and Global Philosophy

    Grange, Joseph; Ames, Roger T. (USM Digital Commons, 2004-08-02)
    Bringing together the philosophies of John Dewey and Confucius, this work illustrates a means for cultural interaction and provides a model of global philosophy. Joseph Grange's beautifully written book provides a unique synthesis of two major figures of world philosophy, John Dewey and Confucius, and points the way to a global philosophy based on American and Confucian values. Grange concentrates on the major themes of experience, felt intelligence, and culture to make the connections between these two giants of Western and Eastern thought. He explains why the Chinese called Dewey "A Second Confucius," and deepens our understanding of Confucius's concepts of the way (dao) of human excellence (ren). The important dimensions of American and Chinese cultural philosophy are welded into an argument that calls for the liberation of what is finest in both traditions. The work gives a new appreciation of fundamental issues facing Chinese and American relations and brings the opportunities and dangers of globalization into focus. “…Grange’s presentation of Dewey’s philosophy of experience and culture as well as the parallels he develops with Confucianism are truly valuable contributions to the field of comparative philosophy.” — Philosophy East & West “…a slim but important book for next steps in the world philosophical conversation. Grange is a subtle and creative thinker, and this volume whets the philosophical appetite for more in an increasingly shrinking global village.” — Dao "Grange draws upon his sustained and substantial reading of the original reflections of John Dewey and of Confucius to bring into focus several seminal ideas from each of these two traditions that provide us with a resonance between them, and that can serve us as the terms of art necessary for undertaking such a Sino-American dialogue." — from the Foreword by Roger T. Ames "Grange writes with a sure mastery of the relevant texts and secondary literature. His grasp of Dewey's vast corpus is outstanding and his explication of Confucius's ideas is crisp and on the mark. Grange is able to elicit connections between Confucius and Dewey without straining expert credulity or merely saying the obvious." — Robert Cummings Neville, author of Boston Confucianism: Portable Tradition in the Late-Modern World
  • Confucius and Human Nature

    Ader, Jason (SPARK: Scholarship at Parkland, 2012-01-01)
  • Spiritual Philosophies in China

    Universidad EAFIT; Gómez Gómez, Laura (Universidad EAFIT, 2013-01-15)
    Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism are very important concepts for Chinese culture. In general, there is confusion about its definition, either as religion or as philosophy. In this article they are classified as spiritual philosophies, since they include both religious and philosophical concepts.
  • Tang Junyi

    Fröhlich, Thomas (Brill, 2017-03-01)
    Both inside and outside of China, there have been heated debates about Confucian democracy, Confucian values and ethics, and Confucian alternatives to Western models of modernization. In many respects, however, the discussions have reached an impasse: Whereas some observers tend to depict Confucianism as a panacea for all kinds of political and social ills in East Asian and Western societies, others consider it to be a mere vestige of the Chinese tradition which lacks any relevance for contemporary discourse. The present study proposes a way through this impasse based on a critical examination of the modern Confucian project developed by the exiled philosopher Tang Junyi (1909-1978). Tang’s comprehensive reinterpretation of Confucianism ranks among the most ambitious philosophical projects in modern Chinese history.
  • Confucianism and Feminist Concerns: Overcoming the Confucian “Gender Complex”

    Li, Chenyang (ScholarWorks@CWU, 2000-06-01)
    At recent conferences on Confucianism, questions were often raised about Confucian attitudes toward women, usually by female scholars. Answers given on these occasions have typically been unsatisfactory. The issue is a complex one. On the one hand, Confucianism has an infamous past of oppressing women, which today’s Confucians cannot feel proud of. On the other hand, it does not appear that contemporary Confucian scholars are making headway in dealing with this problem. Obviously, if Confucianism is to remain a world philosophy and religion, it has to deal with this problem. We cannot expect a philosophy and religion to have a future if it is prejudicial against half of the human race.
  • After Confucius

    Goldin, Paul R. (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020-03-13)
    After Confucius is a collection of eight studies of Chinese philosophy from the time of Confucius to the formation of the empire in the second and third centuries B.C.E. As detailed in a masterful introduction, each essay serves as a concrete example of “thick description”—an approach invented by philosopher Gilbert Ryle—which aims to reveal the logic that informs an observable exchange among members of a community or society. To grasp the significance of such exchanges, it is necessary to investigate the networks of meaning on which they rely. Paul R. Goldin argues that the character of ancient Chinese philosophy can be appreciated only if we recognize the cultural codes underlying the circulation of ideas in that world. Thick description is the best preliminary method to determine how Chinese thinkers conceived of their own enterprise.

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