The Hindu Ethics collection gathers important resources about a major religious tradition: Hinduism as Indian religion and dharma and it shows as well the development of a Hindu global spirituality. The purpose of the collection is to build a comprehensive library on the ethical philosophy of Hinduism, based on three main aspects: 1) sources feeding the philosophy of Hinduism, 2) Institutions, which interpret, redefine and propagate the sources, and 3) the themes which are the various facets of application in daily life. The scope of this collection is to be inclusive, encompassing the length and breadth of Hinduism, from ancient lore to modern movements, without leaving out any era, class, creed, sect or school.

Recent Submissions

  • Swaminarayan

    Chag, Avni (Oxford University Press, 2024)
  • Peut-on parler d'une diaspora tamoule hindoue ? Entre diversité sociale et hindouisme transnational

    Passages ; Université de Bordeaux (UB)-École nationale supérieure d'architecture et du paysage de Bordeaux (ENSAP Bordeaux)-Université Bordeaux Montaigne (UBM)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Institut Convergences Migrations [Aubervilliers] (IC Migrations); Trouillet, Pierre-Yves (HAL CCSDUQAM, 2024)
    International audience
  • Zero: an Integrative Spiritual Perspective with One and Infinity

    Gobets, Peter; Kuhn, Robert Lawrence; Bindlish, Puneet K.; Nandram, Sharda; Joshi, Ankur; Dhital, Vishwanath (Brill, 2024-03-29)
    The world of numbers keeps us intrigued for one reason or the other. From negative numbers to imaginary numbers and from various constants to peculiar ratios, they never cease to surprise us. And our curiosity and imagination keeps on inspiring us to look for these patterns in nature. Consequently leading the way for discoveries that are important to meeting not only our material goals but also spiritual ones at the same time. However, due to an extraordinary reliance of modern applied science on numbers, we have generated more scholarly interest, especially in the last few centuries, around the application of numbers to the material realm as compared to the spiritual. Amidst our attention to the peculiar or special numbers and ratios, there are some numbers – or rather concepts – that still look in our face, inviting us to explore a whole new world of possibilities all over again. Though these concepts laid the foundation of modern day mathematics as we use it, yet at times we take them for granted and are not usually interested in revisiting our understanding about their nature, their past and future possibilities. In this chapter, we revisit three of these foundational concepts – Zero, One and Infinity (ZOI) from an integrative spiritual perspective.
  • Mirabai Comes to America: The Translation and Transformation of a Saint

    Martin, Nancy M. (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2010-11-03)
    The story of the sixteenth-century Hindu saint Mirabai is told and performed in a multitude of genres in India across the centuries, and her songs generate a tradition of continuing composition in her name. Her popularity readily moves across boundaries of language, caste, class, religion, and culture not only within India but also beyond, taking root in American culture more broadly in the latter decades of the 20th century, as Americans begin looking for figures for inspiration and canonisation within an emerging non-institutionalised global spirituality and women around the world mine the past to find their spiritual foremothers. Her popularity quickly moves beyond even this broadly defined religious context, as her life story is invoked by poets and philosophers, psychologists and ecologists, and a multitude of others seeking authenticity, wholeness, and healing. The history of Mirabai's appropriation and transformation in such diverse cultural forms raises a number of issues. What are the features that invest a religious story or symbol with generative life that can extend across time and diverse cultures? What forms can the continuation of such classic traditions as hagiography and devotional poetry take, and how should the boundaries of legitimate participation in that tradition best be understood?
  • Dravidian gods in modern Hinduism ; a study of the local and village deites of southern India

    Elmore, W. T. (Wilber Theodore), 1871- (Madras: Christian Literature Society for IndiaPrinceton Theological Seminary, 1925)
    Reprinted from the University studies of the University of Nebraska, v.15, no.1, 1915
  • Invoking Mirabai: Elision and Illumination in the Global Study of Women Mystics

    Martin, Nancy M. (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2023-09-29)
    From the early nineteenth century, British scholar-officers readily compared Mirabai to European mystics as a way to come to terms with this intriguing and admired sixteenth-century woman as they attempted to order the dense weave of Indian culture and religion through the production of knowledge. And in the twentieth century she would increasingly be cited in comparative works on women’s voices, resistance, and religious lives and on global ethics and spirituality. This chapter will explore the place she comes to occupy, beginning by tracing the ways that Hindu bhakti or “devotion” maps (or does not map) onto European Christian and subsequent scholarly conceptions of mysticism and the challenges of comparison without clear textual traditions of either her story or voice and the resulting lack of access to this individual woman’s thoughts and actions. The context in which this extraordinary woman must have lived includes both emerging institutionalized religious institutions that adopted the feminine persona as the ideal devotee and political configurations with attendant notions of honor, feudal domination, and masculinity that include the exchange of women to cement political alliances. As an actual embodied woman of her time speaking of her own desires with her own direct relationship with God and breaking rank with feudal, familial, and religious authorities, she challenges it all, and songs in her voice and narratives of her life multiply rapidly, offering alternate views of social relations and of gender and gathering force across the centuries as others take up her story and songs. With particular attention to the works of feminist philosopher of religion Pamela Sue Anderson and comparative theologian Holly Hillgardner, this paper will examine how comparisons might legitimately be made between European women mystics and this Hindu woman “saint,” about whose individual subjectivity so little can be verified and yet who remains very much alive in an intersubjective participatory realm of oral performance, identity formation and individual, social and spiritual transformation.
  • Jain philosophers in the debating hall of classical India

    Gorisse, Marie-Hélène (2021)
    The practice of rational debate between philosophers from different traditions, especially between Hindu-Naiyayika and Mima?saka-, Buddhist and Jain philosophers, is unique in classical India. Around the 7th c., a pan-Indian consensus was achieved on what counts as a satisfactory justification. The core of such discussions is an inferential reasoning whose structure is such that it ensures that its conclusions are recognised as knowledge statements, irrespective of the obedience of the interlocutor. In this line, stories of conversion following those philosophical debates are commonplace in the narratives of the different traditions and regularly involve the conversion of a royal patron. Beside the influence of argumentative practices on social and political changes, theories of argumentation have deeply influenced the whole edifice of philosophy in pre modern India, since no philosopher can claim a thesis without being committed to defend it in this highly regulated dialogical framework. Moreover, the characterisation, as well as the methods to test the validity of this justification, raised the question of the existence of shared principles and was a battlefield for the different traditions to establish their own conceptions on the constitution of the world and on our ability to know it. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the contribution of the minority tradition that is Jainism to the framework of philosophical disputation in India.
  • The Spiritual Prodigy, the Reluctant Guru, and the Saint: Mirabai and Collaborative Leadership at Hari Krishna Mandir

    Martin, Nancy M. (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2024-04-15)
    This article explores the life and influence of Indira Devi Niloy (1920–1997) who in 1949 began to encounter the sixteenth-century saint–poet Mirabai during her meditative trance states. She would recount songs, stories, and teachings that the saint gave to her as well as scenes from Mirabai’s life that she witnessed as an observer and at other times experienced directly as a participant. Their ongoing relationship would have a tremendous influence on Indira Devi as well as her guru Dilip Kumar Roy (1897–1980) and the increasingly international community that grew up around them. Their interactions and Indira Devi’s reports in turn would also significantly influence the reception and perceived continuing relevance of Mirabai as both inspiration and authorization for women’s self-realization. Additionally, Indira Devi’s own story reveals a mode of female guruhood, with a distinct absence of identification with shakti or divine incarnation, a more egalitarian model for the guru–disciple relationship, and an alternate bhakti mode of male–female collaborative leadership with Roy. Further their experiences with Mirabai offer insight into the ongoing engagement of women and men with such influential women of the past, the intersubjective nature of the traditions that surround them, and what Mirabai’s message might be for women (and men) today.
  • Bases of Hindu Culture: Philosophical Schools and Their Contribution to World Spirituality

    Mattos, Tatiana Morita Nobre; Gama, Uberto Afonso Albuquerque da (The Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal Knowledge Core (RCMultiCore), 2021-03-30)
    <p>Hindu culture is one of the oldest and most complete philosophical structures with spiritualist purpose formulated in the history of mankind. Recognized for its depth, complexity and breadth of reasoning, which virtuously associates the scientific root with spiritual subjects in explanations about manifestation and divine reality. This article, whose general objective is to present the bases on which this philosophical-cultural system, and its structure of thought, was based, and, for specific objectives, to demonstrate how it contributed to the formulation of the main religions and philosophies of the world, which aim to help man to re-find his true nature. As a methodology, a bibliographic research was carried out that covered both Western authors, researchers of culture and philosophy of the East, as well as Eastern authors, renowned for their explanation about the studies of the Hindu tradition. It was found that the works that explain the influence of the ancient structure of eastern philosophical and scientific thought, especially the Hindu tradition, present the depth and dedication that this theme requires and evidences the need for continuity and expansion of the study carried out.</p>
  • “Reciprocal Illumination” of Hinduism, Human Rights, and the Comparative Study of Religion: Arvind Sharma’s Contributions

    Martin, Nancy M. (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2024-03-05)
    Arvind Sharma has made immensely significant contributions in the fields of both comparative religion and the study of Hinduism through his methodology of “reciprocal illumination” and his prominent role in international conversations on women and religion, religion and human rights, freedom of religion, and religious tolerance and conflict. Aware of the power of religion and its negative valuation, especially post-September 11, he displays a deep commitment to fostering interreligious understanding, arguing for religion as an essential and positive partner in envisioning and actualizing human flourishing, upholding human dignity, and engaging in global ethical cooperation, and equally he demonstrates Hinduism’s potential contribution both to these endeavors and to moving the field of comparative studies beyond its Western, Christian, and colonialist origins and assumptions. This essay details these contributions and Sharma’s place as an interpreter of Hinduism for those inside and outside the tradition in our time.
  • Art and/as Religious Syncretic Border Crossing: Beyond the World Religions Paradigm and the Religion/Culture Divide in Museums and Interreligious Studies

    Hedges, Paul (Boston University School of Theology | Hebrew College | Hartford International University for Religion and Peace, 2024-03-23)
    Art in museums often portrays the so-called world religions paradigm, so Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, or Islamic (and so on) art and artefacts are regularly found in their own distinct section. However, art—like the religious worlds depicted—does not exist in monolithic silos. While art studies, and museum displays, often mention cultural context and how the art of a particular “religion” changes in relation to this, what is often neglected is the religio-socio-philosophical worldview that is entailed in such supposedly culturally adapted art. Buddhist art in Gandhara, for instance, does not simply show a Greek influence in how the Buddha is portrayed, but also how he is thought, for early Buddhist aniconism has given way to a new Buddhist iconographic display. This paper argues that the distinction often built of religion and culture hides the deeper syncretic exchanges that occur when an image of Jesus or a statue of Buddha appears elsewhere. Indeed, we can even speak of art expressing an interreligious global dialogue of worldviews and cultures. Highlighting the interreligious connections in embodied artefacts, with a particular but not exclusive focus on the collection of Singapore’s Asian Civilizations Museum, this paper will note some of these syncretic flows and hybrid creations as a step towards decolonising the way we imagine both “religion” and “culture”. To this end, it engages debates in the critical methods and theory debates around the term religion, how interreligious studies may help decolonize the wider study of religion, and the display of religious artefacts in museums in Singapore and globally.
  • Inconsistencies and Challenges around 'Secularism' in Nepal

    Pant, Dila Datt (Research Management Cell, Tikapur Multiple Campus, 2024-02-29)
    Although Nepal adopted secularism in 2015 as its official state-religion relationship, there are still several inconsistencies and challenges around it including that of freedom of religion or belief. Instead of adopting a gradual marginalization and privatization of religion as per the normative proposition of the secularism, Nepal continues to do the opposite or at times, make a fundamental departure from the notion of secular identity. The preservation and the reaffirmation of presence of religion in public sphere and preferential treatment to Hindu  religion at the cost of others continues to create discrimination and pose challenges to implement secularism. These problems do not only seem to remain just non-congruent inconsistencies with the secular identity of the state at the theoretical level alone, but also seem to hinder inter-religious tolerance in practical terms such as right to freely profess, practice and preach religion, thereby impacting the lives of the religious minorities. Against this backdrop, this article examines the key legal-constitutional inconsistencies including state's practices, antagonistic socio-political narratives, and emerging challenges vis-à-vis secularism in Nepal.   
  • Überlegungen zur kreativen Aneignung westlicher Konzepte wie ›Religion‹ und ›Hinduismus‹ in Indien

    Simon Foppa
    Today, there is a broad consensus in the field of religious studies that a closer examination reveals ›Hinduism‹ to be a conglomerate of different religious traditions, which were first assigned to this term in the 19th century. Authors such as Richard King (1999a) argue that this standardisation can be traced back to Western stakeholders, who, on the basis of their exclusivist Judeo-Christian viewpoint, did not recognise the diversity of the South-Asian religions. There has been an increase of this voice in academic discourse in recent years, which dismisses further use of alleged Western concepts, such as ›religion‹ or ›Hinduism‹, in the description of this faith community, in order to avoid further »westernisation« (King 1999a, 67) of the South-Asian traditions. In this article, an alternative perception of this issue shall be presented. Based on the theory of ›cultural appropriation‹ from Hans Peter Hahn (2005), it is argued that the use of Western concepts does not necessarily lead to a ›westernisation‹ of a tradition, as the appropriating parties themselves invariably have creative leeway with regard to the adoption of new cultural elements, even in hegemonic conditions.
  • Eliseo Ferrer / La tradición indoirania y el origen de la gnosis, de la religión y de la filosofía.

    Eliseo Ferrer (15378010) (2024-02-10)
    Según Eliseo Ferrer, la tradición hinduista ni presenta una conformación monolítica ni tampoco una unidad y uniformidad histórica. Hemos de subrayar que se trata de una construcción cultural erigida en torno a varias abstracciones (unidad, totalidad, orden, ilusión, reencarnación-transmigración, liberación y unión con Dios, etc.) que conformaron un tronco común que, desarrollado a lo largo del tiempo, desafió a los siglos y a los milenios venideros. No otra cosa es lo que encontramos cuando nos acercamos a las nociones védicas de ekam (unidad), ritá (orden cósmico) y māyā (ilusión): ideas arcaicas que nos sitúan ante abstracciones básicas y fundamentales de la historia de las religiones y en la base del desarrollo de la filosofía. Abstracciones presentes en el Rigveda y que, mil años antes de nuestra era, se anticiparon en varios siglos a la metafísica monista de las Upanishads.
  • Understanding the moral and ethical dimensions of the Bhagavad Gita

    Mathias Yuvan Shunmugam; Maniraj Sukdaven (AOSIS, 2024-01-01)
    In Hinduism, there is a distinction made between dharma and karma. Both are essential for the purpose of reaching moksha. Dharma (moral) is the cosmic law or moral principle that governs an individual’s conduct and Karma is the result of past, present and future actions. To achieve good karma (ethical), it is important to live according to dharma. Therefore, in terms of morality in Hinduism, there is an obligation to fulfil one’s destiny as prescribed by the cosmic principle. Karma, on the other hand, serves as the ethical principle in achieving this moral obligation. This distinction is observed in the dilemma, which is played out in the story of Krishna and Arjuna as expressed in the Bhagavad Gita. Contribution: As a result, the contribution to understanding the morality of the Bhagavad Gita rests on Sri Krishna’s strong argument that an individual must set aside their own desires and aspire solely to perform actions that are aligned with the cosmic principle. This means that an individual has the moral obligation to perform those actions irrespective of whether they agree or disagree with the prescribed action. This article engages with the moral obligation and karmic actions, which seem to be at odds with each other, yet the moral obligation takes precedent.
  • Guru as an Academic Leader in Vedic Tradition: A Review

    Neupane, Bharat; Gnawali, Laxman (Department of Languages and Mass Communication Kathmandu University, 2023-12-31)
    Vedic literature from the Indian Subcontinent does not use the phrase ‘academic leadership’ or any other terminology precisely equivalent to this; still, rishi-munis , gurus, and even some kings with passion for knowledge, who provided the environment for exploration and dissemination of knowledge and wisdom can be considered as academic leaders in true sense. In this line, this article reports the review results on the concept of educational leadership depicted in Vedic literature. For this purpose, we explored writings on Vedic wisdom tradition and philosophy, mainly in Google Scholar, using the keyphrases “academic leadership in Vedic literature,” “education system in India,” “Sanatan philosophy,” “Hindu education system,” “Gurukul education,” and “education system in Mithila.” The review results revealed that academic leaders were selected based on practical expertise and specialization in content knowledge, particularly skills, knowledge, character, moral values, perseverance, and gratitude. Academic leaders were father figures, a source of inspiration, role models, and much more. Besides, leaders were characterized by honesty, devotion, and trust, and they had a passion for education and dedication to the profession with a desire for the quest for eternal truth. At current times, when the selection of leadership in academia is based on non-academic influence, such as political inclination, nepotism, and favoritism, neglecting leadership qualities and performance, particularly in Nepal and many other countries, the article provides valuable insights into academic leadership. 
  • Deities’ Rights?

    Das Acevedo, Deepa (Emory Law Scholarly Commons, 2023-01-01)
    A brief commotion arose during the hearings for one of twenty-first-century India’s most widely discussed legal disputes, when a dynamic young attorney suggested that deities, too, had constitutional rights. The suggestion was not absurd. Like a human being or a corporation, Hindu temple deities can participate in litigation, incur financial obligations, and own property. There was nothing to suggest, said the attorney, that the same deity who enjoyed many of the rights and obligations accorded to human persons could not also lay claim to some of their constitutional freedoms. The lone justice to consider this claim blandly and briefly observed that having specific legal rights did not perforce endow one with constitutional rights. Nevertheless, a handful of recent and high-profile disputes concerning Hindu temple deities and the growing influence of Hindu nationalist politics together suggest that the issue of deities’ rights is far from a settled matter. This article argues that declining to recognize deities’ constitutional rights accurately reflects dueling commitments in the Indian Constitution.
  • Teozofia i Indie : Księgi proroków Antoniego Langego

    Deja, Katarzyna (Wydawnictwo Prymat, 2023)
    Antoni Lange is well-known for his interest in Indian philosophy and theology. Still, in his early works, this interest is primarily mediated by late nineteenth-century theosophy and its esoteric syncretism. Books of Prophets ["Księgi proroków"], a series of six poems concerning great world religions: Judaism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism, are an excellent example of Lange's syncretic philosophical system. The series is a conglomerate of interest in said religions and esoteric writings by leading theosophists of that time: Helena Blavatsky, Edouard Schuré, and Alfred Percy Sinnett. The aim article presents how Indian thought was adapted and distorted through the lenses of theosophy to fulfill Lange's aim of offering a journey of an adept of esoteric path to enlightenment.
  • The gospel for Asia; a study of three religious masterpieces: Gita, Lotus, and Fourth Gospel

    Saunders, Kenneth J. (Kenneth James), 1883-1937 (New York: MacmillanPrinceton Theological Seminary, 1928)

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