Teaching Journalism in Ukraine: Between Formal and Non-Formal Education
formal and non-formal journalism education
Ukrainian de- partments of journalism
Communication. Mass media
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AbstractFormal journalism education in Ukraine has be en criticized for quite a long time for still being affected by the old Soviet theory-based teac hing model, rather than adhering to internation- ally accepted best practices. The system of teaching students at journalism departments has not changed significantly since Ukrainian independence in 1991 and many Ukrainia n journalists have entered the profession with largely inadequate training. For instance, the practice of on-the-job training has been implemented only by some journalism departments, or is partly implemented by some lecturers. On the other hand, graduates of journalism programs in Ukraine say that more practical trainings help their pro- fessional growth. This article, then, aims to explicate the advantag es and disadvantages that exist in Ukrainian jour- nalism education, and it seeks to reveal whether Ukrainian journalists prefer formal or non-formal education for their profession. The findings are based on an analysis of 10 focus groups conducted with a total of 92 Ukrainian journalists (both wi th and without journalism degrees) and nine in- depth interviews with Ukrainian lecturer s and Ukrainian media representatives.