Problems in word recognition for grade 4 learners in an inclusive classroom in Ekurhuleni South, Gauteng
Author(s)Phala, Thembi Anastacia Lucky
Contributor(s)Hugo, Anna Johanna, 1947-
KeywordsGrade 4 learners
Grade 4 teachers
Reading (Elementary) -- South Africa -- Ekurhuleni
Inclusive education -- South Africa -- Ekurhuleni
Reading disability -- South Africa -- Ekurhuleni
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AbstractReading is currently a great concern in South Africa with most learners reading below their grade level. In order to remedy this problemthe Department of Education (DoE) has launched a number of campaigns to ensure learners are continuously monitored and evaluated. The purpose of this study is to explore how Grade 4 teachers support learners with word recognition problems in an inclusive classroom.
Grade 4 is a transitional grade from mother tongue to English as the medium of instruction in most of Gauteng schools. This shift creates a challenging factor when teaching reading. Although the teachers’ in this investigation were professionally trained not all were trained on how to teach reading and such components as word recognition and lack of strategies raised a major concern. The DoE (2005:67) also stressed that in applying teaching methods teachers should bear in mind that there is no single classroom in which all learners will be exactly the same or learn in the same way and same pace. Hence, teachers need to be creative when dealing with word recognition problems in order to be able to accommodate different learners in an inclusive classroom. In addressing the challenges faced this study uses Bronfenbrenners ecological system theory and qualitative research design to examine how teachers support learners with word recognition problem. The interview questions were firstly piloted with one of the neighbouring Grade 4 teacher. After the pilot study six Grade 4 teachers from four different primary schools were interviewed and observed and their documents were also analysed. The analysis used Creswell’s method and the finding highlighted factors which affect Grade 4 teachers when supporting learners with word recognition. The factors include the following: understanding the Grade 4 learner, curriculum changes in Grade 4, teacher training in the teaching of reading, teaching reading in Grade 4, addressing word recognition in Grade 4, insufficient district support, lack of parental involvement, lack of enough resources and time allocation and lesson plans. Based on the findings, recommendations were made on how to support Grade 4 learners with word recognition problems.
M. Ed. (Inclusive Education)
Phala, Thembi Anastacia Lucky (2013) Problems in word recognition for grade 4 learners in an inclusive classroom in Ekurhuleni South, Gauteng, University of South Africa, Pretoria, <http://hdl.handle.net/10500/9749>