La formación de los ciudadanos para el empoderamiento de la acción social
Author(s)Rojas, Alexis del C.
Keywordsformación; ciudadanos; empoderamiento; realidad social; acción social
training; citizens; empowerment; social reality; social action
formação; cidadãos; empoderamento; realidade social; ação social
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AbstractLa investigación a partir de la realidad social diagnosticada en la escuela-comunidad Agua Clara, de la ciudad de Valera, orientó su propósito en obtener la formación de los ciudadanos para el empoderamiento de la acción social, bajo el recorrido metodológico de la investigación-acción participativa. Esta práctica investigativa permitió en los actores intercambiar saberes y experiencias, aprender a construir y reconstruir ideas, trabajar en equipo, efectuar procesos reflexivos, manejar información y significados de la realidad y obtener el reconocimiento de la formación como componente básico para asumir consciente y responsablemente la condición de ciudadanos comprometidos consigo mismos y con su entorno social. Se recomienda que las organizaciones comunitarias prevean esta fase de formación como condición básica e indispensable para integrar e implicar a los miembros de un colectivo en los asuntos, decisiones y acciones de interés común, en procura del desempeño y desarrollo comunitario sostenible.
From the research of social reality in the escuela-comunidad Agua Clara, in Valera city, it was guided the purpose in obtaining the training of citizens for the empowerment of social action, under the methodological path of participatory action research. This research practice allowed stakeholders exchange knowledge and experiences, learn to build and rebuild ideas, teamwork, make reflexive processes, manage information and meanings of the reality and get recognition of training, as a basic component to assume consciously and responsibly the status of citizens committed to themselves and their social environment. It is recommended that community-based organizations provide for this phase of training as a basic indispensable condition to integrate and involve the members of a collective matters, decisions and actions of common interest, seeking performance and sustainable community development.
A investigação da realidade social na escuela de água clara-comunidad, da cidade de Valera, guiou seu propósito em obter a formação de cidadãos para o fortalecimento da ação social, sob o caminho metodológico da pesquisa-ação participativa. Esta prática de investigação permitidos as partes interessadas troca de conhecimentos e experiências, aprender a construir e reconstruir idéias, trabalho em equipe, fazem processos reflexivos, gerenciar informações e significados da realidade e obter o reconhecimento da formação como um componente básico para conscientemente e com responsabilidade assumem o status de cidadãos comprometidos com eles mesmos e seu ambiente social. Recomenda-se que organizações de base comunitária prevêem esta fase de formação como uma condição indispensável para integrar e envolver os membros de uma matéria coletiva, as decisões e ações de interesse comum, buscando o desempenho e o desenvolvimento sustentável das comunidades.
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Social Protection in Low Income Countries and Fragile Situations : Challenges and Future DirectionsOvadiya, Mirey; Zampaglione, Giuseppe; Das, Maitreyi; Andrews, Colin; Elder, John (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-05-28)Demand for social protection is growing in low income countries and fragile situations. In recent years, the success of social protection (SP) interventions in middle income countries (MICs) like Brazil and Mexico, along with the series of food, fuel, and financial crises, has prompted policymakers in low income countries (LICs) and fragile situations (FSs) to examine the possibility of introducing such programs in their own countries. Flagship programs in countries as diverse as Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, and Rwanda have shown the adaptability of social protection interventions to the LIC context. Yet, despite growing levels of support for these initiatives, many challenges remain. In LICs and FSs, governments are confronted with a nexus of mutually reinforcing deficits that increase the need for SP programs and simultaneously reduce their ability to successfully respond. Governments face hard choices about the type, affordability, and sustainability of SP interventions. The paper reviews how these factors affect SP programs in these countries and identifies ways to address the deficits. It supports the establishment of resilient SP systems to address specific needs and vulnerabilities and to respond flexibly to both slow and sudden onset crises. To achieve this, both innovation and pragmatism are required in three strategic areas: (i) building the basic blocks of SP systems (e.g., targeting, payments, and monitoring and evaluation); (ii) ensuring financial sustainability; and (iii) promoting good governance and transparency. These issues suggest the possibility of a different trajectory in the development of social protection in LICs than in MICs. The implications for World Bank support include the need to focus on increasing knowledge and operational effectiveness of SP programs, fostering institutional links between multiple SP programs, and using community capacity and technological innovations to overcome bottlenecks in operations.
Managing Risk, Promoting GrowthWorld Bank (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-02-08)A growing body of evidence demonstrates
that individuals and households experience a range of
positive outcomes from social protection. Social protection
increases productivity and growth. Countries can realize
significant benefits by creating an integrated social
protection system. Social protection is affordable in
low-income countries despite tight budgets. While overall
spending on social protection in Africa remains low by
international standards, experience suggests that social
protection programs can achieve national coverage at the
cost of only 1 to 2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).
While this is only a portion of the financing required to
operate a social protection system, it draws attention to
what countries can achieve in the short-term. Indeed, one
way in which existing social protection spending can be made
significantly more efficient would be by reallocating
existing financing for inefficient subsidies and ad hoc
emergency food aid to predictable safety nets. At the same
time, pursuing reforms to social security systems will
ensure their fiscal sustainability, while expanding
coverage. Notably, the costs of not protecting poor families
are very high, are borne disproportionately by women and
children, and undermine the productivity of future
generations. The Strategy will be implemented by leveraging
partnerships, knowledge, and the World Bank's financing
instruments. The World Bank will continue to invest in
analytical work to fill knowledge gaps and promote an
evidence-based dialogue for social protection systems in
Africa and further innovation. It will work with governments
to build country-owned national social protection systems
with the aim of reducing fragmentation in the sector. The
Bank also will pay particular attention to institutional
development and capacity building by using its lending to
increase the coverage of successful social protection
interventions. Throughout this work, the Bank will work in
coordination with governments, development partners, the
private sector, academics, civil society, and beneficiaries.